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Special Note: Garden of Life uses a large number of specially purposed English words, often spelled slightly differently than regular, to make their specific meaning more apparent. We also use a large number of neologisms, specifically constructed for Temple use. All of this type of terminology is defined in several places on the website, here in the Garden of Life website Definitions pages, in the Articles of Organization glossary, and such. If you are viewing this page in a browser which doesn't support full current Unicode coding or if you haven't installed current free Unicode fonts, such as Code2000 version 1.171 at FontSpace or Alphabetical List of Unicode Fonts, many of the phonetic characters, diacritical marks, and symbols in these pages will not show up or will show up as boxes. Availability changes so you may have to do a search. It's a free font for personal use, so we can send you a copy if you can't find it. And the display probably won't be perfect anyway, but it's getting closer all the time. At the risk of belabouring the extremely obvious, this page is a work in progress, with quite a distance to go before it sleeps. All of these Attributions are from our perspective. We are not putting them forward as objective fact. We welcome all feedback at Defs@gardenoflifetemple.com, though we do not guarantee to process such feedback other than for ascertainable accuracy and usefulness. Thanks.
 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ē ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

Ēäñ ― An Ēäñ is an indefinite period of time, the fact of it being considered as a whole thing is assigned more by its cohesive nature than by any arbitrary unit or units of linear time. Transitions from one Ēäñ to the next is most often characterized by major shifts in the Paradigms of the Civilization of such Era. Ēäñs may be in some cases be correlated to Astronomically determinable changes, most often the Precession of Equinoxes. The position of the Sun on the Vernal Equinox moves along the eliptic into a new Constellation of the traditionally considered twelve sign Zodiac approximately every two millennia. This determination reflects the Vernal Equinox's motion as figured according to the Astronomical sightings of the Ecliptic rather than the Western or Tropical Astrological System, since in the Western System the Vernal Equinox is how the 0° of Aries is determined rather than the actual location of the Constellation in the heavens, this position is approximated differently by various Sideral Systems. Thus we speak of Earth civilization moving into the Age of Aquarius, as the Vernal Equinox retrogrades into the section of the Ecliptic dominated by the actual Constellation of Aquarius, even though in Western Astrology, (being sort of one house system overlayed upon another house system) that point is still thought of as being 0° Aries. In addition to the ÆgyptoSumerian above, the Mayan Culture also speculated approximate two millennia Ēäñç based on the apparent position of the Galactic Center. The term Ēäñ is an Anglicization of a Latin transliteration which originated in an archaic Ægean term Αἰϝών (Aiwon) evolving eventually into the Koine Greek word ὁ Αἰών (ho Aion), and had resonances of Life, Existence, and Eternity, which came to indicate any long indefinate period of time, that had enough common characteristics to be discussed as a unit.

Ēf̅ēв̄ ― A stage in the Life Cycle of Humans past Pubescence but prior to what is considered full Adulthood. A rough approximation is given as ~15 years old. The term Ēf̅ēв̄ is used in the context of the Temple to refer to Sentients past puberty but not fully adult, in all senses. The community begins to acknowledge, willing or unwillingly, more latitude in the Ēf̅ēв̄ making decisions for themselves.

Ēf̅ēв̄ Passage ― Garden of Life considers Werks acknowledging and/or commemorating Passages from one stage of a lifecycle to the next as Pagan Sacraments. The timing of such Celebrations are not determined solely by physical ages but by the Individuals actual attainment of that stage. The Ēf̅ēв̄ Passage and/or the ~15th Year Perfectioning - Near Adulthood Initiation. The Individual being intitiated gets a fair amount of personal control over the details of the Ēf̅ēв̄ Passage Celebration and/or Initiation, including the choice of whether to hold it as a formal event or not. A certain, perhaps large, amount of vacillation should be expected. However this is a very important phase in anyone's life, and extraordinary efforts to formally acknowledge these changes are probably well worthwhile, to the extent possible. The lack of Rites of Passage in modern Western society, especially commemorating this stage, may lie at the root of a multitude of issues, problematic to society as a whole.

Ēf̅öя̇ ― A phonetically constructed title for an advisory position based on the Greek root meaning advisor, one who sees, one who is wary.

Ēf̅öя̇ К̅ät̄ä Ñōm̃ōñ ― Within Garden of Life an Ēf̅öя̇ К̅ät̄ä Ñōm̃ōñ is defined as a secular interface officer whose purview is to advise the Council of Elder Officiants as to the existence and potential effects of statutes enacted by various secular governmental bodies that might affect Garden of Life Temple. The Ēf̅öя̇ must be elected by six/seventh majority vote of the Council of Elder Officiants from outside their ranks, to perform advisory functions for the Council of Elder Officiants.

Ēf̅öя̇ to the Council of Elder Officiants

Ēf̅öя̇ç ― Plural of Ēf̅öя̇.

Ēf̅öя̇ç from the Offices and other components of Garden of Life

Ēf̅öя̇ç Guild

Ēк̄'к̄ēç'çēäᴌ ― Ēк̄'к̄ēç'çēäᴌ is a phonetically constructed term with a meaning of: for, of, and/or pertaining to the praxis of a Temple Tradition derived from the Greek words: Ἐκκλησία (ekkleshesia) referring to an assembly of the citizens regularly summoned, or the legislative assembly; Ἐκκλησιάζω (ekkleshesiazo) meaning to hold an assembly, and the debate therein; and further from Ἐκκαλέω (ekkaleo) meaning: to call out, summon forth; and Ἐκκαλύπτω (ekkaloopto) meaning to uncover, discover, disclose, uncover one's head, unveil oneself.

Ēк̄'к̄ēç'çēäᴌ Structure ― The phrase Ēк̄'к̄ēç'çēäᴌ Structure is used within Garden of Life to refer to the delineated arrangement of membership and offices within the Temple.

Ēṗ'ṗĭṭ'ṭêℓ'ᴌōñ ― Ēṗ'ṗĭṭ'ṭêℓ'ᴌōñ is a phonetically constructed word based on a Greek root word meaning the full glory of Adulthood used within the context of the Temple to refer to Sentients in their peak years.

Ēṗ'ṗĭṭ'ṭêℓ'ᴌōñ Passage ― Garden of Life considers Werks acknowledging and/or commemorating Passages from one stage of a lifecycle to the next as Pagan Sacraments. The timing of such Celebrations are not determined solely by physical ages but by the Individuals actual attainment of that stage. Ēṗ'ṗĭṭ'ṭêℓ'ᴌōñ passage and/or Peak Adulthood Perfectioning. The Individual and their family and friends may choose to hold any type of Werking to commemorate this Passage.

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ĕ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

ĔÑ'ŬЯ̄Ј̅ÊĒÄ'M̃ÊT̅ÄP̅L̅ÆṠM̃ÄК̅ÖЯ̄ŌÇ
Ĕñ'ŭя̄j̄êēä'm̃êt̄äp̄ᴌæṡm̃äк̄öя̄ōç
― Ĕñ'ŭя̄j̄êēä'm̃êt̄äp̄ᴌæṡm̃äк̄öя̄ōç is a term for the Body of Matrices within a Tradition, and a Matrix School, both in the archaic sense of an assembly of Officiant Matrices and in the more modern sense of a School for younger or newer Matrices, the term may also be applied to any specific lands and/or buildings primarily used for those purposes. The Name Ĕñ'ŭя̄j̄êēä'm̃êt̄äp̄ᴌæṡm̃äк̄öя̄ōç is a phonetically constructed Institution Name based on the Archaic Greek rootwords: ἐνέργειαἐνέργεια meaning active, effective Werking; Μετάπλαεσμως meaning Transformation of, to Remold; and χῶρος meaning Country or clearly defined space for. In Temple context, a specifically designated space for the study of and learning to Intake; Weave, Increase and Potentiate; and Outflow the Transitive Mægikal Energies that are usually referred to as the Androgynous Energies; and the Body of Persons, attached to or Werking from or through that place.

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ê ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

Êя̇ĭs̄ (nomenclature vulgaris: Eris (Transpluto)) (Local Star System Component) ― Êя̇ĭs̄ is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system (Planet, Dwarf Planet, and or whatnot), referred to as "Eris", "Persephone", "Kore", "Xena" and/or "Transpluto" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

Êя̇ĭs̄ ― A phonetically constructed Goddess Name based on the Ægean Goddess, normally spelled Eris in English; one of Her primary attributes is normally considered to be the introduction and/or amplification of Kaos within any given situation.

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ə ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ E ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

Earrings ― When the term Earrings is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to decorative jewelry, often mad of precious metals and gemstones that either afix to the ear, or are mounted by hooks or studs through holes pierced in the ear; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Due to the Inanna/Ishtar Descent to the Great Below, and the resonance between the Gates and the Chakras, often the Earrings are considered to resonate with the purview of the Ajna Chakra

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Earth Mægik ― A mægickal system that draws primarily on the Element, Energies and Forces of the Earth and the reverence of Nature.

Earth (Local Star System Component) ― see: Ḡāēä (nomenclature vulgaris: Earth) (Local Star System Component)

Earth-Oriented-Spirituality Culture

Earth-Oriented-Spirituality Traditions ― Any religion which reveres the Earth, and Nature, as the manifestation of the Divine, and calls for harmony with Nature and all life and for ecology. Many Pagan traditions are Earth religions.

Earth Power Patterns ― Energy that forms patterns around and/or on the Earth, such as Hartmann Grids and Geopathic Zones, Ley-Lines and Crop Circles.
Hartmann Grids are composed of lines that form a grid around the earth running north to south and east to west. The north-south lines appear approximately every 6 feet 6 inches and the east-west lines appear approximately every 8 feet 2 inches. They extend to a height of 60-600 feet and were detected in 1950 by German medical doctor Ernst Hartmann. The worst place a person can sleep or work is over junctures or "Hartmann knots", where two Hartmann lines cross and radiation is intensified.
Geopathic Zones's direction is random and may be horizontal, vertical or diagonal. When natural radiation rises through the earth, its wavelength can be distorted by weak electromagnetic fields from subterranean running water, mineral concentrations, fault lines, underground cavities or other unnatural fields (high tension wires, satellite towers, electrical street poles, or fuse boxes). These distorted radiation fields can be harmful to some living organisms.

Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Eckankar Religion of the Light and Sound of God ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Eckankar is a unique religious and spiritual path, sometimes called the Religion of the Light and Sound of God. Its name can be translated " co-worker with God". Eckankar members are called ECKists or ECK chelas. ("Chelas" means "student"). Eck teachings have ancient roots. Unfortunately much knowledge was lost to history until Paul Twitchell (Paulji) rediscovered it. He founded Eckankar in 1965 and established it as a non-profit religious organization in 1970. Details of Twitchell's life are obscure: his date of birth has been listed variously as 1908, 1912 and 1922. Eckankar followers believe that he studied under two Eck Masters: Sudar Singh in Paris and India, and an elderly monk Rebazar Tarzs in Tibet. They believe that he received the title of the 971st Eck Master from Tarzs in 1965, thus becoming the latest in a series of Masters which began before recorded history. Some of the past Masters are known historical figures; most have been solitary practitioners or have taught small groups. Paul Twitchell apparently gained additional knowledge from Kirpal Singh, an Eastern Guru, founder of the Ruhani Satsang movement. After Paul Twitchell's death in 1971, Darwin Gross, the 972nd Eck Master became the Mahanta of Eckankar. (A Mahanta is the spiritual leader of Eckankar, a "living manifestation of God"). Subsequently, Sri Harold Klemp (1942-) became the 973rd Eck Master in 1981; he now heads the movement as its Mahanta.


Beliefs:
• Sugmad is a sacred name of God. God is perceived as neither male nor female.
• An ECK current connects every person with the Heart of Sugmad. It flows from the Creator to the lower levels of existence and then returns to God.
It is often called the Holy Spirit. ECK manifests itself in two forms:
• an "Inner Sound", the "Voice of God calling us home". The Sound may be present as a sound of nature or as music.
• an "Inner Light which is a beacon to light our way". During spiritual exercises, the light sometimes materializes as "brightness or colors on your inner visual screen".

• Eckankar believes in the duality of the soul and body. The soul is the inner, most sacred part of an individual. It is eternal, without beginning or end. It lives only in the present. One's soul can exist and travel separately from the body and even from the mind.
• A person is capable of exploring other planes of existence, through Soul Travel.
Unlike "Astral Projection" which is taught by other spiritual traditions,
Soul Travel is not limited to the Astral Plane; it allows you to go further and explore any of the God worlds.
• Among the 11 worlds there are 5 lower (psychic or material) and 6 upper (spiritual) planes.
Each has a regular name; a classical name; an associated sound and light; a Temple of Golden Wisdom and a guardian.
The lower planes are:

• Physical plane: the coarsest material level
• Astral plane: the "source of human emotion, psychic phenomena, ghosts and UFOs".
• Causal plane: where memories of previous lives are stored
• Mental plane: which contains the source of ethics, moral teachings and philosophy
• Etheric plane: this is the boundary with the higher worlds.
It is the source of the "subconscious and primitive thoughts".

Before entering the spiritual levels, the chela (student) discards their mind and continues in their Tuza (soul).
• Eckankar has a concept of Karma that is somewhat similar to that found in Sanatan Dharma.
Through attachment to the five passions (anger, greed, lust, undue attachment to the physical world and vanity) one's bad karma accumulates.
This requires a person to be reincarnated at death, in order have an opportunity to work off the debt of karma in their next life.
The goal of Eckists is to pay off all of this accumulated debt and achieve Self-Realization in their present life.
Once this state is reached, at death one need not return and spend another lifetime on earth. One is freed from the endless cycles of reincarnation.
• Eckankar is regarded by its followers as the best (but not the only) path to God-realization. Christianity is recognized as an alternate path that can aid a follower to achieve a degree of enlightenment. Christians, and others, may join Eckankar without renouncing their existing religion.
Practices:

• Eckankar does not attempt to evangelize the world by aggressively converting individuals to their religion. They do not actively proselytize. However, they do advertise their presence and distribute literature to interested persons.
• Members generally sing or chant a mantra for 20 to 30 minutes each day. HU (pronounced "hue") is a common mantra; it is an ancient name for God, and is considered a love song to God.
• Various spiritual exercises are promoted by the organization: chanting, contemplation, meditation, singing, trance work and visualization techniques are used to achieve soul travel. Travel during dreams is an area of growing importance in the movement. Dreams are regarded as an important teaching tool; a "look into the heavenly worlds". Members are urged to keep a dream journal to facilitate study.
• Worship Services consist of a readings, singing "HU", silent contemplation and an open discussion. It "may also include music, group singing and talks".
• Initiations mark an individual's spiritual progress within Eckankar. At the Second Initiation, one makes a personal commitment. At the fifth initiation, one becomes a Mahdis (High Initiate) and a member of the ECK clergy.
• Members who have reached the Second Initiation are urged to conduct a partial or full fast each Friday.

• Eckankar considers abortion, divorce, sexual orientation, and a decision to terminate life to be personal matters.
They discourage the use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs. Many followers are active in a community service.

Eckankar Texts: Shariyat-Ki-Sugmand is the Eckankar Scripture. Paul Twitchell wrote many books including Eckankar, The Key to Secret Worlds, Consciousness, The Key to Life, and Stranger by the River.

Eclectic ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, which is ordinarily characterized by much emphasis being placed on locating Forms and Techniques from a variety of sources, trying out the ones that seem promising and accumulating those that appear to work for the Individuals involved. selecting and integrating beliefs, forms and techniques from diverse traditions and methodologies in a continual process without solidification into a new tradition

Eclectic Mægik ― A form of Ceremonial Mægik which is Mægik that calls upon the aid of beneficent spirits and is based upon a blend of doctrines of Plato and other Greek philosophers, Oriental mysticism, Judaism and Christianity. Eclectic Mægik draws from these sources in addition to a variety of different sources including Enochian Mægik, Thelemic Mægik, Egyptology, Alchemy and Chaos Mægik.

Eclectic Paganism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as such, and holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Eclectic Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the desirability of taking and combining elements from different Traditions to create their own unique system, as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Many solitary practitioners are considered to be Eclectic.

Eclectic Witchcraft ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the validity of constructing one's own praxis of Witchcraft as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Most simply put, an Eclectic Witch is an individual who picks and chooses from many different traditions to create a personalized form of witchcraft that meets his or her own needs and abilities.

Eclecticism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, Eclecticism indicates individuals and/or groups whose doctinal concepts (formal or otherwise) include the idea that the incorporation into their Tradition of the products of constant research, and/or happenstance discoveries of spiritual techniques and concepts is a desirable process; and their Tradition includes components from more than one of the other Orientations.

Eclecticist ― Individual who adheres to an eclectic approach, gathering parts from disparate sets.

Ecological Preservative Organizations

Ecstasy ― A state of being beyond reason and/or self-control characterized by intense emotional excitement and/or other sensations, rapturous delight typically manifested by intense activity or by profound calm and abstraction of mind, often referred to respectively as Dionysian or Apollonian Ecstasy, the intensity of the experience not being related to the type of manifestation.

Ecstatic ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, infusion with awe and wonder towards the holy, spiritual and/or otherworldly occurrences and/or impressions

Ecstatic States ― States characterized by Ecstasy, a state of Exaltation or Rapturous Delight usually of either a Dionysian (extroverted, demonstrative) or Apollonian (profound calm or abstraction of Mind, harmonious, measured and/or balanced) class. Which class does not reflect upon the intensity of the Experience, an Apollonian Ecstatic State may be extremely potent and a Dionysian one mild, or vice versa. The State itself is Beyond Reason and Self-Control through intense emotional excitement or other Sensation. The Greek root words imply Being without a place to stand, i.e. outside normal reality (out of the box).

Ecstatic Trance ― A Trance State in which intense absorption in Divine or Cosmic Matters is accompanied by a loss of sense perception and voluntary control.

Ee Ching 易 經 (ee-ching, yi-jing, yi-king, i-ching) ― see- Yi King

Effectuate

Efficacious

Efflorescence

Ego ― There are many interpretations of what the Ego is and isn't, should be, could be, and so forth, though they tend to cluster around the same general ideas. The Ego is generally considered to be the default centre of the field of consciousness and gives the individual his or her sense of purpose and identity. In some systems of thought the Ego may evolve into higher levels of consciousness while still staying itself. In others the Ego is replaced with a higher version of the self-conscious self. It organizes the conscious mind, mediating consciousness with the unconscious. The Ego is the precious "light" of consciousness which must always be guarded.

Egoism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Egoism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Belief that human conduct is governed by self-interest. Psychological egoism holds that all human beings are, as a matter of fact, motivated to act only in pursuit of their own (at least apparent) advantage, never for the sake of others. Ethical egoism is the normative theory that right conduct can be defined in terms of (an enlightened notion of) one's own welfare. Though often held jointly, the distinction between fact and value clearly renders the two views distinct: some might argue that human beings ought to act on their own behalf even though they don't always do so, while others could suppose that they invariably do act selfishly even though they ought not

Egotism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Egregoré ― In occult and metaphysical use, an Egregoré is an entity created by a group, consciously or unconsciously, that then posesses a mentality and vitality of its own. Normally non-corporeal, the power of the Egregoré is thought to be proportional to the number of individuals who spend energy creating and/or thinking towards it, as well as the amount of time so invested. Humanities folkloric entities, such as Santa Claus, Baba Yaga, the Goddess of Reason invested by the French Revolution, Lady Liberty, and so forth are examples of Egregorés. When any project is thought of as having "taken on a life of its own," this may indicate the existance of an Egregoré. Gaetan Delaforge, in Gnosis (magazine) in 1987, defines an Egregoré as a kind of group mind which is created when people consciously come together for a common purpose. Specific Werkings involving Egregoré are most common among practitionors of the Kaos Mægik Traditions. From the Greek Ἐγρήγοροι (Egregoroi) meaning. A Magikal entity purposefully created by a group or order as an encapsulation of the group's collective aspirations and ideals

Egregoric Campagne

Egyptian ― see: Ægyptian

Eidolon ― Eidolon as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ειδωλον is a technical mægickal term which has a number of similar meanings indicating variations on: image, idol, double, apparition, phantom, ghost, the astral double of a living being; a phantom-double of the human form; a shade or perispirit (In Spiritism the 'Perispirit' is the subtle body that is used by the spirit to connect with the perceptions created by the brain. The term is found among the extensive terminology originally devised by Allan Kardec in his books about Spiritism.); the kamarupa (in Theosophy Kamaloka is a semi-material plane, subjective and invisible to humans, where disembodied "personalities", the astral forms, called Kamarupa remain until they fade out from it by the complete exhaustion of the effects of the mental impulses that created these eidolons of human and animal passions and desires.) after death, before its disintegration. The phantom can appear under certain conditions to survivors of the deceased. The term Eidolon was referrenced by Edgar Allan Poe in his poem 'Dreamland'. It was earlier used as the subject of Walt Whitman's 'Eidolons'. The term Eidolon may also indicate an attribute that references a particular Deity but does not encompass that Deity's actual essence. For example, the Magus Card, Loki, fiber optic impulses, and the Trickster, may be considered by some as Eidolons of a Deity more often called Hermes or Mercury. Any and/or all of these attributes may evoke Hermetic energies and resonances; none of them capture the essence of the totality of Hermes. Another meaning may refer to a masque, alias and/or vessel that a Deity may choose to operate within or through, which vessel may also be an individual, or group.

See also: Ειδωλον

Eidos ― Eidos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Εἶδος The Greek concept of Form and Forms evolved from a state before the attested language where Form was represented by a number of words mainly having to do with sight and the processing of vision: the sight or appearance of a thing. As the theories moved into what is called the Classical period Forms started being typified as are essences of various objects and abstract concepts: they are viewed as being that without which a thing would not be the kind of thing it is. They are considered to have independent existence from the various exemplors which one might come across in the consensus reality, and to contain the immutable genuine nature of each thing. εἶδος is typically used to indicate the immutable genuine nature of a thing such as a figure or shape, designating members of the set of eternal transcendent forms apprehendable by human reason: Nous. By extension, the term "eidetic" is utilized to indicate phenomenological apprehension of essences in general.

See also: Εἶδος

Eight Circuit Consciousness ― Eight Circuit Consciousness refers to a Eightfold Model of Human Intelligence originally proposed by Dr. Timothy Leary, and later expanded on and explicated by Robert Anton Wilson and others, which although keeping firmly in mind that "the map is not the territory", contains concepts about Human Consciousness, utilizing a system that speaks of eight potential circuits, or mini-brains contained by, or anchored in the Human Nervous System. Robert Anton Wilson delineates: "Four of these (potential circuits or mini-)brains are in the usually active left lobe and are concerned with our terrestrial survival; four are extraterrestrial, reside in the "silent" or inactive right lobe, and are for use in our future evolution." Thumbnail descriptions of the Eight Circuits might contain: I. The Bio-Survival Circuit connected to Physical intelligence and Invertebrate reality; II. The Emotional Circuit connected to Emotional intelligence and Mammalian reality; III. The Dexterity-Symbolism Circuit connected to Mental intelligence and Paleolithic reality; IV. The Social-Sexual Circuit connected to Social intelligence and Civilized reality; V. The NeuroSomatic Circuit connected to Sensory intelligence and Hedonic reality; VI. The NeuroElectric Circuit connected to Psychic intelligence and Psionic reality; VII. The NeuroGenetic Circuit connected to Mythic intelligence and Immortal reality; and VIII. The NeuroAtomic Circuit connected to Spiritual intelligence and Cosmic reality. People utilizing any of the fourth through eighth circuits may be usefully referred to as Post-Larval Humans, whereas those who do not venture outside the first to fourth circuit may be usefully referred to as Larval Humans. Leading to the oft-repeated and doubtless valid warning: "The Post-Larval Must Be Very Cautious in Communicating with Larval humans". Much more information about these musings may be found at the Deoxy site article The Eightfold Model of Human Intelligence.

See also: Consciousness

Eight Limbs of Yoga ― (from the traditions of the Indus Valley)
Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi, there may be a correlation between Karma Yoga and Yama; between Bhakti Yoga and Niyama; between Raja Yoga and Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana and Dhyana; and between Jnana Yoga and Samadhi.

Eikásia ― Greek term used by Plato, to signify human imagination, which is focused exclusively on temporal appearances.

Eireannach ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Pronounced AIR-un-n'yock, this name is a catch-all of many Irish-influenced traditions.

Eisoptokhoremamanteos ― When the term Eisoptokhoremamanteos is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers the physical mirror-lined room or space, sometimes called a Ghost-closet or Ghost-booth, which may be used in divination by mirror-gazing, of ancient origination as well as current praxis. The mirror lined chamber had many uses beyond divination in the arena of the Spiritual, MetaPhysical, and/or Mægikal, for meditation, other contemplative endeavors, and ritual werkings.

Often referred to as a Psychomanteum, the Greek Εἴσοπτρον (Eisoptron), meaning mirror; Ξώρημα (Khorema) meaning room or space; and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination; suggests that Eisoptokhoremamanteos might be a more accurate title for this item.

See: Scrying, Catoptromancy, Catoxtromancy, Enoptromancy, Black Mirror Scrying, and Mirror Scrying or Skrying

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Ekstasis ― Ekastasis as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Έκ-στασις indicates a standing outside of one's self, particularly one's normal sense of self, and perhaps out of the consensus reality's time-space framework, thus correlated with the ecstatic experience which it has given name to in modern English. This may be considered with and contrasted to Ένστασις (Enstasis) which is to stand inside onself, in the sense of full consciousness and true Gnosos, which may be considered as a stage of Spiritual growth and/or a praxis toward such.

See also: Έκ-στασις

Élan Vital ― This is a topic that is neither unique to homeopathy nor an invention of Samuel Hahnemann. In fact, every healing philosophy and medical modality has some term for it, some method of naming this invisible, intangible force that animates us and allows our bodies to be self-healing, as do most Spiritual Traditions. This Energy and/or substance is also sometimes known as: Elan Vital [("momentum of life") for Bergson], Archeus [for Paracelsus], Lebenskraft [for Hahnemann], Chi [in Chinese Medicine], Orgone [for Reich], Entelecheia [for Aristotle], and Dynamis [(energy) for Hippocrates] Jay Yasgur's Dictionary of Homeopathic Medical Terminology gives us a good working definition of Vital Force: "That energy which maintains life in the individual. It is unique from person to person, each being endowed with his or her own quality of it. The vital force (Vitalism) is a unique principle distinct from chemical or physical phenomenon." This is the invisible force in each of us that allows our bodies to sustain life. In many other cultures and other healing systems it is referred to in other ways, from the dynamism of the ancient Greeks to the chi of Chinese medicine. But what it is, or where in the body it exactly exits, or what exactly it is comprised, no one can really say. Hahnemann referred to it as "Lebenskraft," which translates into English as "Vital Force," and, while the idea was not new with him, the term was Hahnemann's. He wrote: "In the healthy condition of man, the spiritual vital force, the dynamism that animates the material body, rules with unbounded sway, and retains all the parts of the organism in admirable, harmonious, vital operation as regards both sensations and functions, so that our indwelling, reason-gifted mind can freely employ this living, healthy instrument for higher purposes of our existence." Therefore, according to this quote, and to many others in The Organon, we would be mistaken to simply consider the Vital Force to be the human immune system. Although the immune function is certainly part of the Vital Force's many tasks; Hahnemann tells us that it is much more. It is the source of our senses and sensation, our animating function, our spark of life. And, so, we may be tempted to call the Vital Force the Soul. And certainly Hahnemann, steeped as he was in the Christian faith, must have also been tempted. But he never called them by the same name. For Hahnemann, the Vital Force was a gift from God, but one that remained separate from the soul. The soul was for him and for many others in the Vitalist movement the persona, the essence of the being. The Vital Force, on the other hand, was the energy that was equally available to all living things. It is the energetic connection to the source: to God. If this Vital Force remains untinged, the organism enjoyed total health. But, if the Vital Force became darkened, became blocked, illness set in.

Electromagnetism ― A form of energy that comes from an electric charge in motion, electromagnetism is used in medicine to relieve muscle aches, suppress pain, stimulate knitting of broken bones, pulverize kidney stones, and more. To heal broken bones, specialized electrodes that create a weak electromagnetic field are applied externally across a plaster cast or fracture site and worn during sleep until complete healing.

Electronic Arts ― When the term Electronic Arts is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to

See also: Art

Element Systems

Elemental ― When the term Elemental is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to

specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Elemental Altars ― When the term Elemental Altars is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci it generally refers to stands, tables, and/or cabinetry upon which assortments of Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci may be placed, which have resonance with specific Chakras, the standard set of seven, or whatever combination is recognized by the Tradition; specifically constructed for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Altars may be portable or permanent, and may range from simple table like structures to elaborate cabinetry

see also: Altar, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Elemental Cleansing Set ― When the term Elemental Cleansing Set is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to sets of implements used in and/or before Mægikal Werkings to perform Cleansings on the Celebrants, based on the different Elemental concepts, such as Spirit, Air, Fire, Water and Earth, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same,

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Elemental Correspondences to Directions ― The correlation of particular Elements to each Direction for utilization in Mægikal Werkings. Earth to North, Fire to East, Air to South, Water to West and Spirit to the Center, and Earth to North, Air to East, Fire to South, Water to West and Spirit to the Center, are the two most widespread correlations used in the modern Pagan Community. Indeed the Earth to North and Water to West is quite widespread across all times and Traditions. Generally speaking (which is never that safe) the Ægyptian and Sumerian based Traditions lean more to the first and the Keltic more to the second usage.

Elemental Divination Systems ― When the term Elemental Divination Systems is used in reference to categories of divination, it typically refers to Divination Systems which employ tools and techniques reflected one or more of the four or five Elements of the Classical Elemental Systems, known from the archaic gean civilizations various codifications, but usually of the Fire, Water, Air, and Earth, or Fire, Water, Air, Earth, and Quintessence listings. The more rarefied of these systems which depend on the essential Forces behind these Elemental manifestations are more often classified as

When considering the categories of divination in Elemental breakdown, most often the reference is to four or five element systems. In the most widely known five element system Ætheromancy, joins Hydromancy (or Aquamancy), Pyromancy, Aeromancy, and Geomancy, as Elemental Divination Systems.

Though not a precise match for umbrella terms including Divination Systems utilizing the Classical Western theories of the Elements, whether four or five elements are included; it is worth checking out terms derived from the Greek terms most closely related to the later concepts Rhizomatamancy, or Stoikheionomancy

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Elemental Implements ― When the term Elemental Implements is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci it generally refers to specific items or classes of items used in Circles and Werkings to resonate with a particular Elemental attribution, often in tandem with a Direction. Elemental Implements may be thought of as a subset of Mægikal Implements and Sacred Objects, being those which are strongly connected to one or more of the traditional Elements and/or Directions. designed to correlate with specific Elements, such as Spirit, Air, Fire, Water and Earth, and in some systems Ice, Wood, and/or Metal; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Eleusinian ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Eleutheria ― Eleutheria as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἐλευθερία generally pronounced [elefθe'ria] indicates the concept and/or personified essence of Freedom and Liberty. And as such plays an important role in many systems of philosophy, of course interpreted in many ways, though generally far removed from the interpretations critiqued in George Orwell's work. In addition to being a Deity name in its own right, Ἐλευθερία was also an epithet applied to other Goddesses, most frequently Artemis, especially in her Anatolian Traditions.

See also: Ἐλευθερία

Elf Fire ― When the term Elf Fire is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to the flame used to light the balefire. It may be Need Fire or fire started by friction without the use of metal. Or it may be lit by carrying a brand from a long time continuous fire. In some Traditions, Fire from a Lightning strike is moved to a hearth where it may be kept burning continuously for a long time or potentially forever, thus allowing for the Holiest of Fires. Due to the Sacred Nature attached to Blacksmithing and Wheelwrighting, and the fact that in many cases these fires were kept going indefinitely, in some Traditions the Sacred Fires are only lit via a Fire which starts when the Blacksmith strikes his Anvil with a Hammer and gets a spark, so the prohibition against Metal is dropped and a new paradigm which includes Metal in the Sacred is adopted. Elf fire is normally created without the use of metals. The town elders would keep the elf fire burning all year long, often as a hearth fire in the house of the mayor or an appointed keeper of the fire. It would be used to light the balefire at the end of the year, which in turn would be used to light a new elf fire from that year's village balefire. Today elf fire is used sometimes to refer to the fire used to light the balefire of a compass round.

specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Elijan Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Emanation ― That which inevitably flows outward from the transcendental central principle of reality ("the One") in the neoplatonic philosophy of Plotinus. Individual things, including human beings, are therefore presumed to be nothing more than the faint ripples left by a primordial big splash. The timeless reality of a central intelligence, Plotinus held, inexorably results in the formation of both soul as an active principle of organization and, eventually, inert matter.

Emergent property ― An irreducible feature (now commonly called supervenient) of a complex whole that cannot be inferred directly from the features of its simpler parts, thus, for example, the familiar taste of salt is an emergent property with respect to the sodium and chlorine of which it is composed.

Empathic Counselor ― An Empathic Counselor is a type of Practitionor who uses their ability to Empathize (feel what someone else is feeling in a situation which they themselves are not actually in) in order to assist others in processing their Emotions, Feelings, and Reactions. As posted on the Category Component Characteristics page for Types of Officiants in the Rose Recension Correspondences Codex, and elsewhere on the Garden of Life website: An Empathic Counselor when considered in an Officiant context, is an Officiant who either for a specific Werking, or as their preferred usual mode of Officiation directs their practitioning toward identifying what someone else is feeling, primarily in order to help the person deal with those feelings. This is not telepathy, the Empath does not know the actual specific thoughts of the person, but rather their emotions, attitudes, and state of mind, towards any given situation, and/or in general.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Empathy is the 'capacity' to share and understand another's 'state of mind' or emotion. It is often characterized as the ability to "put oneself into another's shoes", or in some way experience the outlook or emotions of another being within oneself. Empathy does not necessarily imply compassion, or empathic concern because this capacity can be present in context of compassionate or cruel behavior.

The English word is derived from the Greek word ἐμπάθεια (empatheia), "physical affection, passion, partiality" which comes from ἐν (en), "in, at" + πάθος (pathos), "feeling"[1] . The term was adapted by Theodore Lipps to create the German word Einfühlung ("feeling into") from which the English term is then more directly derived.[2] The modern Greek word εμπάθεια has an opposite meaning denoting strong negative feelings and prejudice against someone.

      [1] Empatheia, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, at Perseus
        [2] Preston, S. & de Waal, F. (2002). Empathy: its ultimate and proximate bases. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 25, 1-72.

empathy
1. the intellectual identification of the thoughts, feelings, or state of another person
2. capacity to understand another person's point of view or the result of such understanding

Empathogenica ― are those substances, natural and/or artificial, from plants, animals, and minerals, as well as elemental chemical processes, which

There are numerous systems of taxonomy of psycho-active substances, we are including terms from poet and ethnobotanist Dale Pendell's system here, as it seems to us to be the most comprehensive and consistent. His system is laid out in his remarkable non-linear trilogy: Pharmako/Poeia, Pharmako/Dynamis, and Pharmako/Gnosis. Noting that as he points out frequently, this is about a Poison Path, and there are numerous dangers to be had, especially for the unprepared and uninformed. But regardless he includes, as representative of this class: Nutmeg MDMA

Enantiodromia ― Enantiodromia (Greek: Ἐνάντιος, enantios, opposite + Δρόμος, dromos, running course) is a principle introduced by psychiatrist Carl Jung that the superabundance of any force inevitably produces its opposite. It is equivalent to the principle of equilibrium in the natural world, in that any extreme is opposed by the system in order to restore balance.

Though "enantiodromia" was coined by Jung, it is implied in the writings of Heraclitus. In fr. 126, for example, Heraclitus says "cold things warm, warm things cool, wet things dry and parched things get wet." It also seems implicit in other of his sayings, like "war is father of all, king of all" (fr. 53), "they do not know that the differing/opposed thing agrees with itself; harmony is reflexive (Παλίντροπος palintropos, used of a compound bow, or "in reflexive tension"), like the bow and the lyre" (fr. 51). In these passages and others the idea of the coincidence of opposites is clearly articulated in Heraclitus' characteristic riddling style, as well as the dynamic motion back and forth between the two, generated especially by opposition and conflict.

Later Plato in the Phaedo will articulate the principle clearly: "Everything arises in this way, opposites from their opposites." (sect. 71a).

Since Jung's recognition of it many centuries later it has been observed in modern culture. For example, it has been applied to subject of the film The Lives of Others, to show how one devoted to a communist regime breaks through his loyalty and emerges a humanist.

Jung used the term particularly to refer to the unconscious acting against the wishes of the conscious mind. (Aspects of the Masculine, chapter 7, paragraph 294).

Endogenous ― The word endogenous (pronounced /ɛnˈdɒdʒɪnəs/) derives from the Greek: ενδογενής, meaning "proceeding from within" ("ενδο"=inside "-γενής"=coming from), the complement of exogenous (Greek: εξωγενής exo, "έξω"= outside) "proceeding from outside".

Endoraisms ― Endoraisms refer to intentional making sport of a person, place, or thing, by using a name or series of names that start with the same letter, or sound that their actual name starts with, but has no other similarity. It is generally only used with proper names, and one stays within the genre that the object of such attention actually falls into. The term Endoraism comes from a popular 1960s television show, Bewitched, in which Endora was the mother of the heroine, and indulged in this behaviour.
See also: Garden of Life WordPlay Index

Ends/Means Dichotomy ― It is a common philosophical assumption that all actions can be analyzed as means to the achievement of some end or goal or purpose. With this goes the idea that the end of a particular action may in turn be a means to some further end, and perhaps also (though this does not necessarily follow) that all sequences of means and ends terminate in some one ultimate end ― for example, happiness. Thus I may go for a walk, this activity being a means to the end of taking some exercise, which in turn is a means to the end of improving my health - and this, perhaps, is a means to the ultimate end of my happiness.
A natural objection would then be that though some actions are performed for the sake of an end, others are not. My going for a walk may not be with the aim of taking exercise and improving my health - I may simply like going for a walk. The defender of the 'ends-means' analysis can then say, however, that if the action is not a means to an end, then it is an end in itself; every action must still, therefore, be either an end or a means. There is no doubt that all actions can be fitted into this ends-means framework. It may nevertheless be misleading, for what it naturally suggests is a division between actions as means and something like states of affairs as ends. This way of thinking becomes particularly contentious when applied to the moral assessment of actions. It leads easily to the view that actions can be assessed as right or wrong simply by reference to their effectiveness in bringing about desirable ends. Such a view of morality is referred to as a 'teleological' view or consequentialism. A classic example is utilitarianism.
This kind of moral position can perhaps be argued to be a correct one, but it is not just self-evidently correct. A traditional criticism has been that morality is not just a matter of ends, it also imposes certain moral constraints on the way in which we pursue our ends; whatever we are aiming at, we ought not to try to achieve it by killing innocent people, by torturing or enslaving people, by lying or deceiving. Such actions are said to be wrong in themselves, whatever ends they may or may not achieve. This position is sometimes called a deontology, and if the constraints are thought of as ones to which there can be no exception, it may be called a form of 'absolutism'. It is not refuted simply by asserting that the ends-means analysis necessarily applies to all actions, for this would be a misleading application of that claim.
The point can be illustrated by the use that is made of the dictum 'The end justifies the means'. Strictly interpreted, it may be unexceptionable, for what else could justify something as a means if not the fact that it will effectively achieve its end? However, it does not follow that all actions can be justified only in this way, as the teleological moralists would assert. All the more dangerous is the use of the maxim 'The end justifies the means' to suggest that because some particular end is thought to be supremely important - the triumph of a particular religious creed, or the capture of political power by a particular party - the use of any means whatever is morally acceptable.

Energeia ― Greek term for the function or activity of a thing. More technically, in the philosophy of Aristotle, energeia is the actuality characteristic of every individual substance.

Energy ― When the term Energy [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 15] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to the Force which is built up to be sent towards accomplishing the intent of a given Werking.br>
see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Energy Dance ― When the term Energy Dance is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to the Dances, often Circle Dances, which are incorporated into Mægikal Werkings often for the purpose of Building the Energies to Send out in alignment with the Intent of the Werking.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Enfoldment

Engaged Buddhism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents as such, and holding the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha, and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. "We called it engaged Buddhism. Mindfulness must be engaged. Once there is seeing, there must be acting. Otherwise, what is the sense of seeing?" is a helpful quotation from Thich Nhat Hanh as far as delineating Engaged Buddhism . Some postulate that there is no monolithic Buddhism as such, but that there are Buddhisms such as Sinhala Buddhism or more precisely Sinhala Theravada Buddhism, Siam or Thai Buddhism, Myanmar or Amarapura Buddhism and so forth. The complete entry on Engaged Buddhism (also see: the complete entry on Buddhism.)

Engrams ― Engrams are a hypothetical means by which memory traces are stored as biophysical or biochemical changes in the brain (and other neural tissue) in response to external stimuli. They are also sometimes thought of as a neural network or fragment of memory, sometimes using a hologram analogy to describe its action in light of results showing that memory appears not to be localized in the brain. The existence of engrams is posited by some scientific theories to explain the persistence of memory and how memories are stored in the brain. The existence of neurologically defined engrams is not significantly disputed, though their exact mechanism and location has been a focus of persistent research for many decades.

Enlightenment ― see: Illumination

Enneagram ― Occult symbol. A circle with its circumference divided by nine points; has connections with the "Tree of Life" in Qabala, astrology, or divination.

Ennui ― Ennui

Enochian ― When used in reference to a Language.

Enochian Mægik ― A system of magick that teaches communication with angels and spirits and travel through various planes, or Aethyrs of consciousness. Enochian magick apparently originated with John Dee and Edward Kelly in the 16th century and communication with spirits involved the Nineteen Calls (or Keys): incantations in the Enochian language, a complex language of unknown origin. Enochian magick was revived by the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn and studied at length by Aleister Crowley.

Enochian Tablets ― When the term Enochian Tablets is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to

Enochian ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Enōpēōmancy and Enōpēōscopy ― When the term Enōpēōmancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination according to the face and/or from the general appearance of the countenance.

The term Enōpēōmancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἐνωπή (Enōpē) meaning face or countenance, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Enoptromancy and Enoptroscopy ― When the term Enoptromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination utilizing a mirror or mirrors.

The term Enoptromancy comes immediately from the French Enoptromancie, but ultimately is derived from the Greek words: Ἔνοπτρον (Enoptron) meaning mirror, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See: Scrying, Catoptromancy, Catoxtromancy, Eisoptokhoremamanteos, Psychomantium Black Mirror Scrying, and Mirror Scrying or Skrying

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Enstasis ― Enstasis as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ένστασις indicates the state of standing inside onself, in the sense of full consciousness and true Gnosos, which may be considered as a stage of Spiritual growth and/or a praxis toward such.

See also: Έκ-στασις

Entelechical Epiphany ― A enlightening experience usually involving Manifestation (or a Showing) of some external portion of the Divine Force, that relates to the sudden intuitive grasp of an experiential realization of the totality of the Formational qualities of causality as that relates to Matter in Form in potential existence(an Entity's Field of Individuation).

Entelechy ― [as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἐντελέχεια (entelekheia)] /en TEL eh key/ Philos. 1) [Aristotle] the condition of a thing whose essence is fully realized; actuality 2) a vital force that directs an organism toward self-fulfillment. Ἐντελέχεια has been seen as a fullness of actualization which requires an ongoing or standing investment of effort in order to persist, as opposed to the energeia which is the activity of actualization not necessarily completed.

See also:

Entelexeia ― Aristotle's Greek term for the complete reality or actuality of a thing, as the soul is of the human body. For Leibniz, then, an "entelechy" is the active force resident in every monad.

Entheogen ― Entheogens are those substances, natural and/or artificial, from plants, animals, and minerals, as well as elemental chemical processes, which produce, encourage, enhance, reveal and/or allow the experience of the "God Within" when taken. The term proposed by R. Gordon Wasson, Jonathan Ott, Carl Ruck, Jeremy Bigwood, Danny Staples, and others to replace the somewhat inept and incomplete: psychedelic, hallucinogenic, and psychotomimetic in discussion of such effects.

Entheos ― Entheos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek εν-Θεος Meaning Divinity within Us.

See also: εν-Θεος

Enthusiasmos ― Enthusiasmos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἐνθουσιασμός indicates exhalted inspiration, enthusiasm, frenzy, a feeling of "The Deity is within me"; being a vessel for a Deity, or for one's own Deity Essence. The effect is often enhanced or produced by certain kinds of music.

See also: Ἐνθουσιασμός

Entity's Field of Individuation

Entomomancy and Entomoscopy ― When the term Entomomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using the observation of the behaviour and appearance of insects, individually and in swarms.

The term Entomomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἔντομος (Entomos), meaning 'that which is cut in pieces or engraved/segmented', hence applied to insects in general, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination. Of course, also in parallel construction to Entomology, as the widely accepted term for the study of insects.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Environmental Dating ― From various environmental factors such as: Dendrochronology or Tree-ring dating (It had been recognized since at least the fifteenth century that trees produce annual growth rings, and their physiology was well understood by the eighteenth century. ... Because annual growth rings are subject to seasonal factors that affect their thickness, distinctive patterns recognized in different samples of timber may be compared and used to establish their contemporaneity); Varves (Thickness of sediment in lake bed sections); Pollen analysis (Palynology is the branch of science dealing with microscopic, decay-resistant remains of certain plants and animals. It has many applications including archaeological palynology, Quaternary palynology, and stratigraphic palynology.); Sea bed deposits; Fresh Water paleolimnology (Paleolimnology is the study of past freshwater, saline, and brackish environments. In some cases, the history of the water body itself is important, but typically information is used in a wider geographical and ecological context) and the study of diatom algae; Ice sheet cores;

Ephemeral ― Ephemoral, fleeting, evanescent, transient, momentary, brief

Ephesia Grammata ― The term Ephesia Grammata is a reference to what are called the Ephesian Words, widely known as a potent Mægikal Formula dating back at least to the Classical Era of the ¦gean cultures. Thought to have been inscribed on the statue of Artemis of Ephesus in one instance. ἀσκιον κατασκιον λιξ τετραξ δαμναμενευς αἰσιον [Aski(on) Kataski(on) Lix Tetrax Damnameneus Aision (Aisia)] Similar to those Formulae that are called Barbarous Tongues, the efficacy of the protection and power of the Words was in the vibration of the sounds made when they were correctly pronounced. Some of the mantras found in Sanatana Dharma, Bon, and Buddhism, also reflect these ideas of Ἄσημα Ὀνόματα (Asema Onomata) or "meaningless words" and are considered potent to protect those who could speak them correctly, their power residing in their sound, so that they were ineffective if mispronounced. The meanings of the words, in many cases was thought to be unknowable, in the sense of non-existent, though in some cases it was simply thought that meaning was buried so deeply in the past and in dead languages so as to be irretrievable.

See also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Epicurean ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Epigenetic Change ― In biology, and specifically genetics, Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene expression or cellular phenotype caused by mechanisms other than changes in the underlying DNA sequence – hence the name epi- (from the Greek prefix: επί meaning: over, above, outer) -genetics. It refers to functionally relevant modifications to the genome that do not involve a change in the nucleotide sequence. Terence McKenna in Novelty Theory 10.00 interprets this to include change that is predicated by Humanities consciousnesses and especially Language

Epiphanies ― Experiences usually involving Manifestation (or a Showing) of some external portion of the Divine Force, that inculcates a sudden intuitive grasp of a major Truth, in the person or persons experiencing the Epiphany.

Epiphany ― An experience usually involving Manifestation (or a Showing) of some external portion of the Divine Force, that inculcates a sudden intuitive grasp of a major Truth, in the person or persons experiencing the Epiphany.

Epiphenomenalism ― Belief that consciousness is an incidental side-effect ("epiphenomenon") or by-product of physical or mechanical reality. On this view, although mental events are in some sense real they have no causal efficacy in the material realm.

Epistêmê ― Greek term for an organized body of theoretical knowledge. According to Plato, this encompasses the upper portion of the divided line.

Epistemology ― Theory of Knowledge or that which is capable of being known; the study of the methods of obtaining knowledge; and the nature of the essential elements of the matrix upon which knowledge, that is capable of being deliberated upon rests: premises, reasons, foundations, principles, causes, basics, collections of data, or other grounds of a sufficient or determining condition, especially with reference to the current boundaries and validity of that which is Knowable. Branch of philosophy that investigates the possibility, origins, nature, and extent of human knowledge. Although the effort to develop an adequate theory of knowledge is at least as old as Plato's Theaetetus, epistemology has dominated Western philosophy only since the era of Descartes and Locke, as an extended dispute between rationalism and empiricism over the respective importance of a priori and a posteriori origins. Epistemology (as a sub-discipline of Philosophy): The study of knowledge. Many disciplines that we can study gain knowledge for us, but philosophers wonder about the faculty of knowing. How is it that we have knowledge? What is knowing? What things are know-able? Is there anything that is unknowable by humans? Who knows?

Epoch ― In the fields of chronology and periodization, an epoch refers to a type of unit of time, ordinarily large but not necessarily mathematically regular, commenced with a particular dramatic event or sequence of events, which is thought to have occurred at an exact instant in time, which is thus chosen as the origin of that particular section of time, within the context of that method of measuring time. The "epoch" then serves as a reference point from which time is measured. Time measurement units are counted from the epoch so that the date and time of events can be specified unambiguously. Events taking place before the epoch can be dated by counting negatively from the epoch, though in pragmatic periodization practice, epochs are defined for the past, and another epoch is used to start the next era, therefore serving as the ending of the older preceding era. The whole purpose and criteria of such definitions is to clarify and co-ordinate scholarship about a period, at times, across disciplines. Epochs are generally chosen to be convenient or significant by a consensus of the time scale's initial users, or by authoritarian fiat. The epoch moment or date is usually defined by a specific clear event, condition, or criteria — the epoch event or epoch criteria — from which the period or era or age is usually characterized or described. Much more information may be located at and from the Wikipedia article: Epoch - Reference Date, and the disambigution page for Epoch.

Epoch Names

Epokshê ― Epokshê as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἐποχή meaning cessation or stoppage; hence, in the philosophy of the skeptics, the suspension of judgment. Only by refusing either to affirm or to deny the truth of what we cannot know, they supposed, can we achieve the ataraxia of a peaceful mind.

See also: Ἐποχή

Epoptia ― Epoptia as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἐποπτεία highest grade of initiation at the Eleusinian mysteries,

See also: Ἐποπτεία

Epsophêkamancy ― A type of divination using astral knocking, table tilting. see also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions

Equinox ― Ισημερία...(Greek for Equinox)
εαρινή ισημερία (Eariní Isimería) f, plural
εαρινές ισημερίες (Earines Isimeries) spring equinox, vernal equinox
φθινοπωρινή ισημερία (autumn equinox)
ημερονύκτιο (emeronuktio)
[μερόνυχτο] (Meronyksto) adv. day and night

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Ergodicity ― An English word from the Greek root meaning work, deed, act and/or fact, and the Greek root meaning journey or way; that when used in context of Garden of Life refers to the State of Existence where anything is possible, all things are potential, neither this or that, their "what-ness" undetermined or aorist (undefined); as in the Chapel Perilous concept of the Grail Christians, the Schrödinger's Cat conundrum and the concept of synchronicity in general, and vast fields of modern physics.

Eris (Ægean Deity Form) ― Êя̇ĭs̄ is one of the most complex and interesting of the Deity Facets, developed and explored in the Archaic and Classical periods of the Ægean cultures. As well as more recent Werkings.

Eris (Transpluto) (Local Star System Component) ― see: Êя̇ĭs̄

Erisian ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding Celebration of the Mysteries of the Goddess Eris as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Erisian/Discordian/Mummuist ― When this designation is used to refer to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, which is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Eromancy ― A type of divination using water vessels. see also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions

Eromanea ― Eromanea as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἔρομανία meaning (Sexual Effectuated Desire Obsessive to the point of Madness)

See also: Ἔρομανία, and Love

Eros ― Eros as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἔρως meaning (Ardent Sexual Effectuated Desire)

See also: Ἔρως, and Love

Eros (Ægean Deity Form)

Eros (Local Star System Component) ― see: Åя̇ōs̄

Eroteao ― Eroteao as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἐρωτιάω meaning (Lovesickness)

See also: Ἐρωτιάω, and Love

Erotema ― Erotema (Rhetorical Questions) are figures of speech in the form of a questions posed for its persuasive effect without the expectation of a reply.
See also: Erotema, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Erotomancy and Erotoscopy ― When the term Erotomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination from the observation of specially trained people who are emotionally involved with each other, in various combinations engaging in sexual intercourse.

The term Erotomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἐρωτικός (Erotikos) meaning related to physical Love, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

For the process to be Erotomancy and Erotoscopy the people having sex must care about each other, otherwise Miksoifiamancy and Miksoifiascopy would be more appropriate nomenclature. The term Miksoifiamancy is derived from the Greek words: Μιξοιφία (Miksofia) meaning sexual intercourse, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Erototeros ― Erototerosas an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἐρωτώτερος meaning (Liking of things, inanimate objects, unable to reciprocate)

See also: Ἐρωτώτερος, and Love

Eschatology ― The Field of Study which deals with the ultimate destiny of Mankind and the World (and the evaluation of such) as its primary concern.

Eternity

Ethical Egoism ― What is right is to do what is in our own intelligent best interest. Proponents: Ayn Rand (American) Notes: People ultimately do what they want to do, and don't do what they don't want to do. What we should really do, then, is what we want, provided that it will benefit us individually. One's first moral duty is to the self, before others. Egoists argue that selflessness isn't possible because when we do something for other people, it is to receive social approval for ourselves, so we're really not being selfless after all. To Rand's credit, she is always consistent and never arbitrary, and she clearly is proud of the achievements of humanity in such areas as science and industry. Criticisms: Most Egoists are written off as selfish conservative extremists by those who think ethics is about how we treat other beings. This is probably missing the point, but there are still some serious criticisms: egoists don't recognize that one could act selflessly, and also without any concern for approval, such as a desire to do what is right and just, or a desire to express love. Egoism also believes in the intrinsic value of Reason, and justifies the exploitation of the environment, because it's in our best interest to use things that are useful to us when they can make our lives easier. However, the Tragedy of the Commons illustrates what can happen when resource use is unrestrained; in effect, sometimes it is in our best interest not to do what is in our best interest! Sometimes what is in our best interest is not what is immediately desirable.

Ethical Relativist ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is The view that moral appraisals are essentially dependent upon the standards that define a particular moral code, the practices and norms accepted by a social group at a specific place and time. Given that there is in fact a plurality of social groups, with differing mores, the relativist argues that there exists no point of view from which these codes can themselves be appraised, no 'absolute' criteria by which they can be criticized. In support of his claims, the relativist refers to anthropological evidence of cultural diversity, historical and geographical, now known to be enormously greater than could have been suspected by moralists like Hume or Kant. The relativist theory also draws on notions extensively deployed elsewhere in recent philosophy, such as 'alternative conceptual schemes' and 'language-games'. On some accounts cultural divergence can amount to 'incommensurability', the complete absence of common concepts and perspectives. Accepting the prima-facie divergences of moral outlook, a critic can none the less argue that the relativist tends to exaggerate their implications. Some common basic human values can be discerned over a great range of cultures, communities, social groups: e.g. moral condemnation of the leader who uses his power to exploit and oppress his people; and the agreement, among radically different groups, about the need for impartial determination of disputes by an authorized individual or body. Some writers, John Finnis for one, propose several 'basic forms of good' including knowledge, life, sociability, 'practical reasonableness', that underlie and give a rationale to moral rule-making, and provide significant common ground between groups and their codes. That suffices to give access to reasonable dialogue and makes possible criticism both of one's own moral outlook and of the outlooks of others. It has sometimes been thought that moral relativism gives a special support to toleration as a moral attitude to codes which diverge from one's own. Paradoxically, however, if that were accepted as a universal (and universally morally approvable) attitude, it would contradict the relativism which disallows any universally authoritative principles! Moral relativism, as opposed to other forms of relativism, is the view that moral standards are grounded only in social custom. The most famous statement of relativism in general is by the ancient Greek sophist Protagoras (480-411 BCE): "Man is the measure of all things," or in a more complete and contemporary translation, "A human being is the measure of all things - of things that are, that they are, and of things that are not that they are not." This reflects the view of many of the sophists that social convention (nomos) has a status above nature (physis). Although Protagoras's claim applies to any proposed standard of knowledge, moral values are at least part of his position. David Hume (1711-1776) hints at the notion of moral relativism in his brief essay "A Dialogue," appended to his Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1751). However, for much of the history of moral philosophy, moral relativism was a controversial position that stood in sharp contrast to more conventional theories that advocated an ideal standard of absolute morality. At times, the notion of moral relativism was developed more by philosophical critics of relativism, rather than by overt philosophical defenders of relativism. More recently, writers both inside and outside of the field of philosophy have advocated moral relativism. For example, anthropologist William Graham Sumner dramatically expresses the notion of moral relativism here: The "right" way is the way which the ancestors used and which has been handed down. The tradition is its own warrant. It is not held subject to verification by experience. The notion of right is in the folkways. It is not outside of them, of independent origin, and brought to test them. In the folkways, whatever is, is right. This is because they are traditional, and therefore contain in themselves the authority of the ancestral ghosts. When we come to the folkways we are at the end of our analysis. [Folkways (Boston: Ginn, 1906)]
Arguments for moral relativism often involve two principal contentions:
1.Primacy of De Facto Values: our conceptions of morality should be based on how people actually behave (de facto values), and not on an ideal standard how people should behave (ideal values).
2.Cultural Variation: in point of fact, our main moral values vary from culture to culture.
As to the first of these, moral relativists note that there are two ways that we can approach morality: as de facto morality or as ideal morality. De facto morality concerns they way people in fact behave, and involves the moral principles that are actually in place in a given culture. By contrast, ideal morality concerns the way people should behave, irrespective of their actual behavior.

Ethical Scepticism ― When we speak of ethics, we are really expressing subjective approval or disapproval of human behavior. Proponents: A. J. Ayer, Moritz-Schlick, other Logical Positivists, some existentialists. Notes: Ethical Scepticism is born out of the view of Logical Positivism, which is the origin of this theory. Logical positivism proposes that empirical science is the only source of true knowledge about anything. All propositions must make some reference to the observable world. It follows that since statements about ethics make no reference to the world (discussing, as they do, what behavior should be and not what it is) that they are really empty concepts, "pseudo-concepts", and therefore are not real. When we say that a thing is good or evil, were are really saying whether we like or dislike the thing. Essentially, we choose our principles because we like them, and the only reason that we like them is because we like them. Ethics becomes a matter of aesthetics in this case; a matter of taste and preference. Criticisms: All this is predicated on the proposition, already stated, that "no claim about truth can be made unless it refers to something in the observable world". That claim by itself makes no reference to anything in the observable world! Since it is possible to make that kind of claim, then it is possible to make other truth claims that are not related to the observable world, including claims about morality. Let no one when he is young delay to study philosophy, nor when he is old grow weary of his study. For no one can come too early or to late to secure the health of his soul. --Epicurus, Letter of Epicurus to Menoeceus

Ethics ― A Field of Study primarily incorporating the examination of that which is honoured, encouraged, required, recommended, permitted, discouraged, despised, and/or forbidden in human behaviour. (as a sub-discipline of Philosophy): The study of morality. "Morals" and "Ethics" are usually used interchangeably, and refer to the theories regarding what is "the good life". An anthropologist might study what people do, but a philosopher studies what people should do. What is Right and Good? What is Bad? What is Evil? Can anything be done about evil? What rules should people follow in order to get along peacefully with one another? If you have never wondered about the meaning of life, then why are you still alive? Ethics is the study of right or good action. How do we know what is right, what is moral, what is just? What is happiness? How do we attain it? How can we deserve it? Many different answers have been given to these questions. The Two Central Errors in Western Ethical Theorization http://www.omkarananda-ashram.net/ethics.html The doctrine of the autonomy of ethics and the final purposes of Eudaemonism (A system of ethics that evaluates actions in terms of their capacity to produce happiness.) which seek to make ethics self-sufficient and a totally independent discipline, and the naturalistic and other cognate ethical schools which attempt to constitute ethics into a natural science, go to demonstrate the two central errors within the framework of Western ethical theorization. These errors emerge as much from a failure to grasp the origins, the nature, and the destiny, of the ethical impulse, as from the paucity of vision and experience that cannot be expected to present any view of man except the erroneous. Ethics is the field of philosophy that explores the nature of human behavior as it ought to be (as opposed to how it is; that is the concern of psychology). Ethicists use the tools of reason to determine what is "good" and "evil", what kinds of actions are morally "right" and "wrong", and why we should do the things that are "right". It is this field of philosophy that earns for philosophers the reputation of being socially inept but otherwise utterly brilliant madmen. Western Philosophical Ethics http://www.uoguelph.ca/~bmyers/westethic.html An Introduction by Brendan "Cathbad" Myers Edition 1.2: July 1997 Immanuel Kant was a real pissant who was very rarely stable. Heidegger Heidegger was a boozy begger who could drink you under the table. David Hume could out-consume Schopenhauer and Hegel, And Wittgenstein was a beery swine who was just as sloshed as Schlegel! There's nothing Neitzsche couldn't teach ya 'bout the raising of the wrist, Socrates himself was permanently pissed....

Ethnobotanicals ― Ethnobotanicals, native hallucinogenic containing plants

Etiology ― see Aetiology

Etruscan ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Etymology ― Etymology (and other fancy rationalizations for unashamed WordLove) Etymology is the study of the history of words, how they were originally derived, and how their form and meaning have changed over time.
See also: Etymology, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Eudaemonism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that Happiness is Divine.

Eudaemonism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which increases the overall and/or specific Happiness of those involved.

Euhemerism ― The Field of Study based on the Interpretation of Mythology as traditional accounts of the lives of consensus reality historical personages and events. Most often discussed in reference to the teachings of Εὐήμερος (Euhemerus) that the Goddesses and Gods were sometimes based on actual mortals who in some cases had passed through the gates of Apotheosis. The central idea being that many components of each of the original Pantheons of Humanity, were based, closely or loosely, on the dynamic actions and interactions of actual people, whose doings were so magnificent and outside the normal range of Human actions, that the telling and retelling of these events, eventually resulted in the entities involved being considered to be of a beyond Human nature, whether Goddesses and Gods, Angels, Djinn, or any other type of SupraHuman entity, by whatever cultural name. Originally a NeoPlatonic idea, it was coopted (as so many ideas were) by the early xTians (since they really had no cogent ideas of their own) and twisted, in attempts to discredit any and all Pagan religions; but they soon reverted to type, and fell back on the strategy (which is more intrinsic to their religion) of simply killing everyone who disagreed with them and burning their books. However, the original NeoPlatonic idea still has a lot of validity, and is quite the interesting field of study.

Eunomia (Local Star System Component) ― see: Ūñōṃ'm̄ēä

Euphorica ― are those substances, natural and/or artificial, from plants, animals, and minerals, as well as elemental chemical processes, which In the field of Pharmakopea, pleasure outside of sense

There are numerous systems of taxonomy of psycho-active substances, we are including terms from poet and ethnobotanist Dale Pendell's system here, as it seems to us to be the most comprehensive and consistent. His system is laid out in his remarkable non-linear trilogy: Pharmako/Poeia, Pharmako/Dynamis, and Pharmako/Gnosis. Noting that as he points out frequently, this is about a Poison Path, and there are numerous dangers to be had, especially for the unprepared and uninformed. But regardless he includes, as representative of this class: Papaver somniferum

European Witchcraft ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as such, and holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Euthumism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Evaesthetica ―are those substances, natural and/or artificial, from plants, animals, and minerals, as well as elemental chemical processes, which In the field of Pharmakopea, that which grants play to the sensually and/or æsthetically pleasing

There are numerous systems of taxonomy of psycho-active substances, we are including terms from poet and ethnobotanist Dale Pendell's system here, as it seems to us to be the most comprehensive and consistent. His system is laid out in his remarkable non-linear trilogy: Pharmako/Poeia, Pharmako/Dynamis, and Pharmako/Gnosis. Noting that as he points out frequently, this is about a Poison Path, and there are numerous dangers to be had, especially for the unprepared and uninformed. But regardless he includes, as representative of this class: Cannabis sativa

Evanescence ― Evanescence, having the quality of disappearing gradually; vanishing; fading away.

Evangelizing

Evocation ― practice aimed at bring out submerged potentialities in the individual When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, that

EVOCATION / INVOCATION (when considered as a Sacrament) ― Garden of Life considers Evocation and Invocation a Pagan Sacrament. In a preliminary description Evocation or Invocation may be an Act and/or Process performed by an Officiant in an attempt to become an Open Vessel for the Divine Essence of this Cosmos. Evocation performed at a Celebratory Werking, ordinarily consists of an Officiant standing before an Altar, Evoking and Communicating with Her/His Eternal Self the Desire to Manifest a Facet of the Divine Essence, whether in a specific Tradition or the Facet that She/He will one day be. Invocation may include sending out a call for Assistance from any of Those Who have Gone Before, and with Whom the Officiant's Essential Nature has Resonance. Ecstatic Trance, Centering, Grounding, Dance, Chant, Dream, Song, Stimulation of the Senses, and Visualization are some of the Forms this Evocation and/or Invocation may take.
Below please find the wording that Garden of Life uses in it's Articles of Organization to delineate this Sacrament:
An Act, Acts, a Process, Processes and/or Series of Acts and/or Processes performed by an Officiant to become an Open Vessel for the Divine Essence of this Cosmos. This process when performed at a Celebratory Werking, ordinarily consists of standing before an Altar, Evoking and Communicating with Her/His Eternal Self the Desire to Manifest a Facet of the Divine Essence, whether in a specific Tradition or the Facet that She/He will one day be continually. This Process may also include Invoking or asking for Assistance from any of those Individuals who have Gone Before (Attained Translation through one or more Gateways between Planes), and with Whom the Officiant's Essential Nature has Resonance. Some of the Forms this Evocation and/or Invocation may take are Ecstatic Trance, Centering, Grounding, Dance, Chant, Dream, Song, Stimulation of the Senses, and Visualization.

Evocator see Divinor

Evolutionism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Ewer ― When the term Ewer is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a vase shaped pitcher with a handle and a pronounced pouring lip specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.br>
see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Excitantia ― are those substances, natural and/or artificial, from plants, animals, and minerals, as well as elemental chemical processes, which

There are numerous systems of taxonomy of psycho-active substances, we are including terms from poet and ethnobotanist Dale Pendell's system here, as it seems to us to be the most comprehensive and consistent. His system is laid out in his remarkable non-linear trilogy: Pharmako/Poeia, Pharmako/Dynamis, and Pharmako/Gnosis. Noting that as he points out frequently, this is about a Poison Path, and there are numerous dangers to be had, especially for the unprepared and uninformed. But regardless he includes, as representative of this class: Coffea arabica, Thea sinensis, Erythroxylum coca, Theobroma cacao, Catha edulis, amphetamine, Guayusa, Mate, and Ilex spp.

Exegetai ― Exegetai as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἐξηγητὰς
(1) explainers; (2) interpreter of Sacred law

See also: Ἐξηγητὰς

Exemplor (when considered as a Human Being who exemplifies a specific facet)

Existentia ― are those substances, natural and/or artificial, from plants, animals, and minerals, as well as elemental chemical processes, which In the field of Pharmakopea, the implements of visualizing and utilizing perceptions from the very borders of Existence and before, and/or after, and/or various potentialities

There are numerous systems of taxonomy of psycho-active substances, we are including terms from poet and ethnobotanist Dale Pendell's system here, as it seems to us to be the most comprehensive and consistent. His system is laid out in his remarkable non-linear trilogy: Pharmako/Poeia, Pharmako/Dynamis, and Pharmako/Gnosis. Noting that as he points out frequently, this is about a Poison Path, and there are numerous dangers to be had, especially for the unprepared and uninformed. But regardless he includes, as representative of this class: Salvia divinorum

Existentialism ― What is right is to live an authentic life.
Proponents: Kirkegaard (Danish), Sartre (French), Heidegger (German), Pascal (French).
Notes: Existentialism began with Kirkegaard's famous declaration that "Truth is Subjectivity", to describe what he felt was the absurd nature of reality; that reality is experienced not absolute, therefore meaningless and incoherent. He went on to argue that a leap of faith into the arms of God would end this absurdity (he was, after all, a Lutheran minister). His Religious existentialism attacked the idea that christianity was a rational religion, and that it is the very irrationality of faith that makes christianity morally right. Later philosophers such as Nietzsche and Sartre later argued that you cannot be free in the existential sense if you give away your freedom to an authority, even if it is something as absurd as faith. Jean-Paul Sartre explained existentialism in three ways: first, that the emphasis of philosophy should be on the individual human being, because anything else would leave out the uniqueness of humans; second, that life really doesn't have any inherent meaning of its own because we are more acquainted with our inner subjective experience of reality than whatever objective truth may or may not be out there; third, that individual humans are free and that freedom is a distinctly human property. Angst is the awareness of our freedom, which is said to be the cause of human suffering. But we can't escape this awareness because, as Sartre describes, freedom is a "necessary truth". We're not made human by either intrinsic human nature nor by environmental nurturing, but by our conscious choice to be what we are. Any attempt to deceive ourselves into thinking that we are not free is illusory, though such deception may temporarily relieve us of angst. If we don't choose to be what we are, we become a mere "efficient animal" as Nietzsche described. What we must do, then, is attempt to lead authentic lives, that is, as the creators of our own sense of meaning. However, since there is no meaning, the attempt is futile (hence, we feel angst, alienation, nothingness). Existentialism argues that the very search itself is sufficient.
Criticisms: Existentialism is criticized for treading the edge of Nihilism, which is the belief that absolutely nothing is meaningful, given that we "can't take it with us" after death. One logical paradox is that if we try to make meaning in our lives by defining ourselves, such as "I am a student", the act of definition separates the self that is describing and the self that is described, hence, we experience alienation from ourselves, and the angst gets worse. We can never be mere objects that can be consistently and accurately described. Sartre offers no exact course of action to avoid experiencing angst or alienation, except to say that we should live authentically (that is, fully conscious of our freedom and fully responsible for all decisions we make) and condemn any other way of life. Finally, though this is more of an observation than criticism, in existentialism there can be no universal theory of human nature and all generalizations on humanity are false and misleading, which for some people robs them of a sense of stability in life. But that is, says Sartre the absurd nature of human life! Perpetually faced with choices and freedom, there can be no stability, only angst.

Exogenous ― The word endogenous (pronounced /ɛnˈdɒdʒɪnəs/) derives from the Greek: Ενδογενής, meaning "proceeding from within" ("ενδο"=inside "-γενής"=coming from), the complement of exogenous (Greek: εξωγενής exo, "έξω"= outside) "proceeding from outside".

Experiential Spiritual Methodology

Exploitation

Extispicy ― When the term Extispicy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using entrails. Extispicy is the Latin or Roman term for the practice of using anomalies or simply individual patterns in animal entrails to predict future events, or determine propitious choices. Organs inspected include the liver, intestines, and lungs. In most Traditions of Divination the animal used for Extispicy must be ritually pure and slaughtered in a special ceremony.

The practice seems to have been widespread in most of the ancient cultures we are familiar with; in ancient Anatolian, Mesopotamian, Ægyptian, Hittite, Phoenician, and Canaanite temples, as well as what are called Classical Ægean cultures. Divinors from Ancient Rome most favoured the use of the entrails of a bull to determine the advisability of a particular endeavor, and those that we call the Etruscans (though they called themselves the Rasna, or something like that) preferred the patterns seen in the livers of sheep for the varied end results of divination, and had fairly sophisticated tools to aide in these interpretations. There exists substantial evidence to indicate that this was the main form of divination within classical cultures.

Organ models and Extispicy manuals in cuneiform script are widely found in archaeological excavations in the regions, showing the antiquity, prevalence, and significance of Extispicy. Where the practice was widely done, the majority of the divination was wrought from viewing the intestines and the liver, though lungs, kidneys, and

The term Extispicy is derived from the Latin word Extispicium. Obviously the ancient cultures in which it was so widespread would have had or shared their own terminology for the process, predating Latin as they did. Σπλαγχνοσκοπία (Splagkhnoskopia) was the Greek term for examination of the entrails of an animal sacrificed for that purpose, to create occasion of prophecy. A simple word, that rolls off the tongue, so it seems inexplicable that Splagknoskopiamancy did not become the default term, but fate is fickle that way sometimes; actually you wouldn't need the -mancy suffix since the main word already included the idea of divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Extraterrestrial Focus Spiritual Traditions

Extropianism

Extropy

Extrovert & Introvert ― When used in reference to the field of Analytical Psychology the two poles of psychic orientation. In the extrovert attitude, energy flows outwards towards the world and is motivated and oriented by external, objective factors. Introverted energy withdraws from the world and is motivated and oriented by inner, subjective factors.


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Definitions, Premisses, and Info Index by Sound and Letter

Capital A with ring aboveÅ   Capital A with macronĀ   Capital A with breveĂ   Capital A with diaeresisÄ   Capital A with circumflex   Capital A with dot aboveȦ   Capital A with inverted breveȂ   Capital A with tildeà   Capital A with ogonekĄ   Capital AE ligatureÆ   Capital AE ligature with tildeÆ̃   Capital Glottal Stop   Capital Palatoalveolar Click   Regular English AA   Script Capital L   Capital L with macron above   Capital L with dot below   Capital L with stroke, Dark L Ł   Regular English LL   Capital WHω   Capital W with macron above   Capital W with dot below   Regular English WW   Capital Slide H with reverse solidusℋ⃥   Capital H with macron above   Capital H with dot below   Aspirate   Slight Pause   Very Slight Pause   Regular English HH   Capital S with macron above   Capital S with dot above   Capital SH sign   Capital SKΣ   Regular English SS   Hard and Deep Capital DД   High and Light Capital D   Regular English DD   Capital O with ring above   Capital O with macronŌ   Capital O with breveŎ   Capital O with diaeresisÖ   Capital O with solidusØ   Capital OE ligatureŒ   Capital O with Cyrillic Round OmegaѺ   Capital OI   Capital O with ogonekǪ   Capital O with double oo top   Regular English OO   Capital EZJHʑ   Capital Z with macron below   Capital Z with dot aboveŻ   Regular English ZZ   Capital K with macron aboveК̅   Capital K with dot below К̣   Capital Hard KHχ   Capital KHƙ   Regular English KK   Capital V with macron above   Capital V with dot below   Regular English VV   Capital G with macron   Capital G with dot aboveĠ   Capital GNΓ   Capital GRЖ   Capital GWCapital GW   Capital Uvular Voiced ImplosiveϘ   Regular English GG   Capital rolled R with macronЯ̅   Capital rolled R with dot aboveЯ̇   Capital R with macron above   Capital R with dot above   Capital R with ogonek   Regular English RR   Capital C with cedillaÇ   Capital CHЧ   Regular English CC   Capital N with macron above   Capital N with dot below   Capital N with tildeÑ   Capital NGŋ   Capital NG with macron aboveŋ̅   Regular English NN   Capital Y with macron above Ȳ   Capital Y with dot above   Capital Y with yaw aboveЎ   Regular English YY   Capital J with macron aboveЈ̅   Capital J with dot belowЈ̣   Regular English JJ   Capital U with a ring aboveŮ   Capital U with macronŪ   Capital U with breveŬ   Capital U with circumflex aboveÛ   Capital U with diaeresisÜ   Regular English UU   Capital F with macron above   Capital F with dot above   Regular English FF   Capital Q with macron above   Capital Q with dot above   Regular English QQ   Capital B with macron   Capital B with dot below   Trilled BTrilled B   Regular English BB   Capital M with macron   Capital M with dot below   Capital M with tilde   Capital MBCapital MB   Capital MG   Regular English MM   Capital X with macron above   Capital X with dot above   Regular English XX   Capital I with macronĪ   Capital I with breveĬ   Regular English II   Capital T with macron above   Capital T with dot below   Capital TH voicedΘ   Capital TH voicelessÞ   Capital TSЦ   Capital TSCHЩ   Regular English TT   Capital E with macronĒ   Capital E with breveĔ   Capital E with circumflexÊ   Capital schwa Ə   Regular English EE   Capital P with macron above   Capital P with dot above   Capital pTCapital pT   Regular English PP

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