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Special Note: Garden of Life uses a large number of specially purposed English words, often spelled slightly differently than regular, to make their specific meaning more apparent. We also use a large number of neologisms, specifically constructed for Temple use. All of this type of terminology is defined in several places on the website, here in the Garden of Life website Definitions pages, in the Articles of Organization glossary, and such. If you are viewing this page in a browser which doesn't support full current Unicode coding or if you haven't installed current free Unicode fonts, such as Code2000 version 1.171 at installed current free Unicode fonts, such as Code2000 version 1.171 at FontSpace or Alphabetical List of Unicode Fonts, many of the phonetic characters, diacritical marks, and symbols in these pages will not show up or will show up as boxes. Availability changes so you may have to do a search. It's a free font for personal use, so we can send you a copy if you can't find it. And the display probably won't be perfect anyway, but it's getting closer all the time. At the risk of belabouring the extremely obvious, this page is a work in progress, with quite a distance to go before it sleeps. All of these Attributions are from our perspective. We are not putting them forward as objective fact. We welcome all feedback at Defs@gardenoflifetemple.com, though we do not guarantee to process such feedback other than for ascertainable accuracy and usefulness. Thanks.
 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Å ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

Åṗ'f̅я̄ōīṭē (nomenclature vulgaris: Venus) (Local Star System Component)Åṗ'f̅я̄ōīṭē is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system, referred to as "Venus" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

Åṗ'f̅я̄ōīṭē (day of the Week) ― In the Garden of Life Temple Calendar, the Year, being the Year of the Lady, begins, as it always has, on the Vernal Equinox. Each month is named according to the name of the Astrological Sign and begins when the Sun enters that Sign. The Seven Day Week is used though with different names for the days of the Week. Åṗ'f̅я̄ōīṭē is equivalent to the day referred to as "Friday" in the Western mainstream vernacular. The sequence: ḠāēäH̅ēℓ' ℓ ēōs̄, Âʀ̄ṭĭṃĭṡS̅ŭℓēṇH̅êк̣'к̄ŭt̄ā, H̅ēя̇'m̃ēżÆθēñä, Я̅ℎ⃥āä, Åя̄ēżÅя̇ōs̄, Åṗ'f̅я̄ōīṭē, Īäк̣'к̄ōṡК̅я̄ōñōs̄, corresponds to: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.

ÅP̅ŎДĔS̅ṬЯ̄ŎM̅B̅ŌК̅ÖЯ̄ŌÇ or
Åp̄ŏдĕs̄ṭя̄ŏm̄в̄ōк̄öя̄ōç
Åp̄ŏдĕs̄ṭя̄ŏm̄в̄ōк̄öя̄ōç is a term used by Garden of Life for the Body of Priestesses within a Tradition, A Priestess School, both in the archaic sense of an assembly of Officiant Priestesses and in the more modern sense of a School for younger or newer Priestesses, the term may also be applied to any specific lands and/or buildings primarily used for those purposes. The Name Åp̄ŏдĕs̄ṭя̄ŏm̄в̄ōк̄öя̄ōç is a phonetically constructed Institution Name based on the Archaic Greek root words: Ἀπόδειξις meaning a Shewing Forth; Στρομβοειδής meaning of a Spiral Nature; and χῶρος meaning Country or clearly defined space for. In Temple context, a specifically designated space (including but not limited to a physical place, such as a building or garden. For instance: also non-corporeal levels of the space/time continuum, virtual venues such as the internet, and so forth) for the study and learning associated with Manifestation of the Spirally Enthroned Mægikal Energies that are usually referred to as the Feminine Energies; and the Body of Persons, attached to or Werking from or through that place.

Åя̄ēż (nomenclature vulgaris: Mars) (Local Star System Component)Åя̄ēż is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system (Planet, Dwarf Planet, and or whatnot), referred to as "Mars" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

Åя̄ēżÅя̇ōs̄ (day of the Week) ― In the Garden of Life Temple Calendar, the Year, being the Year of the Lady, begins, as it always has, on the Vernal Equinox. Each month is named according to the name of the Astrological Sign and begins when the Sun enters that Sign. The Seven Day Week is used though with different names for the days of the Week. Åя̄ēżÅя̇ōs̄ is equivalent to the day referred to as "Thursday" in the Western mainstream vernacular. The sequence: ḠāēäH̅ēℓ' ℓ ēōs̄, Âʀ̄ṭĭṃĭṡS̅ŭℓēṇH̅êк̣'к̄ŭt̄ā, H̅ēя̇'m̃ēżÆθēñä, Я̅ℎ⃥āä, Åя̄ēżÅя̇ōs̄, Åṗ'f̅я̄ōīṭē, Īäк̣'к̄ōṡК̅я̄ōñōs̄, corresponds to: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.

Åя̇ōs̄ (nomenclature vulgaris: Eros) (Local Star System Component)Åя̇ōs̄ is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system (in this case an Asteroid), referred to as "Eros" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

Åṡ's̄t̄ʀ̄āēä (nomenclature vulgaris: Virgo)Åṡ's̄t̄ʀ̄āēä is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the Astrological Sign on the Ecliptic in the Zodiac in reference from our local star system), referred to as "Virgo" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Though this does not indicate where the Constellation from which it takes it's name is currently on the Ecliptic, since Signs in Tropical Astrology are determined in sections from where the Vernal Equinox occurs against the Ecliptic rather than by the Constellation's current position. These names may help to make the separation of the two concepts seem more intuitive. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ā ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

Āēt̄ōç (nomenclature vulgaris: Scorpio)Āēt̄ōç is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the Astrological Sign on the Ecliptic in the Zodiac in reference from our local star system), referred to as "Scorpio" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Though this does not indicate where the Constellation from which it takes it's name is currently on the Ecliptic, since Signs in Tropical Astrology are determined in sections from where the Vernal Equinox occurs against the Ecliptic rather than by the Constellation's current position. These names may help to make the separation of the two concepts seem more intuitive. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

ĀtmaPrabodha ― the ĀtmaPrabodha or Transpersonal Chakra
      which relates to: Boundlessness, Operational centre of the Khu and Sekhem
          and governs: Durative Time developments, Issues from previous Incarnations
              with this Colour correspondence: Silvers, UltraViolet

[also known as: the Eighth Chakra (Transpersonal (Ελληνικά in Greek), (ĀtmaPrabodha - 'cognition of soul or supreme spirit' in Sanskrit), Permanent Atom, Soul Star]

The experience of boundlessness, which is here referred to, has many names in various Spiritual Traditions

The Eighth Chakra is the first "out-of-body" chakra. It is essentially feminine and its colour is Silver or UltraViolet. It is not in an exact place but may be thought of as being above the head in a line from the Crown Chakra, continuing the line created by the other Chakras out into the Universe. Many Traditions that include this Chakra in their teachings, consider it to be just above the head to a couple of feet above the head. Roost (or Operational Centre?) of the Khu and the Sekhem?

It is often associated to images like the Moon, the Stars, our Local Planets, other dimensions and time itself. Problems with this Chakra affect time issues, metabolism, chronic illnesses among other things, as well as any problems carried over from a previous life. The Eighth Chakra is thought to contain our access point for the Akashic Records.

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ă ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ä ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

Äēдōñōs̄ (nomenclature vulgaris: Pluto) (Local Star System Component)Äēдōñōs̄ is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system (Planet, Dwarf Planet, and or whatnot), referred to as "Pluto" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

Äк̣'ĕH̅ôṡ't̄üṡ (nomenclature vulgaris: Aquarius)Äк̣'ĕH̅ôṡ't̄üṡ is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the Astrological Sign on the Ecliptic in the Zodiac in reference from our local star system), referred to as "" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Though this does not indicate where the Constellation from which it takes it's name is currently on the Ecliptic, since Signs in Tropical Astrology are determined in sections from where the Vernal Equinox occurs against the Ecliptic rather than by the Constellation's current position. These names may help to make the separation of the two concepts seem more intuitive. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

Äя̄χäñ ― A phonetically constructed word based on the Greek root meaning Chief Leader and/or Commander.

Äя̄χäñz̄ ― Plural of Äя̄χäñ.

Äя̄χäñz̄ Guild

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Â ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

Âʀ̇к̣'к̣êʀ̇ēŭṡ (nomenclature vulgaris: Sagittarius)Âʀ̇к̣'к̣êʀ̇ēŭṡ is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the Astrological Sign on the Ecliptic in the Zodiac in reference from our local star system), referred to as "Sagittarus" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Though this does not indicate where the Constellation from which it takes it's name is currently on the Ecliptic, since Signs in Tropical Astrology are determined in sections from where the Vernal Equinox occurs against the Ecliptic rather than by the Constellation's current position. These names may help to make the separation of the two concepts seem more intuitive. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

Âя̄'я̇ēäñ'ʀ̇ℎ⃥ǫд ― A phonetically constructed Goddess Name based on the Keltic Immortality Gate Goddess, normally spelled Arianrhod in English; one of Her primary attributes is normally considered to be as a Patron of the Translation of Planes.

Âʀ̄ṭĭṃĭṡS̅ŭℓēṇH̅êк̣'к̄ŭt̄ā (nomenclature vulgaris: Luna, the Moon) (Local Star System Component) ― Âʀ̄ṭĭṃĭṡS̅ŭℓēṇH̅êк̣'к̄ŭt̄ā is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system, referred to as "Luna" or "The Moon" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

Âʀ̄ṭĭṃĭṡS̅ŭℓēṇH̅êк̣'к̄ŭt̄ā (day of the Week) ― In the Garden of Life Temple Calendar, the Year, being the Year of the Lady, begins, as it always has, on the Vernal Equinox. Each month is named according to the name of the Astrological Sign and begins when the Sun enters that Sign. The Seven Day Week is used though with different names for the days of the Week. Âʀ̄ṭĭṃĭṡS̅ŭℓēṇH̅êк̣'к̄ŭt̄ā is equivalent to the day referred to as "Monday" in the Western mainstream vernacular. The sequence: ḠāēäH̅ēℓ' ℓ ēōs̄, Âʀ̄ṭĭṃĭṡS̅ŭℓēṇH̅êк̣'к̄ŭt̄ā, H̅ēя̇'m̃ēżÆθēñä, Я̅ℎ⃥āä, Åя̄ēżÅя̇ōs̄, Åṗ'f̅я̄ōīṭē, Īäк̣'к̄ōṡК̅я̄ōñōs̄, corresponds to: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ȧ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ȃ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ã ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ą ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Æ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

Æдк̄üя̇ä ― The Council of Elder Officiants shall elect, from among themselves a chief coordinator, who will speak for the Council at their direction. Such election must be unanimous. The title of this position shall be Æдк̄üя̇ä, or Anchor. Any Responsibilities and Rights specific to the Garden of Life Æдк̄üя̇ä, beyond those of any member of the Council of Elder Officiants, will be specified in the Garden of Life ByLaws and Standing Procedural Rules of the Council of Elder Officiants. Any time the position is empty, filling it will have high priority. The title Æдк̄üя̇ä is drawn from the Greek word for Anchor.

Ægean ― A variant spelling of a word with a specific meaning of coming from or relating to the Culture usually characterized as Greek, Acadian, and/or Hellene, but regardless arising from the various cultural hot spots that occurred in the general vicinity of the Ægean penninsula and islands in the North Central Mediterranean Sea, starting approximately in the second millenium bce.

Ægis ― A variant spelling of a word with a specific meaning of The Protection and Defense of Approval, the favorable conditions under which the Activity is to be carried out, and the Provision of Leadership and Guidance toward the specific goals of the Activity; in relation to the Body to which such referral is made of the Activity being under the Ægis of. May also be the Physical Representation of such, i.e. a Seal, Document or any other representation, whatsoever, determined by the Body providing the Ægis to which referral is made.

Ægyptian ― A variant spelling of a word with a specific meaning of coming from or relating to the Culture usually characterized as Ancient and/or Pre-Dynastic Egyptian through what are called the first Dynasties, perhaps to the end of the "Old Kingdom".

Ægyptian Amulets and Talismen ― When the term Ægyptian Amulets and Talismen is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a set of figures, most of which emerged in PreDynastic Ægypt and were utilized for the full run of Ægyptian civilization; including but not limited to the Ankh, the Djed, the Imuit, the Menat, the Tayet, the Oowadjet, the Double Oowadjet, the Uraeus, the Two Fingers, the Steps, the Sun Disc, the Moon Disc, the Five Pointed Star, the Chalice, the Ladder, the Shrine, the Pyramid, the Sphinx, the Oblisque, the BenBen Mound, MeriUrt gazing from behind the Benben, the Heart Vase, the Pylon Gateway, the Throne, the Tower, the Boat, the Sail, the Mirror, the Situla, the Flower of Life (and other Sacred Geometry images), the Cartouche Enclosure, the Shen, the Sema Tawy, the Feather, the Priestess Chest, the Finger to Lips, the Scales, the Arrows crossed on Shield, the Two Feathers, the Sa Knot, the Nefer Hieroglyph, the Ba Bird, the Ka Gesture, the Heh Gesture, the Heru Hawk, the Netjeru Flag, the Akhet, the Bee, the Wasp, the Dragonfly, the Djeset Knife, Ushabtis, the Serpent's Head, the Sekhem Wand, the Wst Staff, the Benu Wand, the Anpu Staff, the Rekhyt Staff, the Sedge, the Serpent spiraled around Papyrus Stalk and Bud Wand, the Papyrus Flower, the Lotus Flower, the Poppy Petal, the Palm Leaf, the Grape Bunch, the Frog, the Vulture, the Serpent, the Winged Serpent, the Wings, the Winged Disc, The Winged Egg, the White Crown of the South, the Red Crown of the North, the Atef Crown, the Ureret Crown, the Collar of Gold, the Sma, the Sa, the Scarab, the Sistrum, the Pillow, the Iabet Headress, the Amenta, the Wine Press, the Game Board, the Carpenter's Square, the Plumb-bob, the Mace, and of course individual and grouping images of any of the Netjeru; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Ægyptian Amulets and Talismen were sometimes inscribed with Mægikal Formulæ, Names, and other phrases, almost always in Hieroglyphs, and sometimes they were not. Ægyptian Amulets and Talismen were generally small replicas of full sized things, sometimes incredibly detailed replicas; which were ordinarily small enough to wear on fingers or as pendants, or to hold in the palm of the hand.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Ægyptian Book of the Dead ― see The Book of Shadowing Forth by Day

Ægyptian Collar ― When the term Ægyptian Collar is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to ceremonial jewelry of the design created on the banks of the Nile consisting of specific and complex symbology patterning both the collar (which extended from the neck to the shoulder edge and made a half circle when viewed from the front) and in the counterweight which both in pattern and design was filled with symbol. Laid out flat the collar usually looks like ~three quarters of a circle, with a neck hole in the middle and the counterweight in the missing wedge of the circle. It could display and assert any claims or intent in any combination for the specific individual, the group they represented and/or the exact event for which it was worn. It is similar to the Ægyptian Wings in some uses.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Ægyptian, Maltese, Sumerian Oneiromancy and Oneiroscopy ― When the term Oneiromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by or from the interpretation of Dreams. When specified as Ægyptian, Maltese, Sumerian and so forth, it refers to the types of Dream Divination Systems utilized in the Temple Traditions of those cultures. In general the Querent desiring this sort of Divination would sleep in a precisely orchestrated environment, tended by Temple personnel within a Ritual formulae then the Dreams would be told (or in some cases the Officiants would know the Dream's content without being told) to specific Officiants who were trained for this procedure, and who may have had concurrent Dreams which could help them to interpret the Querent's Dreams. These Traditions and variations thereon, were continued, and expanded upon in the later Ægean cultures. Related to the Greek Oneiromantis or interpreter of dreams.

The term Oneiromancy is derived from the Greek words: Ὄνειρος (Oneiros) meaning Dream, sleeping Vision,and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Ægyptian Wands

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Ægyptian Wings ― When the term Ægyptian Wings is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to ceremonial artefact of the design created on the banks of the Nile consisting of specific and complex symbology patterning on the actual Wings and on the manner of wearing them. When worn by the Priestesses, Priests and/or Royalty the Wings could display and assert any claims or intent in any combination for the specific individual, the group they represented and/or the exact event for which they were worn. It is similar to the Ægyptian Collar in some uses.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

ÆgyptoHellene ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding a blending of AElig;gyptian and Hellenic teachings, often drawing on the Ptolemaic period of AElig;gyptian history as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

ÆgyptoSumerian ― A term used to refer to concepts and praxi which have roots in both the Ægyptian culture and the Sumerian, perhaps so entwined as to be difficult to tease out the various strains.

ÆgyptoSumerianCanaanite ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

ÆgyptoTranscendentalist ― A MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents as such, and holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Ælængkhos ― When the term Ælængkhos is utilized as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek word Ἔλεγχος; [spelled variously: ælængkhos, élenchos, élengkhos, or elegkhos; in English reference is made to the Elenctic Method], in the context of Philosophical discourse, the meaning, as well as the word is drawn from occurrence in Greek philosophy, as one of the techniques used by Σωκράτης, [Ancient Greek pronunciation: (sɔːkrátɛːs), Sōkrátēs; circa 469bce - 399bce; or perhaps we should say Plato's Σωκράτης, since we only have his reporting of the great man's activities to go on.]; regardless, it refers to those techniques used in the process of teaching, as a style of instruction in which a series of questions are asked of someone presenting a thesis, with the goal of, in addition to getting answers to the specific questions, getting the person to reevaluate, and think deeply about the thesis that they have presented, so that the errors, if any, become apparent to themselves and all present. The questions may or may not include the ironical cast so common in Plato's reportings of the teaching techniques of Σωκράτης. ælængkhos is the method of inquiry used in Socratic dialogue, a type of cross-examination of an individual who puts forward a premise, whereby the premise is often shown to be faulty. either wholly or in part. This method of argument may appear aggressive, but its aim is to expand awareness and ultimately develop greater wisdom in the participants, not to simply defeat opposing positions. Typically, a proposition is stated, followed by a series of questions which lead to a realization by the interlocutor who confessed to believe the proposition, that the original proposition now appears inconsistent with his beliefs, as unraveled in the discussion. This then often results in a reevaluation or refining of the proposition and yet more questioning. Rarely do we find ælængkhos yielding a perfect or final answer; rather, the result is typically Ἀπορɛία (Aporeia), meaning an impasse or puzzlement. Ælængkhos demonstrates the evolutionary discovery of wisdom, as a living process being of value in and of itself, in stark contrast to religious systems which require personal adoption of creedal exclusivistic beliefs, without placing them under the scrutiny of logic.

See also:

Æŋ'ġêᴌōñ ― A phonetically constructed word based on the Greek root meaning messenger.

Æŋ'ġêᴌōñç ― A plural of the above.

Æsthetic

Æsthetics ― Field of Study of or relating to the valuation of The Beautiful as the prime priority. Such Field involves pure feeling, emotion and/ or sensation especially in contrast to ratiocination, or sensuous cognition.

Æthereal Arts ― When the term Æthereal Arts is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to Æthereal Arts as a constructed phrase, parallel in manner of delineation to Visual (meaning capable of being input by the sight receptors, translated and transmuted by the Brain and processed by the part of the Mind and Consciousness that processes input from such receptors) Arts, except relating to the receptors and parts of the Brain, Mind and Consciousness that process input from receptors of the Æthereal frequencies.

See also: Art

Ætheromancy and Ætheroscopy ― When the term Ætheromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to a broad range of divination types associated with the various concepts of Spirit, Quintessence, Πεμπτουσία (Pemptousia) meaning fifth essence (from Aristotle's writings), and any of those things which have a less physical basis. Sometimes having to do in Non-Incarnated Entities, and/or levels of Reality outside the Consensus Reality.



When considering the categories of divination in Elemental breakdown, most often the reference is to four or five element systems. In the most widely known five element system Ætheromancy (Spirit, Æther, Quintessence) joins Hydromancy (or Aquamancy) (Water),, Pyromancy (Fire), Aeromancy (Air), and Geomancy (Earth), as Elemental Divination Systems. And each of these is a broad category containing a number of Divination Systems itself.

From the Greek Αἰθήρ (Æther) meaning that which is above Air or the lower Atmosphere, and yet permeates all of existence, sort of a combination of the idea of Spirit, and the Ægyptian concept ofPauti. [e.g.: the Αἰθήρ (Æther) per Newton, the Αἰθήρ being that something which seems like nothing, between the Stars and Galaxies of our Universe, long discredited, though making a comeback as home to Dark Matter, God Particles, and the Like.] and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

Onoceph See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Æstheticist ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that holds that Beauty is the Divine.

Æsthetics ― The study of Beauty and what constitutes the Beautiful (as a sub-discipline of Philosophy). The study of beauty and feeling. æsthetics is perhaps the least rigorous of the disciplines, because it is harder to come to clear conclusions about things. Included in æsthetics is the investigation of art, and what art should or should not be, and what things are art. But it is also about aesthetic experiences, such as the awe we feel when exposed to the rare, the impressive, the beautiful, and even the grotesque. Why do we choose chocolate ice cream over strawberry? Why do we choose a Rembrandt painting over a schoolchild's painting? What impact does aesthetic experiences have on our lives, and is it useful?

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Æ̃ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

Æ̃ñдя̄äṃēдȧ (nomenclature vulgaris: Andromeda Galaxy)

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ A ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

A∴ A∴ ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding teachings of and concepts received through and/or codified by Aleister Crowley and established by him as the A∴ A∴ Curriculuum as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. The A∴ A∴ is the one true and invisible Order which has operated under various names and guises throughout history to guide the spiritual evolution of humanity. The goals of the A∴ A∴ are those which have motivated spiritual exploration and religious inquiry throughout human history. Its methods are those of science; its aims are those of religion.
It is the Arcanum Arcanorum, and the Holy of Holies wherein the Sacred Ark rests inviolate. Every legitimate magical order, mystery school, religion, or other agency disseminating some portion of Wisdom or Light is or has been but an Outer Vehicle of this Inner Fellowship of Light. "All words are sacred and all prophets true; save only that they understand a little..." (Liber Legis, I:56).
This is the highest and purest meaning of A∴ A∴
More commonly, however, we use the name A∴ A∴ to mean not only this Invisible and Eternal Order, but a particular outer structure, or terrestrial incarnation of the Interior School, which came into being, beginning in 1906 C.E., at the hands of two Adepts named Aleister Crowley and George Cecil Jones. This Order survives today through various authentic lineages which can be traced back to these two Adepts. The A∴ A∴ takes on all comers, as Probationers, hence, doubtless it's need to enter periodic periods of Silence. (see complete entry on A∴ A∴)

Ab ― In an Ægyptian Paradigm the Ab has independent existence but also functions as a component of a sentient Being during a particular incarnation and/or series of incarnations. When discussed in reference to a particular Individual within a specific incarnation the Ab may be considered as The Heart, the Essence of the Entity. The Ab is the chief seat of the Individual's Emotions, also some functions of the Mind, particularly, what is appropriate or just. During mummification all the organs except the heart were removed. The Heart acts as an integrating nexus between the component aspects of the Being and ties them together. If considered within a Sanatana Dharma Chakric context, the Ab might be considered to work in the arena of the Anahata Chakra or what is often called in the West, the Heart Chakra. A more complete listing of the various component parts in this particular system of reconstituted Ægyptian Parts of the Entity.

Abbreviations ― Abbreviations are shortened forms of words or phrases. Usually, but not always, they consist of a letter or group of letters taken from the word or phrase. For example, the word abbreviation can itself be represented by the abbreviation abbr., abbrv. or abbrev.
See also: Acronyms, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Aberrantism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is contrary to the values of the mainstream, "normal society" [see ContraReActivism, a related concept]

Abiogenesis ― In natural science, Abiogenesis (pronounced /ˌeɪbaɪ.ɵˈdʒɛnɨsɪs/ AY-by-oh-JEN-ə-siss) or biopoesis is the study of how biological life arises from inorganic matter through natural processes, and it is thought that this is the method by which life on Earth arose. Most amino acids, often called "the building blocks of life", can form via natural chemical reactions unrelated to life, as demonstrated in the Miller-Urey experiment and similar experiments that involved simulating some of the conditions of the early Earth in a laboratory. In all living things, these amino acids are organized into proteins, and the construction of these proteins is mediated by nucleic acids, that are themselves synthesized through biochemical pathways catalyzed by proteins. Which of these organic molecules first arose and how they formed the first life is the focus of Abiogenesis. In any theory of Abiogenesis, two aspects of life have to be accounted for: replication and metabolism. The question of which came first gave rise to different types of theories. In the beginning, metabolism-first theories (Oparin coacervate) were proposed, and only later thinking gave rise to the modern, replication-first approach.

Abramic (Yahwist Hebrew-Christian-Muslim) ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding the belief that a covenant was made between a Sumerian citizen: Abram, circa ~2000bce and one of the deities of the Israelite/Canaanite Pantheon, who claimed to be the only extant deity in the Cosmos (Jehovah/Yahweh) whereby Abram became Abraham and was promised that he would be the patriarch of many nations in exchange for the Israelites considering that deity to be the only God and providing him with worship; and writings or viewpoints of various authors of the more orthodox currently accepted versions of the Bible and/or the Qu'ran as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. The term Abramic Religions is derived from Abram/Abraham's name. Judaism, Christianity, Islam, the BahÁ'í World Faith and possibly others trace their roots back to Abraham. This situation is further complicated by the fact that there are thousands of different and often mutually exclusive definitions of which sects are included in Christianity and Islam and which are not. They are all in many ways religions based literally and/or symbolically on different combinations of collections of writings called the Bible and/or the Qu'ran. The values implied in a literal translation of this Bible inspired Mark Twain to say, "Most people are bothered by those passages of Scripture they do not understand, but the passages that bother me are those I do understand."

Absolute Dating ― The Absolute Dating methodology, sometimes also referred to as Chronometric dating includes several types of Dating with differing degrees of accuracy. What these types of Absolute Dating have in common is that they determine date of an artifact in a scientific manner from intrinsic properties of the artifact itself. Radiometric dating; determination of age on a particular time scale, such as in calendar years before the present (B.P.) or in years A.D. or B.C. [Radioactive decay; Radiocarbon dating (e.g., radiocarbon [C-14], using for example either Liquid Scintillation Counting or Accelerator Mass Spectrometry.)]; Potassium-argon dating ([K-Ar] dating, note: so few radioactive carbon-14 isotopes remain in a sample more than 40,000 years old that it is difficult to measure the small number of particle emissions. The technique is therefore unsuitable for studying most of the Paleolithic period; fortunately, a related method based on an isotope of potassium allows the examination of early hominid developments beyond the range of radiocarbon.); Uranium series dating (Thorium-230 is a useful isotope because it has a half-life of 75,400 years. Although coral is the ideal sample material, calcite crystals contained in stalagmite may also be sampled, and this makes it suitable for dating early human activity in caves, anywhere between 5000 and 350,000 years ago. In any case, the precise relationship between the sample and an archaeological event or activity must always be established. Uranium series dating is frequently used in conjunction with ESR (electron spin resonance), for the latter may also be carried out on the kinds of samples typical of cave finds, such as teeth, shells and stalagmite calcite.); are types of absolute dating. Also methods using the effect of radioactivity on crystal structure such as: Thermoluminescence dating 'The most important material for TL is fired clay; hearths, kilns and especially pottery form an important part of the archaeological record in most parts of the world. Since pots are fired at a temperature well above that required to release all the electrons that have been trapped in their crystal lattices, the energy released in the laboratory today will have built up from the date of their firing. The older the pots, the more energy that should have accumulated Electron spin resonance ('ESR') has much in common with thermoluminescence, for both measure electrons that have become trapped in the crystal lattice of minerals. It differs from TL in the nature of suitable samples, which include teeth, shells and stalagmite calcite. ESR sample materials favour the study of the Paleolithic period, for stalagmites may be related to cave occupation, and fossil teeth from large mammals such as mammoths may provide effective dating; Fission-track dating, This method involves counting microscopic damage trails in minerals such as zircon, and glass, whether volcanic (e.g. obsidian) or of human manufacture. The trails are caused by fission fragments when the nucleus of uranium-238 splits during radioactive decay. Fission-track dating, along with potassium-argon, has also assisted in checking the age of volcanic deposits associated with early hominid remains in East Africa.

Absolutes ― When used within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, the term "Absolutes" refers to Actions, Choices, and/or Behaviours that may always be considered right or wrong, regardless of the circumstances.

Absolutism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined the view that certain kinds of actions are always wrong or are always obligatory, regardless of the context, circumstances and/or consequences. This ethical stance is often referred to as Moral Absolutism. Typical candidates for such absolute principles would be that it is always wrong to deliberately kill an innocent human being, or that one ought always to tell the truth or to keep one's promises. Absolutism is to be contrasted with consequentialism, the view that the rightness or wrongness of actions is determined solely by the extent to which they lead to good or bad consequences. A consequentialist could maintain, for example, that killing is normally wrong because it creates a great deal of grief and suffering and deprives the person who is killed of the future happiness which he/she would have experienced, but that since, in some cases, a refusal to kill may lead to even more suffering and loss of happiness, it may sometimes be right even to kill the innocent. Moral absolutism is linked to, but not synonymous with, a deontological position in ethics. The latter is the view that certain kinds of actions are intrinsically right or wrong ― right or wrong simply because they are that kind of action ― independently of the consequences to which they may lead. Killing the innocent, for instance, may be thought to be wrong just because it is the killing of the innocent, quite apart from the suffering and loss of happiness to which it will normally lead. A deontological position obviously contrasts with a consequentialist one, and may appear to be the same as absolutism, but in fact the two are distinct. One may hold that killing the innocent is intrinsically wrong, but also accept that in certain extreme circumstances the intrinsic wrongness of killing the innocent may itself be overridden by the appalling consequences which will occur if one refuses to kill. Absolutism builds on a deontological position but adds a stronger claim ― not only is the action intrinsically wrong, but its wrongness can never be overridden by any consideration of consequences. criticism The absolutist position corresponds to common traditional views of morality, particularly of a religious kind ― what might be called the 'Ten Commandments' idea of morality. Nevertheless, when detached from appeals to religious authority absolutism may appear to be vulnerable to rationalism. Is it not perverse to maintain that a certain kind of action is simply ruled out, even when the refusal to perform it will lead to even worse consequences? Why insist on never killing the innocent, for instance, if in certain circumstances a refusal to do so will mean that more innocent people will die? To be plausible, absolutism needs to be supplemented with some further distinction between different ways in which consequences may come about, such as the distinction between acts and omissions, or the doctrine of double effect. The absolutist who refuses to condone the killing of the innocent, even though more innocent people will die as a result of not doing so, can then say that though the loss of innocent lives is a terrible thing; nevertheless, letting innocent people die, or bringing about innocent deaths as an unintended side-effect, is not ruled out by an absolute prohibition in the same way as is the intentional killing of the innocent. Whether this is a sufficient defense of absolutism remains a matter for debate.

Absurdist Illumination Techniques and/or Traditions ― Which include, but are not limited to: Bokononism, Discordianism, Erisian Traditions, Mummuism, SubGenius Traditions, and others (some Traditions fit here perhaps unintentionally). Master Hill's statement as to whether Discordianism is a elaborate joke disguised as a religion, or a religion disguised as an elaborate joke, seems eminently appropriate here in addition to the N'ta about Discordianism being a Mirror, "if a monkey looks in . . . " Also Mistress Slick's "Lead yourselves, you deserve it" and all the ways that can be taken.

Acadia ― Acadia (in the French language Acadie) was the name given to lands in a portion of the French colonial empire of New France, in northeastern North America that included parts of eastern Quebec, the Maritime provinces, and modern-day Maine to the Kennebec River. During much of the 17th century and early 18th century, Norridgewock on the Kennebec River and Castine at the end of the Penobscot River were the southern-most settlements of Acadia. The actual specification by the French government for the territory refers to lands bordering the Atlantic coast, roughly between the 40th and 46th parallels. Later, the territory was divided into the British colonies which became Canadian provinces and American states.

ACCREDITATION (when considered as a Sacrament) ― Garden of Life considers Accreditation a Pagan Sacrament. In the context of Sacramental functions, Accreditation, goes as far as any Spiritual Body may properly go in this arena, recommending certain Works as beneficial to familiarize oneself with, as having potential to stretch the Mind and/or the Spirit. It is not a statement of inerrancy, and implies no comparable list of "forbidden" Works. See also Taxonomy. In a preliminary description Accreditation may be characterized as being effectuated by the Formal Written and Archived Declaration acknowledging Spiritual Value of Persons, Places, Objects, Ideas, Systems and/or Processes. The Sacrament of Accreditation includes: the various preliminary phases of such process such as the suggestion and/or promotion of anything specific to be Accredited; the determination of Accreditation by the Tradition; and any announcement and/or archive of Formal Written Declaration of such determination. Accreditation must be delineated in the most precise wording possible. Frequently Accreditation is effectuated by issuing Statements of Accreditation as to the Spiritual Value of, for example various Cultural works and Artifacts: Literature, Visual Arts, Theatre, Poetry, Personality and so forth. Systems of categorization may be developed for processing these Statements, with an emphasis on clarity. The Establishment and Creation of Charters are a special case of Accreditation within a Tradition. The recognition of Individuals and/or any and/or all of their Contributions to the Æternal Conversation of Civilization is an important instance of Accreditation. For Accreditations revolving around Individuals, categories may be developed to simplify the process of referring to such Accreditations but should in no case be allowed to obscure the Essential Individuation of such Persons.
Below please find the wording that Garden of Life uses in it's Articles of Organization to delineate this Sacrament:
Accreditation is defined (within the Temple) and characterized by the final stage of Formal Written and Archived Declaration acknowledging either an Attainment by Individual Members or Garden of Life's assessment of the Value, specifically Spiritual Value, of Persons, Places, Objects, Ideas, Systems and/or Processes. The Office of Accreditation processes both Accreditation of Ordination, Initiations and Classifications, and Certificates of Joining, Perfectioning, Passage, and/or other Celebration of Individual or Household character. The various preliminary phases of such process: suggestion and/or promotion of anything specific to be Accredited are included within the scope of the Sacrament. Garden of Life Accreditation must always be at the unanimous approval of the current Sitting Members of the Council of Elder Officiants, and must be delineated in specific language. Accreditation must always be in the Positive case of recommendation of Study or Perusal, and never in the Negative case of prohibition of Study or Perusal. Most generally this Sacrament is applied by issuing Statements of Accreditation as to the Spiritual Value of various Cultural works and Artifacts, for example: Literature, Visual Arts, Theatre, Poetry, Personality and Others. Systems of categorization may be developed for processing these Statements, with an emphasis on clarity. The Establishment and Creation of Charters are a special case of Accreditation, including specifically those for the Temple Offices, Glades, Orders, Enclaves, Guilds and Garden of Life Assemblies (in various Geographic Locales outside the originating area). The recognition of Individuals and/or any and/or all of their Contributions to the Æternal Conversation of Civilization is an important case of Accreditation. In these instances revolving around Individuals, categories may be developed to simplify the process of referring to such Accreditations but should in no case be allowed to obscure the Essential Individuation of such Persons. Accreditation of Garden of Life Doctrinal Statements, Position Papers, and/or Council of Elder Officiants' Constative Utterances is integral to the performance of the Office of Accreditation. All Garden of Life originated publications shall be issued with Statements of Accreditation. Ordinarily the Accreditation Process consists of Announcement at a Temple Celebration, with a Certificate of Authentication entered into the Archives.

Acronyms ― Acronyms are Palabra formed from the initial letters of a name or phrase. 'Words' made out of the first letter of each word in a phrase. In some cases articles and such may be skipped, or the first two letters of some words may be incorporated.
See also: Acronyms, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Act/Omission ― When used within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this phrase "Act versus Omission", symbolizes one of the most debated points, i.e.: the difference between an Individual acting in order to accomplish something and refraining from acting whereby that thing is allowed to happen. The central discussion seems to revolve around culpability or degree of culpability. One simple example of this controversy is contained in the following scenario: if Wiley Coyote attempts to drop a safe on the RoadRunner, he is clearly to blame if it succeeds, and responsible for the intent regardless. If the RoadRunner stops and watches said safe eventually land on Wiley Coyote without warning him or doing anything to prevent it happening, he is not to blame, or not so much to blame, etc. (or is he?, some would say yes). Of course it's also complicated by the fact in this example, that the safe was originally dropped by the eventual victim of the harm, so does that make the RoadRunner as an observer: due even less blame, or is it irrelevant, or should we expect better behaviour from him? The moral distinction between acts and omissions amounts to the claim that there is a morally significant difference between a particular action and a corresponding failure to act, even though they have the same outcomes. Thus, it is said that there is a moral difference between, for example, lying and not telling the truth, hindering and failing to help, and between killing and letting die, even though, in each case, the consequences of the action and the omission may be the same. There is undoubtedly some obscurity about the distinction. Understanding it is complicated by the somewhat untidy concept of an omission. Roughly speaking, an omission of mine may be said to occur when I fail to do something which I might reasonably have been expected to do. Such an omission may or may not result in the same end result as if the Individual committed the specified Act themselves. Those who hold that Acts are more basic than Omissions are not necessarily asserting that Omissions do not engage ethical decisions but rather assert that there are prima-facie differences in gravity in the moral logic of the two areas, i.e. that cases of positive commission require reasons that are morally weightier than, and perhaps different in kind from, those that would justify an omission. Thus not killing and not lying, for example, are held to be morally more basic than saving lives and telling the truth, even though the latter are also a matter of moral duty. As a corner-stone of deontological ethics, the acts-omissions distinction is vulnerable to the usual criticisms by consequentialism and its proponents. But some of these criticisms are misguided: utilitarian dismissals of the distinction are often based on the idea that it amounts to, for instance, a denial of the duty to save life. Yet one does not have to refute the distinction to establish the moral duty to save lives. If we can be held just as responsible for the things we fail to do as for the things we do, we need not deny what the distinction asserts ― that there is a difference between the moral ground we should be able to take for granted and the moral ground we have to struggle continuously to gain.

Active Imagination ― When used in reference to the field of Analytical Psychology a therapeutic technique which allows unconscious contents to be exposed in a waking state. It is like "dreaming with open eyes", but unlike the passivity of dreams, it demands the active participation of the individual. The images which arise may be elaborated through artistic and self-expressive mediums such as painting.

Actualization ― Manifested within the Consensus Reality of the Material Plane.

Acultomancy and Acultoscopy ― When the term Acultomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using sharp or pointed objects especially and most often needles. In this form divinors allow a number of sharp objects (often seven, rarely more than twenty-one) to fall on to the table, altar, or whatever surface has been coated with powder, flour, iron filings, or the like, creating patterns, both in the substance and in the resting position of the needles, which may then be interpreted in light of the query. In some Traditions the needles or points are put in a somewhat shallow bowl with water, or some liquid, in it, to start the divination. Sometimes a specific form called Acutomanzia, is utilized and it involves using thirteen pins, ten straight and three bent. They are shaken, usually in a cup or container, and cast onto a surface sprinkled with powder. The patterns in the powder and the positioning of the needles are then read. Acultomancy has been practiced in a variety of forms for a very long time. Some think that using needles in divination comes from the practices of Gypsies, or more properly the Roma, some of whom do readings for people and sometimes used needles as their foci.

The term Acultomancy is derived from the Latin Acūleus for needle, and the Greek Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination. If you wish to use an entirely Greek term, the word Rafisomancy might work; from the Greek words: Ῥαφίς (Rafis) meaning needle, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Ad Hominem Argument ― (argument against the person) In the Logic subsection of the field of Philosophy, an ad hominem argument is the informal fallacy of supposing that a proposition should be denied because of some disqualifying feature of the person who affirms it. This fallacy is the mirror image of the appeal to authority. In its abusive form, ad hominem is a direct (and often inflammatory) attack on the appearance, character, or personality of the individual. Example: "Jeremy claims that Susan was at the party, but since Jeremy is the kind of person who has to ride to work on the city bus, it must be false that she was there." A circumstantial ad hominem accuses the person of having an alternative motive for defending the proposition or points out its inconsistency with the person's other views. Tu quo que (the "so do you" fallacy) uses a similar method in response to criticism of a position already held.

Adamantine ― Adamant and similar words are used to refer to any especially hard substance, whether composed of diamond, some other gemstone, some type of metal, or an unidentified substance. Both Adamant and Diamond are ultimately derived from the Greek words Ἀδάμαστος (Adamastos), meaning untamed or unbroken or Ἀδάμας (Adamas) meaning untamed or unconquerable. The metallic terms Adamantite and Adamantium are also common variants. Adamantine may also be applied metaphorically to anything to emphasize the quality of impermeability, imperviousness, and indestructibility, and is utilized for poetic effect.

Adamites ― A MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents as such, and holding the belief that they could achieve the primal purity of Adam and Eve as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Adamite congregations have been reported at least as far back as the 2nd century ce. Adamites ordinarily dispensed with marriage (in some cases in favor of promiscuous sex) and clothing (at least at their communal meetings, often called by them: 'Paradises'). Reports of Adamite congregates exist as recently as the 19th century ce but there have been no recent public appearances. http://www.adherents.com

Adder's stone ― When the term Adder's Stone is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to A small glassish egg shaped amulet or talisman, of Druidic report, known in much of the British Isles, thought to be produced by a convocation of serpents, often said to occur on the summer solstice or Beltaine eve. According to one source "this was also the night when the serpents of the island would roll themselves into a hissing, writhing ball in order to engender the 'Glain', also called the 'Serpent's Egg', 'Snake Stone', or 'Druid's Egg'. Anyone in possession of this hard glass-like bubble would wield incredible Mægikal powers. The stories of searches for one of these Adder's Stones go back at least to Merlyn searching for one."

Could the ball of snakes be the Glain? It is said that "One particular association is the Glain Neidr, which translates variously as 'Glass of the Serpents', and such was also known as Maen Magl. This was an amulet sacred to Druids in Wales, worn by them on a chain around the neck, that was supposed to possess many virtues. It had many healing powers, and was valued especially for ailments of the eye; it could ensure that the owner was victorious over his enemies; it allowed seeing of future events; it could be a powerful poison; in some circumstances it also gave diverse powers such as finding hidden treasure or making the wearer invisible."

Lhuyd, in a letter written in 1701, gives a curious account of the then superstitious character of the people in this district. " The Cornish retain variety of charms, and have still towards the Land's End the amulets of Maen Magal and Glain-Neider, which latter they call a Melprer, a thousand worms, and have a charm for the snake to make it, when they have found one asleep, and struck a hazel-wand in the centre of its spirae." Camden mentions the use of snake-stones as a Cornish superstition.

"The very same story, in fact, is told of the Alder-stane in the popular legends of the Scottish Lowlands, as Pliny records of the origin of the Ovum Anguinum. The various names by which these relics are designated all point to their estimation as amulets or superstitious charms; and the fact of their occurrence, most frequently singly, in the sepulchral cist or urn, seems to prove that it was as such, and not merely as personal ornaments, that they were deposited with the ashes of the dead. They are variously known as Adder-Beads, Serpent-Stones, Druidical Beads; and, amongst the Welsh and Irish, by the synonymous terms of Gleim na Droedh and Glaine nan Druidhe, signifying the magician's or Druid's glass."--Wilson's Archaeology and Prehistoric Annals of Scotland.
"Moreover, there is a kind of egg in mighty reputation in the Gallic provinces, of which Greek writers have no men­tion. Innumerable snakes, twining together in summer, make a ball, by a skilful combination, out of the froth from their jaws and the slime of their bodies. It is called the Ovum Anguinum. The Druids assert that it is tossed on high by the serpents' breath, and must be caught in a cloak before it touch the ground: the robber makes his escape on horseback, the snakes following him till they are stopped by the intervention of a running water. The test of its reality is, that it should float against the stream, even though set in gold; and, so ingenious are Mægikians in disguising their impositions, they declare it must (to have any virtue) be captured at a particular age of the moon — as though it were within the will of man that such an operation should coincide with any determined time. I have myself certainly seen the egg, which is of the size of a small, round apple, covered with a cartilaginous crust, with many excrescences, like the suckers on the arms of the cuttle-fish. It was being worn at the moment as the badge of a Druid. It is marvelously extolled for its effect in giving success in battle and in petitions to princes : a proof of the falsity of which is the fact, that to my know­ledge a Roman knight from Vocontii was put to death by the Emperor Claudius for no other cause than the carrying of one in his bosom during a trial. This embracing together of the serpents, and their thus productive union, seems to be the cause why foreign nations have made the Caduceus entwined with snakes, one of the emblems of peace ; for it is not the custom to represent the snakes on the Caduceus as having crests " (i. e. not as the serpents called by the Romans "Draconos," the sacred reptiles above all others, the Egyptian Agathodajmons).

These details show how much in the wrong antiquaries are in giving the name of Ovum Anguinum, or Druid's Bead, to the large spheres of variegated glass (often exhi­biting the most vivid colours, arranged in elegant wavy patterns equal to any traditionally reproduced by the Murano factories) that formed the central ornament of Roman-British or Saxon necklaces. But the object seen his Pliny was evidently some natural production, and his description applies better to a large fossil echinus than to anything else. Perhaps some lingering traces of the ancient fable may be the cause why a species of the recent shell yet bears the popular name of the Mermaid's Egg. This explanation too is corroborated by Mediœval tradition ; for De Boot actually figures two fossil echini as specimens of what in his day was accounted the true Ovum Anguinum, and prized as an antidote against poison ; but he sagaciously adds that they do not agree with Pliny's description. The longitudinal septa of the shell were construed into as many lizards attached to its surface, and are so depicted in his woodcut. Singularly enough he notices that the traveling quacks were in the habit of selling to the simple Bohemians, as the veritable Serpent's Egg, and generated according to all the circumstances of the old Druidical legend, a thing hence called Buchanek, or the Breath-stone (lapis Spiritalis). Some of this information is based on data found at the Sacred Texts entry.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Amulet , Talisman, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Adept ― When the term Adept is used in reference to any field, it indicates a high degree of mastery in that field, but while that Mastery is the foundation of Adepthood, there are other components contained within the meaning of the term. An Adept is one who is proficient at actions and processes, relevant to the field in which they are acknowledged as Adept. An Adept must have a wide ranging and in-depth knowledge of their field, but knowledge is just data. Beyond knowledge, an Adept has mastered the ability to combine knowledge and intuition, innate ability and learned skills, and the will and adroitness to use these skills with hyper-competence and with a strong, clear grasp of purpose and intent. The title of Adept infers intent, so that the results aren't accidental but intentional. Level of intent seems to confer a responsibility for the results, though everyone is responsible for actions whether we want to be or not. An adept is aware of the burden of responsibility and accepts it. Adepthood cannot be conferred, it can only be attained internally.

An Adept in the field Mægik has mastered a set of skills, a selection from a range of different gifts and persuasions. Sometimes Adept may be worn as a title, but it is rarely bandied about by those who are actually qualified. "Those who speak do not know and those who know do not speak," is a concept possibly experiencing parallel emergence in Lao Tzu's writings in the East and alluded to by Eliphas Lévi and others in the Western Mystery Tradition. In Garden of Life experiences, it is thought that an Adept is someone who has obtained and integrated the requisite knowledge, mastered the relevant skills and processes, and (this is the important, and oft missing component) then puts knowledge and prowess into action.

Being an Adept implies a commitment and willingness to continue working in the field and to teach and pass on one’s skills and knowledge, often to a younger person so the Mægik will continue. In many Traditions, one of the most emphatic strictures is that an Adept will pass on the knowledge and skills of Mægik that they have accumulated and generated on their own, before dying or translating from this level of existence.

Advocate ― An Advocate when considered in an Officiant context, is an Officiant who ceremonially takes the side of a Celebrant, particularly in rites of passage and initiations, where the Werking is centered on an individual Celebrant.

Aeon see- Ēäñ

Aeromancy and Aeroscopy ― When the term Aeromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to a broad range of divination types including observations of atmospheric conditions, the state of the air or atmospheric substances, things that are endemic to the air, such as clouds, and things that may pass through the air, such as meteors (and other phenomena interpreted as Falling Stars), comets, lightning and thunder, haloes (around the Moon,Venus, or the Milky Way, in the case of Dark Matter Galactic Haloes, though these are hard to observe), Παρήλιον (Parhelion, plural Parhelia), in the vernacular: Sundogs or Phantom Suns, Rainbows, Fog, Mists, Spectral Formations (naturally occurring mirages or supernatural apparitions and visions); also, in some cases forecasting changes in the weather, though this use is antiquated. Divination via interpreting air and sky phenomena as omens, portents, or signs of future events. This also includes wind currents, cloud formations, comets, falling stares, and spectral formations. Different Divination Systems contained in the Aeromancy fold include: Austromancy (wind); Ceraunomancy (thunder & lightning); Chaomancy (aerial visions); Meteormancy (meteors, especially shooting stars); Nephoseidomancy (cloud shapes, also known as Nephelomancy); and other specially described Divination Systems which may concentrate on any one of the Aerial phenomena, mentioned above or not.

Some include the Divination Systems which involve tossing something into the air, such as seeds or dust, and interpreting the patterns formed, however, these seem better to have nomenclature which reflects the main components of those systems, rather that classifying them under Aeromancy, since the Air is only a background in these systems.

From the Greek Ἀήρ (Aer) meaning Air or the lower Atmosphere [i.e.: Below the Αἰθήρ (Æther) per Newton, the Αἰθήρ being that something which seems like nothing, between the Stars and Galaxies of our Universe, long discredited, though making a comeback as home to Dark Matter, God Particles, and the Like.] and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Aetiology ― (also written as; Etiology, or Aitiology; pronounced /iːtɪˈɒlədʒi/) is the study of causation, or origination. The word is derived from the Greek αἰτιολογία, aitiologia, "giving a reason for" (αἰτία, aitia, "cause"; and -λογία, -logia). A Field of Study primarily incorporating the examination of Causes, Causation and/or the demonstration of Causes into its interpretation of the World.

The word is most commonly used in medical and philosophical theories, where it is used to refer to the study of why things occur, or even the reasons behind the way that things act, and is used in philosophy, physics, psychology, government, medicine, theology and biology in reference to the causes of various phenomena. An etiological myth is a myth intended to explain a name or create a mythic history for a place or family.

An etiological myth, or origin myth, is a myth intended to explain the origins of cult practices, natural phenomena, proper names and the like. For example, the name Delphi and its associated deity, Apollon Delphinios, are explained in the Homeric Hymn which tells of how Apollo carried Cretans over the sea in the shape of a dolphin (delphis) to make them his priests. While Delphi is actually related to the word delphus ("womb"), many etiological myths are similarly based on folk etymology (the term "Amazon", for example). In the Aeneid (published circa 17 BC), Vergil claims the descent of Augustus Caesar's Julian clan from the hero Aeneas through his son Ascanius, also called Iulus. The story of Prometheus' sacrifice-trick in Hesiod's Theogony relates how Prometheus tricked Zeus into choosing the bones and fat of the first sacrificial animal rather than the meat to justify why, after a sacrifice, the Greeks offered the bones wrapped in fat to the gods while keeping the meat for themselves.

Aetites or Eagle-stones ― When the term Aetites is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to yellow clay ironstones with a cavity containing a smaller stone inside. So called since they were found in eagles' nests (Greek aetos an eagle). According to Epiphnaius, they came from a valley in Scythia which was inaccessible to humans. To obtain the stones people would throw slaughtered lambs into this valley, the stones would stick to the flesh, and were thus transported by the eagles to their nests. They were believed to have Mægikal and strongly curative powers. Also, the eagles unable to hatch their eggs without them.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Amulet , Talisman, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Affinity ― degree of liking or affection or lack of it. Affinity is a tolerance of distance. A great affinity would be a tolerance of or liking of close proximity. A lack of affinity would be an intolerance of or dislike of close proximity. Affinity is one of the components of understanding. When the word implies a mutual relationship or attraction, it is normally followed by between or with: the affinity between Britain and most of her former colonies; Beckett...stresses that he wrote the little book on order, not out of any deep affinity with Proust-M. Esslin, 1980. If the feeling, etc., is one-sided, other words (sympathy, affection, feeling, etc.) are normally called on and are followed by for. Affinity for (art, Christianity, controversy, politics, etc.), i.e. a liking for such things, is a more reluctant choice but is occasionally found (Shevek felt a kind of affinity for the man-U. Le Guin, 1974). It is more common in scientific work: Aluminum, ferromanganese or ferrosilicon is added to the molten metal...to provide material with a higher affinity for oxygen than the carbon-E. P. Degarmo, 1984

AFFIRMATION OF CLASSIFICATION (including INITIATIONS) (when considered as a Sacrament) ― Garden of Life considers Affirmation of Classification a Pagan Sacrament. In a preliminary description Affirmation of Classification may be that it is an acknowledgment that a particular Individual Aspirant has attained a specific state recognized by that Tradition as having relevance to Spiritual Growth, including various types of Initiations. True Achievement of Levels of Initiation occurs within the Individual, however, a Tradition may Affirm and Certify the Accomplished Fact. The Affirmation of Classification usually includes a specifically designed Initiatory Werking to indicate the Tradition's Affirmation that the Individual has attained a specific goal in Consciousness Development. Formal Written Declaration of a Tradition's Affirmation of Classification for an Individual may be issued and/or archived, often upon completion of a Werking acknowledging such.
Below please find the wording that Garden of Life uses in it's Articles of Organization to delineate this Sacrament:
Formal Written and Archived Declaration of Extant Fact, often upon completion of a specifically designed Initiatory Werking to indicate the Temple's Affirmation that an Individual has attained a specific goal in Consciousness Development. Within the Doctrine of Garden of Life is the Belief that True Achievement of Levels of Initiation occurs within the Individual, however, the Temple does Affirm and Certify the Accomplished Fact. The Council of Elder Officiants will oversee the Structuring of Initiation Ceremonies for each of the Twenty-Three levels recognized by Garden of Life. The Office of Accreditation shall have the responsibility for considering and recommending requests for Initiations. The Council of Elder Officiants shall have the power to grant requests and/or nominations for an Individual to receive any of the Initiations and Affirm and Certify such Accomplishment. The Office of the Archives and the will keep copies of Member's Initiation Certificates in their respective members files.

AFFIRMATION OF ORDINATION (when considered as a Sacrament) ― Garden of Life considers Affirmation of Ordination a Pagan Sacrament. In a preliminary description Affirmation of Ordination may be that it is an acknowledgment that a particular Individual Aspirant is Authorized to perform any combination of Officiant functions within that Tradition. For example: to Officiate at the Tradition's Celebrations, Werkings and/or Functions; to Administer the Tradition's Sacraments that require or utilize Officiation; and to perform any and/or all of the other functions, duties, rights, responsibilities and/or operations recommended by that Tradition. The Affirmation of Ordination usually includes a specifically designed Werking to indicate the Tradition's Affirmation of Ordination of that Individual as an Officiant, often as a Celebratory Circle. True Ordination occurs within the Individual, however, a Tradition may Affirm and Certify the Accomplished Fact. Formal Written Declaration of a Tradition's Affirmation of Ordination for an Individual may be issued and/or archived, often upon completion of a Werking acknowledging such.
Below please find the wording that Garden of Life uses in it's Articles of Organization to delineate this Sacrament:
Formal Written and Archived Declaration of Extant Fact, often upon completion of a specifically designed Werking to indicate the Temple's Affirmation that an Individual Aspirant is Authorized to Officiate at Garden of Life Celebrations, Werkings and/or Functions; to Administer Garden of Life Sacraments that require an Officiant and to perform any and/or all of the other functions, duties, rights, responsibilities and/or operations of an Officiant of Garden of Life. Within the Doctrine of Garden of Life is the Belief that True Ordination occurs within the Individual, however, the Temple does Affirm and Certify the Accomplished Fact.

Affirmations ― When the term Affirmation is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to is the act of confirming something to be true and/or a written or oral statement that confirms the nature or state of any given thing. "An affirmation is a form of suggestion or autosuggestion in which a statement of a desirable intention or condition of the world or the mind is deliberately meditated on and repeated in order to implant it in the mind". Often used as a tool in reprogramming, to remove or reduce the negative effects of programming imposed from exterior sources, and/or for Metaprogramming of oneself in order to bring about desired positive changes. Affirmations are primarily utilized in single person Werkings or in small groups, but may also be very powerful when crafted and effectuated in larger, more elaborate Werkings.

See also: Forms & Techniques, Sound as a Mægikal Implement, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Affusion ― Affusion pouring on; as of any sort of consecrating and/or metaphysically cleansing water, oil or other liquid substance, within a Spiritual and/or Magickal context.

African Diasporic ― [A somewhat artificial grouping, (but perhaps helpful as a convenience in grouping for survey purposes) These cultures did have things in common but were quite distinct in fact even within small geographical areas] It is possible to refer to a regional grouping of MetaPhysical Orientations as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, especially if strong traditions that are specific to the region are important to those groups. African Diasporic refers in particular to those Traditions and/or Cultures that developed their strong identifying characteristics as they left the African continent on their way to their eventual main areas of influence.

African Indigenous ― [A somewhat artificial grouping, (but perhaps helpful as a convenience in grouping for survey purposes) These cultures did have things in common but were quite distinct in fact even within small geographical areas] It is possible to refer to a regional grouping of MetaPhysical Orientations as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, especially if strong traditions that are specific to the region are important to those groups. African Indigenous refers in particular to those Traditions and/or Cultures whose strong identifying characteristics were developed in place in Africa regardless of whether later exported or not.

Agapé ― Agapé is an interesting word. It is one of the many Greek words which is usually translated as Love, and like most of the others it is a bit more specific than English allows. It is a voluntary, typically reciprocal Love which tends toward unconditional. It neither precludes nor requires existence in combination with Eros. In a Pagan context one of the clear cut examples is the emotional field often present among the Celebrants in the AfterGlow portion of Circles, or other Group Werkings, when the Werk is done, and there is relaxation and bon amie and perhaps an unreadiness to reenter the consensus reality. There is some overlap with the Sanskrit word : Mettā, which in an oversimplified way may be thought of as loving-kindness, in English; there being no simple word for this concept in English.

Agapeos ― Agapeos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἀγαπάως meaning (Unbounded Love)

See also: Ἀγαπάως, and Love

Agglutinative Languages ― Agglutinative languages are those languages whose elements combined without losing their independence, particularly in the spoken forms of the language, several monemes may be added to a verb to denote case, number, gender, person, tense, and so forth. Some Agglutinative languages are Sumerian, Hourrite, Ourartou, Basque, Turkish, Korean. Agglutinative languages are generally contrasted to inflexive languages.

Agnostic ― A MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that stipulates that it is not possible to know anything about the Divine, including whether it exists as such or not. The word comes from the Greek, agnostos for "unknowable". Agnosticism asserts that it is impossible to know whether there are Deities or anything beyond physical/material phenomena. It thus differs from all Theisms and/or Deisms which postulate Deities and supernatural phenomena as well as differing from Atheism which asserts that Deities and supernatural phenomena do not exist.

Agon ― Agon as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἀγών refers to the comparison of all like things and the judgment of those things as equal to, greater than, or lesser than. Thus also in the special case of contests between the youths of a city, or region, male and female (though grouped separately in the contests), with the 'all like things' clause setting the eligibility for the contests. These competitions, as well as contests and challenges often occured in relation to religious Celebrations. All things in the universe take part in the dynamic of Agon.

See also: Ἀγών

Agora ― Originally referring to any open 'place of assembly', whether formal or informal, in each community, the term Agora as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἀγορά, later developed the dual meaning of 'place of assembly' and community marketplace.

See also: Ἀγορά

Ahimsa ― The Yama that is called Ahimsa is categorized as non-violence, obviously this is an oversimplification but a useful one for metaphysical study. The Yamas are one of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the traditions of the Indus Valley. The Yamas or restraints (Don'ts) are divided into five moral injunctions, aimed at destroying the lower nature. They should all be practiced and developed by the letter but also more importantly in the spirit. They should all be practiced in word, thought and deed. The other four of the five Yamas are:
          Satyam or non-lying
          Brahmacharya or non-excess in all things (control of all senses).
          Asteya or non-stealing
          Aparigraha or non-covetousness

Aichomancy and Aichoscopy ― When the term Aichomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by sharp points, particularly spear heads.

The term Aichomancy is derived from the Greek words: Αἰχμή (Aikhmē) meaning spear head, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Ailuromancy and Ailuroscopy ― When the term Ailuromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by observation of the appearance, behaviours, and/or movements of cats.

The term Ailuromancy is derived from the Greek words: Αἴλουρος (Ailouros) meaning cat, Felis domesticus and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Ajna ― the Ajna - Brow or Third Eye Chakra ―
      which relates to: Balance, Coordination, Mental Clarity, Psychic Abilities (especially Clairvoyance), Intuition, Wisdom
          and governs: the Brain, Nervous System, Senses, Pituitary Gland, Pineal Gland, Skull, and Eyes
              with this Colour correspondence: Indigos, BlueGreens, BlueViolets


Akasha or Akasa ― When the term Akasha or Akasa is used in the field of Spiritual, MetaPhysical and/or Mægikal philosophy it generally refers to the Fifth Element as Spirit.

Akashic Records ― When the term Akashic Records is used in the field of Spiritual, MetaPhysical and/or Mægikal philosophy it generally refers to the concept that events are recorded in Eternity in some manner and that it is possible for individuals to access this Hall of Records in order to learn from events that happened in a distant time.

Akrasia (Choice Immolation) ― The term akrasia comes primarily from the studies of Socratic Philosophy. Socrates questioned whether one could ever deliberately, when able to choose among courses of action (praxiologies), choose one which would damage (and/or specifically, do the most damage to) their goals, regardless of the tendency of being overcome by any or any combination of primary passions and/or emotions: anger, fear, pleasure, etc. ― and thus whether akrasia could in fact occur. Obviously it is possible theoretically. Socrates' view was in reference to Individuals as deliberate agents (able to think about what they do, comprehensively before acting) and was that such persons must consider that what they are doing best fits their objectives (their Good). If forced (by others or incapacity on their part, by effect of physical deficiency or uncontrolled passions) to an action, they would not be acting deliberately. What a thinking and responsible Individual does is what she/he considers will be the best way to achieve her/his Good. The apparent conflict between reason and passion is viewed as illegitimate: passions may lead to erratic determinations about what is best, and may not even reference the issue of determining the Good; knowledge is viewed as a better guide to determining actions. These ideas put the problem into the framework of "how can we act against what reason dictates?" and "how can we act against our view of what we take as Good?" Socrates answered that we cannot, that even if we do that which is generally condemned as unacceptable by society or even seriously self-destructive, it indicates that we have decided that such actions are the best way to achieve our purposes and is therefore our "Good". Later philosophers have had wildly conflicting views on the subject, and some have confused it with or lumped it in with Aberrantism, however, if akratic behaviour is indeed possible, it is far different in kind from Aberrantism as an Ethical stance.

Akraticism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is most damaging to what one considers to be the "Good".

Akseos ― Akseos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἄξιος meaning perception of balanced feelings reciprocated, deserving.

See also: Ἄξιος, and Love

Alchemy ― A Tradition and/or School of Mægik which in a surface interpretation of the texts, seems to be focused on the transmutation of base metals into precious metals (e.g.: converting lead to gold). The ultimate goal of the Alchemist is to transform the chaotic primordial First Matter (the Khem) into perfection; a goal that is accomplished through spiritual enlightenment. It may be that the practice actually has much in common with the Eastern Tantric schools but in a Western context, many of the operations are described in terms of transformation of base metal into precious metal as code for various Sexual Mægik operations. The word (and the practice) has roots in Greek: chemeia, Ægyptian, khemeia, "the preparation of black ore, in Arabic, al kimya and probably in other languages.

Aleatory ― The term Aleatory indicates that which is dependent on chance, luck, and/or has an uncertain outcome. May apply to occurrences which are characterized by gambling: aleatory contests. Also applied to the field of Aleatoric (ā'lē-ə-tôr'ĭk, -tōr'-) Music, which is identified or consists of sounds to be chosen by the performer or left to chance; or in the sense of the indeterminate: An object placed inside the piano added an aleatory element to the piece. Aleatory contracts are a type of contract whose execution or performance depends on a contingency or an uncertain (random) event beyond the control of either party, and/or under which the sums paid by the parties to each other are unequal. A contract between an oil prospector and a landowner would normally be an aleatory contract. Most insurance policies are aleatory contracts because the insured may collect a large amount or nothing in return for the premiums paid. From French 'alea,' a game of dice. See also unilateral contract.

Alectorius ― When the term Alectorius is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to the Cock's Stone or Capon's Stone. Alektor being the Greek word for cockerel or rooster. Alectorius or Alektoros is the name given to a stone derived from the gizzard of a cock or capon. In a folklore pedigree extending from the first century to the middle of the eighteenth century, it was recommended for slaking thirst, conferring invincibility, promoting desirable personal qualities and for treating a range of conditions. See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Amulet , Talisman, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Alectormancy and Alectorscopy ― When the term Alectormancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using the sacrifice of a rooster. It should be remembered that the rooster was a quite meaningful gift in the ancient Ægean cultures, and quite specific in meaning.

The term Alectormancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἀλέκτωρ (Alektor) meaning cock, rooster, cockerel, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

With the Greek word: Ἱερεύω (Iereēō) meaning sacrifice, perhaps it could be inserted thusly to make the word more accurate: Alectoriereēōmancy; and to delineate it more clearly from Alectryomancy.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Alectryomancy and Alectryoscopy ― When the term Alectryomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using the eating patterns of chickens, particularly by watching a rooster gather corn kernels, in some cases marked kernels, the diviner observes a bird, several birds (most preferably a white rooster or cockerel) pecking at grain (such as wheat) that the Practitionor has scattered on the ground. The observer may place grain in the shape of of letters and thus discern a divinatory revelation by noting which letters the birds peck at, or the diviner may just interpret the pattern left by the birds' pecking in randomly scattered grain. In another version, the observer tethers the bird in the center of a circle, around the perimeter of which is marked the alphabet, with a piece of grain at each letter. For each grain the bird pecks, the observer writes down the letter which that grain represents. The observer also replaces each grain as the bird eats it, so that letters may be repeated. The sequence of letters recorded will presumably contain a message.

The term Alectryomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἀλεκτρυών (Alektryon) meaning cock, rooster, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Alençon Diamond ― Alençon Diamond - jewel quality smokey quartz

Aleuromancy and Aleuroscopy ― When the term Aleuromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using flour or meal, in some cases involving slips of paper baked into dough balls. Answers to questions are rolled into a set of balls of dough, of a number large enough to permit reasonable randomizing, and once baked are chosen at random. The fortunes were inserted into dough that was both baked, and mixed. This form of divination is the origin of Ash Wednesday pancakes and fortune cookies. Another version involves the interpretation of patterns left in a bowl of flour rinsed in water. Some claim that fortune cookies are a modern day interpretation of Aleuromancy, but there is no wide spread agreement to this classification. Aleuromancy was considered the domain of Απόλλων (Apollon) in some Traditions.

The term Aleuromancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἄλευρον (Aleuron) wheaten-flour, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination. Additionally it might be interesting to consider the Greek word Σεμίδαλις (Semidalis) meaning the finest of the wheaten flours.

See: Stareomancy

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Alexandrian Wicca ― A MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents as such, and holding the writings and teachings of Alexander and/or Maxine Sanders and/or interpolation thereon, and/or the Tradition that has arisen from such as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Alexandrian Wicca is similar to Gardnerian Wicca but with more inclusion of what is considered ceremonial magick including some Qabalistic forms and methodologies. Covens work skyclad. The eight Sabbats are observed and the Goddess and God are revered. Alexandrian Wiccans are considered to be Traditional Witches who trace their line of initiatory descent from Alex and Maxine Sanders, through a line of Alexandrian High Priests and High Priestesses, who follow the Alexandrian Book of Shadows, and who practice the Alexandrian Tradition of Wicca. Alexander Sanders was much more open to media coverage than most Wiccan and/or Pagan leaders. This led to his being referred to (by the media) as the "King of Witches". There was strong opposition to this "openbook" attitude toward the press from many traditional practitionors both of Wicca and other Pagan paths, mostly that this openness with the media was profaning the mysteries. Others of the community felt that it was simply for the notoriety. Whatever his motivation, the publicity certainly made people aware of his existence; he and Maxine initiated a great many people in the 1960s and 1970s, including Stewart Farrar and Janet Owen. Alexandrian covens focus strongly upon training, which includes areas more generally associated with ceremonial magic, such as Qabalah, Angelic Magic, and Enochian. The typical Alexandrian coven has a hierarchical structure, and generally meets weekly, or at least on Full Moons, New Moons and Festivals. Most Alexandrian covens will allow non-initiates to attend circles, usually as a "neophyte", who undergoes basic training in circle craft, and completes a number of projects, prior to being accepted by the coven for initiation to 1st degree. Some, though not all, Alexandrian covens will also welcome non-initiated "guests" at certain meetings.

Algard Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding the combination of Gardnerian and Alexandrian Wicca traditions, as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. This Wiccan tradition was founded in 1972 by Mary Nesnick, an American who was initiated into both Gardnerian and Alexandrian traditions. It brings together both Gardnerian and Alexandrian teachings under a single banner.

Alien Interventions ― The plural form of Alien Interventions is quite intentional, due to the likelihood that if it happened at all it probably happened numerous times. It seems the best way to make sense of all the various theories is to guess that there were numerous groups, some contemporaneous and some not, with different objectives and different modes of operation, as well as different ethical constraints. In a similar manner to the reasons for speculating multiple Illuminati groups, multiple Alien Interventions by multiple Alien groups, seems the best explanation. If there were only one Alien group, and they were as powerful as they would have been in comparison to primitive Humans, with no other groups to counterbalance their efforts, they would have had everything their way in short order. Among those who speculate on such matters, different Traditions naturally have a variety of thoughts on how many interventions there might have been and the purposes of some or all of them.

All that May Be Veil ― When the term All that May Be Veil is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to the Cerulean Blue Veil of the Mind and all that resembles it.

See also: Veil, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Allegorical ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, that utilizes various forms of reenactments of and/or allusion to archetypal patterns, spiritual events and/or stories as a means of effectuating the spiritual development of the participants. Allegorical Interpretative Forms and Techniques often include Sacred Theatre.

Allegorical Interpretive ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, that utilizes various forms of reenactments of archetypal spiritual events and/or stories as a means of effectuating the spiritual development of the participants. Allegorical Interpretative Forms and Techniques often include Sacred Theatre.

Allegory ― Allegory is a type of written, oral and/or other type of expressive communication intended to convey truths about Human conduct and/or the Human condition, especially spiritual information in a manner which transcends the literal meanings within the works. Ordinarily allegories contain a story and/or interlocking stories about fictional, "larger than life" characters and their actions and/or failures to act, with the intent of allowing and encouraging the recipients of these communications to draw conclusions which relate either directly or indirectly to their lives and decisions that they have to make.

Allele ― Allele as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek αλληλος (Allelos), meaning each other, is one of two or more forms of the DNA sequence of a particular gene.

See also: αλληλος

Allelophileos ― Allelophileos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἀλληλοφιλέως meaning Loving one another; as in a group bound by cultural and/or religious ties.

See also: Ἀλληλοφιλέως, and Love

Allies and Familiars ― In the Fields of Conscious Spiritual Evolution, the terminology of Allies and Familiars though widely used, is a bit tricky to define. Familiars generally are thought of as special helper animals, natural animals, unnatural animals, or hybrids, who assist Practitionors in various ways, usually entailing being sent on specific missions and reporting back, though general undirected help is also noted. Whereas Allies may also be animal types, they may also be plants, or disembodied intelligences, or possibly other types of entities, which have a sort of Totem aura, in that each Practitionor is expected to find the proper Ally, who will help them through their current phase of growth; the individual Practitionor may stay with the same Ally for some or many stages, or may need to make new connections for later stages.

Allophone ― In the fields of Linguistics and Phonetics, the term allophone refers to a conditioned realization of the same phoneme. A phoneme is an abstract unit of speech sound that can distinguish words; that is, changing a phoneme in a word can produce another word. Speakers of a particular language perceive a phoneme as a distinctive sound in that language. An allophone is not distinctive, but rather a variant of a phoneme; changing the allophone will not change the meaning of a word, but the result may sound non-native, or be unintelligible. The word Allophone is constructed from two Greek root words: Ἄλλος (állos), meaning 'other' and Φωνή, (phōnē), meaning 'voice or sound'. Much more information may be found from this entry on Wikipedia

Allotrope ― Allotrope, two or more distinct physical forms of a chemical element in the same physical state. The term allotropy comes from the Greek allos tropos meaning another shape. Allotropes arise because of differing arrangements of an element's atoms within its molecules or crystals. Because of their different internal structures, allotropic forms of an element may exhibit greatly differing values for such physical properties as color, luster, density, hardness, odor, and electrical and thermal conductivity. For example, diamond is extremely hard and does not conduct electricity, while graphite is much softer and does conduct electricity. Allotropes may also differ in chemical reactivity. There are two main kinds of allotropy, monotropy and enantiotropy. Monotropy (monotropic allotropy) occurs when one form of a substance is stable at all temperatures, while any other forms are metastable, and change (sometimes very slowly) into the stable form. Enantiotropy (enantiotropic allotropy) occurs when one solid form of the substance changes into another solid form of the same substance when at a definite transition temperature.

Ally ― When the term Ally is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to helper Entities which may be identified as animal types, plants, disembodied intelligences, or possibly other types of entities, which have a sort of Totem aura. Each Practitionor who moves through the disciplines of a Tradition which includes the concept of the necessity of finding one's Ally in order to expedite Spiritual Growth, is expected to find the proper Ally, who will help them through their current phase of growth; the individual Practitionor may stay with the same Ally for some or many stages, or may need to make new connections for later stages.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Alomancy / Halomancy and Aloscopy ― When the term Alomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using salt. This is believed to be the origin of the Folk adage that misfortune is about to fall on the household when the salt cellar is overturned, and about throwing a pinch of salt over someone's shoulder for good luck when salt is spilled.

Alomancy as a term results from a bad transliteration of the Greek root, Halomancy is a much better construction. Alomancy as a variant of the word Halomancy - divination by salt - arises from an erroneous reading of the ancient Greek root. In Greek there is no letter 'aitch' (H) as such, instead aspiration was represented by the opening apostrophe symbol (`) placed above the next letter. Someone unaware of this would read the Greek `als as simply Als rather than the correct English rendering Hals.

The term Alomancy is derived from the Greek words: and Ἅλς (Hals) meaning salt, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See: Halomancy

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Alpha or Syllabic Boards and Planchets ― When the terms Alpha or Syllabic Boards is used in reference to the context of Divination, it generally refers to any of the boards, and selection aides, where the board has sets of letters from alphabets, and/or characters from syllabaries, and typically numbers and other symbols as well, represented on them in a way which the characters can be picked one a time, usually either by Planchette or Pendulum, so that words and phrases may be composed. Sometimes the Board may be made larger, more weather-resistant, and even incorporated into a fence, in order to allow animals to do the selecting instead of the Planchette or Pendulum. Often in addition to the primary Divinor, or if it's a group effort, one person is designated to record the selections as they occur so that words may be formed when the reading is complete.

Often a Practitionor who uses an Alpha or Syllabic Board in their praxis will create one for themselves, in part to include special symbols and such on the Board; and often in part, simply to have one made out of better materials than the cheap press-board with wood-grain contact paper covering the top, of which most commercial varieties are made. The mental state of the Divinor and the Sittors, if present, is of paramount importance, and viewing a Board of handcrafted hardwood (or whatever material has been selected) seems likely to create an ambiance of gravitas, and encourage them to put much more energy and confidence into the Divination. In this case, of course, the wood, or even stone, may be chosen for traditional associations it might have, and/or personal resonances with the Practitionor.

See: Sigosumbolomancy, Talking Boards, Ouija Board

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Alphitomancy and Alphitoscopy ― When the term Alphitomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination involving specially prepared barley cakes or loaves of barley bread. Alphitomancy divination using barley grains or meal, in some cases using loaves or cakes made of wheat or barley flour. Divination via the use of special cakes that are easily digestible by persons with a clear conscience but are unpleasant to others. It is a practice to assist identifying guilty parties by feeding an individual or group a loaf of barley. The innocent would feel no ill effect, but the guilty parties would experience severe indigestion. Alphitomancy was often used to identify criminals. Also known as Cursed Bread.

The term Alphitomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἄλφιτον (Alphiton), meaning 'barley', and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

AlpineHorn ― When the term AlpineHorn is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Altar ― When the term Altar is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a type of table or raised area which is used in Mægikal and/or Spiritual Werkings to hold and allow a space for working with some of the Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools and/or Foci that are to be used in any given Werking. Altars are generally specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Altars may vary from simple personal Altars which are no more than a shelf to elaborate multitiered structures in some cases.

See: Chakra Altars, Directional Altars, Elemental Altars, Manifestory Altars, Personal Altars, Portal Altars, Shrine Altars, Tribal Interweaving Altars, Triplicity Altars, Votive Altars, Werking Altars

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Altar Cloths and Coverings ― When the term Altar Cloth and/or Covering is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to an item which is the first layer placed on an Altar which is to be used in Mægikal and/or Spiritual Werkings, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. It is a convenient way to change and add patterns, symbols and so forth appropriate to a particular Werking, without restructuring the Altar itself, which in many traditions is a simple basic type structure, often a solid coloured double-cube. Cloth is the most frequent, but any material may be used, including metals, pottery, woods and so forth, in some cases the material itself may be chosen for a resonance with the Werking to be performed, textural, colour, or any other attribute.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Altered States of Consciousness ― When the term is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci it generally refers to ; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. States of sentient consciousness other than the normal Waking Conscious State of the Dreaming State, with the further implication that there has been intent to, and actions toward the goal of Altering the State of Consciousess, although spontaneous Altered States of consciousness are not unknown. Hypnosis induces an Altered State, the Hynogogic State is a spontaneous Altered State of Consciousness. In some Traditions, Chanting, Singing and/or Dance is used to Alter the State of Consciousness for a particular Werking. Various vegetal compounds, ingested or not have been used to Alter the State of Consciousness.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Altruism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is thought to be for the good of others, in many cases at expense to the Individual's good.

Altruism/Egoism dichotomy ― Does morality require a person to act for the good of others, or can its requirements be consistently seen as means to self-fulfilment for the moral agent? If the latter, some egoists will argue that only the thought of benefit or gratification to myself can in any case motivate me to action (psychological egoism); others, 'ethical egoists', claim that although I could aim at the good of another, the moral life is in fact the life that maximizes good-for-me, if not always in the shorter term, then reliably over a lifetime. It is a highly challengeable ― indeed unconvincing ― claim: situations arise, e.g. when some virtually undetectable injustice offers a person great reward and no deterrents. On such a theory, not even conscience would deter. Central to the very notion of a moral imperative is the idea that it has authority to override all other considerations, self-interest notably among them, and to rule out the thought of calculating and quantifying the balance for and against advantage to self on particular occasions of moral obligation. Again, if as an egoist I propose an ethical theory that everyone should understand the object of moral endeavour to be the pursuit of his or her individual good, the proposing of such a universal policy must itself conflict with my own pursuit of my individual good. I cannot really want others to attend to their good, as distinct from my own! But if I simply assert, as a personal manifesto (or, indeed, write it secretly in my diary), 'I am going to pursue my own fulfilment only, and I understand morality as precisely a means to that' ― then I achieve consistency ― but express no public moral theory. It is not true that everything we can be said to 'want' or 'desire' is an enhancement or fulfilment of the self. We may want to give way to irrational rage or to wayward sexual desire, to hurt another or indeed to help another ― without manifesting 'self-love' in any of these instances. My rage or aggression may in fact be self-destructive. The beginning of altruism is the realization that not all good and bad are good-for-me and bad-for-me: that certain others ― my close friends, say ― have joys and sufferings distinct from mine, but for which I have a sympathetic concern ― and for their sake, not my own. I may then acknowledge that others beyond the small circle of my friends are not fundamentally different ― and so reach the belief that there are objective goods and bads as such. As one self among the others I cannot claim special privileges simply for being the individual that I am! If it is neither impossible nor irrational to act simply for the sake of another, the occurrence of satisfaction or 'good conscience' when we have done so is not sufficient ground for the egoist to claim that it was only for these 'rewards' that the acts were performed. Nor on the other hand does the possibility of altruism mean that it is a constant moral necessity: an altruist can allow that in most circumstances I can act far more effectively on my own behalf than can any other person. A simple but crucial step separates a broken-backed ethical egoism from a minimally acceptable and consistent moral theory. It involves the recognition of others as more than instrumental to my fulfilment. I may promote my own interests and personal fulfilment, so long as I do not encroach upon the pursuit by others of their fulfilment. That is to recognize other persons as limits to my action: altruism may, of course, go beyond that in seeking positively to advance their good.

Alveromancy ― A type of divination using sounds, particularly naturally occurring sounds. See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions

Amarapura (Sri Lankan or Ceylonese) Buddhism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents as such, and holding the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha, and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Amarapura Buddhism (and for convenience of categorization Myanmar Buddhism and/or Sinhala Buddhism as well) is the variety of Buddhism that developed in Ceylon, the name of which is now Sri Lanka. There is a fairly wide concensus of belief that Theravada Buddhism originated in Sri Lanka, and it is Sri Lanka that transmitted the Paali Tripitaka, as well as numerous commentaries, synopses, chronicles, and grammars of extreme importance to all Traditions of Buddhism. The legend in the Diipavamsa and other chronicles that the Buddha visited the land which is now Sri Lanka three times during his lifetime, is widely believed in present day Sri Lanka. Scholarship had developed in all fields: Pali grammar, the Vinaya, the Suttanta, and the Abhidhamma. Myanmar had, after a long period of development, become the custodian of Buddhism. Even today, Sri Lanka possesses three schools, the Amarapura Nikaya, the Siyama Nikaya (Thai school), and the Ramanna Nikaya. Some postulate that there is no monolithic Buddhism as such, but that there are Buddhisms such as Sinhala Buddhism or more precisely Sinhala Theravada Buddhism, Siam or Thai Buddhism, Myanmar or Amarapura Buddhism, and so forth. The complete Listing on Amarapura Buddhism (also see: the complete entry on Buddhism.)

Ambiance ― When the term Ambiance [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences similar to Twilight of the Place, key number 29] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to the mood felt in any given space in which a Sacred Space is to be established, including but not limited to temperature, lighting and decor.

Ambigrams ― Ambigrams are different from Palindromes, but they have some similar attributes. An Ambigram is an illustration or some other sort of typographical device which makes a graphical representation of a word readable from different points of view as either the same word or a different word.
See also: Palindromes, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Ambulomancy and Ambuloscopy ― When the term Ambulomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using walking, often in a particular pattern, possibly related to Gyromancy. In numerous Spiritual Traditions, it is acknowledged that sustained walking, especially of patterns, such as the various types of Labyrinths, will induce an altered state of Consciousness, in most if not all people. This state would then assist in the divination; in the case of Ambulomancy the impressions received while in this type of Trance State, would be sufficient for the Divinor to enunciate the answering message to the Querent.

The termAmbulomancy is derived from the words: the Latin word Ambulāre meaning to walk, and the Greek Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination. The Greek term for walk or to tread is Πατέω (Pateō), so perhaps Pateomancy would have been a better choice.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

American Eclectic Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding the published works of Scott Cunningham and StarHawk as primary or critical parameters, that views all or many things as having animating spirits. American Eclectic Wiccans emphasize spontaneity and intuitive understanding of the Mysteries. Because they downplay, or discarded, the importance of Oaths, Initiations, Lineage, and Tradition many Traditional Wiccans object to these groups using the name Wicca, and believe they should be called American Eclectic Witchcraft.

American Traditional Wicca ― American Traditional Wiccan groups have no initiatory connection to Gardner or Sanders, but have based their rituals and practices on what has been published about the Gardnerian, Alexandrian and/or other Wiccan Traditions; they therefore follow a Wiccan practice based upon one or more prior Wiccan Traditions without having their initiatory lineage.

American Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding Gardnerian Wicca teachings with additional material supplied by Ed Fitch and other founders of the Tradition as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. American Wicca is often considered an offshoot of Gardnerian Wicca, as it was founded by Ed Fitch and several Southern Californian Gardnerians in the late 1970's. The tradition includes Gardnerian material and additional material supplied by the founders. Also known as Mohsian Wicca.

AmerIndian-(Northern-Central-Southern) ― A constructed word referring to the Indigenous Cultures of the Americas to differentiate them from the Cultures of the Indian SubContinent. More proper and accurate terminology for these ethnicities may be Native American, and/or First Nations.

Amethystine Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding core concepts from the Order of the Garter and the Order of the Royal Oak, with supplementary beliefs derived from Hermetic Traditions as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. Founded in 1968 by Lady Amethyst, Amethystine Wicca is dedicated to preserving old traditions in addition to nurturing a new generation of enlightened ones. Teaches by example in daily life, at home and at work, as well as when among our own. Amethystine Wiccans wish to be known through their work and deeds, and believe in a strict code of ethics exemplified by one's actions and living according to the principles of the the Wiccan Rede.

Amniomancy and Amnioscopy ― When the term Amniomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by examining afterbirth, including a subset of cases where there is a caul, in many forms of interpretation future luck is thought to be determined by the presence of a caul, though the placement, coverage and appearance of the caul adjust the putative meaning. Divination involving the presence of a Caul, tends to be positive for the one possessing it, especially the one born with it, as it is interpreted in almost all cases as being favourable. The Caul is any part of the amniotic sac that happens to be attached to a new-born's head. Usually there is no caul and hence it was perceived as signifying something special when one did appear. Thus a great host of beliefs grew up surrounding the Caul over the centuries in many disparate cultures. At any rate, the caul has almost invariably been associated with good luck and beneficial powers. It was often associated with protection from drowning and other sea-faring dangers, and as such Cauls were in high demand among sailors. There are traditions from all across Europe that children born with Cauls were lucky, and often that they had second sight or could see into the spirit world.

The term Amniomancy is derived from the Greek words: Αμνίον (Amnion) meaning placenta, membrane surrounding fetus, originally thought to mean bucket for collection of blood, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Amour ― Amour (Romantic Love: per Troubadour, Trouveres Traditions: Courtly Love, with or without Sexual Components)

Amphidromia ― Amphidromia as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἀμφιδρόμια indicates an Ægean Rite and Celebration in which a newly born child is welcomed and introduced into its family and the community, and receives its public and social name. The friends and relations of the parents were invited to the festival of the Amphidromia, which was held in the evening, and they generally appeared with presents, among which are mentioned the cuttle-fish and the marine polyp (Hesych. and Harpocr s.v.). The house was decorated on the outside with olive branches when the child was a boy, or with garlands of wool when the child was a girl; and a repast was prepared, at which, if we may judge from a fragment of Ephippus in Athenaeus (IX p370; comp. II p65), the guests must have been rather merry. The child was then carried round the fire by the nurse, and thus, as it were, presented to the Gods of the house and to the family, and at the same time received its name, to which the guests were witnesses (Isaeus, De Pyrrhi Haered. p34 s30 Bekker). The carrying of the child round the hearth was the principal part of the solemnity, from which its name was derived. But the Scholiast on Aristophanes (Lysistr. 758) derives its name from the fact that the guests, whilst the name was given to the child, walked or danced around it. [In part from: William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.: A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities - John Murray, London, 1875. For more information: see also ]

See also: Ἀμφιδρόμια

Amplification ― When used in reference to the field of Analytical Psychology a method of interpretation in which the analyst assists the patient to connect an image in a dream or fantasy with universal imagery. The personal images are amplified by comparison with similar images and motifs found in myths and fairy-tales. By engaging in this process, a synthesis of consciousness and the unconscious, and of personal and collective, is attained. The individual is reconnected with the archetype expressed through the image and the unconscious content is made explicit.

Ampulla ― When the term Ampulla is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a container or vessel for holy oil or wine considered either innately Sacred and/or consecrated as such for coronations or rituals.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Amulet ― When the term Amulet is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to any, ordinarily small, ordinarily representational object that represents any and/or any combination of Mægikal and/or Spiritual concepts, forces and/or ideas. specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Amulets are normally small objects, engraved or not, that are worn by a particular person, sometimes on a specific part of the body, usually touching the skin, which is thought to continually exert some influence on behalf of the wearer. An Amulet is usually considered to be an object cleansed and infused with energy by a trained Witch or Ceremonial Mægickian intended to be a defense against negative energy by deflecting or sending away a specific danger, misfortune, a particular array of threats, or any negative energy or energies.

While the terms Amulet and Talisman are often used or misused interchangeably along with Charm and others, some Traditions consider a Talisman to be the opposite of a Amulet; in the sense of charge anyway. In this type of delineation, which seems fairly convincing, a Talisman is an object Mægikally infused to attract positive energy or a specific force, and in contrast, an Amulet is a Mægikally infused object which is to repel negative energy, or at least protect the wearer from some specific or general danger. In these systems, sometimes the term Charm is utilized as an umbrella designation for both Talismen and Amulets. A Talisman is never intended as a protection, for that you need an Amulet.

Today, the most common form of Amulet is a charm ornament worn on a necklace. The most common designs are that of the Ægyptian Ankh, various images of eyes, especially the Ægyptian Eye of Heru, the Daoist Taiqi, and a variety of variations on the Pentagram and Pentacle (five-pointed star in a circle worn by some Pagans). But an Amulet can actually be of any object, such as a watch, a necklace without a charm, or a gem, stone, coin, or even an inscription on paper, parchment, wood or other material, which has been charged as a protective influence.

Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Amulet , Talisman, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Amulet and Talisman Cases ― When the term Amulet and Talisman Cases is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to small containers specifically designed to hold particular small Sacred Objects, singular or plural. The most popular materials from which they are constructed are leather and/or metals. In order to be referred to as Cases, they normally have a specific and static shape, whether containing the designated items or not. There are related items which are made of fabric and have a variety of different name.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Anagoge Anagoge is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek ― Ἀναγωγή which is a Greek word suggesting a "climb" or "ascent" upwards. The Anagoge (being the mystical interpretation itself) is the result of the Anagogical approach, which is a method of spiritual interpretation of literal statements (words, passages, and/or whole texts) or actual events, especially within texts considered Holy by a Tradition whereby the literal meaning of the words is reinterpreted into mystical meanings, with the idea that this process is beneficial to the students e.g.: "leading them upward" as the Greek word seems to suggest. In Anagoge ('leading above'), from a visible fact, an invisible is declared. This method of interpretation is intended to reveal a hidden, spiritual meaning.

See also: ― Ἀναγωγή

Anagogic ― When Anagogic [an-uh-goj-ik] /ˌænəˈgɒdʒɪk/ is used as an adjective it generally refers to that which is of or pertaining to a spiritual and mystical allegorical interpretation and interpolation from the literal meaning of words, normally from texts considered Sacred to one or more Traditions, as containing foreshadowing, and/or specification of type for an event or events which later unfold in the consensus reality. In the specific discipline of Psychology the term Anagogic is used to mean: deriving from, pertaining to, or reflecting the moral or idealistic striving of the Unconscious (Personal and/or Universal), such as in Anagogic image, or Anagogic interpretation.

Anagrams ― Anagrams letters of a word or phrase are transposed to form a new meaning. Anagrams are created as a result of rearranging the letters of a word or phrase to produce a new word or phrase, using all the original letters exactly once. A common feature of crosswords. Samuel Butler's Erewhon is an anagram of "nowhere".
See also: Anagrams, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Anahata ― the Anahata or Heart Chakra ―
      which relates to: Love, Unconditional Love, and other Feelings and Emotions
          and governs: Heart, Blood, Circulatory System, and Lungs
              with this Colour correspondence: Greens and/or Pinks


Anakyklosis ― Anakyklosis as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ανακύκλωση (1) the cyclic movement of time; (2) a historical cycle; (3) macrocosmic cycle of eternal return

See also: Ανακύκλωση

Analogeticism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding the teachings of Ammonius Saccas, especially in reference to the use of analogy and correspondence in the interpretation of myths and symbolic legends as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Analogeticists ― Footnoted by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, HBP in her Key to Theosophy: As explained by Prof. Alex. Wilder, F. T. S., in his "Eclectic Philosophy," they were called Analogeticists because of their practice of interpreting all sacred legends and narratives, myths and mysteries, by a rule or principle of analogy and correspondence: so that events which were related as having occurred in the external world were regarded as expressing operations and experiences of the human soul. They were also denominated Neo-Platonists. Though Theosophy, or the Eclectic Theosophical system, is generally attributed to the third century, yet, if Diogenes Laertius is to be credited, its origin is much earlier, as he attributed the system to an Egyptian priest, Pot-Amun, who lived in the early days of the Ptolemaic dynasty. The same author tells us that the name is Coptic, and signifies one consecrated to Amun, the God of Wisdom. Theosophy is the equivalent of Brahm-Vidya, divine knowledge. Often the Analogeticists are considered to be the disciples of Ammonius Saccas (vide supra).

Analogy ― a process of reasoning in which two entities that share some similarities are assumed to share others; the basis of most archaeological interpretation. For example, ethnographic analogy involves the use of ethnographic information to interpret archaeological data.

Analytical Psychology ― Jung coined this term as early as 1913 to distinguish his approach from Freud's psychoanalysis.

Anamnesis ― Anamnesis (an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἀνάμνησις) refers literally to the 'loss of forgetfulness', thus indicating reminiscence or recollection; most often in the context of Reincarnation indicating the act of the Soul recalling knowledge from past lives. Anamnesis is a term used primarily in the Platonic and NeoPlatonic Traditions and those that draw from them, identifying that "Loss of Forgetfulness" or "Beginning of Rememberance" so critical to Spiritual Growth. Anamnesis means recollection of the Ideas, which the soul had known in a previous existence, especially by means of reasoning. The starting point, then, for the soul's ascent is the Platonic Anamnesis or remembering its divine origins, and the knowledge that unfolds from this cannot be compared with the human activity of logical reasoning or comparison. It is uncovered through invocation and divination using all elements of the natural world -- including stars and planets -- as 'uspeakable' symbols to attract the presence of the Gods. Here is yet another dimension to the Platonic quest, a philosophical Mægik which intrigued and impressed Ficino and yet inevitably unsettled his orthodox contemporaries.

The Ægean formulation of this concept is generally attributed to Socrates. In Plato's Meno, the character Meno challenges Socrates with the Sophistic Paradox, disputing the possibility and validity of seeking spiritual knowledge. Plato reports that Socrates delineates a theory of Reincarnation, in his response to rhetorical questioning from Meno. When asked something along the lines of: "if you don't know any of the attributes, properties, and/or other descriptive markers of any kind that help signify what something is (physical or otherwise), you won't recognize it, even if you actually come across it. So how will you carry out this search for the nature of virtue, or even set up the parameters of the search?" Socrates suggests that the soul is immortal, and repeatedly incarnated; knowledge is actually in the soul from eternity, but that each time the soul is incarnated its knowledge is forgotten in the shock of birth. What one perceives to be learning, then, is actually the recovery of what one has forgotten. (Once it has been brought back it is true belief, to be turned into genuine knowledge by understanding.) And thus Socrates (and Plato) sees himself, not as a teacher, but as a midwife, aiding with the birth of knowledge that was already there in the student.

See also: Ἀνάμνησις

Ananke ― In the context of the Ægean Pantheons, Ananke (an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἀνάγκη) is a Goddess whose purview is the Inevitable, and the Necessary, and to some extent Destiny.

See also: Ἀνάγκη

Ananym ― Ananym is a term which is applied to a word written backwards. See also: Garden of Life WordPlay Index

Anatolian (Phrygian, Other) ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in Anatolia, now known as Turkey and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Anazazi ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding spiritual concepts that originated in the Anazazi cultures in Archaic America as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Ancestor Reverence (also referred to as Ancestor Worship, in more extreme cases) ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, Ancestor Reverence is the belief and the behaviours associated with such belief, asserting the continued existence of the deceased and that the deceased exert influence upon the living descendants. The practices range from simple respect for the deceased ancestors to quite complex and specific rituals, depending on the Tradition. Descendants have an obligation to support their ancestors through their actions and reverence. Ancestor Reverence is an extremely important and identifying characteristic inherent in some religions, for instance: Shintoism.

Ancient Illuminated Seers of Bavaria ― The Order of the Ancient Illuminated Seers of Bavaria was openly formed on May 1, 1776, ostensibly by Adam Weishaupt (1748 - 1830), a professor of law at the University of Ingolstadt in Bavaria. Whether it was a manifestation of "The Illuminati" is in much dispute, but seems more likely than not. Weishaupt's stated goal was to build a just community within a corrupt society and to modernize Germany through the discipline of a secret society. During its short visible life, the order actually did try to realize its political goals through subterfuge, secrecy, and conspiracy. While the Freemasons were unjustly accused of having a secret agenda known only to the highest level of initiates, the Ancient Illuminated Seers of Bavaria really did operate this way, with the rank and file aware only of mundane, general goals, and the true secrets kept by the 'superieurs inconnus.' In addition, the Ancient Illuminated Seers of Bavaria attempted to form a group of interlocking organizations by infiltrating other organizations, such as the masons. In June, 1784, the Ancient Illuminated Seers of Bavaria were suppressed; three years later they appeared to be completely destroyed. Today, the Ancient Illuminated Seers of Bavaria live on in modern conspiracy theories, often referred to as "The Illuminati"(of which they were likely only a small operation of that organization, perhaps a test case for the organization's coming out in the open) ― they are the prototype of the secret society, with their 'double doctrine' or secret agenda, mysterious rituals, and long-term political goals. The fact of their suppression only strengthens the various conspiracy theories, as they are said to have gone underground. The Illuminati are a favorite target of right-wing conspiracy theorists, from the 'militia movement' to the John Birch Society and fundamentalist Christians. See Illuminism and The Illuminati listings as well.

Androgynous ― Androgyny refers to characteristics and behaviours which may be grouped within sexual context, but somehow either reflect both physical genders, and/or neither.

Anemomancy and Anemoscopy ― When the term Anemomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination . Divination via the interpretation of the wind direction and strength, including the shape of dust clouds lifted by it. Another method is posing a question and then tossing a handful of dirt, sand or light seeds into the air; the answer comes in the form of the small dust cloud made by the flying particles. This also includes process uses a pendulum, allowed to move only by the wind, positioned over a circle graph or a set of letters, glyphs or runes. Yet another technique consists of listening to the sound of the wind and interpreting its message.

For Divinors wishing to specialize in interpreting the meanderings and effects of specific winds, for your neologistic pleasure, the Greeks have provided proper deity-form names for a compass rose of eight (or perhaps 16) winds or the Ανεμοι (Anemoi), usually listed as: Βορέας (Boreas) indicating the deity-form of the North-Wind; Καικίας (Kaikias) indicating the deity-form of the North-East Wind; Ἀπηλιώτης (Apeliotes) indicating the deity-form of the East Wind; Εὖρος (Euros)indicating the deity-form of the South-East Wind; Νότος (Notos)indicating the deity-form of the South Wind; Λιψ (Lips)indicating the deity-form of the South-West Wind; Ζέφυρος (Zephyros) indicating the deity-form of the West-Wind; and Σκίρον (Skiron or Skeiron) indicating the deity-form of the North-West Wind.

The term Anemomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἄνεμος (Anemos) meaning wind, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Angles Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

AngloSaxon ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Animalism ― When considered as a MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, Animalism is the doctrine that humanity has only animal nature, however complex and sophisticated it may become, with no soul or spiritual quality.

Animism ― A MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that views all or many things as having animating spirits and/or that each part of Nature has its own divine animating spirit.

Anisotropy ―Anisotropy (/ˌænaɪˈsɒtrəpi/) [ˌænaɪˈsɒtrəpi] is the property of being directionally dependent, as opposed to isotropy, which implies identical properties in all directions. It can be defined as a difference, when measured along different axes, in a material's physical or mechanical properties (absorbance, refractive index, conductivity, tensile strength, etc.) An example of anisotropy is the light coming through a polarizer. An example of an anisotropic material is wood, which is easier to split along its grain than against it.

Physics
A plasma lamp displaying the nature of plasmas, in this case, the phenomenon of "filamentation" Cosmologists use the term to describe the uneven temperature distribution of the cosmic microwave background radiation. There is evidence for a so-called "Axis of Evil" in the early Universe that is at odds with the currently favored theory of rapid expansion after the Big Bang. Cosmic anisotropy has also been seen in the alignment of galaxies' rotation axes and polarization angles of quasars.

Physicists use the term anisotropy to describe direction-dependent properties of materials. Magnetic anisotropy, for example, may occur in a plasma, so that its magnetic field is oriented in a preferred direction. Plasmas may also show "filamentation" (such as that seen in lightning or a plasma globe) that is directional.

An anisotropic liquid is one which has the fluidity of a normal liquid, but has an average structural order relative to each other along the molecular axis, unlike water or chloroform, which contain no structural ordering of the molecules. Liquid crystals are examples of anisotropic liquids.

Some materials conduct heat in a way that is isotropic, that is independent of spatial orientation around the heat source. It is more common for heat conduction to be anisotropic, which implies that detailed geometric modeling of typically diverse materials being thermally managed is required. The materials used to transfer and reject heat from the heat source in electronics are often anisotropic.

Many crystals are anisotropic to light ("optical anisotropy"), and exhibit properties such as birefringence. Crystal optics describes light propagation in these media. An "axis of anisotropy" is defined as the axis along which isotropy is broken (or an axis of symmetry, such as normal to crystalline layers). Some materials can have multiple such optical axes.

Geophysics
Seismic anisotropy is the variation of seismic wavespeed with direction. Seismic anisotropy is an indicator of long range order in a material, where features smaller than the seismic wavelength (e.g., crystals, cracks, pores, layers or inclusions) have a dominant alignment. This alignment leads to a directional variation of elasticity wavespeed. Measuring the effects of anisotropy in seismic data can provide important information about processes and mineralogy in the Earth; indeed, significant seismic anisotropy has been detected in the Earth's crust, mantle and inner core. Geological formations with distinct layers of sedimentary material can exhibit electrical anisotropy; electrical conductivity in one direction (e.g. parallel to a layer), is different from that in another (e.g. perpendicular to a layer). This property is used in the gas and oil exploration industry to identify hydrocarbon-bearing sands in sequences of sand and shale. Sand-bearing hydrocarbon assets have high resistivity (low conductivity), whereas shales have lower resistivity. Formation evaluation instruments measure this conductivity/resistivity and the results are used to help find oil and gas wells.

The hydraulic conductivity of aquifers is often anisotropic for the same reason. When calculating groundwater flow to drains or to wells, the difference between horizontal and vertical permeability is to be taken into account otherwise the results may be subject to error.

Most common rock-forming minerals are anisotropic, including quartz and feldspar. Anisotropy in minerals is most reliably seen in their optical properties. An example of an isotropic mineral is garnet.

Medical acoustics
Anisotropy is also a well-known property in medical ultrasound imaging describing a different resulting echogenicity of soft tissues, such as tendons, when the angle of the transducer is changed. Tendon fibers appear hyperechoic (bright) when the transducer is perpendicular to the tendon, but can appear hypoechoic (darker) when the transducer is angled obliquely. This can be a source of interpretation error for inexperienced practitioners. In diffusion tensor imaging, anisotropy alterations may reflect diffusion changes of water in the brain, particularly in the white matter.

Anklet ― When the term Anklet is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus and/or Focus it generally refers to a device designed to encircle the ankle, often flexible such as chain; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

ANNOINTMENT (when considered as a Sacrament) ― Garden of Life considers Annointment a Pagan Sacrament. In a preliminary description Annointment may be an Act and/or Process performed by any Celebrant upon Her/Himself or any other Celebrant with the intent of acknowledging the Divine Essence within the Individual. In a Celebratory Werking such Acts ordinarily consist of the placing of a Consecrated Oil or other Consecrated substance on another Celebrant or Her/His self, while making silent or verbal Affirmations and/or Symbolic Gestures, which have become Sacred to a Tradition.
Below please find the wording that Garden of Life uses in it's Articles of Organization to delineate this Sacrament:
An Act performed by any Celebrant upon Her/Himself or any other Celebrant with the intent of acknowledging the Divine Essence within the Individual. In a Celebratory Werking such Acts ordinarily consist of the placing of a Consecrated Oil or other Consecrated substance on another Celebrant's Forehead or Her/His own, while making silent or verbal Affirmations and may include various Symbolic Gestures, which have become Sacred to our Tradition. Annointment may also be performed on any of the other power points on or about the physical body. Annointment is considered in the Temple context to have an effect of encouraging the component parts of the Individual to increase alignment.

Annointment Substance ― When the term Annointment Substance is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to an essential oil, perfume or parfum [French parfum pronounced: paʁ.fœ̃], fragrant cream or some mixture which has become Sacred to the particular Tradition, or which has been specified for a particular Werking, which is easily applicable to the forehead, chakra points, or other areas of the body; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. However other materials may be and are sometimes used. For instance in a particular Werking it may be determined that Volcanic Ash would be appropriate, or fresh Berries or Flowers found at the site. In certain Werkings, a concatenated Kiss may go around the Circle for Annoitment. Usually a Tradition will have traditional words to be said at the Annoitment, either by the person doing the Annointment or the person being Annoited.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Antagonyms ― Antagonyms are single words that have multiple meanings that contradict each other.
See also: Antagonyms, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Anteros ― Anteros as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἀντέρως meaning (Reciprocated Sexual Love)

See also: Ἀντέρως, and Love

Antholagnia ― The term Antholagnia refers to very specific Sexual arousal triggered by the aroma and/or sight of flowers. From the Greek roots Ἂνθος (Anthos) meaning"flower" and Λαγνεία (Lagneia) meaning "coition, intercourse."

See also: ,

Antholagniamancy or Antholagniascopy ― When the term Antholagniamancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by observing the Sexual arousal behaviours in individuals, couples, and so forth, who's arousal may be triggered by the aroma and/or sight of flowers.

The term Antholagniamancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἄνθος (Anthos) meaning flower, blossom, Λαγνεία (Lagneia) meaning coition, intercourse, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Amulet , Talisman, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Anthomancy and Anthoscopy ― When the term Anthomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using flowers as the divining medium.

The term Anthomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἄνθος (Anthos) meaning flower, blossom, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See: Floromancy

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Anthracomancy and Anthracoscopy ― When the term Anthracomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using coals, most often burning coals. The observation of a bed of coals after a fire has died down is one of the preferred forms, and may resemble a type of Scrying as the Divinor gazes at the low burning coals and allows the patterns and changes to inculcate a vision, which may then be interpreted.

The term Anthracomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἄνθραξ (Anthraks) meaning coal, charcoal, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Anthropology ― the study of humanity from a comprehensive, holistic approach; the study of humankind from the earliest times to the present, including the four subfields: physical anthropology, archaeology, socio-cultural anthropology and linguistics.

Anthropomancy and Anthroposcopy ― When the term Anthropomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by the examination and interpretation of the entrails of sacrificed dead or dying men. In ancient Etruria and Rome, Haruspicy (performed by an Haruspex), in which the sacrifice was an animal, was a much more common technique of divination using the examination of entrails.

The term Anthropomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ανθροπος (Anthropos) meaning of or pertaining to Man (sometimes in a general sense as in Humanity, though often specifically masculine) and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

Sometimes the word Antinopomancy is referenced, in specific to divination from the entrails of men, women, and children, but this word appears to be a mistake for Anthropomancy based on a copying error, going back to Gaule's Magastromancer, perhaps a typesetting error; regardless there seems to be no etymology of Antinop which would support a separate term.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Anthroposophy ― see- The Anthroposophical Society

AntiFoundationalist ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Antler Digging Tool ― Perhaps a good term might be Κερατοειδον (Keratoeidon) When the term Antler Digging Tool is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a tool made from an antler and used in preparatory phases and/or during Werkings, most often in the gathering or preparation of herbs or other plant material to be utilized in Celebratory or other types of Werkings; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Anubis Wand or Anpu Wand ― When the term Anubis Wand is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a type of Wand or Staff, first codified in predynastic ægypt, generally about shoulder height with an Anubis head on one end and a crescent on the other end, set so that if the Wand is turned upsidedown the crescent makes a cup. It was emblematic of Life/Death dichotomy issues.

Aorist ― An Undefined Person, Place, Item, Concept, Image, Position and/or anything else, whatsoever, that exists as a subset of that which can or may be defined, but is not currently defined.

Apantomancy and Apantoscopy ― When the term Apantomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using objects at hand or things that present themselves by chance. The diviner works him or herself into a state of trance until an object or event is perceived and a divination worked out. There is no set of standard interpretations in Apantomancy, with the interpretations of events depending on the background of the seer. A branch of Apantomancy places special significance on chance meetings of animals. Divination by the examination of all kinds of objects that happen to present themselves; omens drawn from chance meetings with a rabbit, an eagle, etc. The theory was that nothing happened by chance, including a bluebird that represented happiness. The superstition, which has survived into modern times, regarding black cats crossing your path comes from this form of divination.

The term Apantomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἁπανταχῆ (Apantaksē) meaning everywhere, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Aparigraha ― The Yama that is called Aparigraha is categorized as non-covetousness, obviously this is an oversimplification but a useful one for metaphysical study. The Yamas are one of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the traditions of the Indus Valley. The Yamas or restraints (Don'ts) are divided into five moral injunctions, aimed at destroying the lower nature. They should all be practiced and developed by the letter but also more importantly in the spirit. They should all be practiced in word, thought and deed. The other four of the five Yamas are:
          Ahimsa or non-violence
          Satyam or non-lying
          Brahmacharya or non-excess in all things (control of all senses).
          Asteya or non-stealing

ApfrodiErotic Arts ― When the term ApfrodiErotic Arts is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to the physicalities of Sexuality, refined to such a point that it becomes an Art Form. In some sense similar to the ultimate in Performance Art, but differing in the way it is presented and effectuated as well as different in the audience to be communicated with. The audience normally, though not always, being of the one on one type.

See also: Art

Apfrodiseon ― Apfrodiseon as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἀφροδισίων a coming together centered around sexual intercourse, always plural, but used of all female, all male, and mixed gender occurances.

See also: Ἀφροδισίων

Apfrodiseos ― Apfrodiseos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἀφροδίσιος meaning (Sexual Attraction Arousal)

See also: Ἀφροδίσιος, and Love

Aphorisms ― Aphorisms are generally defined as comprehensive maxims or principles expressed in a few words; a sharply defined sentence relating to abstract truth rather than to practical matters. A short pithy instructive saying. A comprehensive maxim or principle expressed in a few words; a sharply defined sentence relating to abstract truth rather than to practical matters. A brief statement of and/or implication of a principle.
See also: Aphorisms, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Apocalyptic ― Referring to the belief that the end of the world, as we know it, is imminent. When people enter apocalyptic time, their belief leads them to dramatic changes in behavior. Apocalyptic time results from religious or secular prophecy: Y2K survivalists have entered apocalyptic time.

Apollonian ― In religious studies, describes "solar- or mind-oriented" spirituality and/or ecstatic states that emphasize the conceptual and intellectual aspects (profound calm or abstraction of Mind, harmonious, measured and/or balanced), and the liberating of the psyche from the limitations of mundane consciousness, to explore the essence of the individual (named for Apollo, the Greek God of the sun and music)

Apollonian ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Apophenia ― The term Apophenia refers to the experience of seeking and seeing meaningful patterns or connections in random or meaningless data. The term was coined in 1958 by Klaus Conrad, who defined it as the "unmotivated seeing of connections" accompanied by a "specific experience of an abnormal meaningfulness", but it has come to represent the human tendency to seek patterns in random nature in general, as with gambling, paranormal phenomena, religion, and even attempts at scientific observation. It also covers the idea of looking at a Rorschach ink blot and telling the analyst what you see, in a Rorschach Ink Blot test. From the Greek roots Greek Ἀπό (Apo) meaning 'away from' or 'apart' and Φαίνειν (phainein) (from the root Φαίνω (Phaino) meaning to display; to show) meaning to make appear, to reveal. It is possible of course that some cases of Apophenia may entail the subconscious attempting to communicate to the conscious mind, as it might with any Foci, by using random configurations that might be at hand, which may be interpreted to convey the message to be delivered. Instances of this type of divination, of course must be carefully vetted (although that is always the case, regardless), but possibly could develop into it's own Divinatory System.

See also: Divination, Divinatory Systems

Apophthegms ― Apophthegms (sometimes Apothegms) are short cryptic remarks containing some generally accepted truth; pithy sayings; or perhaps, maxims.
See also: Aphorisms, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Aposterioricism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Apotheosis ― The process whereby a Sentient Entity achieves a higher level of Consciousness, or Deity. See also: Illumination

ApotheoTheism ― A MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that postulates Individual Attainment of Personal Divinity.

Appalachian Granny Magic Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding core concepts imported to Appalachia from Irish and Scottish Mægikal Traditions blended with a dash of the local tradition of the Tsalagi (Now, called the Cherokee Indians.) as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Appalachian Granny Magic Tradition of Witchcraft is one that is only recently being heard of. Though the tradition is a very old one, dating all the way back to the first settlers of the magical Appalachian Mountains who came over from Scotland and Ireland in the 1700's. They brought along their even older Irish and Scottish Magical Traditions with them. Those two 'old world' Traditions were then blended with a dash of the local tradition of the Tsalagi (Now, called the Cherokee Indians.) The recipe for the Appalachian Granny Magic Tradition was then complete, though this potion simmered on a low boil for many generations before anyone dubbed it with the name, 'Appalachian Granny Magic.' The Witches of the Appalachian Mountains called themselves 'Water Witches' and/or 'Witch Doctors' depending upon whether they were personally more gifted in healing, midwifery and such realms of magic, or if they were more in tune with dowsing for water, lay lines, energy vortexes and the making of charms and potions. Often a Practitioner called themselves by both titles if they were so diverse in their Magical practices. The Appalachian Granny Magic Tradition, like many of the older ones, was passed on from parents to their children for many generations, and generally was not 'taught' outside of the individual family structures. Because of the rural and secluded nature of the Appalachian community, the old customs, wisdom, and practices were not as often lost, forgotten, or 'modernized' as the 'old world' traditions that came over to other, more urban areas of the 'new world.' Therefore, one will often find that ancient Irish or Scottish songs, rhymes, dances, recipes, crafts, and 'The Craft,' are more accurately preserved in Appalachia than even in Ireland or Scotland. Many of these old Scot/Irish traditions, as well as the Tsalagi traditions, both magical and mundane, were carried on in Appalachia until modern times. The people of the mountains still relied upon Mother Nature in a way, that 'city folk' did not anymore. The fertility of the crops, the livestock, and of the people themselves was as paramount to the Appalachians of 1900 as it was to the early American colonists in the 1600's. Therefore, fertility, and the worship of Mother Nature, Jack frost, Father Winter, Chloe, Spider Grandmother, Demeter, and such varied deities continued in the Appalachian region, staying a current part of the people's faith, rather than becoming a mythic memory as such 'nature worship' did elsewhere. In fact, we still see "Lady Plenty and Lady Liberty" Goddess of the harvest, with cornucopia in hand, and Goddess of freedom, on the official North Carolina State seal. Amazingly, even the terms "Witch", "Witchcraft", "spells", "charms" and such never became taboo in the modern Appalachian culture. Nearly every mountain top and 'holler' community had their local 'Witch' who was openly called such, as a title of honor, not as a insult or a charge of crime, as the term came to be used in other more urban American cultures of the seventeen, eighteen and nineteen hundreds.

Apperception ― Apperception is a term that can describe various aspects of perception and consciousness in such fields as psychology, philosophy and epistemology. In psychology, Apperception is "the process by which new experience is assimilated to and transformed by the residuum of past experience of an individual to form a new whole.", In philosophy, Transcendental Apperception may be: "the pure, original, unchangeable consciousness that is the necessary condition of experience and the ultimate foundation of the unity of experience." Empirical Apperception may be: "the consciousness of the concrete actual self with its changing states", the so-called "inner sense." In epistemology, apperception is "the introspective or reflective apprehension by the mind of its own inner states."

The term Apperception is derived from the Latin prefix and word: Ad-: meaning "to, toward" and Percipere meaning "to perceive, gain, secure, learn, or feel" The term originates with Descartes in the form of the word apercevoir in his book Traité des passions. Leibniz introduced the concept of Apperception into the more technical philosophical tradition, in his work Principes de la nature fondés en raison et de la grâce; although he used the word practically in the sense of the modern attention, by which an object is apprehended as "not-self" and yet in relation to the self.(see complete Wikipedia entry on Apperception)

Apports ― When the term Apports is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to material objects which are produced and transported by paranormal and otherwise inexplicable means and/or forces, as for instance in a séance. Often these apports are to establish the medium's efficaciousness rather than providing any intrinsic information.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Apron ― When the term Apron [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 8] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Aqä Netjer'rē ― The Aqä Netjer'rē are the Dancors who Dance out the rhythms and patterns of the Divine Forces, especially in conjunction with other aspects of a Werking.

Aquamancy and Aquascopy ― When the term Aquamancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to any type of divination utilizing water. There are obviously many more specific terms for more precisely defined types of divination, which center around, or involve water.

When considering the categories of divination in Elemental breakdown, most often the reference is to four or five element systems. In the most widely known five element system Ætheromancy (Spirit, Æther, Quintessence) joins Hydromancy (or Aquamancy) (Water),, Pyromancy (Fire), Aeromancy (Air), and Geomancy (Earth), as Elemental Divination Systems. And each of these is a broad category containing a number of Divination Systems itself.

The term Aquamancy is derived from the Latin word for water and the Greek word Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Aquarian Tabernacle Church (ATC) ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents which holds teachings of a positive, life-affirming spirituality that is a non-dualist, non-racist, non-sexist, non-exclusivist, bi-polar, and ecologically oriented and is a faith dedicated to the preservation of Holy Mother Earth, the revival of the worship of The Old Gods in a modern context, the achievement of the fullest of human potentials and the creation of a peaceful world of love, freedom, health and prosperity for all sentient beings as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. Aquarian Tabernacle Church is a Wiccan church founded in 1979 by Pete "Pathfinder" Davis as a coven dedicated to providing religious services and support to the larger Wiccan community. The ATC became the first Wiccan church with full legal status and recognition by the governments of three nations: Canada, Australia, and the U.S.A. An American Tradition of Wicca based on English Traditional Wicca. It is focused on service to the larger Wiccan and Pagan community through open worship gatherings. The church is based in Index, WA, where it owns a Retreat House as well as an outdoor sanctuary with a ring of standing menhirs set in an old growth cedar forest. The ATC is a fully tax exempt legal Wiccan church in the USA, Canada and Australia, with approximately 30 congregations in these countries as of 1997. ATC provides regular, open worship circles and also sponsors several annual festivals

Aquarius (Western Tropical Astrology Sign) ― see: Äк̣'ĕH̅ôṡ't̄üṡ

Ár nDraíocht Féin ('Our Own Druidism') ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents which holds teachings integrating religion with alternate healing arts, ecology-consciousness, psychic development and artistic expression as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Ár nDraíocht Féin is an American based NeoPagan Druid Fellowship founded in 1983 by P.E.I. (Isaac) Bonewits, former Archdruid of several groves in the Reformed Druids of North America. It has no direct links to the ancient Druids but is a reconstruction of Druidic and Indo-European Pagan rituals and religions. Ár nDraíocht Féin is organized in groves, many of them named after trees. They have eight seasonal High Days (celebrated on the same dates as the Sabbats) and they conduct regular study and discussion groups in addition to a wide range of artistic activities.

Arachnomancy and Arachnoscopy ― When the term Arachnomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using the observation of the appearance, movements, and/or behaviour of spiders.

The term Arachnomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἀράχνης (Araksnēs) meaning spider, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Arcadia ― Arcadia or Arcady, an isolated mountainous region of Greece in the central Peloponnese, famed in the ancient world for its sheep and as the primary home of the god Pan. It was imagined by Virgil in his Eclogues (42–37 BC), and by later writers of pastorals in the Renaissance, as an ideal world of rural simplicity and tranquillity. The adjective Arcadian can be applied to any such imagined pastoral setting.

Of importance to anyone interested in modern metaphysical currents, the place and concept of Arcadia is connected to the phrase "Et in Arcadia ego" which is a Latin phrase that most famously appears as the title of two paintings by Nicolas Poussin (1594–1665). They are pastoral paintings depicting idealized shepherds from classical antiquity, clustering around an austere tomb. The more famous second version of the subject, measuring 87 by 120 centimetres (34.25 x 47.24 in), is in the Louvre, Paris, and also goes under the name "Les bergers d'Arcadie" ("The Arcadian Shepherds"). These two paintings have been extensively analyzed from almost every angle, and are part of several larger fields of controversy in the Borderlands. The literal word-for-word translation of the phrase is "Even in Arcadia I (am there)," one interpretation of this being: "I" as death, and "Arcadia" being understood as a utopian land.

Arcadian Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding the Celebration of the Mysteries of the Horned God as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Arcadian Wicca Covens are open to both men and women.

Archaic Graffiti ― There are many types of Archaic Graffiti, we are especially interested in the words and phrases carved into the obscure wall areas of the Temples of the seminal Sumerian, Ægyptian, Ægean, Anatolian cultures. Sometimes these may have been aides to the Officiants at the Temples, perhaps particularly the younger ones or those in training, and various mnemonic devices.
See also: Archaic Graffiti, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Archetypal Construction ― A process involving the delineation of Fundamental Prime Qualities and/or Parts of this Cosmos in a MythoPoetic Fashion; with intense attention paid to accuracy of representation and continuity of process; for the purpose of Creating New or ReDefined Archetypes.

Archetypal Fields ― Archetypal Fields are generally thought of as the venue or arena in which the particular Archetype functions. It may be useful to conceive of them as grids or amorphous shaped mental and psychic energy plasmas; the purview of which includes all the attributes, physical, mental, and spiritual which are associated with that Archetype, the context in which it operates. Different Traditions consider different numbers of Archetypes to be relevant to Humanity, some only a few, and others quite an array. 108 is a popular number.

Archetypes ― inherited, innate and a priori modes of perception, linked to the instincts, which regulate perception itself. The archetypes are primordial ideas, common to all mankind, and they express only through archetypal images. They are charged with emotion and function autonomously from the unconscious.

Archetypomancy and Archetyposcopy ― When the term Archetypomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using interpretation of Archetypes. While not the only possibility, sometimes skilled use of Divination Systems such as those involving Tarot Cards and other specifically designed Oracle decks may be considered Archetypomancy.

The term Archetypomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἀρχέτυπον (Archetypon) meaning Archetype, , and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Architecture ― When the term Architecture is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to the process of designing and erecting buildings.

See also: Spatial Arts, Art

Arctic (Inuit, Eskimo, Other) ― [A somewhat artificial grouping, (but perhaps helpful as a convenience in grouping for survey purposes ) These cultures did have things in common but were quite distinct in fact even within small geographical areas] It is possible to refer to a regional grouping of MetaPhysical Orientations as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, especially if strong traditions that are specific to the region are important to those groups. Arctic refers in particular to those Traditions and/or whose strong identifying characteristics were developed in place in the Arctic regardless of whether later exported or not.

Aries (Western Tropical Astrology Sign) ― see: Ōṿêç

Ariolatiomancy and Ariolatioscopy ― When the term Ariolatiomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divinations which utilize Altars. This is a broad category and has less to do with the type of divination than with the context in which it occurs. Many divinations happen in the personal realm, in the privacy of homes and so forth. Ariolatiomancy includes those which are performed in a wider venue, in some senses, there may not be any more people in attendance, but they occur in the more formal arena of Werkings in a particular Tradition, in front of or on a consecrated Altar, consecrated by and/or to a specific Tradition, or in some cases group of traditions. In a manner parallel to the case in which Divinors are not frequently Officiants, though both are Practitioners, most divinations when related to Spirituality, Mgikal Werkings, and Ritual occur in the preliminary and planning stages of these. When divinations are performed on Altars as part or the entirety of a Werking, encompassing the focus and intent of the Werking, then Ariolatiomancy is the super-category of those divinations.
See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Ariolator see Divinor

Aristotle's thesis of four causes ― causes, the four (Greek: αἰτία [aitia]) Aristotle's distinction in Physics among four answers to the question of why something is: [including, material cause, formal cause, efficient cause, final cause] The four causes, especially the first two, are closely linked to Aristotle's important dichotomy between matter and form: Hylomorphism, the philosophical theory which holds that substance is composed of matter and form. It is Aristotle's thesis that understanding those 4 causes with respect to any given substance which enables us to understand existence in all its diverse forms. see: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Entry

Arithmancy and Arithscopy ― When the term Arithmancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using numbers particularly in relation to equations Belief that numbers and calculations with them, influence our personalities and lives. Among other places more detail about this discipline may be found at the Wikipedia article on Arithmancy.

The term Arithmancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἀριθμέω (Arithmeō) meaning number, count, and reckon up, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination. Sometimes it may be written as Arithmomancy or Arithmeomancy as more closely derived from the Greek Αριθμομαντεια (Arithmomanteia), which was the original Greek term for this system.

It would probably be of benefit to check the entry on Isopsephia, in relation to this system.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Armlet ― When the term Armlet is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus and/or Focus it generally refers to a band, usually of metal, designed to fit around the upper arm, generally emblazoned with symbols; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Armomancy and Armoscopy ― When the term Armomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by examining one's shoulders.

The term Armomancy is derived from the Latin Armus, shoulder, and the Greek words Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination. A consistent Greek derivation might yield Ōmosomancy, from the Greek Ὦμος (Ōmos) meaning the part of the body including the shoulder and the upper arm, sometimes referred to as a 'joint', and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Armstrongism ― The doctrines and religious movement originating with Herbert W. Armstrong (1892-1986), who founded the Worldwide Church of God (WCG). Armstrong rejected such essential doctrines of evangelical Christianity as the Trinity, the full deity of Jesus Christ, and the personality of the Holy Spirit. Armstrong taught British Israelism and believed that worthy humans could eventually "become God as God is God." Teaches salvation by works predicated on Sabbatarianism, tithing (20-30%), and keeping the Old Testament feast days and dietary laws. Beginning in the early 1990s, under the leadership of Armstrong's successors, Joseph W. Tkach and his son Joe Tkach, the WCG has undergone a radical doctrinal transformation. They now hold to a traditional evangelical position on the nature of God and the gospel, teaching the Trinity and salvation by grace alone, through faith alone. Large numbers of its membership have left to join splinter groups that still teach classic Armstrongism. Scores of splinter groups, such as the Global Church of God and the United Church of God, continue to teach various forms of Armstrongism. The Worldwide Church of God publishes The Plain Truth magazine.

Arrow ― When the term Arrow [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences when considered alone as [swift application of force], key number 25] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a regular or specially designed object in the shape of an Arrow which is used to represent swift penetration to the center of the objective, and to direct the created Energies in that manner. Best specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Art ― Art, at least ideally, is a type of communication between the Artist and some existent, intended, imaginary, and/or non-existent Audience (Past, Present, and/or Future). Often, though certainly not always, found playing in the field of 'The Beautiful' as delineated somewhere in Humanity's Universal Unconscious. And of course the study of Art, and the epistemology of Art is integral to any study of MetaPhysics and Spirituality, certainly from any Pagan perspective. One of the other vectors that often comes into play in the identification of something as Art is the scale of Awe, and that which to a greater or lessor degree inspires some portion of Awe, sometimes Startlement in the observer. The consensus categorization of an individual item or event as Art depends on the application of such a complex combination of sliding scales, each with such an infinite number of gradation points, that it is fairly miraculous that Humanity reaches consensus on as many as we do. Complicating the process of recognizing something as Art is the virtual complete subjectivity involved in the evaluation process, if one person looks at or otherwise experiences a given item or event, and feels nothing, receives no information, has no resonance with, then for that person, certainly that item or event is not Art; though they may, due to acknowledgment of technical expertise, and/or the reactions to the item or event by others, whom they respect for opinions, be willing to recognize that such item or event does exist in the context of Art.

One of the other considerations, though an independent one, is in the arena of utility. The fact that something has a function neither qualifies it, nor disqualifies it as Art. It's a separate level and type of categorization entirely.

It is probably not possible to create a definitive, widely acceptable definition of Art. And indeed in the schools of Philosophy which address Æsthetics, there is a considerable amount of controversy over this very issue, and whether such definition should even properly be attempted.

No list of categories of Art and Artistic endeavor can be exhaustive. Below are the categories which we have chosen to consider which alone or in combination may cover a lot of instances of Art. Though certainly many Art objects, and/or Events may partake of the nature of any number of these categories, dependent to some extent on the participatory, temporal, and spatial perspective from which they are perceived, some of the categories which we discuss here are: ApfrodiErotic Arts; Æthereal Arts; Audeal Arts (Music,); Conceptual Arts; Cosmetological Arts; Cyber Arts; Electronic Arts; Graphic Visual Arts (Batik, Collage, Drawing, Illustration, Matrix Printmaking Arts, Mixed Media, Mosaic Arts, Painting Arts, Photography Arts, WaterColours,); Gusteal Arts (Culinary Arts,); Jewelry Arts; Kinesthetic Arts; Kinetic Arts; Linguistic Arts (Poetry, Prose, Literature, Spoken Word, Taxonomy,); MultiMedia Arts; Oloreal Arts (Floral Infusion Arts, Perfume Arts); Ornamental Functional Arts [Furniture Arts, Glass Arts, Implement Arts, Metallurgical Mineralogical Arts (Wrought Arts)]; Performing Arts (Theatre, Guerrilla Theatre, Film, Circus Arts, Television, Performance Arts, Performance Context Arts); Textile Arts (Haute Couture, Fashion Design, Millinery Arts); Ritual Arts (Chanting, Music, Dance, Cosmological Reenactments, Celebratory Ritual Design, Sacred Spatial Design); SygGnostic Arts; Spatial Arts (Architecture, Garden Design, Landscape Design); and Tacteal Arts (Sculpture, Topiary).

Arthurian ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding the Arthurian archetypes and stories from Cornwall and Wales concerning the Arthurian pantheon as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Arthurian Traditions are normally considered to originate within a Keltic/Saxon context. They rely on teachings involving and Mægicks preformed which relate to the persons and actions of, for instance: King Arthur, Queen Guenivere, Glastonbury, the Merlins of Britain, the Lady of the Lake; and the concepts of Camelot and Avalon. The Traditions may be related to the systems of Mægick preformed by Druids, Kelts and their precursors and successors. Sacred Theatre and Cosmological Reenactments on Arthurian motifs is often involved.

Aruspex see Divinor

Asanas (One of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the Traditions of the Indus Valley) ― Postures There are many Asanas (8,400,000 possibly) Many Yogis concentrate on the Surya Namaskar or Sun Salutation (which is a graceful sequence of twelve positions performed as one continuous exercise, and has the additional effect of limbering and preparing the body for the Asanas). Followed by a series of Asanas, typically: Sirshasana (the headstand); Sarvangasana (the shoulderstand); Halasana (the Plough); Matsyasana (the Fish); Paschimothanasana (the Forward bend); Bhujangasana (the Cobra); Shalabhasana (the Locust); Dhanurasana (the Bow); Ardha Matsyendrasana (the Spinal twist); Kakasana (Crow pose) or Mayurasana (the Peacock pose); Pada Hasthasana (Standing forward bend); and Trikonasana (the Triangle). This is usually followed by a period of deeper relaxation perhaps in (the Corpse pose), and possibly some other meditation exercises.

Ásatrú ― A MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents as such, and holding Celebration of the Mysteries of the Aesir as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. Ásatrú means tru (true, or keeping faith with) the Asa (Aesir, the pantheon of the highest gods). This word is most accurately applied to all the extant practices of the purely Norse religion. Ásatrú is the modern rebirth of the religion based upon the polytheistic beliefs of archaic Northern Europe, the indigenous faith of the Norse peoples ― the ancestors of for instance: Norwegians, Danes, Swedes, and Icelanders. This faith honored many Gods and Goddesses, some of whose names are still familiar to us today, such as Thor, Odin and Freyja. It is a ReConstructionist faith. By this term, we mean that the modern religion Ásatrú has been rebuilt in part by piecing together from surviving lore, historical, and anthropological documents, harnessing its truths in modern life, and preserving them for future generations. Most of Ásatrú's surviving lore can be found in the Icelandic texts: The Prose Eddas and The Poetic Eddas. Ásatrú is a highly individualistic religion that stresses values such as loyalty, honesty, honor, and self-reliance. The modern revival of Ásatrú began in the 1970's in Iceland and was led by the late Icelandic Poet Sveinbjorn Bentisson. Since then, Ásatrú has continued to grow all over Europe, The United States, Canada, Australia, and even Argentina and has become a state recognized religion (as required by national law) in Iceland and Norway. Many Ásatrúar choose to wear a Thor's Hammer or Mjollnir as a symbol of their faith. This symbol not only evokes the strength of Thor, but serves also to remind the practitionors that like mighty Thor, they too are guardians of the Earth. In nature religions such as Ásatrú , the bond between the individual and his/her planet is of utmost importance. That there are several groups, and that there are "non-purely" Norse religious practices alive today, may be attributed to the tribal aspect of the ancient Norse people. Religion was of, and for the people. If they lived in separate groups, their religion was practiced in separate groups, and might take a divergent path, both in emphasis, and discovery. Modern practitionors (called Ásatrúar) retain that traditional view ― this built in diversity is a intrinsic component of the religion itself. Groups of these practitionors are called "Kindreds" and "Hearths". There are kindreds located in the Scandinavian countries, continental Europe, Great Britain, North America and Australia, with scattered smaller groups found elsewhere.

Ásatrú Free Assembly ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding Celebration of the Mysteries of both the Aesir and Vanir as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. Ásatrú Free Assembly is a Norse Pagan tradition founded in 1972 by Stephen McNallen.

Aseity ― When the term Aseity is utilized it typically refers to the property by which a being exists in and of itself, from itself, or exists as so-and-such of and from itself, the quality or state of being self-derived or self-originated.

See also: SelfOrganization, SelfOrganizing System,

Asgardian ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding core concepts from Norse and Keltic roots as delineated in the Tradition's founding by the Coven of the Black Rose as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Asgardian tradition strives to bring back the Ancient ways and ceremonies as well as employing modern Wicca and shamanism.

Asian Astrology ― When the term Asian Astrology is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to any of several types of Astrological divination based on a 12 year cycle, involving 12 animals and 5 elements for a total of 60 possibilities, This may be presented instead of, or in addition to Astrological figures which include placement of planets, luminaries and stars.

If you wish you can check out our 'in progress' current revision of the Garden of Life Astrology Key, which we hope to complete some day. Some closely related topics here in this section of the website are: Astrology, Jyotish Astrology, Sidereal Astrology, Tropical Astrology, Horoscopes,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Askesis ― Askesis as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἄσκησις (1) process of training, discipline, and practice; (2) habitual practice of self-discipline; (3) freedom derived from ethical praxis rather than theorizing

See also: Ἄσκησις

Asomatous ― The term Asomatous is generally used meaning to exist without a material body; incorporeal; noncorporeal. Sentient without extension into the physical plane. Asomatous is an adjective, IPA pronunciation guide /eɪˈsoʊmətəs, əˈsoʊ-/ From the Greek root Ἀσώματος (Asomatos) meaning bodiless, constructed from a + sômatos, adjective derivative of Σῶμα (Sôma) meaning body.

Aspergillum ― When the term Aspergillum is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to an implement for sprinkling lustral water considered either innately Sacred and/or consecrated as such. It may be a brush type construction or a sponge inside a solid ball with holes in it. It may be used directly from a Sacred Spring or some type of dedicated Fount, and also may be used in combination with a Aspersorium when desired to be carried around the Sacred Space.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Aspersorium ― When the term Aspersorium or Aspersory is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a consecrated object which is designed as a bowl type container to carry consecrated water from a Fount, if it is to be sprinkled somewhere away from the Fount, out of which the Aspergill or Aspergillum is used to sprinkle lustral waters in a Werking.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Aspidomancy and Aspidoscopy ― When the term Aspidomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by sitting and chanting within a drawn circle, in some cases the Practitionor sits on a shield. A method of divination in which the diviner sits on a shield and goes into a state of altered consciousness to gain prophetic knowledge.

The term Aspidomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἀσπιδεῖον (Aspidēon) meaning shield and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

ASSISTING IN THE TRANSLATION OF PLANES (when considered as a Sacrament) ― Garden of Life considers Assisting in the Translation of Planes a Pagan Sacrament. In a preliminary description Assisting in the Translation of Planes may be an Act and/or Process to aid an Individual in the navigation of the various levels between the Planes of Existence, after passage from the material plane. Such Act is usually performed by Celebrants led by one or more Officiants, at the request of a Member and/or an Individual or Individuals from the Member's Household, which ordinarily consists of performing a specifically designed Celebratory Ritual to commemorate and/or lend beneficial energy towards the Individuals Transition to another Plane of Existence.
Below please find the wording that Garden of Life uses in it's Articles of Organization to delineate this Sacrament:
An Act, Acts and/or Process or Series of Acts to aid an Individual in the navigation of the various levels between the Planes of Existence, after passage from the material plane. Such Act is usually performed by Celebrants led by one or more Officiants, at the request of a Member and/or an Individual or Individuals from the Member's Household, which ordinarily consists of performing a specifically designed Celebratory Ritual.

Asteya ― The Yama that is called Asteya is categorized as non-stealing, obviously this is an oversimplification but a useful one for metaphysical study. The Yamas are one of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the traditions of the Indus Valley. The Yamas or restraints (Don'ts) are divided into five moral injunctions, aimed at destroying the lower nature. They should all be practiced and developed by the letter but also more importantly in the spirit. They should all be practiced in word, thought and deed. The other four of the five Yamas are:
Ahimsa or non-violence
Satyam or non-lying
Brahmacharya or non-excess in all things (control of all senses).
Aparigraha or non-covetousness

Astragalomancy and Astragaloscopy ― When the term Astragalomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using vertebrae, or knucklebones, in some cases using the bones of sheep, after the manner of dice. It may be considered a simple type of Sortilège. In some cases the vertebrae, knucklebones, and such from various animals could be expected to behave in a similar manner to modern dice, in that if cast or thrown, they could be counted on to land with different sides up. The bones might be used as they are and/or have marking placed on the various sides.

The term Astragalomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἀστράγαλος (Astragalos) meaning one of the vertebrae, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Astral Knocking ― See: Psychēpatassōmancy

Astral Plane ― When the term Astral Plane is used in the field of Spiritual, MetaPhysical and/or Mægikal philosophy it generally refers to one of the non-material planes which interpenetrate the physical plane and consensus reality. Ordinarily the reference is to the immaterial plane easiest to access from the physical planes, and where most Traditions which accept the possibility of Astral Travel, locate such seekings. Each Tradition which teaches the Continuity of Consciousness has different explanations of the non-physical planes, as to how many, and in what order they exist, and how they are to be accessed and/or passed through, both while in an incarnation, and when between incarnations. The Tibetan system of Bardos, is perhaps the most complete system explanation.

Astral Structures ― When the term Astral Structures is used in the field of Spiritual, MetaPhysical and/or Mægikal philosophy it generally refers to Spaces defined and constructed on one or more of the non-material planes.

Astrology ― When the term Astrology is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to Astrological Charts and Werk which may be created and performed to aid in the planning and carrying out of various Werkings.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Astrology ― When the term Astrology is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using the positions of the Sun, Stars, Planets, Dwarf Planets, Planetoids, Moons, Asteroids, Centaurs, arrayed against Houses and Signs of the Zodiac at specific times. The Ecliptic is the line of the apparent position of the Sun against the background of Stars as it makes its yearly rounds. The Zodiac is based on the Ecliptic, being a band of the sky including 9 degrees above and below the Ecliptic.

The most widely known types of Astrology are Tropical Astrology and Sidereal Astrology, whose adherents are fairly vocal in their promotion of the type they practice and the invective against the other kind. However the actual conflict between the two is mostly of a "straw-man" variety. or 'apples against oranges', as they are actually quite different and could, with a bit of effort, be incorporated into a system which included both. Tropical Astrology determines the portions of sky assigned to each of its Signs by starting with the 0 degree point of Aries at whenever the Sun rises on the Vernal Equinox at a given place, i.e.: exactly between the moments of the Winter and Summer Solstices, due to the Precession of the Equinoxes this point moves backwards through the Zodiac about 1°, approximately every 72 years. Since this system was codified (at a best guess) some 4300 years ago or so, when the Sun would have been rising at the entrance of the Sign Aries, we're talking about 60° off or so (though opinions vary considerably, most going with a 24 to 47 degree difference); regardless in Tropical Astrology the Constellations are no longer in the chunks of sky which bears their names. Sidereal Astrology attempts to correlate its Signs to the Visible Zodiac, or the where the Constellations actually are should you go out and look at them, rather than the Vernal Equinox, Sidereal Astrology used Fixed Stars and other indicators to determine Signs. At least in general, though many varieties of Sidereal Astrology play fast and loose with some parts of the system, i.e.: in reality there are 13 Constellations in the Zodiac and they are all different sizes, with different sized blank areas (or at least areas not claimed by a Constellation) between them.

It seems likely that someday someone will formulate a widely acceptable system of MetaAstrology, or perhaps even PataAstrology, that includes Tropical Figurings, Sidereal Figurings, and precise Astronomical Figurings. Computers today are widely available with plenty of capability to figure all the variables involved. You could have charts with an inner wheel of Tropical Signs, surrounded by a wheel of Sidereal Signs, surrounded by a wheel incorporating the actual Astronomical positions of all 13 Constellations. Tropical Astrology and Sidereal Astrology interpretations both have a very large number of people who find them accurate enough to keep using them, and as it is said, "The proof is in the Result." The primary reason for this loyalty is that the results obtained seem to have resonance with a large percentage of the people to whom they are supplied. So a well thought out integration of the two could be amazing.

You already have de facto mixing of the disciplines, Tropical, Sidereal, and Astronomical, such as when a Tropical Astrologer refers to the Age of Aquarius (or any of the Ages of the Great Year). Because what that means is the Age of Aquarius so referred to begins at the time when the Rising of the Sun on the Vernal Equinox (the beginning point for Tropical Astrology) moves into the area of the actual position of the Constellation Aquarius (related to Sidereal, and/or Astronomical positions).

The term Astrology is derived from the Greek words: Ἄστρον (Astron) meaning the Stars; and a group of words including Λογομανέω (Logomaneo), meaning to have a passion for study. Λόγος (Logos) meaning computation, reckoning, and Λογεία (Logeia) meaning collection.

If you wish to view the unfinished version of our various speculations on the discipline of Astrology, we have a copy of our small pamphlet on the subject: Garden of Life Western Astrology Key. All of our musings are officially supported by almost no practicing Astrologers at all; so it's a "Your Mileage May Vary" situation.

If you wish you can check out our 'in progress' current revision of the Garden of Life Astrology Key, which we hope to complete some day. Some closely related topics here in this section of the website are: Asian Astrology, Jyotish Astrology, Sidereal Astrology, Tropical Astrology, Horoscopes,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Astromancy and Astroscopy ― When the term Astromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using only the stars.

The term Astromancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἄστρον (Astron) meaning the Stars and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Asyncretism ― When applied to the field of religion, metaphysics and so forth Asyncretism is the more positive opposite of Syncretism. That is, Asyncretism is the effort of keeping the Archetypes clear and distinct, rather than lumping them together and loosing the nuances of meaning, wherein are often contained much of the value. An in depth study of Syncretism, both the term and the processes described by the term, reveals the utility and the problematic nature of Syncretism. The possible metaphors from the roots of the term seem little explored. The term Syncretism having arisen from the oddity (in the view of the mainland Greeks of the time) of the Kretan behaviour whereby the towns fought each other in peacetime, but were able to quickly join together against outside threats, does seem to have resonance with the idea of levels of 'alikeness'. And there is a certain linear benefit, albeit transitory, in conflating the archetypes of one Tradition with those of another that one might be more familiar with, in order to more quickly and easily begin to get a handle on the new system from an academic viewpoint. However, once a basic understanding of the components of the new system is attained, the concepts of the new system may assume their rightful inherent values and divergence from the temporary conflation, to great value.

See also: Syncretism

Athamé ― When the term Athamé [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences see Dagger, key number 11] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a short knife with double sided blade, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

Atheism ― A MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that holds that there is no Divine Force.

Atman ― see: आत्मन्

Atmosphere ― When the term Atmosphere [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences similar to Twilight of the Place, key number 29] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to the feelings evoked by the Sacred Space, perhaps ambiance; specifically created or engineered for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

See also: Forms & Techniques, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Attraction

Attribute ― An attribute is quality or characteristic so universally ascribed to a particular thing as being inherently or intrinsic integral and/or associated with that thing, that it is perceived as sharing and/or illuminating the nature of the object to which the attribute belongs.

au Courant ― The place where the steel molecules meet the air molecules in "The Cutting Edge" with overtones of "la Crème de la Crème".

Audeal Arts ― Audeal Arts is a constructed phrase, parallel in manner of delineation to Visual (meaning capable of being input by the sight receptors, translated and transmuted by the Brain and processed by the part of the Mind and Consciousness that processes input from such receptors) Arts, except relating to the receptors and parts of the Brain, Mind and Consciousness that process input from receptors of the Audible frequencies.

Augur see Divinor

Augury ― When the term Augury is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by signs, portents, and/or omens. One of the oldest attributions for the term Augury is from the culture of Etruria and later Rome, where it was very specifically in reference to prophecies resulting from the viewing and interpretation of the flights of birds, including direction, number of birds in the flight, patterns made, bird song or calls, and any other observable features. This has sometimes been generalized into Divination based on the appearance and behaviour of any animals. Also an Augury may refer to the prophecy itself, and/or any of the rites and ceremonies performed by an Augur.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Aura ― Each of us is surrounded by an electromagnetic energy pattern or human energy field that includes the human body. Present day scientists measure the frequency and location of this field on humans. The aura reflects our physical, mental, emotional and spiritual health. Everyone has the capability to see auras with little or no training. The colors of the aura, which include the range of the rainbow, change with one's emotions and the condition of the seven corresponding "chakra" glands within the body.

Aura Reading ― When the term Aura Reading is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to the detection, perception, and interpretation of the Human Energy Centres, Flows, and/or Fields produced by the Human Body. These fields are not normally seen by the unaided eye, unless the viewer has some sort of innate talent and/or training in that Gift or Persuasion. Practitionors of this talent sometimes use it as a Divinatory tool, however it has a broad cross-utilization in many of the Spiritual, MetaPhysical, and/or Mægikal disciplines. There are many well developed systems of meanings for the various colours and intensities or Auric Energies which may be perceived, and some broad similarities between them.

Aura analysis (Aura reading, Auric diagnosis): Based on direct or indirect examination of the vital energy that practitionors of this discipline believe envelops each human; both the discipline and energies have gone by a multitude of names down through time. Proponents claim that this Aura is perceptible to clairvoyants or psychics. Non-psychics purportedly can analyze these energies and see the colours through Kirlian photography or a Kilner screen. Dr. Walter J. Kilner (1847-1920) of St. Thomas's Hospital, in London, invented this screen: two plates of glass, an eighth of an inch apart, containing an alcoholic solution of a dye (usually carmine or a coal-tar dye). Auric colours are thought to reveal the personality and essential traits of the subject, such as overall Spirituality, strengths and weaknesses of various characteristics and talents, and so forth. Practitionors also associate Auric colours with chakras, glands, organs, organ systems, and psychological states such as beneficence, detachment, anger and/or ennui. Aura Balancing forms and techniques: (Aura Cleansing, Aura Clearing, Aura Packing, Aura Healing, Auric Healing) are a variety of methods characterized by purported beneficent (Physical, Mental, and/or Spiritual) treatment of the energy field or Aura around a person's head and/or body.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Aureole ― When the term Aureole is used in a Spiritual or MetaPhysical context it generally refers to a numinous glow or radiant light around head and/or body of persons, considered to have some special Spiritual attributes or functions.

Australian Indigenous ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Austromancy and Austroscopy ― When the term Austromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using the South wind, a form of Aeromancy.

The term Austromancy is derived from the Latin word Auster, meaning South Wind, and the Greek word Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See: Anemomancy for more general and specific information on Divination Systems which utilize Wind.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Autocryptosis ― Autocryptosis is an extremely useful neologism which we first came across in Dale Pendell's forward to PharmakoDymanis; this created word is postulated as a term for things which due to their inate nature are "locked" or encrypted due to the requirements of an ability to understand or even perceive them. A related idea is in the Crowley dictums on the concept of Mægickal Secrets as being unnecessary due to the fact that any such designated concepts "should" be available to those who are capable and ready to "get" them, and the impossibility of making them available to the "unworthy" due to the fact that by definition the specified "unworthy" would be those who are currently at a stage in their development which renders them incapable of "getting" such concepts. Resonating in the old Zen parable which ends: "A Rock that size . . . in Your Head?"

Automatic Writing ― When used as a Divinatory System, Automatic Writing (sometimes called: Psychography) is writing which the writer states to be produced from a subconscious and/or spiritual source without conscious awareness of the content. Automatic Writing is Writing said to be produced by a spiritual, occult, or subconscious agency rather than by the conscious intention of the writer. Automatic writing, Spirit Writing, or Psychography is writing which the writer or others present as being produced from a source other than the writer's conscious mind. It may be thought of as having an internal or external source. The purposes of Automatic Writing vary in quite a range. Automatic Writing may be planned for or completely spontaneous. When used in Divination, the expectation may be to receive general information about the future, or answers to specific questions, articulated prior to the session. Sometimes it may be used in a certain type of channeling from a deceased human or some other type of noncorporeal entity.

Another type of Divinatory usage may involve a search for an individual to which these sessions occur spontaneously with the plan of then interpreting the resulting writings, if they can be interpreted, in relation to the future in general or to specific questions. It sometimes happens that one or a few isolated incidents of Automatic Writing occur in individuals with little interest in or knowledge of metaphysical phenomena.

Sometimes Automatic Writing may be used strictly for the artistic output, such as in the methods championed by the Surrealists. There is no denying that the Surrealists, and related Artistic schools, raised the profile of Automatic Writing when they championed it, and brought it much more into the public eye; the fact remains that Automatic Writing, Spirit Writing and/or Psychography were in evidence considerably before the 1920s.

Automatic Writing has engendered a number of difficult to explain occurrences, particularly in the field of writing and authors. The Paranormal Encyclopedia relates a number of these incidents, of which the following is one: "On July 18, 1913, Pearl Lenore Curran purportedly came under the control of the spirit, Patience Worth. Over the next three years, Patience Worth "dictated" extensive works of writing that included proverbs, poetry, plays, and novels, automatically written through Ms Curran's hand. Although Pearl Curran had no interest in Spiritualism, had only completed the 8th grade and had never traveled, the writer's talent was labeled as "enviable" by the New York Times. In 1917, five of the poems were published as written by "Patience Worth" in an anthology of the best poetry of the year, a number that surpassed such highly respected poets as Amy Lowell (3), Vachel Lindsay (3), and Edgar Lee Masters (1)." They also go into detail on the widely known Automatic Writing involvement of the Yeatses and the Kiplings. And there are many incidents of authors mentioning that they felt certain works had come through them from some other consciousness, along with the impression that they were transcribing words that poured into their minds.

The methodology is fairly straightforward, with pen in hand and paper at the ready, the writer sits back, attempts to clear his or her mind, and waits for the pen, seemingly, to take on a life of its own and direct the writer rather than the more typical reverse. Although Autography, meaning in one's own handwriting, is the least accurate synonym for Automatic Writing, both Spirit Writing and Psychography fit in some applications. Spiritualists believe that automatic writing is a form of spirit contact with the living; hence the name "spirit writing". Others believe that automatic writing is the elimination of mental censorship and the ability to tap the thoughts of the unconscious mind1 (psychography).

See also: Forms & Techniques,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Autonomism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Autonomy and Heteronomy ― Correlative terms, developed by Kant, of very wide applicability to moral theory. Autonomy (Greek 'self' + 'law') understands the moral imperative as the moral agent's own freely and rationally adopted moral policy. As moral agents, we are all subject to the moral law, but we repudiate all maxims (personal policies of action) which 'cannot accord with the will's own enactment of universal law' (Ground-work, ch. 2). All alternative accounts, where moral law is commanded from without, are heteronomous (the law of 'another'). Among heteronomous theories are those that see moral imperatives as commands of the state or of society, or even as the commands of a deity. No less heteronomous is a theory that identifies the source of morality with some contingent drive or sentiment in one's empirical psychology. For a Kantian moralist, moral maturity crucially involves the recognition of autonomy. There is an important link here with freedom. Heteronomy, in any form, entails that we are passive under some command or impulsion which we do not, can not, initiate. In contrast, if we autonomously recognize and endorse a moral value, make it our own, we are acting (when we obey it) as we have most deeply and freely resolved to act. What autonomy amounts to, however, has been interpreted in radically different ways: by some as the discerning and 'enacting' - through common rational procedures - of a common moral law. This was Kant's own position. As reworked by certain Existentialists, analytical philosophers, and radical educationalists, autonomy has amounted to the individual's total sovereignty over his or her 'choice' of moral values and self-construction, a view that accords a unique importance to 'authenticity', freedom from 'mauvaise foi'. This extreme version of autonomy is seriously and dangerously flawed. It is hard or impossible, for one thing, to justify in its own terms the place it gives to the virtue of authenticity itself. Again, it would seem to imply that any value-claim whatever ('maximize suffering', say) is vindicated so long as it stems from individual, 'autonomous' decision. In practice, such implications tend to be masked by smuggling into a theory basic, common judgements of value not at all derived from individual decision.

Autumnal Equinox ― Autumnal Equinoctes occur and are noted in various Astronomical and Astrological ways among a variety of Traditions, secular and religious. When Garden of Life uses the term Autumnal Equinox it typically refers to the Celebration of the event, however it might be determined, utilizing the forms and techniques which have become Sacred to our Tradition. Many of these we share in common with the wider Pagan community, ancient and modern; and may be Celebrated in numerous manners from simple personal acknowledgement, to a regular Werking Circle, all points in between and beyond. One of the Great Celebrations on the Garden of Life Temple Calendar, Autumnal Equinox Memorializes and Honours the Balance between Summer and Winter going toward Winter, the Movement from Expansion to Contraction. The Key Concepts are the Sanctity of the Consolidation of Achievements: Material, Mental and/or Spiritual. It is an Ideal time for Affirmations, Negative Confessions, Major Passages, Transitions, and Swan Songs for Persons, Places, Objects, Ideas and Plans. Celebrated by many Traditions, this Solar HolyDay Celebration centers around the closest calculably accurate time to figure of the Autumnal Equinox in the Northern Hemisphere of Ḡāēä (the procedures for the Southern Hemisphere of Ḡāēä will be determined for Garden of Life at such time as there are Garden of Life members planning Celebrations in the Southern Hemisphere. However the seasons are pretty straightforwardly switched out.).

See also: HolyDay, Garden of Life Temple Celebrations, Celebratory Rites and Festivals of ḠĀĒÄ, Lunar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Solar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄, Sacramental Celebrations, and Informal Spiritual Celebrations

Avatar ― see: Exemplor
A Sentient that either at some particular time or continually manifests as an Incarnation of some Part of the Divine Essence of This Cosmos; or is the Total or Pinnacle Embodiment of some Concept or group of Concepts relating to the same.

Awakeness

Awareness ― awareness ουσ. ενημερότης,
ενημερότητα,
επίγνωση, γνώση
(Lex**) συνειδητοποίηση
Ουσ. εξυπνάδα,
ετοιμότητα, γνώση,
αντίληψη,
ενημερότητα
αντίληψη, επίγνωση

Axinomancy and Axinoscopy ― When the term Axinomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by axe Axinomancy divination employing an axe or hatchet. Some of the forms this has taken are placing an agate stone, piece of jet, or some other precious or semi-precious stone upon the axe-head and heating the metal, the movement of the agate then being interpreted. interpreting their movement when balanced on a post.

The term Axinomancy is derived directly from the Greek word: Ἀξινομαντεία (Aksinomanteia), meaning divination using axes or hatchets.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Axiologism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Axiomaticist (when considered as an officer position in Garden of Life) ― An Auxiliary elected by six/seventh majority vote of the Council of Elder Officiants, from outside their ranks, to advise them of internal consistency issues and information from among the component parts of the Temple that affect the Goals and Purposes of Garden of Life and/or the operations thereof. This Officer shall have the title of Council of Elder Officiants' Axiomaticist.

Axioms ― An axiom is a premise or starting point of reasoning. As classically conceived, an axiom is a premise so evident as to be accepted as true without controversy. The word comes from the Greek Ἀξίωμα (Axioma), meaning 'that which is thought worthy or fit,' or 'that which commends itself as evident.'

Ayurvedic ― Tenets revolve around three doshas or body/spirit types below. Places high value on diet, detoxification, exercise, herbal medicines and meditation. Originated in India. The word Ayurveda comes from "Ayur" meaning "life" in Sanskrit and "Veda" which refers to knowledge or science.
          vata (air) lightest and most slender, walks and talks fast, dislikes cold and bundles up, creates easily and learns quickly
          pitta (fire) medium, strong build, orderly, radiates confidence and passion, at the mercy of their appetites, dislikes the sun and heat
          kapha (earth) affectionate, large, heavyset body, faithful and true, relaxed, forgiving, slow and graceful, even keel, slow to anger


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Definitions, Premisses, and Info Index by Sound and Letter

Capital A with ring aboveÅ   Capital A with macronĀ   Capital A with breveĂ   Capital A with diaeresisÄ   Capital A with circumflex   Capital A with dot aboveȦ   Capital A with inverted breveȂ   Capital A with tildeà   Capital A with ogonekĄ   Capital AE ligatureÆ   Capital AE ligature with tildeÆ̃   Capital Glottal Stop   Capital Palatoalveolar Click   Regular English AA   Script Capital L   Capital L with macron above   Capital L with dot below   Capital L with stroke, Dark L Ł   Regular English LL   Capital WHω   Capital W with macron above   Capital W with dot below   Regular English WW   Capital Slide H with reverse solidusℋ⃥   Capital H with macron above   Capital H with dot below   Aspirate   Slight Pause   Very Slight Pause   Regular English HH   Capital S with macron above   Capital S with dot above   Capital SH sign   Capital SKΣ   Regular English SS   Hard and Deep Capital DД   High and Light Capital D   Regular English DD   Capital O with ring above   Capital O with macronŌ   Capital O with breveŎ   Capital O with diaeresisÖ   Capital O with solidusØ   Capital OE ligatureŒ   Capital O with Cyrillic Round OmegaѺ   Capital OI   Capital O with ogonekǪ   Capital O with double oo top   Regular English OO   Capital EZJHʑ   Capital Z with macron below   Capital Z with dot aboveŻ   Regular English ZZ   Capital K with macron aboveК̅   Capital K with dot below К̣   Capital Hard KHχ   Capital KHƙ   Regular English KK   Capital V with macron above   Capital V with dot below   Regular English VV   Capital G with macron   Capital G with dot aboveĠ   Capital GNΓ   Capital GRЖ   Capital GWCapital GW   Capital Uvular Voiced ImplosiveϘ   Regular English GG   Capital rolled R with macronЯ̅   Capital rolled R with dot aboveЯ̇   Capital R with macron above   Capital R with dot above   Capital R with ogonek   Regular English RR   Capital C with cedillaÇ   Capital CHЧ   Regular English CC   Capital N with macron above   Capital N with dot below   Capital N with tildeÑ   Capital NGŋ   Capital NG with macron aboveŋ̅   Regular English NN   Capital Y with macron above Ȳ   Capital Y with dot above   Capital Y with yaw aboveЎ   Regular English YY   Capital J with macron aboveЈ̅   Capital J with dot belowЈ̣   Regular English JJ   Capital U with a ring aboveŮ   Capital U with macronŪ   Capital U with breveŬ   Capital U with circumflex aboveÛ   Capital U with diaeresisÜ   Regular English UU   Capital F with macron above   Capital F with dot above   Regular English FF   Capital Q with macron above   Capital Q with dot above   Regular English QQ   Capital B with macron   Capital B with dot below   Trilled BTrilled B   Regular English BB   Capital M with macron   Capital M with dot below   Capital M with tilde   Capital MBCapital MB   Capital MG   Regular English MM   Capital X with macron above   Capital X with dot above   Regular English XX   Capital I with macronĪ   Capital I with breveĬ   Regular English II   Capital T with macron above   Capital T with dot below   Capital TH voicedΘ   Capital TH voicelessÞ   Capital TSЦ   Capital TSCHЩ   Regular English TT   Capital E with macronĒ   Capital E with breveĔ   Capital E with circumflexÊ   Capital schwa Ə   Regular English EE   Capital P with macron above   Capital P with dot above   Capital pTCapital pT   Regular English PP

Greek Words   Ægyptian Words   Sumerian Words   Sanskrit Words

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