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Special Note: Garden of Life uses a large number of specially purposed English words, often spelled slightly differently than regular, to make their specific meaning more apparent. We also use a large number of neologisms, specifically constructed for Temple use. All of this type of terminology is defined in several places on the website, here in the Garden of Life website Definitions pages, in the Articles of Organization glossary, and such. If you are viewing this page in a browser which doesn't support full current Unicode coding or if you haven't installed current free Unicode fonts, such as Code2000 version 1.171 at FontSpace or Alphabetical List of Unicode Fonts, many of the phonetic characters, diacritical marks, and symbols in these pages will not show up or will show up as boxes. Availability changes so you may have to do a search. It's a free font for personal use, so we can send you a copy if you can't find it. And the display probably won't be perfect anyway, but it's getting closer all the time. At the risk of belabouring the extremely obvious, this page is a work in progress, with quite a distance to go before it sleeps. All of these Attributions are from our perspective. We are not putting them forward as objective fact. We welcome all feedback at Defs@gardenoflifetemple.com, though we do not guarantee to process such feedback other than for ascertainable accuracy and usefulness. Thanks.
 

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H̅êк̣'к̄ŭt̄ā ― A phonetically constructed Goddess Name based on the Ægean Goddess, normally spelled Hecate in English; one of Her primary attributes is normally considered to be Harvests and by extension all Transitions and Borderlands.

H̅ēℓ' ℓ ēōs̄ (nomenclature vulgaris: Sol, the Sun) (Local Star System Component) ― H̅ēℓ' ℓ ēōs̄ is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system (pivotal member of said star system), referred to as "Sol" and/or "The Sun" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

H̅êя̇ä (nomenclature vulgaris: Juno) (Local Star System Component) ― H̅êя̇ä is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system (in this case an Asteroid), referred to as "Juno" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

H̅ēя̇'m̃ēż (nomenclature vulgaris: Mercury) (Local Star System Component) ― H̅ēя̇'m̃ēż is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system, referred to as "Mercury" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

H̅ēя̇'m̃ēżÆθēñä (day of the Week) ― In the Garden of Life Temple Calendar, the Year, being the Year of the Lady, begins, as it always has, on the Vernal Equinox. Each month is named according to the name of the Astrological Sign and begins when the Sun enters that Sign. The Seven Day Week is used though with different names for the days of the Week. H̅ēя̇'m̃ēżÆθēñä is equivalent to the day referred to as "Tuesday" in the Western mainstream vernacular. The sequence: ḠāēäH̅ēℓ' ℓ ēōs̄, Âʀ̄ṭĭṃĭṡS̅ŭℓēṇH̅êк̣'к̄ŭt̄ā, H̅ēя̇'m̃ēżÆθēñä, Я̅ℎ⃥āä, Åя̄ēżÅя̇ōs̄, Åṗ'f̅я̄ōīṭē, Īäк̣'к̄ōṡК̅я̄ōñōs̄, corresponds to: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.

H̅ĕs̄t̄ēä (nomenclature vulgaris: Vesta) (Local Star System Component) ― H̅ĕs̄t̄ēä is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system (in this case an Asteroid), referred to as "Vesta" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

H̅īḡēä (nomenclature vulgaris: Hygeia) (Local Star System Component) ― H̅īḡēä is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system (in this case an Asteroid), referred to as "Hygeia" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

H̅ūēōç ― The H̅īḡēä is a phonetically constructed word based on a Greek root word meaning child used within the context of the Temple to refer to Sentients between toddling and approximate school age.

H̅ūēōç Passage ― Garden of Life considers Werks acknowledging and/or commemorating Passages from one stage of a lifecycle to the next as Pagan Sacraments. The timing of such Celebrations are not determined solely by physical ages but by the Individuals actual attainment of that stage. The H̅īḡēä passage and/or the ~3rd Year Perfectioning - The expansion of consciousness. The child has gained control of the senses and is exploring all realms. Great curiosity and innocence abounds! Learning is exciting and always an adventure. The child is again dedicated to their Ultimate Potential Perfection, whatever that might be. The child is invested with wings and a robe, Magickally presented in appropriate symbols and colours. The wings represent the individual's potential desire for growth, with the robe we wrap the child in the energy she/he needs to make the ascent level by level.

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Ḥêв̣āōñ ― Ḥêв̣āōñ is a phonetically constructed word based on a Greek root word meaning early prepubescence used within the context of the Temple to refer to Sentients in a middle period of Childhood usually commencing about the ninth year.

Ḥêв̣āōñ ― Garden of Life considers Werks acknowledging and/or commemorating Passages from one stage of a lifecycle to the next as Pagan Sacraments. The timing of such Celebrations are not determined solely by physical ages but by the Individuals actual attainment of that stage. The Ḥêв̣āōñ passage and/or the ~9th Year Perfectioning - Early Pre-Puberty Initiation. Around the ninth year the child's body begins to ready itself for adulthood. She/He experiences emotional ups and downs and has no control over it. The psyche at this point is extremely sensitive and impressionable. The child is again dedicated to their Ultimate Potential Perfection, whatever that might be. The ninth year wings and robe are Magickally presented with the introduction of the mirror. Much attention should be focused on the initiate by the group as a whole. A group cleansing would be in order. A divination tool may be selected by the Priestesses and presented to the initiate with instructions for its use.

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Hæmatomancy and Hæmatoscopy ― When the term Hæmatomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using blood. The forms range from the fairly innocuous to the horrific. Typically it is used to refer to all of the possible blood based types of divination except for Dririmancy which has to do with the observation of the way blood drips under particular circumstances.The term Hæmatomancy is derived from the Greek words: Αἷμα (Aima) meaning blood and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hair ― When the term Hair is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to the hair of the head, thought of in many Traditions as similar to a type of antenna, in that it enhances the flow of energies up through the Chakras and out into the Kosmos; specifically prepared for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. In a sense the Hair is the oft referred to Rich Headress, that a Practitionor is advised to utilize to cover the head.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Half Moon ― Half Moons occur and are noted in various Astronomical and Astrological ways among a variety of Traditions, secular and religious. The moments of the Full Moons, New Moons, and Half Moons are easily determined now to the nearest sixtieth of a second, since they are precisely defined by Astronomical events, and of course can be looked up on the internet from a variety of observatories around the globe. When Garden of Life uses the term Half Moon it typically refers to the Celebration of the event, however it might be determined, utilizing the forms and techniques which have become Sacred to our Tradition. Many of these we share in common with the wider Pagan community, ancient and modern; and may be Celebrated in numerous manners from simple personal acknowledgement, to a regular Werking Circle, all points in between and beyond.

The annual cycle of Moon phases, varies in relation to the Solar Cycle. It is widely known, due to Meton's public relations staff, that in a nineteen year period you can line up the Solar and Lunar cycles almost exactly, by adding 7 intercalary months,. So by considering this longer period, a Tradition can make sure that both their Solar Observances and the Lunar Observances are Celebrated on appropriate dates and with Cycles which line up with the Ḡāēäñ Vegetative Cycle and Life as we experience it, especially the resonances between the Cycle of the Attributions of the Lunar phases, to the Seasonal variations.

More specific information on Moon Names and Attributes may be found at Moon Names; and examples of Moon Name systems at the expanded entry: Naming of Moons

See also: HolyDay, Garden of Life Temple Celebrations, Celebratory Rites and Festivals of ḠĀĒÄ, Lunar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Solar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄, Sacramental Celebrations, and Informal Spiritual Celebrations

Halomancy and Haloscopy ― When the term Halomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by Salt, in some cases by casting salt into a fire.

The term Halomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἅλς (Hals) meaning salt, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See: Alomancy

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hammurabi's Code ― see- The Code of Hammurabi

Handbook of Ritual Celebration (as published by Garden of Life) ― A publication which has existed in a variety of forms since first put together in the early 1970s e.v., it is currently going through its seventh revision. The main difference in the editions is the type of Celebratory Circle used in each section to exemplify the topic of that section, the outline and points discussed has remained basically the same since the first edition. While the publication is not at this point available online, the Table of Contents, which provides the aforementioned 'outline' may be viewed here. Copies of the different versions have been widely handed out over the years in a variety of situations. There is a three page precis version that provides a really simple introduction to the type of Circles that Garden of Life holds.

Happiness ― Philosophical discussion of the concept of 'happiness' has tended to be found mainly within moral philosophy. It is associated especially with the classical utilitarianism of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. The utilitarians assert that happiness is as a matter of fact the ultimate aim at which all human actions are directed and that it is therefore the ultimate standard by which to judge the rightness or wrongness of actions. 'Actions are right', says Mill, 'in proportion as they tend to promote happiness' - that is to say, 'the general happiness', the happiness of all concerned. Still following Bentham, Mill goes on to equate happiness with 'pleasure and the absence of pain'. For Bentham the identity of 'happiness' and 'pleasure' is quite straightforward. An action's tendency to promote happiness is determined simply by adding up the amounts of pleasure, and subtracting the amounts of pain, which it will produce. It is a matter solely of quantitative factors such as the intensity and the duration of the pleasurable and painful feelings. Mill is aware that this is altogether too crude. Happiness, he acknowledges, depends not only on the quantity but also on the quality of pleasures. Human beings, because of the distinctively human capacities they possess, require more to make them happy than the accumulation of pleasurable sensations. They are made happy not by the 'lower pleasures' but by the 'higher pleasures' - 'the pleasures of the intellect, of the feelings and imagination, and of the moral sentiments'. Mill departs still further from the purely quantitative notion of happiness when he recognizes that it is not just a sum of unrelated experiences but an ordered whole. To say that human beings aim at happiness is not to deny that they pursue more specific goals such as knowledge or artistic and cultural activity or moral goodness, and that they pursue these things for their own sake. These are some of the 'ingredients' which go to make up a life of happiness. Mill is here attempting, perhaps unsuccessfully, to combine two traditions of thought about 'happiness'. The identification of 'happiness' with 'pleasure' we may call the 'hedonistic' conception of happiness. This we may contrast with what has been called the 'Eudaemonistic' conception of happiness. The term comes from the Greek word 'Eudaemonia', which is usually translated as 'happiness'. Although one of the Greek philosophical schools, Epicureanism, did identify Eudaemonia with pleasure, the Greek concept lends itself less easily than the English term to this identification. In English one can speak of 'feeling happy', and although the relation between such states of feeling and a life of happiness is not entirely clear, they are undoubtedly connected - one could not be said to have a happy life if one never felt happy. The term Eudaemonia refers not so much to a psychological state as to the objective character of a person's life. The classic account of Eudaemonia is given by Aristotle. He emphasizes that it has to do with the quality of one's life as a whole; indeed, he sees some plausibility in the traditional aphorism 'Call no man happy until he is dead' (though he also recognizes that there is little plausibility in calling someone happy after he is dead). For Aristotle happiness is to be identified above all with the fulfilment of one's distinctively human potentialities. These are located in the exercise of reason, in both its practical and its theoretical form. Aristotle is thus the ancestor of one strand in Mill, and of that general conception of 'happiness' which links it with ideas of 'fulfillment' and 'self-realization'.

Harappan ― The Harappan Culture, or the Saraswati Culture, or the Indus Valley Civilization is one of the oldest known Human civilizations, building up from a period about 7000 years ago, through a heyday lasting from approximately 3500bce to 1300bce, similar in time frame to the Sumerian and Ancient ægyptian. Concentrated along the river bed of the once mighty Saraswati river and its tributaries, in the NorthWest of the Indian subcontinent. The whole topic is subject to much heated controversy, but it seems likely that the Harappan Culture contributed to the modern Dravidian Culture and the more Northerly Indus Vedic Culture. Indus culture seems to have gradually spread from west to east, with sites towards central and southern India flourishing after Harappa and Mohenjo Daro had declined. The drying up of the ancient Saraswati or Ghaggar-Hakra River, east of and parallel to the Indus, may also have affected the civilization. There are numerous Indus sites along that river bed, though the number is still being added to on a weekly basis, the most recent detailed survey listed over 2600 sites. The total area encompassed was huge: over one million square kilometres.

Harappan Script

Harbingor see Divinor ― In some senses a type of Divinor, though the term is sometimes used for simple Heraldic functions, such as announcement at formal events. Some Traditions may define and even train people who show aptitude for this Gift or Persuasion. Harbinger, a person or thing that foreshadows or foretells the coming of someone or something

See also: Practitionor, Celebrant, The Gifts and Persuasions, Officiant, Divinor

Harumancy and Haruscopy ― When the term Harumancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by inspecting animal entrails; and is one of the earlier forms of Augury. Harumancy is one of the blanket terms that covers divination utilizing any particular entrails, most often, the liver, lungs, intestines, kidneys, spleen, and such; it typically was not used to describe divinations using the heart, as there were usually more specific terms for those type of divinations, and the heart was considered in a completely different manner than most of the other internal organs were. Of course, there are terms for many types of Divination Systems within the Harumancy family, terms for divinations using certain organs, or parts of certain organs, or specific organs from a particular type of animal. Harumancy, is often used interchangeably with the words: Haruspiscopy, Haruspication, and Haruspicy.

The term Harumancy is derived from the Latin word Haru meaning entrails and the Greek word Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Haruspex see Divinor

Harappan Script

Harvest ― When the term Harvest is used to designate one of the Garden of Life principal Celebrations, it refers to one of five Celebrations which constitute the Celebrations of the Rites and Festivals of ḠĀĒÄ, based on our interpretation of the Vegetative Cycle. One of the Great Celebrations on the Garden of Life Temple Calendar, Harvest Memorializes and Honours the Harvest, the Claiming the Results of the Werk that is Done. The Key Concepts are the Sanctity of Completion and Understanding the Differentiation between Planes, the End that is also a Beginning and the Value of the Dance Itself. It is an Ideal time for Letting-Go, Major Passages, Transitions, Swan Songs for Persons, Places, Objects, Ideas and Plans. Parallel to many Tradition's H̅ĕк̄'к̄ät̄ā or Samhain, the time and place of Garden of Life's Celebration of this Ḡāēäñ HolyDay will be determined by the Council of Elder Officiants as a Celebration after the Main Harvests of the Growing Season of the Growing Season [Currently for the Northern Hemisphere of Ḡāēä (the procedures for the Southern Hemisphere of Ḡāēä will be determined at such time as there are Garden of Life members planning Celebrations in the Southern Hemisphere. However the seasons are pretty straightforwardly switched out.)]. Harvest will fall between the Autumnal Equinox and the Winter Solstice after the Main Harvests of the Growing Season.

See also: HolyDay, Garden of Life Temple Celebrations, Celebratory Rites and Festivals of ḠĀĒÄ, Lunar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Solar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄, Sacramental Celebrations, and Informal Spiritual Celebrations

Hatha (in reference to the field of Yoga) ― The Sanskrit "ha", meaning the sun , and "tha", meaning the moon, represent male and female energy. Yoga means to yoke or unify. Hatha yoga is a discipline for integrating male and female energy or polar opposites within an individual. It's generally taught as a system of postures and breathing exercises designed to improve all around health and prepare the body and mind for meditation.

Haute Couture ― When the term Haute Couture is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to the creation of exclusive custom-fitted clothing made to order for a specific customer, and it is usually made from high-quality, expensive fabric and sewn with extreme attention to detail and finished by the most experienced and capable seamstresses, often using time-consuming, hand-executed techniques. In France, where the concept originated the term Haute Couture is protected by law [and is defined by the Paris Chamber of Commerce (Chambre de commerce et d'industrie de Paris)]. At present to earn the right to call itself a couture house and to use the term haute couture in its advertising and any other way, a fashion house must follow these rules:
          Design made-to-order for private clients, with one or more fittings.
          Have a workshop (atelier) in Paris that employs at least fifteen people full-time.
          Each season (i.e. twice a year) present a collection to the Paris press, comprising at least thirty-five
                runs/exits with outfits for both daytime wear and evening wear.
Meanwhile, in some senses, it is also true that any garment which is hand made, out of fine materials, for a specific person, by a designer and seamstress, may be considered Couture. Much more information may be found in the Wikipedia entry on Haute Couture,

See also: Textile Arts, Art

Headdress ― When the term Headdress is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers an any construction worn on the head, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

HEALING (when considered as a Sacrament) ― Garden of Life considers Healing a Pagan Sacrament. In a preliminary description Healing may be an Act and/or Process performed by one or more Officiants to benefit an Individual's Physical, Mental, and/or Spiritual Well-Being or Becoming. Healing may consist of Pouring of Life Energy both from and through the Officiant(s), into the One being Healed, so that Her/His Eternal Self may use such Life Energy to rebalance the forces and correct any difficulty being experienced by the Individual being Healed, whether Physical, Mental and/or Spiritual in nature. Within Garden of Life the slightly modified English words: Healor, Sensator, and Sortor are used to designate Officiants who perform Werks utilizing Energies to ameliorate Physical, Mental, and Spiritual processes, respectively.
Below please find the wording that Garden of Life uses in it's Articles of Organization to delineate this Sacrament:
An Act, Acts, a Process, Processes and/or Series of Acts and/or Processes performed by one or more Officiants (including Healors, Sensators, and/or Sortors if possible) to benefit an Individual's Physical, Mental, and/or Spiritual Well-Being or Becoming. Such Process ordinarily consists of Pouring of Life Energy both from and through the Officiant(s), into the One being Healed, so that Her/His Eternal Self may use the Life Energy to rebalance the forces and correct any difficulty being experienced on any and all consciousness levels by the One being Healed, whether Physical, Mental and/or Spiritual.

Healor ― A modified word used in the context of Garden of Life to differentiate Healors as persons with the gift of being able to Direct MetaPhysical Energy Currents within themselves and/or other Individuals; from the more usual type of Healer, who is involved in healing in a more traditional physical plane manner.

See also: Practitionor, Celebrant, Officiant, The Gifts and Persuasions, Divinor

Heart Chakra ― see: Anahata

Heathen and Heathenry ― Heathenry from: http://www.anglo-saxon.demon.co.uk/Skvala/Heathen.html
The Oxford English Dictionary defines a heathen as a person "whose religion is neither Christian, Jewish, nor Mohammedan". Does that therefore mean that all pagans are heathen? Is Heathenry simply Paganism with some vague hint of a barbaric undercurrent? Are you, like us, therefore heathen? No, not according to our definition--unless you happen to be among the minority of Pagan Federation members who share our religion. We would like to reclaim the word heathen for ourselves, just as the word was originally used for our ancestors who held the same faith a thousand years ago. Let's take a look at the development and use of the word. A form of heathen can be found in every Germanic language (for example: IceLandic heiðenn, German heiden, Gothic haithno). The word literally means "dweller on the heath." Amongst the Germanic pagans, it came to have connotations of "wild" as opposed to "domesticated" or "civilized" (Gothic haithiwisks, wild; Anglo-Saxon hæðen, a wild creature.) During the era of conversions, the church was able to exert the greatest political pressure on Germanic peoples living in towns or centers of trade. Therefore, these were the first to be christianized. The church had a difficult time maintaining control over people in rural areas. The heath dwellers had a habit of submitting to baptism under threat and then returning to their wild Pagan ways as soon as the missionaries were out of sight. Thus, the term heathen took on the meaning of "one who practices the old, pre-Christian, religion."
With the resurgence and growth of modern Pagan and Heathen Traditions, dictionaries are starting to adjust their written definitions to more acurately reflect the actuality of the Pagan and Heathen esperience rather than defining by what it is 'not', which method of definition has always been considered bad dictionary form anyway.

Hebrew ― Hebrew in general usage refers to a particular Levantine cultural Tradition from the Western edge of Mesopotamia on the Eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, out of the many that developed there, however, when used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding teachings with a context in Hebrew culture as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Traditions most widely known as Hebrew are of the Abramic variety, i.e.: the various interpretations of Judaism. Part of the complexity of providing information on this entry from a Pagan worldview, is that there are other currents of Hebraic thought which are part of the Pagan community, though these adherents are obviously of lesser numbers than the more widely known groups. Recent research into Hebrew origins seem to indicate that what the world came to know as Hebrew, shared bloodlines and much else with what we know as Canaanite culture, and that in one interpretation both came from the group the Greeks called Phoenician (although Phoenician may be just another term for Canaanite). Additionally that the mainstream Judaisms which are widely known, achieved political domination among their own culture as recently as approximately 750 to 700 BCE. The differences between Canaanite and Hebrew Cultures and Traditions may be attributed, respectively, more to an urban worldview contrasting a more rural outlook (you can hear but not see: Eva Gabor singing "No!, New York is where I'd rather stay, I get allergic smelling hay!) than to any other single characteristic. The Archaic Hebraic Tradition, had much in common with the Canaanite, and indeed with the IndigeoPagan Traditions of the entire area, sharing Pantheons and so forth.  

Hecatine Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the Celebration of the Mysteries as they evolved in what is now called Scotland, particularly the unique festivals of the Scots as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. Also known as the Caledonii Tradition (referential to one of the ancient names of Scotland), this denomination of the Craft is Scottish in origin, and still preserves the unique festivals of the Scots. The rituals are secretive, and the "family" lineages are of utmost importance. In the Hecatine or Caledonii Tradition: Yule is called Alban Arthan and is not considered a fire festival. In the Hecatine or Caledonii Tradition the Vernal Equinox is known as Alban Eiler and represents the warrior aspect of the God. This Sabbat occurs in mid-March when night and day are of equal length. It is a celebration of balance - not really Winter but not yet Spring. Summer Solstice (June 21st )also known as Midsummer Night's Celebration, though the two do not always coincide on the astrological calendar. On July 5th , the Hecatine or Caledonii Tradition hails in Alban Hefin, celebrating the kingly aspect of the God.

Hecatine Witchcraft ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the Celebration of the Mysteries of Hecate and the Witchcraft teachings associated with her archetype as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. Hecatine Witches generally seek inspiration from Hecate and attempt to reconstruct and modernize the ancient rituals of her worship

Hechiceria ― A Mexican Indian magickal tradition that reveres the pre-Columbian divinities. Practitioners are most often male and are called Hechiceros, Nuguals, or Bruho Naturaleza.

Hedge Witchcraft ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as such, and holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. HEDGE WITCHCRAFT: A non-initiated solitary practice of Witchcraft that focuses on the traditional European, especially British Isles, role of Witch as healer, midwife and seer for a community. Highly intuitive, Hedge Witchcraft emphasizes the practical role of magick in daily living over the religious doctrine and it is acceptable for Hedge Witches to be self taught and eclectic in the spiritual aspects of their faith. Hedge Witch-This practice could be considered the Kitchen Witch of the yard. As a kitchen witch practices focus in the kitchen, a Hedge Witches focus is in the yard. Earth and other elemental powers are used, for the most part, in a solitary fashion. [HedgeWitch] A HedgeWitch practices a tradition within a tradition that is somewhat shamanic in nature, for lack of a better term. There are many different titles that those who follow this inner tradition are called: Hedge-Rider, HedgeWitch, Night Travelers, Myrk-Riders, Gandreidh, Badbh (name of a Goddess as well as a title), and Walkers on the Wind. These are the ones who engage in spirit flight, and journey into the Other World. It is this inner tradition which utilizes such things as flying salves and potions in order to gain access to the Other World. There are certain pre-requisites that must be met before one can learn this particular tradition, however. A HedgeWitch is able to go into the Other World, and call back the souls of those who are about to die. They can, in this capacity, be very powerful healers. They are also able to speak with those who have passed beyond. One of the rituals by which a HedgeWitch can cross over into the Otherworld is called the "Ritual of the Raven." A bird of one kind or another is usually associated with the hedge traditions. Two of the most commonly associated birds are the raven and the goose.

HedonismTheo ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that Pleasure is Divine.

HedonismPhilo ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which the most pleasurable, with the belief that the good is defined by that which is the most pleasurable in any given situation.. It is convenient, though not always accurate or possible to categorize Hedonism into three main types: 1. Psychological hedonism: pleasure is the only possible object of desire or pursuit. This may be held on observational grounds, or be thought to be necessitated by what we mean by 'desire'. 2. Evaluative hedonism: pleasure is what we ought to desire or pursue. 3. Rationalizing hedonism: pleasure is the only object that makes a pursuit rational. (2) and (3), when made explicit, seem to suppose the falsity of (1) in that they suppose it possible, wickedly or irrationally, to pursue something other than pleasure. Usually the pleasure in question has been thought to be the subject's own pleasure, and so the view has been a form of egoism; but there is no reason in theory why it should not be the pleasure of humans, or even of sentient beings generally. Where psychological hedonism is in question, this has not proved a popular line, but utilitarians have developed altruistic versions of (2).

Heimat ― Heimat (Wiki) is a German word that has no simple English translation. It is often expressed with terms such as home or homeland, but these English counterparts fail to encapsulate centuries of German consciousness and the thousands of connections this quintessential aspect of German identity carries with it. Heimat originated as a specifically German concept to which people are bound by their birth, their childhood, their language and their earliest experiences. Heimat evolved in an increasingly alienating world as Germany's population made a massive exodus from rural areas into more urbanised communities around the country's major cities. Heimat was turned to as an ameliorative counterbalance to the damage caused to individual and group psyches by the displacement of traditional ideas with modernity, and the loss of individuality and intimate community produced by a more impersonal urban mileau. Heimat began as an integral aspect of German, Austrian and Swiss identity that was patriotic without being nationalistic. Regional identity (along with regional dialect) is an important foundation for a person's Heimat. Obviously it was part of a set of ideas misused to support uber-nationalism by the Nazi's in their rise to power.

Heka ― When the term Heka is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to Words of Power and comes from the Ægyptian word for that concept.

specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Sound as a Mægikal Implement, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hellene (Indigenous see also Arcadian)-Ionian-Dorian-Macedonian-Thracian-Other) ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding concepts about the Olympian Gods and Goddesses and/or earlier Ægean Deity Forms as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Hellenic NeoPagans Celebrate the Mysteries of some or all of the Gods and Goddesses of ancient Greece and Rome. The modern Hellenic (or Graeco-Roman) NeoPagans may come from any ethnic backgrounds, in addition to the religious currents within modern day Greece and the surrounding areas which have re-established some of the primal indgenous Traditions.

Hellenic Ethnic Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, the Hellenic Ethnic Tradition is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents being of some Ægean ethnicity and holding concepts about the Olympian Gods and Goddesses and/or earlier Ægean Deity Forms a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Hellenion ― Hellenion as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἑλλήνιον a Greek temple set in a foreign land

See also: Ἑλλήνιον

Hellenismos ― Hellenismos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἑλλήνισμος, Hellenism or Grecism, may be considered to be the devotion to and/or reutilization of ancient Greek thought, customs, or styles; the term also may indicate the body of humanistic and classical ideals most often associated with ancient Greece and including reason, the pursuit of knowledge and the arts, moderation, civic responsibility, and bodily development; Hellenismos is also the name coined by the Emperor Julian to describe Hellenic polytheism, one of the first figures to attempt to revive the religion after the establishment of the temporal power of xTianity, to refer to the traditional religion of the Greeks and all those who embraced their religious culture; And of course Hellenismos is the name chosen by the modern movement which attempts to reconstruct the Hellenic religion, and to reclaim and use this name in a religious, inclusive sense within the context of the modern world. (The word also has other unrelated meanings in the modern usage of the Greek language.)

See also: Ἑλλήνισμος

Hem Netjer Kherper'ru ― The term is used in Garden of Life to refer to an Inter-Traditional Body of Practitionors which contains components that may only observe Humanities activities, and other components that may attempt to guide currents of culture in one way or another while minimizing actual interference. The Body of the Hem Netjer Kherper'ru, may be thought of as a college of Officiants whose purview is inculcating within Humanity a culture capable of being taken to the Stars and surviving.

See also: Practitionor, Celebrant, Officiant, The Gifts and Persuasions, Divinor

Hem'mem'm ― In an Ægyptian Paradigm the Hemem'm has independent existence but also functions as a component of a sentient Being during a particular incarnation and/or series of incarnations. When discussed in reference to a particular Individual within a specific incarnation the Hemem'm may be considered as the ætheric form that encompasses the current totality of the Individual, and enables them to function on planes other than the physical consensus reality. The Hemem'm is the most advanced of the non-corporeal bodies that is attached to a given Individual in one particular life time. Like the Khu, the Hemem'm was often considered and discussed in the context of it's peers, as if to make it apparent that it had interests other than the current incarnation and was often, perhaps away is the best way to put it, dealing with those other concerns, whatever they might be. If considered within a Sanatana Dharma Chakric context, the Hemem'm might be considered to work in the arena of the Sanhasrâra Chakra or what is often called in the West, the Crown Chakra. A more complete listing of the various component parts in this particular system of reconstituted Ægyptian Parts of the Entity.

Hena Kai Nea ― Hena Kai Nea as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἕνα καί Νέα meaning 'the old and the new'; its most common usage probably was as a term indicating the last day of each month an Attic festival calendar, this monthly last day festival appears to have been for Hek'kate in most places.

See also: Ἕνα καί Νέα

Hendecagram ― When the term Hendecagram is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus and/or Focus it generally refers to an eleven-pointed planar shape, thus has 22 external sides, two per point.; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Hendecagrams may be drawn unicursally (as can all odd number of points figures), and thus the Endless Knot appellation sometimes comes into play with it. The number eleven, being the number primarily resonant with the concept and field of M&@x00E6;gik, makes this figure quite popular and efficacious in Werkings. Hendecagrams due to the large number of points can be drawn in a variety of styles within a Hendecagon, using the 'skip-one', 'skip-two', 'skip-three', 'skip-four', or 'skip-five' method. We tend to favor the 'skip-two' method for the ones that we use in Werkings. There should be some shadings and nuances of meaning between the variously obtained figures.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hendecagram Columns ― When the term Hendecagram Columns is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci it generally refers to visualizations of eleven sided columns, either vertical or horizontal around which assortments of Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci may be placed; specifically constructed for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Columns if physically represented may be portable or permanent,

see also: Altar, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Henotheism ― A religion that acknowledges the existence of many gods but chooses to revere, worship or acknowledge only one. They are often confused with, or assumed to be, monotheistic (believing in one god). Judaism and Christianity are examples of henotheistic religions. See Also: Pantheism, Polytheism, Monotheism

Hepatomancy and Hepatoscopy ― When the term Hepatomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination utilizing the inspection of animal livers, often the livers of sheep.

The term Hepatomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἧπαρ (Hepar, possibly Hēpar) meaning Liver (keeping in mind that in Archaic and Classical Greek culture the Liver was considered the seat and generator of the Passions, in a similar manner to the way modern Western culture considers the Heart), Ἡπατικός (Hepatikos) meaning 'of the Liver', and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Her/Himself ― A solution that works for us to the problems posed by English's lack of a general neutral reflexive pronoun that can mean either Herself or Himself and not confuse the singular/plural noun verb matching required between subject verb and object in sentences.

Her/His ― A solution that works for us to the problems posed by English's lack of a general neutral objective case possessive pronoun that can mean either Her or His and not confuse the singular/plural noun verb matching required between subject verb and object in sentences.

Heraclitean ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the writings and viewpoints best represented by Heraclitos and interpolations thereof as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Hereditary Witchcraft ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as such, and holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Hereditary Witchcraft is a Tradition passed down within the family in an unbroken line and hence by hereditary descent. Many Family Tradition Witches do not consider their traditions Wiccan; some use the term Wicca to describe their family traditions because the beliefs and practices fit more or less closely with Gardnerian or Alexandrian Wicca. Also known as Hereditary Witchcraft. Hereditaries are also often referred to as FamTrad, or Family Traditionalists Hereditary Witch-One who can trace the craft through their family tree and who has been taught the old religion by a relative who is living at the same time. How far one has to go back on the family tree to meet the conditions of the first part of this definition is debatable. "Family Traditions" occasionally adopt individuals into their dynasty. One who can trace the Craft through their family tree and who has been taught the Old Religion by a relative who was living at the same time. Channeling doesn't count. How far one has to go back on the family tree to meet the conditions of the first part of this definition is debatable. Family Trades occasionally adopt individuals into their dynasty. This decision is never a light one, and usually stems from the lack of offspring to carry on the line, or the high regard they hold for the person in question. The ceremony is intricate and important.

Heresy ― Heresy as terminology and in it's original legitimate and healthy use, came from the Greek culture referring to that process whereby a young person would examine various philosophies to help determine the manner in which they would like to live their life. [The word Heresy derives from the Greek Αἵρεσις (Hairesis), which originally meant "choice", or "able to make a choice" (see below for more etymology).] A commendable concept for a healthy society to support, and one we would do well to emulate.

During the Dark Ages the handlers of what is now called the catholic church managed to redefine the term Heresy (and its associated jargon) so effectively that in most mainstream connotations it is thought to mean the audacity of holding a belief that conflicted with established catholic dogma. Other xTian churches jumped on this bandwagon, naturally, with great abandon. Eventually Heresy took on the meaning of an accusation levied against members of another person and/or group which holds beliefs that are seen to conflict with those of the accusers. It is typically used to inflame anger against putative violations of religious and/or traditional laws or codes, although it is occasionally used (one assumes metaphorically) by some extremists in the political arena to refer to the positions of their opponents. The Heresy accusation strives to carry the connotation of behaviours or beliefs likely to undermine accepted morality and cause tangible evils, damnation, and/or other such punishment. In some religions (primarily those that postulate a single entity and hierarchy in charge of all the evil in the Kosmos), it also implies that the Heretic is in alliance with the religion's symbol of evil, for example: Satan, the Devil, or Chaos, whether the Heretic in fact believes in any of the entities or not. It is generally admitted to be distinct from Apostasy, which is the formal denunciation of one's previous religion, principles, and/or cause, and blasphemy, which is irreverence toward religion, general or specific. Of course xTians would think the original meaning of Heresy as 'able to choose' just as bad as their redefined meaning, the concept of people being allowed, much less encouraged to choose their own values and moral stance is anathema to xTians to the same extent or perhaps more so than the modern definitions of Heresy. The praxis of independent thought, how frightening to that religion, which when it had the power made literacy outside of its own clergy, a crime punishable by death.

In the modern usage, the founder or leader (just the one, dear?) of a heretical movement is called a Heresiarch (though seldom to her or his face), while individuals who are accused of espousing Heresy and/or committing Heresy, are called Heretics. Heresiology is their term for the study of Heresy.

On the face of it, the whole concept of Heresy in its modern sense is a bit absurd. In a sane world (may this someday be one!) it would be nobody's business what anybody else believed as to Spiritual, MetaPhysical, and/or Mægikal concepts; and certainly no one's place to enforce their beliefs on anybody else. Whenever any person or group starts screaming and/or whining about Heretics, Blasphemers, Apostates, Infidels, Schismatics, and so forth, it seems to be iron-clad evidence of some serious cognitive dissonance at the least, if not blatant psychopathy. If a religion, or system of thought encourages actual criminal behaviours (with widespread agreement as to definition in the consensus reality) such as murder, assault, and/or theft, then that does become a point of legitimate concern by the community, but only the law enforcement vector of that community; and in this case some of the current mainstream religions would have more to fear than most of the so-called minority religions in the West.

One would do well to examine the motives and actions of the most active flingers-about of these terms, Heresy and Heretic, mostly being the various xTians, of the many ilk [each and every one of course, being the "only true way", no matter how they and their famous "book" may variously contradict one another (obligatory facetious punctuation mark)], though one wouldn't want to get any of it on one. Though their "Abramic-brothers-under-the-skin" in the Islamic clumps, do desperately try to keep up, and in some cases surpass the xTians in such flingings.

As far as the modern meaning of Heresy goes, it is good to remember that in the first few centuries of the xTian era there were many groups with quite divergent takes on the new Hebraic reformer, who mostly thought of themselves as the one and only, true xTianity, and in many cases, the rival groups as Heretics (though they didn't have the word then). The faction which became what is now characterized as the orthodox church (perhaps more accurately termed proto-orthodox, then) was originally just one group amongst many others (who all regarded themselves as followers of said reformer, historical or not); calling these other versions of xTianity Heresies may seem slightly anachronistic, even using their definitions, if applied to groups who operated in or before the fall of Rome and the ascendancy of xTianity's temporal power. Most of these creeds would have been seen at the time (by their adherents, and most innocent bystanders, at least) as being just as legitimate as the proto-orthodox group. The orthodox church succeeded in a slow process of legitimation of its authority and was able to label all their enemies as Heretics and persecute, kill them, and burn their books (thus giving the term an association with illegitimacy). At the time the term was co-opted, it probably did not have nearly such negative associations (except among the proto-orthodox).

So-called Heretics seldom self-identify as Heretics, unless for rhetorical effect, or sometimes their own amusement. In fact when you analyze the interactions of the early xTian factions there is much "you're a Heretic", "no, I'm orthodox, you're a Heretic". It rarely rose to the intellectual level of children's "I know you are, but what am I", but that's a whole other barrel of fish (so to speak). While the term is often used by xTians to indicate any non-orthodox (from a xTianity viewpoint) belief such as Paganism, even by their own definition Heresy (against xTianity) can only be committed by a person who considers himself a xTian, but rejects the teachings of the particular xTian church, which is calling them a Heretic. A person who completely renounces xTianity should not be considered a Heretic, but an Apostate; a person who renounces the authority of the xTian Tradition (general or specific), but not all or the bulk of its teachings, is a Schismatic, while an individual outside of the orthodox xTianity church who considers himself to be xTian might be called Heterodox, if they were in a real good mood that day.

The English word Heresy derives from the Old French Heresie (modern Hérésie), from Latin Haeresis, from Ancient Greek Αἵρεσις (Hairesis), meaning "choice, system of principles, a taking or choosing", further from Αἱρέομαι (Haireomai), meaning "to take for one's self, to choose", the middle voice of Αἱρέω (Haireō), meaning "to take". And of course, where would Heresy be without the Heretic? [mid-14c., from Old French Eretique (Modern French Hérétique), further from Greek Hairetikos meaning "able to choose", the verbal adjective of Hairein.]

See also: Spiritual, MetaPhysical, and/or Mægikal, xTianity

Hermeneutics ― A Field of Study of or relating to the methodological principals of interpretation and explanation.

Hermeneutism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, interpretation, interpolation and explanation of Sacred Texts as a guide to actions and beliefs.

Hermes Trismegistus ― Hermes Trismegistus as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἑρμῆς ὁ Τρισμέγιστος meaning "thrice-great Hermes", established in the ancient Greek culture as a separate God-Form from Hermes, or Djehuti for that matter, he is considered to have attributes shared by both Deities, but perhaps in more concentrated form. Both Djehuti and Hermes were Gods of writing and of magic in their respective cultures. Thus, the Greek God of interpretive communication was combined with the Egyptian God of wisdom as a patron of astrology and alchemy. In addition, both Gods were psychopomps; with part of their function devoted to guiding souls to the afterlife. And there is also a connection with the Egyptian Priest and Polymath Imhotep

See also: Ἑρμῆς ὁ Τρισμέγιστος

Hermetic ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, the term Hermetics is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in Mægical and religious movements based on concepts drawn from teachings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Hermetics is often characterized by the use of Esoteric Imagery, both in graphics and in the phraseology of the texts themselves.

Hermetic Alchemical Order of the QBLH ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Hermetic Order of The Golden Dawn ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Hermetic Order of The Golden Dawn is a Ceremonial Mægik Order founded in 1888 by Dr. William Wynn Westcott, Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers and Dr. W.R. Woodman based on a manuscript said to be an old German occult order. Aleister Crowley is the most well known member in occult circles, but membership also included W. B. Yeats and A. E. Waite. During its height the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn possessed the greatest known repository of Western magickal knowledge. Three magickal systems were taught: the Key of Solomon; Abra-Melin magick; and Enochian magick. Materials were also incorporated from the Egyptian Book of the Dead, William Blake's Prophetic Books and the Chaldean Oracles. Some of the texts included Christian elements and members circulated various Catholic and Anglican writings and sermons. Instruction was given in astral travel, scrying, alchemy, geomancy, the tarot and astrology. Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn: http://www.hermeticgoldendawn.org/index.shtml "The Golden Dawn system of magic is not a religion, although religious imagery and spiritual concepts play an important role in its work. The Golden Dawn was designed by its founders to be a Hermetic Society dedicated to the philosophical, spiritual, and psychic evolution of humanity. It was also designed to be a school and a repository of knowledge, where students learned the principles of occult science and the various elements of western philosophy and magic. Tolerance for all religious beliefs was stressed, and symbolism used within the G:.D:. came from a variety of religious sources. Today, people from many diverse religious paths consider themselves practicing Golden Dawn magicians--including NeoPagans, Gnostics, Jews, and Christians."

Hermeticism or Western Esotericism ― Western Esotericism or Hermeticism (also Western Hermetic Tradition, Western mysticism, Western Inner Tradition, Western Occult Tradition, and Western Mystery Tradition) is a broad spectrum of spiritual traditions found mostly in Western society, and may refer to the collection, without utilization, of the mystical, esoteric knowledge of the Western world. For convenience it is often referred to as Hermeticism. By whatever name, the broad vectors that it includes, but is not limited to, are, Alkhemy, Thaumaturgy, Theurgy, Theosophy, Herbalism, Occult Tarot, Astrology, Rosicrucianism, Illuminism, and Western forms of Ritual Mægik, Ceremonial Mægik, and Natural Mægik. The Tradition is not dependent on any one source or unifying text, nor do most of the representative manifestations of the Tradition hold any specific dogma as inviolable, instead placing emphasis on individual experiential attainment of inner knowledge or Gnosis. Various groups including Hermetic organizations, some NeoPagan groups, and Thelema are representative modern variants of traditional Western esoteric philosophies.

While there is no evidence to show a direct ancient lineage of the Western mystery tradition (Thanks in part to the burnings of the Library of Alexandria, and other ancient wisdom repositories), its more recent roots are in occultist movements of Late Antiquity, Roman-Hellenistic religions which in turn seem to have originated in ancient Ægypt, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Persia, India, China, or other parts of the ancient world. There are several problematic areas in any attempted documentation of the origins and evolutions of Hermeticism, especially since the actual origins of some of it's vectors seem to go way back into what are now termed pre-literate societies. And of course it now appears that there may have been more interaction between West and East, further back than any mainstream academia has been willing to countenance, at least until recently.

The precise beginnings of what is called Hermeticism in the modern world, have long been a matter of controversy and are still largely a subject of research. The more these origins are studied, the farther they seem to recede into the past. To make an accurate assumption of the tradition's origin and (therefore age) it would be necessary to study the origin of the various systems which have come to make up the tradition. Of these systems the Ægyptian and Ægean Mystery religions, Gnosticism and Hermeticism are generally considered the oldest, though many believe that prior to the mid-1800s these doctrines were not synthesized into one whole.

Heroic Myth

HeruUr Name ― In an Ægyptian Paradigm the HeruUr Name has independent existence but also functions as a component of a sentient Being during a particular incarnation and/or series of incarnations. When discussed in reference to a particular Individual within a specific incarnation the HeruUr Name may be considered as the Banner Representation of the Individual, the 'face' that the Individual shows the world in general. This embodies the functioning of the personality of the Individual, both eternal and that developed within the particular incarnation. The HeruUr Name is also a Field rather than a singularity, including the subset of particular varying faces that a person may show certain Individuals or groups of Individuals. If considered within a Sanatana Dharma Chakric context, the HeruUr Name might be considered to work in the arena of the Vishuddha Chakra or what is often called in the West, the Communication Chakra. A more complete listing of the various component parts in this particular system of reconstituted Ægyptian Parts of the Entity.

Hetaerae ― In ancient Greek society, Hetaerae (as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἐταῖραι) were independent and often influential women who wore distinctive attire, in part to identify themselves. The Hetaerae and the Hetaeroi for that matter, were full citizens and thus had to pay taxes (well, it often seems there's a down side to everything). Courtesan is probably the closest identifying term that modern Western civilization individuals can come up with in understanding these people and the place they held in society, but the actuality went far beyond this. The Hetaerae were renowned for their achievements in the Arts, particularly dance and music, and honoured for their intellectual pursuits, as well as for their physical Beauty, and sexual expertise. There is adequate evidence that, unlike most other women in Greek society of those times, Hetaerae were often formally educated. Hetaerae were the only women who could, if they desired, actively take part in the Symposia, and their opinions and beliefs were respected by men, on an equal basis. In certain fields of study and knowledge, particular Hetaerae would be sought out to explicate their views. The male form of the word, Ἑταἔρως (Hetaeros) (plural Ἑταἔροί hetaeroi), signified male companions. Most famously, it referred to Alexander the Great's bodyguard cavalry unit.

See also: Ἐταῖραι and Ἑταἔροί

Hetaeroi ― In ancient Greek society, Hetaeroi (as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἑταἔροί) were often influential companions, and generally young men who wore distinctive attire, in part to identify themselves. The Hetaeroi and the Hetaerae for that matter, were full citizens and thus had to pay taxes (well, it often seems there's a down side to everything). Courtesan is probably the closest identifying term that modern Western civilization individuals can come up with in understanding these people and the place they held in society, but the actuality went far beyond this. The Hetaeroi were renowned for their achievements in the Arts, particularly the athletic arts and the martial arts, but also dance and music, and honoured for their intellectual pursuits, as well as for their physical Beauty, and sexual expertise. The female form of the word, Ἐταῖρα (Hetaera) [plural Ἐταῖραι (Hetaerae)], signified female companions. Most famously, it referred to Phryne.

See also: Ἑταἔροί and Ἐταῖραι

Hetaireia ― Hetaireia as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἑταιρεία (1) society of friends; (2) a club

See also: Ἑταιρεία

Heterarchy ― The term Heterarchy comes into play in the discussion of Strange Loops. A strange loop is a hierarchy of levels, each of which is linked to at least one other by some type of relationship. A strange loop hierarchy, however, is "tangled" (Hofstadter refers to this as a "heterarchy"), in that there is no well defined highest or lowest level; moving through the levels one eventually returns to the starting point, i.e., the original level. Examples of strange loops that Hofstadter offers include: many of the works of M. C. Escher, the information flow network between DNA and enzymes through protein synthesis and DNA replication, and self-referential Gödelian statements in formal systems. In 'I Am a Strange Loop', Hofstadter defines strange loops as follows: "And yet when I say "strange loop", I have something else in mind a less concrete, more elusive notion. What I mean by "strange loop" is here goes a first stab, anyway not a physical circuit but an abstract loop in which, in the series of stages that constitute the cycling-around, there is a shift from one level of abstraction (or structure) to another, which feels like an upwards movement in a hierarchy, and yet somehow the successive "upward" shifts turn out to give rise to a closed cycle. That is, despite one's sense of departing ever further from one's origin, one winds up, to one's shock, exactly where one had started out. In short, a strange loop is a paradoxical level-crossing feedback loop." (pp. 101-102)

Heteronomism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Heuristic ― From the Greek root for "to discover", heuristic is defined as meaning: of or relating to exploratory problem solving techniques that utilize self-educating techniques and the evaluation of feedback to improve performance. Characterized often as providing aid or direction in the solution of problems whether any Linear, Scientific and/or Logical proof or justification is provided or possible.

Hex Signs ― When the term Hex Sign is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to very large, round, colorfully-designed signs painted on barns, houses, and other farm buildings by the Pennsylvania Dutch people of the northeast United States, or to something similar in motif. These were originally intended as a defense against hexerei, or witchcraft spells, but are now used mostly for their distinctive aesthetics. Each design is enclosed in a circle and has a meaning. The most common designs utilize five, six, and seven pointed stars, hearts, the solar wheel, flowers, and farm tools. They are painted in primary colors. Little more is known as it is a taboo for these folk to talk about them to outsiders. The custom of using hex signs on barns but not houses comes from Germany. The custom of using hex signs on houses and not barns comes from Switzerland. The Pennsylvania Dutch simply combined both customs and paint hex signs on whatever farm building they wish.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hexagram ― When the term Hexagram is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a physical representation of a Hexagram, most frequently either a three-dimensional Hexagram, or one engraved in some manner on a Disc or Sphere that may be used as a Paten in Circle Werk; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hidden Realms

Hiereia ― Hiereia as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἱέρεια Priestess. Aeolian - Φαυόφορος (Phauophoros) meaning Light-Keeper

See also: Ἱέρεια

Hierology ― Hierology is the field of study which encompasses the arts and sciences involved in studying of sacred Ægyptian writing. Not only reading it for meaning, but also analysis of shape and other components of Hieroglyphic writing.

Hieromancy ― A type of divination using the study of objects offered in sacrifice, sometimes by observing sacrificial remains or sacred things. see also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions

Hierokeryx ― Hierokeryx as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἱερόκῆρυξ and indicates the herald who announces a ritual by calling for silence.

See also: Ἱερόκῆρυξ

Hierology ― For the study of hieroglyphics, see hieroglyphology. For the study of sacred writings, see hierographology. Hierology (from the Greek Ιερος (hieros) meaning Sacred or Holy, and Λογος (Logos) meaning word, account, or reason) refers to the study of the sacred and sacredness. It is generally pursued by those who find real truth in many faiths and especially refers to philosophical speculations about religion that involve the traditions of multiple cultures or belief systems. It differs from theology in that a god or gods are not necessarily a focus and in that it may include sources with no origin in Western philosophy or religion. Much more information may be found in the Wikipedia entry on The Sacred,

See also:

Hīeromancy and Hīeroscopy ― When the term Hīeromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination based on the observation of Sacred Things, including but not limited to Sacrificial Remains. Hīeromancy could also refer to the observation and interpretation of how Rites proceeded, successfully or unsuccessfully, smoothly or arduously, mundanely or otherworldly, and so forth.

The term Hīeromancy is derived directly from the Greek Ἱερόμαντεία (Hīeromanteia) and further from the Greek words: from (Hīero-), the combining form of Ἱερός (Hīeros) meaning Sacred, or Holy; and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hieron ― Hieron as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἱέρων (1) filled with divine power; (2) a sanctuary

See also: Ἱέρων

Hierophantes ― Hierophantes as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἱεροφάντης (1) displayer of holy things; (2) he who explains Sacred things

See also: Ἱεροφάντης

Hierophany ― Hierophany http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hierophany The term "hierophany" (from the Greek roots "Ἱερός" (hieros), meaning "sacred" or "holy," and "Φαίνειν" (phainein) meaning "to reveal" or "to bring to light") signifies a manifestation of the sacred. It occurs frequently in the works of the religious historian Mircea Eliade as an alternative to the more restrictive term "theophany" (an appearance of a god).

Eliade argues that religion is based on a sharp distinction between the sacred (God, gods, mythical ancestors, etc.) and the profane. According to Eliade, for traditional man, myths describe "breakthroughs of the sacred (or the 'supernatural') into the World" — that is, hierophanies. In the hierophanies recorded in myth, the sacred appears in the form of ideal models (the actions and commandments of gods, heroes, etc.). By manifesting itself as ideal models, the sacred gives the world value, direction, and purpose: "The manifestation of the sacred ontologically founds the world". According to this view, all things need to imitate or conform to the sacred models established by hierophanies in order to have true reality: to traditional man, things "acquire their reality, their identity, only to the extent of their participation in a transcendent reality".

PAH Triad
Three psychological phenomena (Pareidolia, Apophenia and Hierophany) acting simultaneously. Recent studies indicate the probable influence of the PAH triad in the sacralisation of different elements of the landscape and natural phenomena, in diverse cultures across the world. The evidence for the manifestation of PAH in diverse latitudes, ages and cultures, seems to indicate a possible ubiquity of the phenomenon in space and time.

PAH is described as: A psychological tool that organized chaos and made the world intelligible for our ancestors Ubiquitous phenomena, inherent to human beings. It is part of the unconscious mechanisms. Present in the primary stages of the early development of the human conscience. Probably gave rise to art, legends, animism, religion and cosmology.

Hieros ― Hieros as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἱερός (1) Sacred; (2) consecrated to a Deity

See also: Ἱερός

Hieros Gamos ― Hieros Gamos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ιερός Γάμος (1) holy wedding; (2) Sacred marriage; (3) a coupling of a Deity and a human

Forms & Techniques, See also: Ιερός Γάμος

High Mægik ― see- Ceremonial Mægik

High Priestess ― The Priestess in modern NeoPagan parlance, almost universally, whether in the context of Officiation or not, is defined as an Individual who has become capable of bringing a type of Divine Force into the corporeal version of our consensus reality, sometimes through Invocation and/or Evocation, but in all cases demonstrating that this process is possible. The criteria for referring to a Priestess as a High Priestess varies from Tradition to Tradition, in Garden of Life, it means that the person applying this designation is affirming that they have personally experienced the event of the Priestess in question, performing this function, and therefore acknowledge her as a High Priestess.

See also: Practitionor, Celebrant, Officiant, The Gifts and Persuasions, Divinor

Himeros

HinaYana Buddhism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as such, and holding the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha, and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The first movement Hinayana, or "Lesser Vehicle" has its origins around 500BC which developed into Theravada. As the ancient form of Buddhism, it is still found in Sri Lanka and most of the continental Southeast Asia. The emphasis in this movement is on monastic life, where one becomes an arhat who tries to reach individual saintliness and extinction at the end of his life. According to the teachings, Buddha was a mortal teacher who reached nirvana, and ultimately ceased to remain at our level of existence. The term Hinayana refers to the group of Buddhist schools or sects that appeared before the common era and those directly derived from them. The word Hinayana, which means "small vehicle," that is, "lesser means of progress" toward liberation. Some postulate that there is no monolithic Buddhism as such, but that there are Buddhisms such as Sinhala Buddhism or more precisely Sinhala Theravada Buddhism, Siam or Thai Buddhism, Myanmar or Amarapura Buddhism and so forth. The complete entry on HinaYana Buddhism (also see: the complete entry on Buddhism.)

Hinduism ― see- Sanatana Dharma

Hippomancy and Hipposcopy ― When the term Hippomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination from observations of Horses, particularly horses' features, movements and behaviours.

The term Hippomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ἵππος (Hippos) meaning Horse [not hippos! Haha, though the naming of the Ægytian River Horse, is called to mind], and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Ho'mam'ni ― When the term Ho'mam'ni is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a Vegetal Celebratory Preparation Materials ordinarily ground with a Mehete and Mano, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. From the Hopi Tradition it is only ground by Priestesses of the Tradition, sometimes only certain Priestesses of a certain rank. Corn is the primary ingredient, but many other grains, roots and flowers are added, varying from Tradition to Tradition. It is often used as a Cleansing before Werkings by a small about of the Ho'mam'ni being blown on the Ajna of each Celebrant.

Holistic Homeopathy ― A medical system based on the principle that "like heals like." Based on the law of Similars, that is two similar diseases can not exist in the body at the same time. It uses highly diluted solutions of natural substances form plants, animals and minerals called "remedies" to stimulate the body's healing responses. Therefore, a remedy is chosen by it's ability to duplicate the same "totality of symptoms" as the person experiences. Because it uses energy not chemicals, the incorrect remedy generally does nothing! For this reason, homeopathy is very safe for self use. (Psycho-energetic homeopathy or constitutional treatment matches an individual's personality type instead.)

Hologrammic Universe ― From the 1985 publication of Beyond the Brain: Birth, Death, and Transcendence in Psychotherapy, by Stanislav Grof: "During the last three decades, important developments in the field of mathematics, laser technology, holography, quantum-relativistic physics, and brain research have led to the discovery of new principles that have far-reaching implications for modern consciousness research and for science in general. These principles have been called holonomic, holographic, or hologrammic, because they open fascinating alternatives to conventional understanding of the relationship between the whole and its parts. Their unique nature can best be demonstrated in the process of storing, retrieving, and combining information with the technique of optical holography." The idea is also somewhat along the lines of a similarity in the nature of our Universe to the process of optical holography, especially in that each fractal part may contain the patternings of the whole. Not to mention certain modern theories which speculate that the entire visible Universe of which we are aware, is some sort of Hologram, or something very like that.

Holy Order of RaHoorKhuit ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

HolyDay ― A constructed word meaning both Holy Day and Holiday. In the many Pagan Traditions, the choice is there to either accept the consensus set of HolyDays, and/or create a system of HolyDays unique to that Tradition, or some combination of the two. Due to the near universal appreciation for the Natural Cycles amongst Pagans, most Pagan Ritual Calendars contain a good number of the Vegetation Cycle HolyDays, as well as those commemorating pivot points in the annual Solar Cycles, and the phases of the Moon.

See also: Garden of Life Temple Celebrations, Celebratory Rites and Festivals of ḠĀĒÄ, Lunar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Solar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄, Sacramental Celebrations, and Informal Spiritual Celebrations

Homeromancy and Homeroscopy ― When the term Homeromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using verses of Homer's writings, often selected at random, such as by opening a book or scroll and touching it blindfolded; a special type of Bubliomancy. In Traditions which still utilize the Oral Traditions, it could also occur by keying random quotations from scribes who had the entire corpus of Homeric literature memorized.

The term Homeromancy is derived directly from the Greek Ὅμηρομαντεῖον (Hōmerōmanteion), and further from the Greek words: Ὅμηρος (Hómēros) meaning Homer and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hō'mom'ni ― When the term Hō'mom'ni is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a fine flour of Corn, and/or other Grains, ground only by the Priestesses of a given Tradition, and utilized as a cleansing Blessing on the Celebrants of that Tradition; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Homophones ― Homophones words that are pronounced the same but have different meanings. In Chinese kia tsie (the fifth category of Chinese characters).
See also: Garden of Life WordPlay Index

Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense ― A French Bon Mot, in English would be something like: "Evil, ( or shamed ) be he that thinks evil of it", attributed to Edward III, provenance Calais, the saying became the motto of the order of the Garter and was emblazoned upon the Star and Garter. The Star and Garter naturally refers to the insignia of the chivalric Order of the Garter which, tradition tells us, was founded by Edward III when he rescued the Countess of Salisbury who was compromised by her garter falling off her leg in full view of the court - the blue garter and the symbols thereon thus revealing her as an adherent of the Elder Faith. Some say the star was added later though it is not unlikely that a Star and Crescent Moon was perhaps on the original. There is an alternative account of the founding of the Order of the Garter within the poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight in which the Order is founded by King Arthur to include all of the knights of the Round Table in commemoration of the ordeal of Sir Gawain at the hands of the Green Knight.

Hood ― When the term Hood is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers an arrangement of cloth either attached to a robe, cloak, or cape, or separate, which may be pulled up over and around the head, leaving the face in shadow, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hoodoo ― An American magickal system drawn from African magickal practice, Native American botanical healing knowledge and European folklore. It is often confused with Voodoo and its practitioners are called Hoodoo, Hoodoo Doctors, Hoodoo Men/Women, Conjure Men/Women Conjurers, Root Doctors or Root Workers. Also known as Rootwork.

Hook ― When the term Hook is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a piece of metal or other material, curved or bent back at an angle, for catching hold of or hanging things on; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hoop and Measuring Line ― When the term Hoop and Measuring Line is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci it generally refers to a particular set of tools which may be used to construct Circles and other Sacred Patternings for Werkings, which includes a rigid circle of material and a line marked with increments of distance; specifically constructed for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Altar, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature./p>

Hopi ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Horn ― When the term Horn is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus in a musical or sound producing context it generally refers to specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Actual Horns, the bony, permanent, hollow paired growths, often curved and pointed, that project from the upper part of the head of certain ungulate mammals, as cattle, sheep, goats, or antelopes, may have other applications within Mægikal circumstances, such as drinking from, or holding substances.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Horns ― When the term Horns [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 15] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to the power of pure distilled thought, perhaps represented by physical horns and/or horned headgear of some sort. The Idea of Minerva may be one of the most precisely corresponding GodForms.

see also: Forms & Techniques, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Horoscope ― When the term Horoscope is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to a chart or diagram used in Astrology, representing the positions of the Sun, Moon, planets, other solar system components, aspects, and sensitive angles at a specific time in reference to a precise location which may be interpreted in reference to an event, such as the moment of a person's birth. The word Horoscope is derived from Greek words meaning "a look at the hours" Ὡροσκοπία (horoskopos), pl. horoskopoi, or "marker(s) of the hour.") The actual Greek word for horoscope however is Σφῆρος (Sfharos). Other commonly used names for the horoscope in English include astrological chart, astro-chart, celestial map, sky-map, star-chart, cosmogram, vitasphere, radical chart, radix, chart wheel, or simply chart.

If you wish you can check out our 'in progress' current revision of the Garden of Life Astrology Key, which we hope to complete some day. Some closely related topics here in this section of the website are: Astrology, Asian Astrology, Jyotish Astrology, Sidereal Astrology, Tropical Astrology,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Horsa Tradition Witchcraft ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in Sybil Leek's teachings and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Horsa line began with Sybil Leek, who claimed to have been taught the Craft from the same set of New Forest Covens as Gerald Gardner.  She was one of the first of the modern day witches to take up environmental causes.

The Horsa or New Forest Tradition is a Tradition of Witchcraft originating in the New Forest of England.. As Grace taught it, it is more akin to Traditional Druidism than to modern Wicca., although there is more stress on the feminine aspects of Divinity. Grace Kemelek taught that The New Forest Tradition is NOT Wicca.

In Horsa,we view life as the arena whereby spirit seeks to attain "absolute good". "Absolute good" is viewed as Spirit fully evolved. This evolution takes place, during each incarnation, according to our state of spiritual development. We seek to attain this "absolute good" by living our lives according to the Immutable universal laws. We come to realize these laws, instinctively, through successive incarnation, and through the application of the faculty of reason and the mind. Spirit retains elements of personality and experiences from each incarnation. We view this element as the faculty of "conscience", it is the "residue" of personality and experience of our previous incarnations. We use this faculty as a standard against which we weigh our thoughts and actions, and act accordingly. We perfect this faculty by looking within ourselves, and seeking to bring into harmony the areas in our own life, which fall under our power to change. Our thoughts are the seeds, out of which our actions grow, creating vibrations, which blossom as effects, bearing good or ill fruit, thus one must act in accordance with "conscience".

The concepts of good and evil, like all "opposites", are purely subjective. We view "evil" as an unharmonious state which arises, from the misapplication of will and reason, as an excess towards one "node" of polarity. We do not view evil as a natural state. We hold that good lies in the active aspect of a person, in the will of a person not the person themselves, Evil can only manifest by one consciously and willfully seeking it. Anything that interferes with spiritual evolution, we basically regard as evil. Events and experiences that we may subjectively judge as "evil" or bad, if these experiences add to our spiritual evolution, are, when objectively viewed, essentially good. Actions which subjectively appear good, can, when objectively viewed, maybe a hindrance to spiritual growth, hence essentially evil. We hold that the essential part of one's self cannot be affected by any action, over which one's self is not capable of controlling through one's will.

Human Energy Centres, Flows, and/or Fields ― There are innumerable ways to visualize the Energy Points and Patterns within and around Sentients, in this case Humans, probably as many as there are individuals who have thought about it. Some may seem better and more comprehensive to one person and others to other people. Most of the proposed patternings have a fair amount of overlap, some may not. There is a whole range of mostly similar patternings arising out of the Sanatana Dharma Traditions, there is the beautiful modern work of Alex Grey, in his Sacred Mirrors series and elsewhere. Each person who is interested in dealing with these Energies in a Conscious manner chooses a pattern in which to think about them and werk with them. These Fields include but may not be limited to: the various Auras or Sheaths around the Corporeal Body; the Wheel or Vortex like venues of various Energy Centres or Chakras; the Flows such as the Susumma or Golden Column; the spiraling paths around the Central Column; the Kundalini's resting cavern and roads to the Crown; the Pauti Elemental Ring; the Bubbling Springs where the Energies of the Earth Mother enter into the individual's Fields; the operational centres of the various Sentient components (whether visualized in an primal Ægyptian manner or a modern Psychological way); the archetypal influences represented by the components of the Local Space/Time Matrix in which we find ourselves; and so forth.

Human Evil ― The suffering which results from morally wrong human choices. Human evil is therefore sometimes contrasted with natural evil, which is the result of disasters, such as earthquakes. The term 'evil' is used (especially in earlier centuries) as a synonym for extreme forms of moral wrong. So used its analysis is the task of secular moral philosophy. One problem sometimes discussed is whether people can rationally choose evil as such. It has been argued, for example by Francis Hutcheson and Joseph Butler, that people do not choose evil as such but rather pursue their own interests, or some cause with which they identify, at the expense of the interests of other people, and evil is a by-product of these pursuits. But the experiences of this century suggest that people can choose evil for its own sake. Indeed, an orthodox theological view is that all human beings have a fallen nature and will inevitably choose evil unless given powerful incentives not to do so and/or are controlled by state or religious sanctions. When the term 'evil' implies a theistic Metaphysics it raises the further problem of how evil is compatible with the existence of an omnipotent and loving God. Several Metaphysical theories can be found to account for its existence. One is that evil does not really exist; it is an illusion. A second is that evil is a necessary part of a good whole, just as the dark patches in a painting may contribute to the perfection of the whole. A third view, developed by Aquinas, is that evil is a privation of the goodness proper to something, as blindness is the privation of the good of the eye. None of these views seems to do justice to the reality of pain and suffering.

Humanism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Humanistic Judaism ― "Secular Humanism" is a non-religiously based philosophy promoting man as the measure of all things. They value knowledge based on reason and hard evidence rather than on faith. They generally reject the concept of a personal God. 1. The movement can be traced directly back to the rationalism of the 18th Century and the free thought movement of the 19th Century. Its roots are in the system of rational philosophy created in ancient Greece. "Religious Humanism" is similar to secular Humanism, except that it is practiced within a religious setting with community, fellowship and rituals. Its various forms are seen in Ethical Culture Societies, some groups affiliated with the Unitarian Universalist Association, and in congregations associated with the Society for Humanistic Judaism. Humanistic Judaism, then, is a group within Judaism that follows religious Humanism. According to an article in the Washington Post, "Stephen P. Weldon, a historian of humanism at Cornell University, said that Jewish humanists reflect an emerging pattern of religious humanism as distinct from secular humanism. 'A lot of humanists have decided that religion is a natural human impulse and...that there needs to be some kind of ritual and socializing aspect and that going to church or going to temple can help us do that,' Weldon said. Humanistic Judaism has existed since the early 19th century as an intellectual tradition. It was first formally organized in 1969 as the Society for Humanistic Judaism -- founded by Rabbi Sherwin T. Wine in Detroit, MI. The Society currently has about 50 affiliated communities in the U.S. and about 35,000 members worldwide. According to their official web site: "Humanistic Judaism embraces a human-centered philosophy that combines rational thinking with a celebration of Jewish culture and identity. Humanistic Jews value their Jewish identity and the aspects of Jewish culture that offer a genuine expression of their contemporary way of life. Humanistic Jewish communities celebrate Jewish holidays and life cycle events (such as weddings and bar and bat mitzvah) with inspirational ceremonies that draw upon but go beyond traditional literature."

Huna ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. HUNA: The ancient Polynesian philosophical, scientific and magickal system. Huna teaches that there are three selves: lower, middle and higher that may be integrated by directing Mana properly. Practitioners are called Kahuna.

Hyaenia ― When the term Hyaenia is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to Stones produced in the eye of the Hyaena

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hydromancy and Hydroscopy ― When the term Hydromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using Water, including the colour, movement, clarity and so forth, most often a type of Scrying into Water in various forms.

The term Hydromancy is directly derived from the Greek Ὑδρομαντεία (Hydromanteia), further from the Greek roots Ὕδωρ (Hydor) meaning water, and in a combining form, Hydro- and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

When considering the categories of divination in Elemental breakdown, most often the reference is to four or five element systems. In the most widely known five element system Ætheromancy (Spirit, Æther, Quintessence) joins Hydromancy (or Aquamancy) (Water),, Pyromancy (Fire), Aeromancy (Air), and Geomancy (Earth), as Elemental Divination Systems. And each of these is a broad category containing a number of Divination Systems itself.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hygeia (Local Star System Component) ― see: H̅īḡēä

Hypnagogic ― The term Hypnagogic refers to that which is of, relates to, or occurs in the period of the state of consciousness (characaterized by drowsiness, and in some an inability to move) immediately preceding sleep. Along with the term Hypnopompic which is associated with the semiconsciousness preceding the waking consciousness state, the two transitioning states of Consciousness, are both very important in learning to achieve certain Trance states. Hypnogogic is often thought of as inducing sleep, and certainly as one enters into the state there is a certain threshold, after which it is difficult if not impossible to pull back out to Waking Consciousness. Hypnagogic is derived from the Greek ὕπνος (húpnos) meaning sleep and the Greek root found in: ἄγω, (ágō) meaning: to lead away, conduct, convey; ἀγωγεύς (agōgeús) meaning conveyor; ἀγωγή, (agōgḗ) meaning abduction, transport, leading away and so forth.

see also: Consciousness

Hypnagogic State ― The term Hypnogogia refers to the transitional state between wakefulness and sleep. Transition to and from sleep may be attended by a wide variety of sensory experiences. These can occur in any modality, individually or combined, and range from the vague and barely perceptible to vivid hallucinations. Events of the Hypnogogic State have fascinated various thinkers down through history, in relation to inspiration and experiencing contact with alternate realities.

Hypnomancy and Hypnoscopy ― When the term Hypnomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using Sleep, either the Practitionor's sleep, or the Practitionor observing someone else sleeping.

The term Hypnomancy is derived from the Greek words: Ὕπνος (Hypnos) meaning sleep and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Hypnophilia ― Sexual Arousal from Thoughts of Sleep and/or the condtion of Drowsiness. Hypnophilia is derived from the Greek ὕπνος (húpnos) meaning sleep and Φιλíα (-philia) meaning friendship, affectionate love, and/or dispassionate virtuous love, utilized as a suffix.

see also: ,

Hypnotherapy ― Approved by the American Medical Association since 1958. Techniques that bypass the conscious mind and use altered mental states to facilitate behavioral, emotional, or attitudinal change, to treat stress, phobias, producing therapeutic side effects and promoting healing. What the mind created, the mind can change. When we eliminate the problems from the subconscious mind, problems disappear. Hypnotherapy is a natural method of lulling the conscious mind in order to reach the subconscious. When the subconscious is spoken to directly, old patterns and conditioning can be reprogrammed and new ideas and positive suggestions can be introduced. Common methods include visualization, guided imagery and suggestions. Safe, soothing and relaxing group hypnosis sessions are used for weight loss and stop smoking.

Hypnotica ― are those substances, natural and/or artificial, from plants, animals, and minerals, as well as elemental chemical processes, which

There are numerous systems of taxonomy of psycho-active substances, we are including terms from poet and ethnobotanist Dale Pendell's system here, as it seems to us to be the most comprehensive and consistent. His system is laid out in his remarkable non-linear trilogy: Pharmako/Poeia, Pharmako/Dynamis, and Pharmako/Gnosis. Noting that as he points out frequently, this is about a Poison Path, and there are numerous dangers to be had, especially for the unprepared and uninformed. But regardless he includes, as representative of this class: Rauwolfia serpentaria

Hyponymy ― In linguistics, a hyponym is a word or phrase whose semantic field is included within that of another word, its hypernym (sometimes spelled hyperonym outside of the natural language processing community). In simpler terms, a hyponym shares a type-of relationship with its hypernym. For example, scarlet, vermilion, carmine, and crimson are all hyponyms of red (their hypernym), which is, in turn, a hyponym of colour.

Computer science often terms this relationship an "is-a" relationship. For example, the phrase Red is-a colour can be used to describe the hyponymic relationship between red and colour.

Hypernymy is the semantic relation in which one word is the hypernym of another. Hypernymy, the relation in which words stand when their extensions stand in the relation of class to subclass, should not be confused with holonymy, which is the relation in which words stand when the things that they denote stand in the relation of whole to part. A similar warning applies to hyponymy and meronymy.

As a hypernym can be understood as a more general word than its hyponym, the relation is used in semantic compression by generalization to reduce a level of specialization.

Hypothecate

Hysteria ― When used in reference to the field of Analytical Psychology from the Greek for womb, hysteria was once diagnosed as a purely feminine disease. Psychiatry came to use the term to refer to neurotic behaviour in which the physical symptoms, e.g. paralysis or convulsions, derive from psychological rather that physical malfunction. Phobia, or extreme neurotic anxiety, is also a form of hysteria. Jung agrees with Freud that hysterical symptoms are a return of repressed memories in the personal background of the patient, and that they involve misplaced psychic energy, usually sexual. The form of the symptoms is itself symbolic of the nature of the psychological problem.


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Definitions, Premisses, and Info Index by Sound and Letter

Capital A with ring aboveÅ   Capital A with macronĀ   Capital A with breveĂ   Capital A with diaeresisÄ   Capital A with circumflex   Capital A with dot aboveȦ   Capital A with inverted breveȂ   Capital A with tildeà   Capital A with ogonekĄ   Capital AE ligatureÆ   Capital AE ligature with tildeÆ̃   Capital Glottal Stop   Capital Palatoalveolar Click   Regular English AA   Script Capital L   Capital L with macron above   Capital L with dot below   Capital L with stroke, Dark L Ł   Regular English LL   Capital WHω   Capital W with macron above   Capital W with dot below   Regular English WW   Capital Slide H with reverse solidusℋ⃥   Capital H with macron above   Capital H with dot below   Aspirate   Slight Pause   Very Slight Pause   Regular English HH   Capital S with macron above   Capital S with dot above   Capital SH sign   Capital SKΣ   Regular English SS   Hard and Deep Capital DД   High and Light Capital D   Regular English DD   Capital O with ring above   Capital O with macronŌ   Capital O with breveŎ   Capital O with diaeresisÖ   Capital O with solidusØ   Capital OE ligatureŒ   Capital O with Cyrillic Round OmegaѺ   Capital OI   Capital O with ogonekǪ   Capital O with double oo top   Regular English OO   Capital EZJHʑ   Capital Z with macron below   Capital Z with dot aboveŻ   Regular English ZZ   Capital K with macron aboveК̅   Capital K with dot below К̣   Capital Hard KHχ   Capital KHƙ   Regular English KK   Capital V with macron above   Capital V with dot below   Regular English VV   Capital G with macron   Capital G with dot aboveĠ   Capital GNΓ   Capital GRЖ   Capital GWCapital GW   Capital Uvular Voiced ImplosiveϘ   Regular English GG   Capital rolled R with macronЯ̅   Capital rolled R with dot aboveЯ̇   Capital R with macron above   Capital R with dot above   Capital R with ogonek   Regular English RR   Capital C with cedillaÇ   Capital CHЧ   Regular English CC   Capital N with macron above   Capital N with dot below   Capital N with tildeÑ   Capital NGŋ   Capital NG with macron aboveŋ̅   Regular English NN   Capital Y with macron above Ȳ   Capital Y with dot above   Capital Y with yaw aboveЎ   Regular English YY   Capital J with macron aboveЈ̅   Capital J with dot belowЈ̣   Regular English JJ   Capital U with a ring aboveŮ   Capital U with macronŪ   Capital U with breveŬ   Capital U with circumflex aboveÛ   Capital U with diaeresisÜ   Regular English UU   Capital F with macron above   Capital F with dot above   Regular English FF   Capital Q with macron above   Capital Q with dot above   Regular English QQ   Capital B with macron   Capital B with dot below   Trilled BTrilled B   Regular English BB   Capital M with macron   Capital M with dot below   Capital M with tilde   Capital MBCapital MB   Capital MG   Regular English MM   Capital X with macron above   Capital X with dot above   Regular English XX   Capital I with macronĪ   Capital I with breveĬ   Regular English II   Capital T with macron above   Capital T with dot below   Capital TH voicedΘ   Capital TH voicelessÞ   Capital TSЦ   Capital TSCHЩ   Regular English TT   Capital E with macronĒ   Capital E with breveĔ   Capital E with circumflexÊ   Capital schwa Ə   Regular English EE   Capital P with macron above   Capital P with dot above   Capital pTCapital pT   Regular English PP

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