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Special Note: Garden of Life uses a large number of specially purposed English words, often spelled slightly differently than regular, to make their specific meaning more apparent. We also use a large number of neologisms, specifically constructed for Temple use. All of this type of terminology is defined in several places on the website, here in the Garden of Life website Definitions pages, in the Articles of Organization glossary, and such. If you are viewing this page in a browser which doesn't support full current Unicode coding or if you haven't installed current free Unicode fonts, such as Code2000 version 1.171 at FontSpace or Alphabetical List of Unicode Fonts, many of the phonetic characters, diacritical marks, and symbols in these pages will not show up or will show up as boxes. Availability changes so you may have to do a search. It's a free font for personal use, so we can send you a copy if you can't find it. And the display probably won't be perfect anyway, but it's getting closer all the time. At the risk of belabouring the extremely obvious, this page is a work in progress, with quite a distance to go before it sleeps. All of these Attributions are from our perspective. We are not putting them forward as objective fact. We welcome all feedback at Defs@gardenoflifetemple.com, though we do not guarantee to process such feedback other than for ascertainable accuracy and usefulness. Thanks.
 

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Дēĭṡt̄'ʜ̅êṃē ― A phonetically constructed word based on the Greek root διΐστημι meaning to set or stand apart, and related to the Greek root διδάσκω meaning to teach or instruct.

Дēĭṡt̄'ʜ̅êṃē MeetingДēĭṡt̄'ʜ̅êṃē Meetings or Meetings in Coventry are defined as a closed Council Meeting where only the Sitting Members of the Council of Elder Officiants are eligible for attendance. Any member of members of the Council of Elder Officiants of Garden of Life may call a Дēĭṡt̄'ʜ̅êṃē Meeting, in situations which they determine, that such a meeting would be of assistance to the organization, to avoid and/or correct a crisis level problem. In Temple context, no Individuals other than the Sitting Members of the Council may be present at Дēĭṡt̄'ʜ̅êṃē Meetings, unless specifically requested or allowed by two or more members of the Council of Elder Officiants or the Formalizing/Founding Documents of Garden of Life.

ДēōΣǫя̇'я̄ē (nomenclature vulgaris: Gemini)ДēōΣǫя̇'я̄ē is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the Astrological Sign on the Ecliptic in the Zodiac in reference from our local star system), referred to as "Gemini" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Though this does not indicate where the Constellation from which it takes it's name is currently on the Ecliptic, since Signs in Tropical Astrology are determined in sections from where the Vernal Equinox occurs against the Ecliptic rather than by the Constellation's current position. These names may help to make the separation of the two concepts seem more intuitive. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

Дĭm̃'m̄ĭt̄я̄ā (nomenclature vulgaris: Ceres) (Local Star System Component)Дĭm̃'m̄ĭt̄я̄ā is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system (Planet, Dwarf Planet, and or whatnot), referred to as "Ceres" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

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∇æv̄ēдä (nomenclature vulgaris: Davida) (Local Star System Component)∇æv̄ēдä is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system (in this case an Asteroid), referred to as "Davida" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

∇êℓ'f̅ēñüs̄ (nomenclature vulgaris: Cancer)∇êℓ'f̅ēñüs̄ is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the Astrological Sign on the Ecliptic in the Zodiac in reference from our local star system), referred to as "Cancer" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Though this does not indicate where the Constellation from which it takes it's name is currently on the Ecliptic, since Signs in Tropical Astrology are determined in sections from where the Vernal Equinox occurs against the Ecliptic rather than by the Constellation's current position. These names may help to make the separation of the two concepts seem more intuitive. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

∇ŌЯ̄ÄÑ'P̅ÊĒΘŌК̅ÖЯ̄ŌÇ or
∇ōя̄äñ'p̄êēθōк̄öя̄ōç
∇ōя̄äñ'p̄êēθōк̄öя̄ōç is a term used by Garden of Life for the Body of Gift and Persuasion Holdors within a Tradition, as well as a School for the Bearers of the Gifts and Persuasions, not included in the other Bodies of Officiants; both in the archaic sense of an assembly of Officiant Gift Bearers, and in the more modern sense of an Educational and Training venue for younger or newer Gift Bearers, the term may also be applied to any specific lands and/or buildings primarily used for those purposes. The Name ∇ōя̄äñ'p̄êēθōк̄öя̄ōç is a phonetically constructed Institution Name based on the Archaic Greek root words: Δῶρον meaning Gift; Πείθως meaning Persuasion; and χῶρος meaning Country or clearly defined space for. In Temple context, a specifically designated space for the study of and learning of the Other Gifts and Persuasions, the Application of the Divinatory and Prophetic Mægikal Energies that are usually referred to as the Borderland Energies; and the Body of Persons, attached to or Werking from or through that place.

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Dactyliomancy and Dactylioscopy ― When the term Dactyliomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using finger rings, using suspended ring Dactylomancy: divination using rings using suspended ring.

The term Dactyliomancy is derived from the Greek words: Δακτύλιος (Daktylios) meaning finger ring, signet, seal ring, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Dactylomancy and Dactyloscopy ― When the term Dactylomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using observation of fingers and finger movements.

The term Dactylomancy is derived from the Greek words: Δάκτυλος (Daktylos) meaning finger and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Dadoukhos ― Dadoukhos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Δᾳδοῦχος with a general meaning of torch bearer. Δᾳδοῦχος is an epithet of Artemis, Hek'kate, and notably of Demeter seeking her lost daughter (Persephone) with a torch or double torches. It was also the title of an officiant (ranking after the Hierophant) at the Ἐλευσίνια Μυστήρια (the Eleusinian Mysteries), an office at times, inherited through several Athenian families lineages.

See also: Δᾳδοῦχος

Dagger ― When the term Dagger [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 11] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a short knife, normally double sided blade, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same, used to direct energy with more delicacy than a larger blade such as a Sword.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Dagoba ― When the term Dagoba is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to small container which is used to contain items sacred to a particular Tradition or some component part thereof, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same,

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Daimonica ― are those substances, natural and/or artificial, from plants, animals, and minerals, as well as elemental chemical processes, which

There are numerous systems of taxonomy of psycho-active substances, we are including terms from poet and ethnobotanist Dale Pendell's system here, as it seems to us to be the most comprehensive and consistent. His system is laid out in his remarkable non-linear trilogy: Pharmako/Poeia, Pharmako/Dynamis, and Pharmako/Gnosis. Noting that as he points out frequently, this is about a Poison Path, and there are numerous dangers to be had, especially for the unprepared and uninformed. But regardless he includes, as representative of this class: Datura, Brugmansia, Solandra, Henbane, Belladona, Coriaria thymifolia, Sophora secundiflora

Daimōnomancy and Daimōnoscopy ― When the term Daimonomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by consulting with one's internal Genius in the Socratic sense.

The term Daimōnomancy is derived from the Greek words: Δαίμων (Daimōn) meaning personal genius, in the sense of a non-corporeal guide, or part of the person which watches out for and tries to influence a persons behaviour, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Dais ― When the term Dais is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to any raised platform located either in or outside of a room or enclosure, often for dignified occupancy, as at the front of a lecture hall or sanctuary, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Daktulithomancy and Daktulithoscopy ― When the term Daktulithomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using precious stones, mounted on rings, usually what are referred to as power rings, with one primary jewel of significant size.

The term Daktulithomancy is derived from the Greek words: Δακτυλήθρα (Daktulēthra) meaning finger sheath, decoration with a gemstone or gemstones implied, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Dalin ― Dalin as an Anglicized term from the actual Ægyptian term meaning Great Gift

See also:

Damanhur ― Damanhur is an internationally renowned center for spiritual research. Situated in Valchiusella Valley, in the Alpine foothills of northern Italy, Damanhur is a Federation of Communities and Regions with over 800 citizens, a social and political structure, a Constitution, 40 economic activities, its own currency, schools and a daily paper.

1. They have a "university that attracts philosophical and spiritual students of all ages from all over the world. They describe themselves as the result of the practical application of a spiritual philosophy in harmony with the environment and our Planet."
2. Damanhur was founded by Oberto Airaudi (1950 -) in 1975. It is "the largest communal group in the ancient wisdom-magical tradition." It may well be the largest spiritual communal group in the world.
3. Airaudi and his supporters purchased property in the Italian Alps, in a region of Piedmont less than 30 miles north of the city of Turin. Two dozen pioneers organized the initial settlement. It was named Damanhur after an Egyptian city, located 100 miles "northwest of Cairo in the middle of the western Delta. It was once the site of the city of Tmn-Hor, dedicated to Horus."
4. The group grew to include 200 "citizens" in 1985, 450 by 1998, and exceeded 800 by early in 2000. In addition, there are hundreds of associated members who donate to the community and attend some of its functions. Member satisfaction appears to be high; very few citizens leave the community.

Beliefs:
• Damanhur is a unique spiritual and religious group whose beliefs are derived from several ancient sources: Keltic Paganism, Keltic Christianity, Egyptian and Greek Pagan religion. Influences from Gnosticism, the New Age and Theosophy are also present.
• They believe in an extensive pantheon of supernatural beings, consisting of:
                        a single, unknowable absolute God.
                        Intermediate or Primeval Deities of which nine are self-generated. (The remainder have been created by humanity.)
                        Entities, including angels, demons and nature spirits.
• The first human was a Primeval Deity who suffered a fall and merged with a human body. One of the goals of Damanhur is to help individuals return to what they call the original "subtler" pre-fall state
• In common with many New Age and occultic believers, they regard the earth as a living entity. They believe that a series of synchronic lines traverse its surface. The community located their site at what they believe is a point of convergence of three such lines. These "rivers of energy surround the earth and link it to the universe."
• They believe that a major ecological disaster may occur in the near future. They view one of their major tasks as attempting to reintegrate the Earth and prevent the catastrophe.
• They believe that three "Mother worlds" were initially created; one each for humans, plants and nature spirits.
• They have developed techniques that allow individuals to contact what they call the "race minds" of humanity and of animals.

Dance ― When the term Dance is used in reference to the Ritual Arts, it normally refers to

See also: Ritual Arts, Art

Dao (Dao) represents a concept found in Daoism, and in other Traditions, mostly Traditions which originated in East Asia. While the word itself may be translated as 'way', 'path', or 'route', or sometimes more loosely as 'doctrine' or 'principle', it is often used philosophically to signify the fundamental or true nature of the world.
In Daoism, Dao both precedes and encompasses the universe. As with other nondualistic philosophies, all the observable objects in the world - referred to in the Dao De Ching as 'the named' or 'the ten thousand things' - are considered to be manifestations of Dao, and can only operate within the boundaries of Dao. Dao is, by contrast, often referred to as 'the nameless', because neither it nor its principles can ever be adequately expressed in words. Most everyone is familiar with the popular quote "The Dao which can be told, is not the true Dao", or some variation.
While the Dao cannot be expressed, Daoism holds that it can be known, and its principles can be followed. Much of Daoist writing focuses on the value of following the Dao - called De (virtue) - and of the ultimate uselessness of trying to understand or control Dao outright. This is often expressed through yin and yang arguments, where every action creates a counter-action as a natural, unavoidable movement within manifestations of the Dao.

Dao Cao Dai (often called Caodaism in English) ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the messages of Duc Cao Dai as received by Ngo Van Chieu as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. Dao Cao Dai is the third largest religion in Viet Nam (after Buddhism and Roman Catholicism). "Cao" means "high"; "Dai" means "palace". Caodai refers to the supreme palace where God reigns. The word is also used as God's symbolic name. Caodaism is a syncretistic religion that combines elements from many of the world's main religions, including Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Taoism, as well as Geniism, an indigenous religion of Viet Nam. Their main centre is in Tay Ninh, about 60 miles (100 km) North West of Saigon. They currently have 7 to 8 million followers in Viet Nam and about 30,000 members elsewhere, primarily in Asia, Australia, Canada, Europe and the United States. They regard the history of religion as being divided into three periods of revelation. The first was circa 2500 BCE, when God inspired selected religious leaders to found Judaism in the Middle East, Hinduism in India and Yi king (philosophy of transformation) in China. A few thousand years later, God led the Buddha to found Buddhism, Lao Tse to create Taoism, Confucius to start Confucianism, and Jesus Christ to found Christianity. They believe that, due to the frailty of those religious leaders, the truth became distorted. A number of religions were formed, but most flourished only in or near their countries of origin. Religions became adapted to the needs of individual cultures. Limitations in communication and transportation prevented the formation of a single, true universal religion which all of humanity could embrace. Followers of Caodaism believe that God was concerned that the multiplicity of religions prevented people from living together in harmony. God decided to initiate a third revelation, in which he communicated Caodaism by Spiritist means. Ngo Van Chieu, a civil servant of the Cochinchina government began to receive messages from a spirit called Duc Cao Dai (pronounced: Duk Kow Dye), whom he believed to be God. After three years of studying and worshipping God, he shared his spiritual discoveries with others in Saigon. At the end of the year At Suu (1926 CE), Cao Dai instructed a small group of mediums to found a new religion. One of the mediums, Le Van Trung was named by God to be acting Giao Tong (Pope). Caodaism was formally founded on 1926-SEP-26 by a group of 247 disciples. Beliefs:
• In the beginning was God, formless, nameless, unchangeable and all powerful. God divided His spirit into many parts, and created the universe, world, and its plants, animals and material components; each contains a part of God's spirit.
• Animals and humans have two components:
      a visible, physical body and
      an invisible component which is composed of:
            a spirit (conscience) which is part of God's spirit, and
            a soul (or perispirit) which is responsible for emotions and personality
• They believe in reincarnation where a person experiences a series of lives. One can break free of the reincarnation cycle by "cultivating self and finding God in self".
• They believe in Karma in which one's future lives are dependent upon deeds practiced in this life.
• If a person accumulates excessive Karma they will live another life after their death. Large amount of Karma debt will cause them to be reincarnated onto another planet which is much colder, darker and miserable. If they have purified themselves spiritually, and fulfilled all of their duties, they may reincarnate to another, happier life on earth. Or they might attain Heaven or Nirvana.

Daoism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as such, and holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. We obviously cannot consider all the interpretations here and our interest is more philosophical than religious. We can justify our focus whichever historical story we tell since, as Graham's analysis stressed, the Zhuangzi introduces Laozi into Chinese philosophical discourse. Whatever its dates and origin, Laozi first meant to Chinese philosophy what the school of Zhuangzi first found of interest in it. We will look for the philosophical theory that would best justify Zhuangzi's interest and explain the traditional genealogy. We leave open whether the religious reading came later than the philosophical or preceded it. Tao (pronounced "Dow") can be roughly translated into English as path, or the way. It is basically indefinable. It has to be experienced. It "refers to a power which envelops, surrounds and flows through all things, living and non-living. The Tao regulates natural processes and nourishes balance in the Universe. It embodies the harmony of opposites (i.e. there would be no love without hate, no light without dark, no male without female.)" 2 The founder of Taoism is believed by many to be Lao-Tse (604-531 BCE), a contemporary of Confucius. (Alternate spellings: Lao Tze, Lao Tsu, Lao Tzu, Laozi, Laotze, etc.). He was searching for a way that would avoid the constant feudal warfare and other conflicts that disrupted society during his lifetime. The result was his book: Tao-te-Ching (a.k.a. Daodejing). Others believe that he is a mythical character. Taoism started as a combination of psychology and philosophy but evolved into a religious faith in 440 CE when it was adopted as a state religion. At that time Lao-Tse became popularly venerated as a deity.

Daoist (Taoist)

Daphnomancy and Daphnoscopy ― When the term Daphnomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using laurel trees or the leaves and branches from Laurel trees, sometimes burning laurel leaves and/or branches which brings in a form of Pyromancy.

The term Daphnomancy is derived from the Greek words: Δάφνη (Daphne) meaning laurel tree, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Darśana ― Darśana (some information here from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dar%C5%9Bana) Darśana (Darshan, Sanskrit: दर्शन) is a Sanskrit term meaning "sight" (in the sense of an instance of seeing or beholding; from a root dṛś "to see"), vision, apparition, or glimpse. It is most commonly used for "visions of the divine," e.g., of a god or a very holy person or artifact. One could "receive darshana" of the deity in the temple, or from a great saintly person, such as a great guru.

In the sense "to see with reverence and devotion," the term translates to hierophany, and could refer either to a vision of the divine or to being in the presence of a highly revered person. In this sense it may assume a meaning closer to audience. "By doing Darśana properly a devotee develops affection for Divinity, and Divinity develops affection for that devotee."

Darshan is ultimately difficult to define since it is an event in consciousness in interaction in presence between devotee and guru; or between devotee and image or sculpture, which focuses and calls out the consciousness of the devotee. In either event, a heightening of consciousness or spirituality is the intended effect. The other common use of the term 'Darśana' is its application to the six systems of thought, dealt with under 'Hindu philosophy'.

It can also mean radiation or radiance, in the sense of a radio signal being radiated from the transmitter aerial.

Dasein ― Heidegger's German term for "Being-there," the kind of existence that self-conscious human beings uniquely possess.

Davida (Local Star System Component - Asteroid) ― see: ∇æv̄ēдä

De or Te (De) is a key concept in Chinese philosophy, usually translated "inherent character; inner power; integrity" in Daoism. Dao is associated with the complex concept of De "power; virtue; integrity", that is, the active expression of Tao. Te may be thought of as the active living, or cultivation, of that "way".
Dao can be conceived as the primordial principle from which all existence arose and arises. An alternative interpretation of the same concept frames it as the universal tao being that which brings all things into being. In this context, De is the essence of a thing or that which causes a thing to be that thing. It can also be said to be the true mind of a person or the purest being of a thing. Wu wei and "naturalness" are inclusive with the effortless following of one's De.

Deborean ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. A combination of Keltic and Native American traditions, focused primarily on Keltic origins. Formed in the Smoky Mountains of Tennessee, the Carolinas and southwestern Virginia.

Deborean Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. An American eclectic tradition which attempts to reconstruct Wicca as it was before The Burning Times or the European witch craze.

Declaration of The Rights Of Man and of The Citizen ― Approved by the National Assembly of France, August 26, 1789 The representatives of the French people, organized as a National Assembly, believing that the ignorance, neglect, or contempt of the rights of man are the sole cause of public calamities and of the corruption of governments, have determined to set forth in a solemn declaration the natural, unalienable, and sacred rights of man, in order that this declaration, being constantly before all the members of the Social body, shall remind them continually of their rights and duties; in order that the acts of the legislative power, as well as those of the executive power, may be compared at any moment with the objects and purposes of all political institutions and may thus be more respected, and, lastly, in order that the grievances of the citizens, based hereafter upon simple and incontestable principles, shall tend to the maintenance of the constitution and redound to the happiness of all. Therefore the National Assembly recognizes and proclaims, in the presence and under the auspices of the Supreme Being, the following rights of man and of the citizen: Articles:

1. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good.
2. The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.
3. The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. No body nor individual may exercise any authority which does not proceed directly from the nation.
4. Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else; hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure to the other members of the society the enjoyment of the same rights. These limits can only be determined by law.
5. Law can only prohibit such actions as are hurtful to society. Nothing may be prevented which is not forbidden by law, and no one may be forced to do anything not provided for by law.
6. Law is the expression of the general will. Every citizen has a right to participate personally, or through his representative, in its foundation. It must be the same for all, whether it protects or punishes. All citizens, being equal in the eyes of the law, are equally eligible to all dignities and to all public positions and occupations, according to their abilities, and without distinction except that of their virtues and talents.
7. No person shall be accused, arrested, or imprisoned except in the cases and according to the forms prescribed by law. Any one soliciting, transmitting, executing, or causing to be executed, any arbitrary order, shall be punished. But any citizen summoned or arrested in virtue of the law shall submit without delay, as resistance constitutes an offense.
8. The law shall provide for such punishments only as are strictly and obviously necessary, and no one shall suffer punishment except it be legally inflicted in virtue of a law passed and promulgated before the commission of the offense.
9. As all persons are held innocent until they shall have been declared guilty, if arrest shall be deemed indispensable, all harshness not essential to the securing of the prisoner's person shall be severely repressed by law.
10. No one shall be disquieted on account of his opinions, including his religious views, provided their manifestation does not disturb the public order established by law.
11. The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may, accordingly, speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law.
12. The security of the rights of man and of the citizen requires public military forces. These forces are, therefore, established for the good of all and not for the personal advantage of those to whom they shall be intrusted.
13. A common contribution is essential for the maintenance of the public forces and for the cost of administration. This should be equitably distributed among all the citizens in proportion to their means.
14. All the citizens have a right to decide, either personally or by their representatives, as to the necessity of the public contribution; to grant this freely; to know to what uses it is put; and to fix the proportion, the mode of assessment and of collection and the duration of the taxes.
15. Society has the right to require of every public agent an account of his administration.
16. A society in which the observance of the law is not assured, nor the separation of powers defined, has no constitution at all.
17. Since property is an inviolable and sacred right, no one shall be deprived thereof except where public necessity, legally determined, shall clearly demand it, and then only on condition that the owner shall have been previously and equitably indemnified.
[The above document was written by The Marquis de Lafayette, with help from his friend and neighbor, American envoy to France, Thomas Jefferson. Lafayette, you may recall, had come to the Colonies at age 19, been commissioned a Major General, and was instrumental in the defeat of the British during the American Revolutionary War. He considered one special man his 'father': George Washington. French King Louis XVI signed this document, under duress, but never intended to support it. Indeed, the Revolution in France soon followed, leading to the tyrannical rule of Napoleon Bonaparte.]
[Prepared by Gerald Murphy (The Cleveland Free-Net - aa300) Distributed by the Cybercasting Services Division of the National Public Telecomputing Network (NPTN). Permission is hereby granted to download, reprint, and/or otherwise redistribute this file, provided appropriate point of origin credit is given to the preparer(s) and the National Public Telecomputing Network.]

Declaration of The Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen ― The followiing articles of Declaration were written by Olympe de Gouges (Olympe de Gouges, a butcher's daughter, proved to be one of the most outspoken and articulate women revolutionaries). In 1791 she wrote the Declaration of The Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen, directly challenging the inferiority presumed of women by the Declaration of the Rights of Man. Her attempts to push this idea lead to her being charged with treason during the rule of the National Convention. She was quickly arrested, tried, and on November 3, 1793, executed by the guillotine. She took the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen and modeled her Declaration on it, in what she believed should represent the interest of women. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen did not give women any say in government and gave men power over them in many ways.

1. Woman is born free and lives equal to man in her rights. Social distinctions can be based only on the common utility.
2. The purpose of any political association is the conservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of woman and man; these rights are liberty property, security, and especially resistance to oppression.
3. The principle of all sovereignty rests essentially with the nation, which is nothing but the union of woman and man; no body and no individual can exercise any authority which does not come expressly from it (the nation).
4. Liberty and justice consist of restoring all that belongs to others; thus, the only limits on the exercise of the natural rights of woman are perpetual male tyranny; these limits are to be reformed by the laws of nature and reason.
5. Laws of nature and reason proscribe all acts harmful to society; everything which is not prohibited by these wise and divine laws cannot be prevented, and no one can be constrained to do what they do not command.
6. The law must be the expression of the general will; all female and male citizens must contribute either personally or through their representatives to its formation; it must be the same for all: male and female citizens, being equal in the eyes of the law, must be equally admitted to all honors, positions, and public employment according to their capacity and without other distinctions besides those of their virtues and talents.
7. No woman is an exception; she is accused, arrested, and detained in cases determined by law. Women, like men, obey this rigorous law.
8. The law must establish only those penalties that are strictly and obviously necessary...
9. Once any woman is declared guilty, complete rigor is exercised by law.
10. No one is to be disquieted for his very basic opinions; woman has the right to mount the scaffold; she must equally have the right to mount the rostrum, provided that her demonstrations do not disturb the legally established public order.
11. The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the most precious rights of woman, since that liberty assures recognition of children by their fathers. Any female citizen thus may say freely, I am the mother of a child which belongs to you, without being forced by a barbarous prejudice to hide the truth; (an exception may be made) to respond to the abuse of this liberty in cases determined by law.
12. The guarantee of the rights of woman and the female citizen implies a major benefit; this guarantee must be instituted for the advantage of all, and not for the particular benefit of those to whom it is entrusted.
13. For the support of the public force and the expenses of administration, the contributions of woman and man are equal; she shares all the duties and all the painful tasks; therefore, she must have the same share in the distribution of positions, employment, offices, honors, and jobs.
14. Female and male citizens have the right to verify, either by themselves of through their representatives, the necessity of the public contribution. This can only apply to women if they are granted an equal share, not only of wealth, but also of public administration, and in the determination of the proportion, the base, the collection, and the duration of the tax.
15. The collectivity of women, joined for tax purposes to the aggregate of men, has the right to demand an accounting of his administration from any public agent.
16. No society has a constitution without the guarantee of rights and the separation of powers; the constitution is null if the majority of individuals comprising the nation have not cooperated in drafting it.
17. Property belongs to both sexes whether united or separate; for each it is an inviolable and sacred right' no one can be deprived of it, since it is the true patrimony of nature, unless the legally determined public need obviously dictates it, and then only with a just and prior indemnity.

Definition ― An explanation of the meaning of a word. The five major kinds of definition (distinguished by the functions they may be used to perform) include: stipulative, lexical, precising, theoretical, and persuasive.

Deigmaphalainamancy and Deigmaphalainascopy ― When the term Deigmaphalainamancy is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to a type of divination involving viewing and interpreting patterns on flutterbye (tragically also known as butterfly) or moth wings.

The term Deigmaphalainamancy is derived from the Greek words: Δεῖγμα (Deigma) for pattern, and Φάλαιναν (Falīnan) for Flutterbye. More modern Greek for Flutterbye: Πεταλουδα (Petalouda).

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Deism ― A MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that holds that there is a Divine Force that Created the Universe, but does not give credence to the idea of such Creator's personal involvement or intercession in temporal events. The belief that a God exists and created the world but did not assume any control over it or the lives of people. Belief in god based entirely on reason, without any reference to faith, revelation, or institutional religion. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, advances in the natural sciences often fostered confidence that the regularity of nature reflects the benevolence of a divine providence. This confidence, together with a widespread distrust of the church, made Deism a popular view in England and on the continent. Thus, in distinct ways, Toland, Lord Herbert, Rousseau, and Voltaire were all Deists.

Deity

Déjà Vu.

Deliberative Assembly

Demasomancy and Demasoscopy ― When the term Demasomancy is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to divination processes which utilize the living human form overall, with all its parts and systems, and as a supercategory for the categories of Divinations which concentrate on a particular part or system of a living human body. This is a more appropriate term for the types of divinations which utilize observation of any and all of the parts of a human body while it is living. Somatomancy is often used but this term actually refers more specifically to corpses or dead bodies, so Demasomancy is a good term to differentiate between the two.

The term Demasomancy is derived from the Greek words: Δέμας (Demas) meaning living body, bodily frame, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

While the term Demasomancy could also refer to the divinations based on any animal's bodies, it is almost universally used to refer only to those that are based on the different parts and parcels of the human body, Some of the most well know types of Demasomancy or Somatomancy (depending upon the status of the individuals examined, as to living or dead) are: Dactylomancy, Knetheaomancy, Kolposamancy, Metopomancy, Odontomancy, Onychomancy, Ossomancy, Otomancy, Phallomancy, Phrenology, Prosoponomancy, Pygosomancy, Schematomancy, Skyfeonomancy,Sternomancy, and Tokseumaetronomancy,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Demimonde ― The Demimonde - Counterculture, Alternative culture, Bohemia, the Underground, the Eternal Demimonde, in some senses perhaps even Off the Grid. At one time, Demimonde could only be defined only by what it was not . . . not Le Beau Monde, but also not without a certain status of its own. The Demimonde, then, was the psychic heimat of those, who, through choice or fortune, existed within the spacial bounds or territory of a particular culture yet outside its primary consensus reality. Hence outside both 'the law' and 'history'. Here were often to be found, as well as a selection of Artists and Intellectuals, as well as criminals and social pariahs, the eccentrics and the mad, the ethnic outcasts, the devotees of socially proscribed vices and the followers of Gods other than those of the local tribe. But here too were the visionaries born outside their proper time, the Avant-garde, the artists who created new styles of consciousness, the seekers and the dreamers -- in essence all those whose spirits could not be contained by the parameters of the consensus reality of their given social realm. The people who not only think outside-the-box, but who also live outside-the-box, if they even acknowledge the existence of the box. Here was the heimat of Chaos in its eternal dialectic with Order, the Chaos out of which all new culture, hence history itself, has always evolved. Here, in other words, was the psychic heimat of the adventurous spirit of youth. From a more limited frame of reference, which is admittedly more common, Le Beau Monde simply means 'fashionable society', and Demimonde the society that was only half acknowledged by said 'fashionable society'. Demimonde implies not only recognition and a status, but a certain social standing. The term has also been applied specifically to women, typically in a negative and desultory fashion, indicating a strata of women who occupy in a sense the vacuum left by Western Civilizations drifting away from utilizing the ancient Ægean paradigm which included, most emphatically the archetypal field of the Ἐταῖραι (Hetaerae), those fabulous women of antiquity who were so much more than the simple Courtesans, for which they are so often mistaken by the benighted. Externally, the defining aspects of the Demimonde were an extravagant lifestyle of fine food and clothes, easily surpassing that of most other wealthy women of their day, because of the steady income they made in cash and gifts from their various lovers. Internally, their lifestyle was an eclectic mixture of sharp business acumen, social skills, and hedonism. The smart Demimondaine, like the fictional Gigi's grandmother, would invest her wealth for the day when her beauty would fade. Others ended up penniless and starving when age finally took its toll on their beauty, unless they managed to marry one of their lovers.

Demonomancy and Demonoscopy ― When the term Demonomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination with the Aide of Demons, suggestions from Demons, and/or actual physical assistance in performing the divination.

The term Demonomancy is derived from the English word: Demon meaning malevolent supernatural entity, and the Greek suffix Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination. Which is a somewhat odd and misleading reversal, or at least sidestep from the meaning of the original Greek word, from which it was doubtless lifted: Δαίμων (Daimōn) has the meaning of deity, divine power; intermediate disincarnate entity; guiding spirit; tutelary deity; (sometimes including souls of the dead); and in some cases one's genius, or provoker of destiny; thus having little in common with the modern consensus reality idea of "Demons", which is unduly influenced by years of xTian babbling.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Dendreoschêmamancy and Dendreoschêmascopy ― When the term Dendreoschêmamancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using tree patternings of placement and intertwinings of growth. Also sometimes Dendrithetosomancy, divination using tree positionings and types especially around clearings.

The term Dendreoschêmamancy is derived from the Greek words: Δένδρον (Dendron) meaning tree, and Σχήμα (Skhēma), meaning plan or shape, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Dendrochronology ― Tree-ring Dating -

Denizens of the Demimonde ― Each generation and cultural grouping has its own 'Denizens of the Demimonde', and usually develops specific terminology to refer to such. Some of this terminology may stay understandable for long periods of time and obtain cross-cultural usability, other terms may come and go within common usage within a few years or only within a specific Culture. Some of the more common terms which have been used (both by themselves and by various mainstreamers in reference to them) for those who either by choice or through happenstance may come to be considered the participants and developers of the Demimonde are: Bohemians, Beats, Hippies, Punks, Freaks, Gypsies, Ronin, Artistes, Wayfarers, Shadow People, Arkies, Carnies, Lorettes, Courtesans, and Tinkers.

Deoagapeos ― Deoagapeos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Δεοἀγαπάως meaning (Love of and or by Divine Forms and/or Forces)

See also: Δεοἀγαπάως, and Love

Deontological Ethicism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is Moral theories according to which certain acts must or must not be done, regardless to some extent of the consequences of their performance or non-performance (the Greek dei = one must). According to teleology or consequentialism, as commonly understood, the rightness or wrongness of any act depends entirely upon its consequences. Deontology is seen in opposition to consequentialism in various ways.

1. According to deontology, certain acts are right or wrong in themselves. Deontologists tend to concentrate on those acts which are wrong. So, according to deontologists such as Kant or Ross, promise-breaking is wrong independently of its consequences. Its wrongness does not depend solely on any bad effects promise-breaking may have. A consequentialist - in particular an act-consequentialist - will tend to claim that one should act in whatever way will bring about the best state of affairs. Ross would suggest that it is counter-intuitive to argue that one ought to break a promise for a very small gain in overall good. Note that deontology is not the same as absolutism, according to which certain acts are wrong whatever the consequences. Ross could allow that in exceptional circumstances it is not wrong to break a promise. Two immediate problems for deontology as so described are, first, the difficulty of describing how we know which acts are wrong, and, second, the difficulty of drawing a sharp distinction between acts and omissions.

2. Deontologists such as Nozick argue that there are deontological constraints on our actions. We may have a reason to maximize the overall good, but in certain cases this reason disappears or its force is overridden. I should not, for example, kill an innocent person to save two others from death, since this would be to violate that innocent person's rights. Indeed I should not kill the person even to prevent the killing of the two others by someone else. Deontology tells me not to kill, and is in this sense agent-relative. The main difficulty here is to explain this agent-relativity. If killing is bad, why should I not act so as to minimize the number of killings, even if that involves my killing?

3. Rawls's distinction between deontological and teleological or consequentialist theories has become influential in recent years. It concerns the relation between the right and the good. A teleological theory defines the good independently from the right, and the right is then defined as that which maximizes the good. Deontological theories either do not specify the good independently from the right or do not interpret the right as maximizing the good. All of the above attempts to distinguish deontology from consequentialism face the difficulty that a theory such as utilitarianism, which is usually taken to be the paradigm consequentialist theory, can be expressed as deontological.

(1) The act of maximizing utility can be said to be right in itself, and that of failing to maximize utility as wrong, independently of consequences.

(2) It can be said to be a constraint on our acting in any way that we must maximize the good.

(3) An ideal utilitarian such as Rashdall may argue that the good is partly constituted by the right and so cannot be defined independently of it.

Of course, straightforward utilitarianism does not deny that the right consists in maximizing the good. But it can suggest that the right is indeed prior to the good, in the sense that utilitarians can state that it is right to maximize the good, whatever the good turns out to be. Finally, the agent-relative-agent-neutral distinction which is now commonly used in attempts to distinguish deontology and consequentialism cuts across any deontology-consequentialism distinction, since there can be agent-relative forms of consequentialism. Philosophical effort would be better spent on working out exactly what various moral theories actually say rather than in attempts to clarify what appears likely to be a dubious distinction.

Deontology ― First version: Do that which we can at the same time will that it be a universal law. Second version: What is right is to always treat everyone as an end in themselves, never as a means only. Proponents: Immanuel Kant (German) Notes: Immanuel Kant first produced the ethical theory of Deontology, and pronounced its first moral principle the "categorical imperative". The categorical imperative is meant both to prescribe an ethical theory and also to show that pure reason can be put to practical use, and so the book in which he expounded the theory is entitled "The Critique of Practical Reason". To "do that which we can at the same time will that it be universal" means to do those things which we would be satisfied and comfortable if everybody did it. For example, suppose you were in need of money. You could gain money through theft or larceny, and if you could do that without being caught then it would be to your advantage, and yet if everyone got money by theft and larceny, there would be no social order. Therefore the categorical imperative requires that you do not steal, even if it is in your personal best interest. Duty is higher than feelings. Note that one could not have duty if one did not have free will. The concept of the will is generally understood in philosophy as the human intellectual power to make choices and decisions, or to establish and follow a desired course of action independent of coercion from others. Much of Kant's thinking also has to do with a kind of "sense" of what is moral. The highest good in the world is a good will, which is the will to follow the law regardless of one's profit or happiness, in the interest of a peaceful society. Kant wrote "Morality is not properly the doctrine how we may make ourselves happy, but how we may make ourselves worthy of happiness". What is more, there is a sense in which the categorical imperative is innate in humans: for when we do things, we experience the bite of conscious that tells us how an action would impact the world if everyone was allowed to do it. Connected to the idea of social order is the idea of treating people as an end in themselves. To do so would create the most ideal of social environments, which is also the goal of the first version of the categorical imperative. Humanity has intrinsic value here, and we have to treat humanity with the appropriate respect. The basis for this intrinsic value is the faculty of Reason, following the tradition of Descartes and other enlightenment thinkers. This theory also notes that one has moral obligations to the self (presumably, "all people" includes yourself), for Kant believed that self-sacrifice was wrong when the would-be sacrificer owed himself better treatment. Criticisms: Deontology is specifically restricted to the treatment of other human beings, and excludes animals and the environment. Thus, it risks causing suffering of a preventable kind. Also, is it really the case that we have an innate moral sense that guides us to do that which supports social order, even if each of us has differing views over what ideal social order is? There are many cases of high-profile criminals who simply have no awareness of the feelings (never mind the rights) of other people. Fear of punishment doesn't seem to deter them either. Does Deontology really treat all people equally? Not everyone has the same abilities, and not everyone has the same needs. Yet if we conducted our behavior with the will that what we do is universal, not everyone will be capable of following the example. (To this, a good deontologist would say, so what? It's the Will that matters.) And perhaps not everyone will have their legitimate needs addressed. Or, suppose we will that all people should treat one another with honour; does this mean that we must continue to honour someone who regularly mistreats us? Kant would say yes, because our feelings are not as important as our duty. But this too can be questioned. In many ways this theory is the opposite of Utilitarianism, which points out that feelings do matter, everyone's feelings, and we would have our ideal society if everyone realized that.

Derivative Dating Techniques ― the level of thorium-230 found in a sample of stalagmite is a product of its uranium content, and the sample's age is calculated from the known radioactive half-life of thorium-230, which is not affected in any way by its environment; this method can therefore be described as absolute. In contrast, measurement of one form of amino acid changing to another is a derivative method, for the rate of alteration is entirely dependent on the temperature of the context where the sample has been buried.); Derivative methods include: Fluorine, uranium and nitrogen tests; Amino acid racemization; Obsidian hydration dating; Archaeomagnetic dating; Cation-Ratio dating ('CR'); Fluorine, uranium and nitrogen tests Buried bone absorbs water containing elements that react chemically with the bone, adding fluorine and uranium, while nitrogen decreases through the decay of bone protein (collagen). Bones found in a single context should have been subjected to the conditions that cause these changes in a uniform manner, and their levels of these three elements should therefore be very similar. Older survivals and recent intrusions should therefore be distinguishable because of unusually high or low levels.); Amino acid racemization (Samples taken from bone, teeth or shells contain detectable amino acids that undergo gradual change (racemization) from L-form to D-form over time; the ratio of the two is measured to indicate age. Since the rate of change is highly dependent on temperature it is necessary to use an independent method, such as radiocarbon, to date a sample from the same burial context. Once this has been done, the speed of racemization may be determined and other samples may be dated by this means alone.); Obsidian hydration dating (Obsidian is a natural volcanic glass that was a popular alternative to flint for making flaked tools in many parts of the world. As soon as a fresh surface of obsidian is exposed, for example during the process of making it into a tool, a microscopically thin 'hydration rim' begins to form as a result of the absorption of water. Furthermore, obsidian from different geological sources may weather at different rates); Archaeomagnetic dating (Fine grains of iron oxide are present in most clay and soil, and they take on a new magnetic alignment in two main ways. Thermoremanent magnetism is acquired when they realign according to the Earth's magnetic field after having been disoriented by heating above 650 degrees C; some grains may retain the new field for hundreds of thousands of years. Magnetism is also acquired by means of the deposition of sediments, for instance in lake beds, where particles may settle into alignment with the prevailing magnetic field. ... Magnetic dating measures the alignment in an ancient sample and attempts to relate it to a record of past changes in the magnetic field); Cation-Ratio dating ('CR') (Prehistoric rock carvings (petroglyphs) are commonly covered by a so-called 'rock varnish', a chemically changed layer that builds up after around 100 years through weathering, enhanced by the action of micro-organisms. ...samples are taken by scraping the 'varnish' from petroglyph surfaces back to original rock surface. A separate cation (positively charged ion) leaching curve must then be established for different geographical areas, because local soil and moisture conditions affect the speed of its formation.)

Desire ― Conscious impulse toward an object or experience that promises enjoyment or satisfaction in its Attainment. An enduring and passionate longing and/or intense yearning and/or urgently impelling motive toward Attainment.

Detached Æstheticist ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Determinism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Dharana (One of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the Traditions of the Indus Valley) ― concentration. (The last 3 steps constitute the internal practice of Raja Yoga). When Dharana is achieved, it leads to the next step: Dhyana

Dhyana (One of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the Traditions of the Indus Valley) ― meditation is that state of pure thought and absorption in the object of meditation. There is still duality in Dhyana. When mastered Dhyana leads to the last step: Samadhi

Diabolism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding adherence and loyalty to the opposition side of a particular Tradition as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The prime identifying characteristic of a Diabolist Tradition is that it accepts the Cosmology of some specific Tradition, which individuals normally follow in pursuit of "The Good" but then allies itself with the Forces in that Traditions which represent evil in that Tradition. This is obviously only possible in Traditions that teach a Good versus Evil (or some other pairing) dichotomy, however that includes almost all extant Spiritual Traditions. And among those almost all have experienced some Diabolist activity, sometimes only theory but usually practice as well. In the West the most familiar pairing is the Christian/Satanist one, but it is far from alone. To clarify here, one refers to the actual Satanists, of so many different doctrines, that accept the orthodox mainstream Christian view of the Cosmos and have chosen to ally themselves with the side in opposition to the Christian conception of God, not those Traditions of Egoist or in some cases Egotist variety such as Anton LaVey's Church of Satan.

Dianic ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Dianic Feminist Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. A Wiccan tradition started by Ann Forfreedom that includes both female and male practitioners , solo practitioners, mixed covens and all female covens. Dianic Feminist Wiccans must have a Priestess present for a Circle ritual to be held and encourages practitioners to be involved in feminist and humanist issues. Groups work either skyclad or robed. Dianic Wicca Feminist Dianic Witchcraft, focuses exclusively on the Goddess and consists of women-only covens, often with a strong lesbian presence. These tend to be loosely structured and non-hierarchical, using consensus decision making and simple, creative, experimental ritual. They are politically feminist groups, usually very supportive, personal and emotionally intimate. For both branches rituals are eclectic; some are derived from Gardnerian and Faery traditions, while others have been created anew. Emphasis is on rediscovering and reclaiming female power and divinity, consciousness-raising, and combining politics with spirituality.

Dianic Wicca ― see also - Morgan McFarland Dianic Tradition and Susan B. Anthony Coven Dianic Tradition When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Dianic Wicca is a group of Wiccan traditions that focus primarily (but not always exclusively) on the Goddess. Known as the "feminist" movement in Wicca, it was first identified by Margaret Murray in 1921 in "The Witch-Cult in Western Europe". There are at least two distinct branches of Dianic Wicca: The first Dianic coven in the U.S. was formed in the late '60s by Morgan McFarland and Mark Roberts, in Dallas, Texas. This branch gives primacy to the Goddess in its theology, but honors the Horned God as Her beloved Consort. Covens include both women and men. This branch is sometimes called 'Old Dianic,' and there are still covens of this tradition especially in Texas. Other covens that are similar in theology but not directly descended from the McFarland/Roberts line are sprinkled around the country. Most Dianic Wiccan traditions follow a Roman or Eclectic Pantheon that reveres Diana, but the term has been applied to traditions embracing other pantheons that are Goddess focused. Dianic Tradition-"We all come from the Goddess, and to Her we will return; Like a single drop of rain, flowing to the ocean." The above could very well be the Dianic creed. All comes from the Mother; all returns to the Mother. We are all Goddess, even God. There is no duality or polarity in Dianic Wicca. Everything is a circle, or cycle ― balance is maintained, but there is no polarity. If one must be angular, one could say they think in trinities ― Maiden, Mother, Crone; Goddess in her stages, guiding lives and years. The Dianic tradition is very old. Aradia, daughter of Artemis, or her human incarnation, came to earth to teach the mysteries to those who would learn. Her students became teachers in turn, and the tradition was passed down, woman to woman. The famous Charge of the Goddess, though a recent writing, are thought to be the Goddess's instructions to Dianic Traditional members. Feminist Dianic Wicca is a more recent invention. It is an offshoot of the Women's Liberation Movement. It became apparent to many women in the movement that there was no spiritual center; women were disenfranchised in so many ways, even by the religious establishment, that a spiritual side was a necessity. The other branch, It is difficult to know exactly who started it, but Z Budapest, with her Susan B. Anthony Coven No. 1 in Los Angeles, is definitely one of the founding mothers. Dianic Wicca can seem extreme, especially the feminist path. It has been assumed that every Dianic witch is a radical lesbian separatist, hating men and having no use for them. This isn't true, many of the groups have a larger membership of heterosexual women than lesbians. They don't necessarily hate men; they hate the patriarchy.

Dianic, other Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Diánoia ― Διάνοια is a Greek term used by Plato and Aristotle to signify understanding or intellectual activity as a discursive process, in contrast with the immediacy of Nóêsis, specifically, knowledge of mathematical and technical subjects.

Diazomaimancy and Diazomaiscopy ― When the term Diazomaimancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination from the working of a loom, the patternings of warp and weft, any unexpected happenings during the weavings that affect the piece being produced. Viewing the tapestry of Life as a product of the weaving of a Goddess or Goddesses is widespread through-out Mediterranean and Mesopotamian cultures, so it's not much of a jump to the creation of a variety of forms of divination which include the weaving arts as a basis. And this also explains why many of these forms include multiple independent Practitionors to create on the loom.

The term Diazomaimancy is derived from the Greek words: Διάζομαι (Diazomai) meaning to set the warp in the loom, (and metaphorically begin the web), and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Díkê ― Greek term for an equitable distribution of goods, or justice. The corresponding virtue of being just is dikaiôsunê, the virtue best exemplified by harmonious relations in the ideal state according to Plato.

Dilemma ― A difficult choice between equally undesirable alternatives. In a disadvantageous rhetorical position, one is said to be impaled on the horns of a dilemma, but logicians employ Constructive Dilemma as a rule of inference.

Dionysian ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Dionysian ― When used in reference to a description of religious studies, Dionysian describes "lunar- or nature-oriented" religions that emphasize the ecstatic and emotional aspects, and the liberating of the psyche from the limitations of mundane consciousness, to enable union with the "group mind", or collective consciousness of the group (named for Dionysus, the Greek God of wine and Ecstasy).

Dipping Stone ― When the term Dipping Stone is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to Stones which are dipped in Water, usually some specially consecrated Water, and then applied to some part of the Body or to something else in the context of a Werking; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. It is considered to be a transitive type of sympathetic Mægik, in that for instance, in a Healing Werking, any of various lustral Waters, such as prepared Lunar Water, Solar Water, Stellar Water, Donar Water, and so forth, may be applied by a Dipping Stone to a person with the intent of inculcating the attributes and power of the originating force into the person.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Directional Altars ― When the term Directional Altars is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci it generally refers to stands, tables, and/or cabinetry upon which assortments of Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci may be placed, which are dedicated to being utilized in resonance with a particular direction: North, East, South, and West, most typically, but also Centre, Above, and Below, and sometimes quarter-directions, or specifically defined directions, such as 'toward something'; specifically constructed for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Altars may be portable or permanent, and may range from simple table like structures to elaborate cabinetry

see also: Altar, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Disc ― When the term Disc is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a practitionor's Ceremonial Disc used to represent the component of Physical Manifestation and Stability in Werkings and to help focus or direct the flow of the Energy created. In most Traditions the Disc is considered to correspond to the Elemental Earth Energies. The design of a Disc is not as specific as that of a Paten, Pantacle, Panticle and so forth, they may include Mandalas of various sorts or totally asymmetrical designs and/or writings. Discs normally are specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Discordian ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Discordian or Erisian movement is described as a 'Non-Prophet Irreligious Disorganization' and has claimed 'The Erisian revelation is not a complicated put-on disguised as a new religion, but a new religion disguised as a complicated put-on. " It all started with the *'Principia Discordia, or How I Found the Goddess and What I Did to Her When I Found Her'*, a collection of articles and ideas compiled by Greg Hill (Malaclypse the Younger). The central theme is 'Chaos is every bit as important as Order' as illustrated in the story of The curse of Greyface: *Humor is central to Discordianism, but Discordianism should not be dismissed as a joke. Profound experiences frequently accompany the practice or Erisianism. It is a perceptual game, one that demonstrates that the absurd is just as valid as the mundane and chaos is just as valid as order. It frees the practitioner from the order games (that most have forgotten are games) to play games with order or games with chaos, or both. The effects of Discordianism upon an individual can be far-reaching and amazingly liberating Taken from the Undernet #Wicca Page "Discordianism may, or may not, be a religion. It has a book and a set of rules, and could be treated as a way of spiritual guidance, but for many people it's a reason to use a silly pseudonym and put a lot of weird stuff on the Web. For some people, these two definitions are not contradictory." "Discordia" and "Eris" both relate to the Greco-Roman goddess of Chaos, who left a golden apple with the inscription "To the Prettiest" in Olympus. This began an argument that eventually caused the Trojan War. The foundation of Discordianism is the Principia Discordia. " (taken from: Hail Eris! All Hail Discordia! see also Erisian

Disputant ― A Disputant when considered in an Officiant context, is an Officiant who's officiation includes engaging in rhetorical statements and/or argumentation with an initiate candidate during a specific werking, in an effort to draw out, and clarify the initiate candidate's statements of intent and answers to formal challenges.

Divination ― The practice of divination is the attempt to gain knowledge of future events or otherwise hidden information through some sort of supernatural and/or subconscious agency. The forms of divination are incredibly varied and range from the entirely spontaneous to the completely regimented and planned. Although Divination is normally thought of as having to do with future events, and/or states of being, it is important to remember that it may be, and often is utilized for other purposes, including, investigating occurrences happening in the present but non-local to the Divinor or Divinors; getting information from the past; and getting information from other planes of existence, internal and/or external, in reference to the Divinor.

Acquiring knowledge in supernatural manners, and/or with supernatural assistance may be divided for convenience into two classes. The first has been traditionally called Oblavita, or "given" - these are the less active types of Divinations which occur independent of human agency. Examples include lightning, the movement of birds, the appearance of comets, etc.

A second means of acquiring such knowledge has been traditionally called Impetrativa, which means "solicited" or "provoked" - these are the more active types of Divinations which are produced through the help of human agency, for example tossing dice or laying out Tarot cards.

In one type of taxonomy the terms for the Divination Systems classed under Oblavita, usually end with the -scopy Suffix. This is derived from the Greek verb Σκοπέιν (Skopein), which means 'to look', or 'to examine', possibly 'to aim'; and/or Σκοπέω (Skopos) to behold, contemplate. In this type of taxonomy, the terms for the Divination Systems classed under Impetrativa, usually end with the suffix -mancy, which derives from the Greek Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination. This is related to the Greek word , Μάντις (Matnis), which means Diviner, Seer, or Prophet.

Some also specify the -scopy suffix for the part of any divination which includes the interpretation only, with -mancy being applied to the part of divination which involves the casting or whatever preparations may need to be provided by the Practitionor before the interpretation part occurs (these two specification maintain a certain parallelism since in those forms of divination which depend on observance of natural, spontaneous events, the most important part, and indeed the only part of the divination is the interpretation. Other methods of taxonomy for Divination Systems use the -scopy suffix for the types of divination which seem to be more scientific, and uses the -mancy suffix for those which seem less scientific.

A different way of categorizing the types of Divination Systems may be as follows: First, those that involve the interpretations of Signs, Omens, and Portents, which are naturally occurring, but not related to Human or Animal activity, such as comets and meteors, storms, water movements, cracks in stone, limbs fallen from trees, and so forth; Second, Sortilège, which involves the casting or drawing of lots, sortes, or some sort of markers, that have meanings inscribed on them, and/or assigned to them prior to the process, an more active method of pursuing results; Third, Auguries, interpretation of more natural and/or biologically based operations, such as the flight of birds, or the characteristics of some body part, from a living or dead, person, animal, or other life form; Fourth, Scrying, a form of meditation involving clearing the mind and focusing upon some usually still, and normally reflective surface and waiting for visions to come, such as Crystal Ball Scrying, Crystal Scrying, Fire Scrying, Smoke Scrying, Mirror Scrying, Ink Scrying, and so forth; and Fifth, Spontaneous, such as using whatever comes to hand to construct an interpretation, or unexpected and unplanned for oracular utterances from someone not trained as a Divinor. Obviously there is still much crossover among categories in this type of taxonomy.

Our interest in adding these several hundred entries into our small glossary-like pages, is primarily to identify and provide sensible terminology for the different types of divination; and notations as to the details of how they were or might have been practiced, for those of an experiential bent. There are some quite extensive resources on the 'world-wide-interwebs', for those interested in documentation, and following the progression of the appearance of the terms as they moved into the future, for instance The Mantalogue, which appears and disappears, here and there about the internet, apparently some of the reposters do some clean up and expansion, as each time we find it, it does appear a bit more extensive and well organized. One place you might find it is: The Mantalogue, though it still needs some Unicode corrections. Regardless, as with most internet resources, or unsteady provenance, if you find the information helpful, and plan on using it in the future, it's best to save a copy of the information, down on your hard drive for your own personal use.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Divination Decks

Divinatory Systems ― The methods, forms, techniques, and apparati that have been used by humanity for divinatory purposes are virtually unlimited. In some sense almost any thing or process that may be observed with a reasonable amount of possible variation, may be interpreted along the lines of Divination. Of course a lot of the techniques have other uses beyond divining the future, past or unexplained; some are growth tools for various mental and spiritual aspects of a person. In modern times the big three in the Divinatory System arena are most likely Astrology, Tarot, and Yi Jing; which is not to minimize the potency of any of the others.

Most of the systems of Divination which we've listed here are highly specialized and focused and are only used for determining the future or exactly what is happening in a given situation. Whereas some of the systems have a wider arena or purview in which they work. For instance the Yi Jing, Tarot, Astrology, and Feng Shui, among others, have wide application in the fields of Meditation, Self-Knowledge, Spiritual Growth, in addition to their Divinatory powers.

As far as the naming of the different Divination Systems, many that are commonly used were created in the Dark Ages, and don't really fit the activities included. But since we consider Archaic Greek to be a living language (though we only have a familiarity with the written forms, and not the spoken), this is not a big problem for us, so we've cleaned up and revised the names of some with close to total abandon.

Below the basic conceptual links, we have added links to a tiny smattering of links to info on some of the Divinatory Systems which have had enough adherents down through the ages to leave a permanent record of their activities, so far as we can tell.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinor, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Ægyptian, Maltese, Sumerian Oneiromancy, Ætheromancy, Acultomancy, Aeromancy, Aichomancy, Ailuromancy, Alectormancy, Alectryomancy, Aleuromancy, Alomancy, Alpha or Syllabic Boards and Planchets, Alphitomancy, Ambulomancy, Amniomancy, Anemomancy, Antholagniamancy_DS, Anthomancy, Anthracomancy, Anthropomancy, Apantomancy, Apports, Aquamancy, Arachnomancy, Archetypomancy, Ariolatiomancy, Arithmancy, Armomancy, Asian Astrology, Aspidomancy, Astragalomancy, Astrology, Astromancy, Augury, AuraReading, Austromancy, Automatic Writing, Axinomancy, Batraquomancy, Belomancy, Bibliomancy, Bioorheomancy, Black Mirror Scrying, Botanomancy, Botanopyromancy, Brontomancy, Bubliomancy, Bubliotreptosomancy, Capnomancy, Carromancy, Cartomancy, Catoptromancy, Catoxtromancy, Cattabomancy, Causimancy, Causimomancy, Ceneromancy, Cephaleonomancy, Ceraunomancy, Ceromancy, Chalcomancy, Channelling, Chaomancy, Chartomancy, Chirognomy, Chiromancy, Chronomancy, ClairAudiance, ClairCognizance, ClairGustorance, ClairKinesthesance, ClairOlorance, ClairSentience, ClairSynesthesiance, ClairTactealance, ClairVoyance, Cleidomancy, Cleromancy, Cloud Scrying, Conchomancy, Coscinomancy, Crithomancy, Cromnyomancy, Crystal Ball Scrying, Crystal Scrying, Crystallomancy, Cubomancy, Cybermancy, Cymomancy, Cyphermancy, Dactyliomancy, Dactylomancy, Daimōnomancy, Daktulithomancy, Daphnomancy, Deigmaphalainamancy, Demasomancy, Demonomancy, Dendreoschemamancy, Diazomaimancy, Divinor, Dowsing, Drimimancy, Dririmancy, Eisoptokhoremamanteos, Elemental Divination Systems, Enoptromancy, Entomomancy, Enopeomancy, Enoptromancy, Entomomancy, Erotomancy, Extispicy, Feng Shui, Fire Scrying, Floksomancy, Floromancy, Fonēomancy, Gastromancy, Geloscopy, Gematria, Geomancy, -gnomy Suffix, Grammatōeklektōmancy, Graphology, Graptomancy, Gyromancy, Haematomancy, Halomancy, Harumancy, Hepatomancy, Hieromancy, Hippomancy, Homeromancy, Horoscope, Hydromancy, Hypnomancy, Ichneumonomancy, Ichnomancy, Ichthyomancy, Iconomancy, Idengraphy, Idolomancy, Idosomancy, Impetrativa, Ink Scrying, Iridomancy, Isopsephia, Jyotish Astrology, Keladomancy, Kephalonomancy, Keraunomancy, Khrionomancy, Knetheaomancy, Knissomancy, Knocking, Kolposamancy, Koniomancy, Kopomancy, Kopophiliamancy, Krouomancy, Kuklomancy, Kymatomancy, Labiomancy, Lacedaemonimancy, Lampadomancy, Lecanomancy, Lexicamancy, Libanomancy, Liknonomancy, Lithomancy, Logarithamancy, Logomancy, -logy Suffix, Luo Pan, Lychnomancy, Machaeromancy, Macromancy, Maculomancy, -mancy Suffix, Manitariomancy, Mantei, Mantology, Margaritomancy, Mathemancy, Meconomancy, Medium, Meliomancy, Melissomancy, Metagnomy, Metagnomancy and Metagnomscopy, Meteormancy, Metopomancy, Micromancy, Mirror Scrying, Mo Divinations, Moleoscopy, Molybdomancy, Moromancy, Morphoklasmamancy, Morphomancy, Myomancy, Mysomancy, Namertēsomancy, Narcomancy, Necromancy, Necyomancy, Nephoseidomancy, Netjeroomancy, Netromancy, New Aeon English Qabala, Nomancy, Novocentomancy, Numenomancy, Numerology, Numeromancy, Oblavita, Oculomancy, Odontomancy, Oenomancy, Officiant Utterance, Oil Scrying, Ololygmancy, Omens, Omoplatoscopy, Omphalomancy, Oneiromancy, Onokefalomancy, Onomancy, Onomatomancy, Onychomancy, Oomancy, Ophidiomancy, Ophiomancy, Oracle, Ophiomancy, Oracle Bones, Oracular Utterance, Oreomancy, Orgiamancy, Ornithomancy, Oryctomancy, Osteomancy, Ossomancy, Ostrakodermomancy, Otomancy, Ouija Board, Ouranomancy, Pallomancy, Palmistry, PanClairEsthesiance, Panopliomancy, Pantomancy, Papyromancy, Pedomancy, Pegomancy, Pendulum, Pessomancy, Phallomancy, Phrenology, Phyllomancy, Phyllorhodomancy, Phylloromancy, Physiognomancy, Planchette, Plastromancy, Pneumancy, Podomancy, Poluēkhiamancy, Pool Scrying, Portents, Precognition, Prenestine Lots, PreSentience, Prionomancy, Pronoeomancy, Prosoponomancy, Psephomancy, Psuchopaionomancy, Psychēpatassōmancy, Psychic Ability, Psychography, Psychomancy, Psychomantium, Psychometry, Psycodunamy, Pygosomancy, Pyromancy, Pyropaprimancy, Pythoness Utterance, Qimancy, Querent, Radiesthesia, Reador, Retromancy, Rhabdomancy, Rhapsodomancy, Rhizomatamancy, Roadomancy, Rune Divination, Scapulimancy, Scarpomancy, Scatomancy, Schematomancy, Sciomancy, Scrying, -scopy Suffix, Séance, Selenomancy, Shell Scrying, Sibylline Utterance, Sidereal Astrology, Siderealomancy, Sideromancy, Signs, Skatharomancy, Skopein, Skyfeonomancy, Smoke Scrying, Somatomancy, Sortilege, Spasmatomancy, Spatilomancy, Spheromancy, Sphexomancy, Spodomancy, Star Field Scrying, Stareomancy, Stazoanthomancy, Sterkomancy, Sternomancy, Stichomancy, Stizomancy, Stoikheionomancy, Stolisomancy, Sycomancy, Symbolpsefomancy, Syngrafentosrinosomancy, Table Tipping, Tài Xuán Jīng , Talking Boards, Tarot, Tasseography, Tephromancy, The Chaldean Oracles, The Cup of Djemscheed, The Oracle of Apollo at Delphi, The Oracle of Ḡāēä at Delphi, Theomancy, Theriomancy, Thrioboly, Thumomancy, Tokseumaetronomancy, Topomancy, Transataumancy, TrapezadiairōmancyTrigonomancy, Trochomancy, Tropical Astrology, Tuphramancy, Tyromancy, Uranomancy, Urimancy, Water Scrying, Water Witching, Xenomancy, Xyloakinētomancy, Xylomancy, Yarrow Sticks, Yi Jing, Zetetas, Zōomancy, and, of course Zygomancy

Divine

Divine Command Ethics ― What is right is to do what your Deity says is right. Proponents: Almost every Western religion since the Roman empire. Notes: Any religious ethics will have a form of authority to tell us exactly what God says is right; that authority is usually in one of two forms. The word of a holy person or leader, such as the Pope, the Dalai Lama, a shaman, etc. who is recognized by a society as having special knowledge of divinity, authorizing him or her to speak on behalf of God. Or, a sacred text written by someone believed to have that authority. A text can be considered divinely inspired (such as the Bible, Koran, or the Vedas) or not (such as the Upanishads). In all cases, the rules will be fairly cut and dried, and it is believed that everyone would get along fine if everyone followed them properly. Some Divine Commands, therefore, are still followed by those who are not religious, and have had great influence on public policy, such as the 10 Commandments and the Golden Rule ("Do unto others as you would have them do unto you") from the Bible. Criticisms: Is there a God? If there is no God, then there's no reason to follow Gods law, since nothing will happen to you if you break that law (except perhaps the disapproval of one's peers) because the only reason the laws are right is because God says they are and He'll punish you if you break them. If one argues that God loves the laws because they are good laws, then what makes them good: the law's intrinsic justice or Gods love of them? And how does one know the difference between what laws are actually divinely inspired and what are our own creation? We are still logically responsible for our reasons for how we know it was God who laid down the law, and appealing to an authority usually isn't enough.

Divine Essence

Divine Forces ― Divine Forces

Divinity ― The state or quality of being divine, ergo: an entity or force which is identified with what is often called the Godhead, normally a Goddess or God, or that which is the expression of, emanates from, or relates to one or more such Entities.

Divinor ― When the term Divinor is used in reference to divination, it generally refers to a person who views and interprets any type of divination, as well as those who provide the casting or other setup, in those types of divination which are not strict interpretation of natural phenomena. And as such it's sort of a super-category, though it's still nested within a few others; all Divinors are Practitionors; some are Officiants,especially when the divination is of the Ariolatiomancy type; and many have some forms and techniques in common with the Shamanic Practitionor

Many terms exist and are used to indicate specific types of Divinors, including but not limited to: Ariolator, Aruspex, Augur, Channellor, Clairaudiant, Claircognizant, Clairgustorant, Clairkinesthesant, Clairkinesthesant, Clairolorant, Clairsentiant, Clairsynesthiant, Clairtactealant, Clairvoyant, Evocator, Forecastor, Gazor, Harbingor, Haruspex, Μαντις (Mantis) (if you prefer a term from Ægean roots) [note: the specific Ὀρθόμαντις (Orthomantis) meaning true Prophet, may come in handy from time to time; like the term High Priestess it indicates a personal attestation of fact.], Medium, M'malääå (if you prefer a term from Ægyptian roots), Oracle, Prognosticator, Prophet, Pythia, Pythoness, Reador, Seer, Sibyl, Soothsayer, Theomancer, Visionary, and Völva. Indeed many Divination Systems are so wide-spread and well-known that their Practitionors have specific terms for their praxis, just for those who practice that particular Divination System, such as Astrologer, Numerologist, Palmist, Medium, Channelor,

You may notice as well that we use the -or suffix and -ant suffix exclusively for Practitionor terms, including all Divinor types, excepting some specific traditional titles. The reason for this is three-fold, first the -or suffix and -ant suffix, both mean only "the person (or entity) who . . . ", whereas -er, and -ent suffixes have the same meanings, but amongst numerous other meanings; second, using a slightly different word also differentiates these terms from their more mundane semi-parallels (in the sense that Mægik differs from magic, though they are pretty much homophones), where this occurs; third, we love creating neologisms, or making up words, if you prefer (if you do not prefer, you should probably leave the site now, as it will doubtless be a 'vale of tears' for your delicate constitution, please remember not to let the door hit you in the . . . oh well, nevermind; regardless, we have no need for grammar nazis, already possessing all the doorstops we could ever use).

Some Divination Systems require teams of Divinors, instead of single Practitionors, such as in some types of Oracle Werk, where one Divinor receives and utters the prophecy in enigmatic form, and then one or more other members of the team processes the interpretation to the point where the Querent may be able to understand it. The Modern Oracle respects the traditional enigmatic prophetic verses alongside the more coherent prophetic verses as well. Enigmatic verses for instance needed to be translated for seekers of prophecy for the Oracle of Delphi. Oracles that divine information coherently have no need for interpreters for they are coherent enough during the divining to interpret their own findings.

See also: Practitionor, , The Gifts and Persuasions, and Officiant

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Doctrinal Purity

Doctrinal Statements

Doctrine of Signatures

Dókha ― Greek term for opinion, belief, or judgment, as opposed to systematic knowledge: Epistêmê. According to Plato, this encompasses the lower portion of the divided line.

Donar Water ― When the term Donar Water is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to Water collected during thunderstorms, specifically for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Donar water, is named after the Germanic thunder God, due to it being water gathered during a thunderstorm. The higher than normal electrical charge of this Water gives it resonances which from a Mægickal perspective this water is very powerful. When the lightning strikes and the thunder booms, then you should be putting bowls out in the garden to collect the Donar water (also sometimes called invigorated water). I particularly use Donar water for spells and rites that require a strong element of growth. It may also be used for encouraging plants to grow, particularly if you are trying to cultivate herbs which are trickier to work with, like mandrake, ginger or galangal."

specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Door ― When the term Door or Doorway is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a physical or visualized model of a Doorway, or in other words an opening which leads from one level to another, or one reality to another, and includes a closure for the opening; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Dorje or Vajra ― When the term Dorje or Vajra is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a short rod, normally made of metal, with open cages at both ends and a ball in the middle; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. The dorje symbol came to Tibetan Buddhism from Hinduism. In Sanskrit, dorje is called vajra. Vajra means, thunderbolt or diamond, and the vajra is indestructible. The vajra is like a diamond, because it can destroy, but it cannot be destroyed. The vajra represents spiritual power. In Sanatana Dharma, the Vajra is the weapon of Indra (the god of rain, lightning, and the sky). The vajra symbol also destroys ignorance.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Doron ― Doron as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Δῶρον (1) a present; (2) a sacrifice, gift, offering

See also: Δῶρον

Double Cube Altar ― When the term Double Cube Altar is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a square based altar that is twice the height of one side of the base, as if two perfect cubes were stacked; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Double Torches ― When the term Double Torches is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to Possibly Διδύμῳδάος (Didumodaos) in Greek, which is probably only fair since the most plentiful and specific examples come from the body of Ægean Literature and Art. When the term Double Torches is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools and/or Foci it generally refers to two torches or firebrands carried by a single person, in some sort of ritual context. Officiants in the general Psychopomp category are often shown with the two torches, and the implication that they are leading or offering to lead, or light the way for a Celebrant or group of Celebrants to reach the venue for the next section of a ritual process. It is also a frequent attribute of certain of the Deity forms, for instance H̅êк̣'к̄ŭt̄ā (Hekkate), and Ἐἰλείθυιἀ (Eileithyia), Дĭm̃'m̄ĭt̄я̄ā (Demetra) was also sometimes shown with two torches, though they were usually smaller, possibly indicating a difference in function. The two torches when shown in the hands of a Psychopomp, or a Deity form, are shown in a very similar manner to the illustrations where relay racers (such as in the for Eros in Athens) are shown in a pivotal moment in a race where they have received the torch from the preceding racer, and have not yet passed their previously held torch back to that racer, before going on through their part of the relay.

The twoness as well may suggest the idea of a choice, a going forward or back, and in context definitely evokes the liminality or "threshold" experience, the Psychopomp especially indicates a guide, or at least the offer of a guide for the "walk between the worlds". The resonance of the two torches in ritual and the two torches at the various pivotal moments in a relay race (which of course were mostly enacted as a portion of a sacred event themselves) adds a good deal of depth to the meanings of the Double Torches when they do appear in the hands of a Psychopomp.

specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Doubt

Dough-Ball Divination ― see Mo Divination

Dowsing ― When the term Dowsing is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination to find lost things, or locate unknown things, under the earth using rods or twigs which are drawn down in the presence of the sought. Water is most commonly Dowsed for, but Dowsing is not limited to that.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Draconian Path ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Dravidian ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Drawing ― When the term Arts is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to

See also: Graphic Visual Arts, Art

Dream ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, accessing subconscious information while in a sleeping state and/or interpreting such information for the purposes of exploring aspects of spirituality.

Dreams and Visions ― A MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, which is ordinarily characterized by much emphasis being placed on

Drimimancy and Drimiscopy ― When the term Drimimancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by examination of bodily fluids, particularly bile and other pungent, acrid bodily fluids.

The term Drimimancy is derived from the Greek words: Δριμύς (Drimys) meaning pungent, piercing, sharp, keen, bitter, acrid, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Dririmancy and Dririscopy ― When the term Dririmancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by observing dripping blood.

The term Dririmancy is derived from Drimimancy adjusted by the Middle English Drir, meaning blood.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Drugs ― Drugs, both botanical and chemical have played a part in Humanity's development since very early in the process, if not from the very beginning. They have an amazingly wide range of effect, beneficial, deleterious, and combinations of the two, which further to some extent varies from one individual to the next, making categorization and generalization of any type all but useless. The most critical discussions generally have to do with what are termed Psychoactive drugs, in that they seem to effect the way that we view reality (or realities), and in some cases seem to adjust the very states of consciousness from which we view and interpret our surrounding. Many of these Psychoactive compounds in fact appear to either produce states of expanded consciousness (or at least give glimpses of them) which are normally only obtained through extensive metaphysical praxis over a long period of time (ChemoGnosis). Obviously this may be viewed in a wide range of ways varying from being a very good thing to being a very bad thing. On the one hand, for the serious seeker, to be able to glimpse some of the goals of their pursuits can be quite motivating and enheartening. On the other hand these effects may encourage a spiritual lazyness, and escapism rather than growth which will not benefit either the individual or the species. This of course does not even address those who will take these substances simply recreationally, with no spiritual or metaphysical goals in mind at all, and for those, in addition to the almost certain harmful effects one could expect, we also have to realize that their experiences with be qualiatively changed as well. Many tales have circulated, anecdotally dealing with the goings on and debates among the members of the hidden enlightened entities which busy themselves with the goings-on in the Human spheres, involving intense disagreement on the value of the widespread diffusion of availability of these substances throughout the globe, divided on the basic possibilities outlined above. There have been many attempts to codify the possibilities of path-werkings involving the various Psychoactive compounds. One particularly insightful analysis is contained in a triptych of books by Dale Pendell, PharmakoPoeia, PharmakoDynamis, and PharmakoGnosis. He writes about the botanical allies 'humans have always associated with, and the pharmakon,'the drug that is both poison and cure'. In these werks, Mr. Pendell develops (in addition to some fairly amazing insights as to the general nature of the field of Taxonomy itself) a system of categorized the various Psychoactive compounds according to their field of effect, which seems incredibly sensible. He developed fifteen categories into which he sorted his extremely indepth musings on each of more than 50 compounds. Thanatopathia, Inebriantia, Rhapsodica, Euphorica, Pacifica, Existentia, Evaesthetica, Metaphysica, Phantastica, Empathogenica, Daimonica, Hypnotica, Charismatica, Excitantia, Telephorica One of the interesting things that Mr. Pendell did in each of his free associative analysises of each compound is to discuss the various Artists who used the drug, and both by listing them and relating various events from their lives relating to their use, shades nuances of meaning into the overall understanding of the general effects.

See also: Taxonomy

Druid Craft of the Wise ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Druid Reconstructionalists ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Druidic ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in what is known of the praxis, rituals, and magick of the early Keltic and PreKeltic Poet and Priest class known as the Druids and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Many expressions of the tradition exist, and their differences have often been cause for dissension in the Pagan community. Also known as Druidry. The Druids were the priests and the law in pre-Roman Europe, as well as magicians, scientists, and historians. They were there even before the Gaelic people came. When the Kelts took over, they integrated the Druidic religion into their own, and kept the Druids as their priests and lawgivers, since the Kelts in general were content to be the warrior class. The Druids were exempt from military service, being holy people. Druids themselves did not allow the writing of their teachings. Writing was considered a memory aid, and they wanted their students to develop their memorization skills. It was also believed that writing something down detracted from its power, demeaning the thing written down. The other reason for the scarcity of writings concerning the Druids is that the Romans considered such writings to be dangerous and heretical, and destroyed all they came across. Some Antiquarians maintain that Druidism as an organized order was founded by Hu Gadarn Hyscion, or Hu the Mighty, when he led a party of settlers from the patriarchal lands of Asia Minor to Britain. However, archeological research indicates that the order may have originated in Keltic Gaul (from whence it spread to Britain) a few centuries before the Roman conquest. We should also note that the precepts that form "Druidism" as a faith were much older than the actual Druidic order which was probably the descendant of the Keltic equivalents of tribal shamans.

Drumming ― Many cultures use the drumbeat as a way to trance, meditate or pray. Drumming facilitates emotional, spiritual and physical wellness in a supportive environment.

Druse or Druze ― see- Mowahhidoon

Dualism/Monism

Duffle ― in the context of the Vonnegutian Bokononist Religion is "the destiny of thousands upon thousands of persons when placed in the hands of a Stuppa.

DuoTheism ― A MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that postulates Two Divine Forces.

Duprass ― in the context of the Vonnegutian Bokononist Religion is "a Karass composed of only two persons". The members of a Duprass die within a week of each other. A Duprass "is a valuable instrument for gaining and developing, in the privacy of an interminable love affair, insights that are queer but true." It "is also a sweetly conceited establishment."

Durative

Durative Ægypt ― The Eternal version of the Beautiful Land, Ancient TaMer was embued with the concept that all proper actions and thoughts were building toward the creaton of a eternal perfected version of exactly what was had in Ancient, Early Dynastic and/or Pre-Dynastic Egypt where they would be able to exist forever.

Durative Time ― Eternal Time, not a listing of all events that happened in Chronometric time, but a deeper level of time where by certain measures Archetypes may be created and established as to what something is in Eternity.

Dynion Mwyn ― a Welsh tradition named for the faery folk. It emphasizes historical lineage, religious equality, and Welsh mythology and lore. The American branch of Dynion Mwyn, is called Y Tylwyth Teg.

Dyson Spheres ― A Dyson sphere is a hypothetical megastructure originally described by Freeman Dyson. Such a "sphere" would be a system of orbiting solar power satellites meant to completely encompass a star and capture most or all of its energy output. Dyson speculated that such structures would be the logical consequence of the long-term survival and escalating energy needs of a technological civilization, and proposed that searching for evidence of the existence of such structures might lead to the detection of advanced intelligent extraterrestrial life. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dyson_sphere


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Definitions, Premisses, and Info Index by Sound and Letter

Capital A with ring aboveÅ   Capital A with macronĀ   Capital A with breveĂ   Capital A with diaeresisÄ   Capital A with circumflex   Capital A with dot aboveȦ   Capital A with inverted breveȂ   Capital A with tildeà   Capital A with ogonekĄ   Capital AE ligatureÆ   Capital AE ligature with tildeÆ̃   Capital Glottal Stop   Capital Palatoalveolar Click   Regular English AA   Script Capital L   Capital L with macron above   Capital L with dot below   Capital L with stroke, Dark L Ł   Regular English LL   Capital WHω   Capital W with macron above   Capital W with dot below   Regular English WW   Capital Slide H with reverse solidusℋ⃥   Capital H with macron above   Capital H with dot below   Aspirate   Slight Pause   Very Slight Pause   Regular English HH   Capital S with macron above   Capital S with dot above   Capital SH sign   Capital SKΣ   Regular English SS   Hard and Deep Capital DД   High and Light Capital D   Regular English DD   Capital O with ring above   Capital O with macronŌ   Capital O with breveŎ   Capital O with diaeresisÖ   Capital O with solidusØ   Capital OE ligatureŒ   Capital O with Cyrillic Round OmegaѺ   Capital OI   Capital O with ogonekǪ   Capital O with double oo top   Regular English OO   Capital EZJHʑ   Capital Z with macron below   Capital Z with dot aboveŻ   Regular English ZZ   Capital K with macron aboveК̅   Capital K with dot below К̣   Capital Hard KHχ   Capital KHƙ   Regular English KK   Capital V with macron above   Capital V with dot below   Regular English VV   Capital G with macron   Capital G with dot aboveĠ   Capital GNΓ   Capital GRЖ   Capital GWCapital GW   Capital Uvular Voiced ImplosiveϘ   Regular English GG   Capital rolled R with macronЯ̅   Capital rolled R with dot aboveЯ̇   Capital R with macron above   Capital R with dot above   Capital R with ogonek   Regular English RR   Capital C with cedillaÇ   Capital CHЧ   Regular English CC   Capital N with macron above   Capital N with dot below   Capital N with tildeÑ   Capital NGŋ   Capital NG with macron aboveŋ̅   Regular English NN   Capital Y with macron above Ȳ   Capital Y with dot above   Capital Y with yaw aboveЎ   Regular English YY   Capital J with macron aboveЈ̅   Capital J with dot belowЈ̣   Regular English JJ   Capital U with a ring aboveŮ   Capital U with macronŪ   Capital U with breveŬ   Capital U with circumflex aboveÛ   Capital U with diaeresisÜ   Regular English UU   Capital F with macron above   Capital F with dot above   Regular English FF   Capital Q with macron above   Capital Q with dot above   Regular English QQ   Capital B with macron   Capital B with dot below   Trilled BTrilled B   Regular English BB   Capital M with macron   Capital M with dot below   Capital M with tilde   Capital MBCapital MB   Capital MG   Regular English MM   Capital X with macron above   Capital X with dot above   Regular English XX   Capital I with macronĪ   Capital I with breveĬ   Regular English II   Capital T with macron above   Capital T with dot below   Capital TH voicedΘ   Capital TH voicelessÞ   Capital TSЦ   Capital TSCHЩ   Regular English TT   Capital E with macronĒ   Capital E with breveĔ   Capital E with circumflexÊ   Capital schwa Ə   Regular English EE   Capital P with macron above   Capital P with dot above   Capital pTCapital pT   Regular English PP

Greek Words   Ægyptian Words   Sumerian Words   Sanskrit Words

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