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Special Note: Garden of Life uses a large number of specially purposed English words, often spelled slightly differently than regular, to make their specific meaning more apparent. We also use a large number of neologisms, specifically constructed for Temple use. All of this type of terminology is defined in several places on the website, here in the Garden of Life website Definitions pages, in the Articles of Organization glossary, and such. If you are viewing this page in a browser which doesn't support full current Unicode coding or if you haven't installed current free Unicode fonts, such as Code2000 version 1.171 at FontSpace or Alphabetical List of Unicode Fonts, many of the phonetic characters, diacritical marks, and symbols in these pages will not show up or will show up as boxes. Availability changes so you may have to do a search. It's a free font for personal use, so we can send you a copy if you can't find it. And the display probably won't be perfect anyway, but it's getting closer all the time. At the risk of belabouring the extremely obvious, this page is a work in progress, with quite a distance to go before it sleeps. All of these Attributions are from our perspective. We are not putting them forward as objective fact. We welcome all feedback at Defs@gardenoflifetemple.com, though we do not guarantee to process such feedback other than for ascertainable accuracy and usefulness. Thanks.
 

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S̅ĕдñä (nomenclature vulgaris: Sedna) (Local Star System Component) ― S̅ĕдñä is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the component of our local star system (Planet, Dwarf Planet, or whatnot), referred to as "Sedna" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

S̅æf̅ŏç'ĭñ ― A phonetically constructed title of position based on the Greek roots and meaning Wise One.

S̅æf̅ŏç'ĭñç ― Plural of S̅æf̅ŏç'ĭñ.

 

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ΣŎP̅'P̅ØÇŌК̅ÖЯ̄ŌÇ or
Σŏp̄'p̄øçōк̄öя̄ōç
― Σŏp̄'p̄øçōк̄öя̄ōç is a term used by Garden of Life for the Body of Guardians within a Tradition, a Guardian School, both in the archaic sense of an assembly of Officiant Guardians and in the more modern sense of a School for younger or newer Guardians, the term may also be applied to any specific lands and/or buildings primarily used for those purposes. The Name is a phonetically constructed Institution Name based on the Archaic Greek root words: Σκοπός meaning one who Watches, is an alert sentinel and/or Spiritual Watching Energy; and χῶρος meaning Country or clearly defined space for. In Temple context, a specifically designated space for the study and learning associated with Processing of the Outflowing Radiant Mægikal Energies that are usually referred to as the Watcher Energies; and the Body of Persons, attached to or Werking from or through that place.

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Sacrament ― From the word Sacred, the Sacraments of any Spiritual Tradition are acts and/or processes which that Tradition considers and/or delineates as such, a Sacrament is regarded as possessing a sacred character or having some ineffable Spiritual significance. A Sacrament is any cohesive Act, Acts and/or Process or Series of Acts which has a specific Spiritual purpose and has become Sacred to a Tradition. In the secular law, Officiants of a recognised Spiritual Tradition are afforded special protection with the context of the duration of the performance of Sacraments of that Tradition.

Sacramental Celebrations ― The term Sacramental Celebrations may be used to indicate instances of praxis within the context of those behaviours which a Tradition acknowledges as Sacraments. The Celebration of these Sacraments may be by and/or for Individuals, Groups of Individuals and/or the Whole Assembly, with or without non-member participation. It is the prerogative of any Tradition to designate an official list of Sacraments, or not, as they choose. In Garden of Life, these Sacraments will ordinarily include but not be limited to: Perfectionings, Joinings, Passages, Manifestations, Clearing/Cleansings, Consecrations, Annointments, Building Energies, Sending Energies, Letting-Go Assists, Initiations, Ordinations, Accreditations, Healings, Catalyzations, Krysalizations, Kaosizations, Swan Songs, and Translation Assists. Indeed, the act of participating in a Celebratory Werking, and/or Officiating has Sacramental overtones in-and-of-itself.

See the complete list of Garden of Life Sacraments, in the Founding/Formalization Documents: Garden of Life Sacraments

See also: HolyDay, Garden of Life Temple Celebrations, Celebratory Rites and Festivals of ḠĀĒÄ, Lunar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Solar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄, and Informal Spiritual Celebrations

Sacramental Objects ― Sacramental Objects are those which are utilized in processing the Sacraments in a given Tradition, whether the items themselves are considered to be embued with Sacred qualities in and of themselves, or to build up such qualities over a period of use.

See also: Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sacred

Sacred Geometry

Sacred Language Project

Sacred Objects ― Sacred Objects are items which are considered to have innate characteristics which make them Sacred, to a particular Tradition, and/or in general. Also those objects which have been consecrated to general or a particular Mægikal Werking.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sacred Space ― Any Space designated specifically for the interaction of Individuals and The Divine Forces of this Cosmos, including but not limited to Sites for Celebrations, Individual's Personal Altars, and other Physical, Mental and Spiritual Spaces.

Sacred/Profane Dichotomy ― Sacred/Profane Dichotomy French sociologist Émile Durkheim considered the dichotomy between the sacred and the profane to be the central characteristic of religion: "religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden." In Durkheim's theory, the sacred represented the interests of the group, especially unity, which were embodied in sacred group symbols, or totems. The profane, on the other hand, involved mundane individual concerns. Durkheim explicitly stated that the dichotomy sacred/profane was not equivalent to good/evil. The sacred could be good or evil, and the profane could be either as well.

Jung characterized the Sacred as an experience of something that evokes rapture, awe, exaltation, or ecstasy; something that is even dreadful in its intensity and power. As opposed to profane or ordinary, sacred is often perceived in contemporary culture as something alien or other.

Sacred Spatial Architect ― A Sacred Spatial Architect when considered in an Officiant context, is an Officiant who may specialize in the design and construction of Circle Patterns and other types of Sacred Spaces for the purpose of holding Werkings within the context of a given Tradition.

See also: Practitionor, Celebrant, Officiant, The Gifts and Persuasions, Divinor

Sacred Spatial Design ― Sacred Spatial Design

See also: Ritual Arts, Spatial Arts, Art

Sacred to Our Tradition

Sacred Space ― Any Space designated specifically for the interaction of Individuals and The Divine Forces of this Cosmos, including but not limited to Sites for Celebrations, Individual's Personal Altars, and other Physical, Mental and Spiritual Spaces.

Sacred Wheel Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. An eclectic neo-Pagan path based on Keltic beliefs, that focuses on balance and learning. Keltic beliefs are a part of their teachings. They state that they are a Wiccan religion dedicated to the health of Mother Earth, and to all her children in whatever forms they may take.

Sæb'ean ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Sage ― A Sage is a male Officiant whose interests and efforts are shifted even further away from active Officiating at Werkings and toward more general Human Spirituality pursuits. The Sages of a group, along with the Crones, the Patri, and the Matri constitute the body of Elders within the group. Elder's purview and responsibilities may vary wildly from group to group, even within a particular Tradition, however, usually they will fall within the area of continuity and the framework of the group.

See also: Practitionor, Celebrant, Officiant, The Gifts and Persuasions, Divinor

Sagittarus (Western Tropical Astrology Sign) ― see: Âʀ̇к̣'к̣êʀ̇ēŭṡ

Sahasrâra ― the Sahasrâra or Crown Chakra ―
      which relates to: Spirituality, Life Force Energies, and Ultimate Potentials
          and governs: Brain Stem, Pleasure and Pain Center, top of Spinal Cord, and Nerves
              with this Colour correspondence: White, Purples, Goldens, Sparkling, Hologrammic


Salt ― When the term Salt [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 32bis] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to various compouds of primarily sodium chloride, preferable evaporated from Sea Water, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Salt is often used alone as a purification or with Water in various Communion arrangements.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Salt and Water ― When the term Salt [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 32bis] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to Salt and Water combined to be used in a Earth Mother type of Communion, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Salutations ― When the term Salutations is used in reference to a Mægikal Circle, Werking and/or Focus it generally refers to specific processes usually including both Verbal Affirmations and Gestures that are an integral part of formally enclosing Sacred Space, with the intent of acknowledging the complete set of Archetypal elements in the chosen system.

Samadhi (One of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the Traditions of the Indus Valley) ― May be what in the West is termed the super conscious state. In Samadhi non-duality or oneness is experienced. This is the deepest and highest state of consciousness where body and mind have been transcended and the Yogi is one with the Self or God.

Samhain ― The name used within a wide variety of Pagan Traditions to indicate a HolyDay usually, though not universally Celebrated on October 31st in the Northern Hemisphere. Samhain is Irish Gaelic for "summer's end." At Samhain, this is the finish of the harvest cycle begun at Lughnassad, when the latest crops are brought in from the fields. Samhain is a time of reflection, of looking back over the last year, of coming to terms with one phenomenon of Life over which we no control - death. There is a general feeling among Pagans and others who Celebrate the Wheel of the Year, that the Mæmbranes which separate the Consensus Reality from all the other Realities is thinner on all the HolyDays, but even more so on this particular one. It is felt to be an appropriate time to remember our ancestors and all those who have gone before.The standard Irish pronunciation of Samhain is "sow-in" with the "ow" like in "cow." Samhain is a HolyDay around the time of Harvest, usually after the last or major harvests, to celebrate the last of the then current agricultural cycle, and by inference the start of the next one. This fallow period which begins at Samhain is thought to continue to Oimelc or Imbolc, punctuated by Yule.

Sanatana Dharma (the traditional form of what is incorrectly called Hindi and/or Hinduism when referring to religion) ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, Sanatana Dharma is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding teachings contained in the Vedas, including the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Sanatana Dharma differs from Christianity and other Western religions in that it does not have a single founder, a specific theological system, a single system of morality, or a central religious organization. It consists of "thousands of different religious groups that have evolved in India since before 1500 BCE." There is much confusion about how Sanatana Dharma adherents view Deity, not among the adherents but among those on the outside looking in. Learn the right terms, and the subtle differences in them, and you can explain the profound ways that practitionors of Sanatana Dharma look at Divinity. Others will be delighted with the richness of the ancient concepts of God. You may wish to tell inquiring minds that some practitionors of Sanatana Dharma believe only in the formless Absolute Reality as God, others believe in God as personal Lord and Creator. Sanatana Dharma gives its practitionors the freedom to approach God in their own way, without demanding conformity to any dogma. This freedom makes the concept of God in Sanatana Dharma the richest in all the world's religions.
Sanatana Dharma has grown to become the world's third largest religion, after Christianity and Islam. It claims about 762 million followers - 13% of the world's population. It is the dominant religion in India, Nepal, and among the Tamils in Sri Lanka. According to the "Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches," there are about 1.1 million practitionors of Sanatana Dharma in the U.S. The "American Religious Identification Survey" is believed to be more accurate, it estimated smaller number: 766,000 practitionors of Sanatana Dharma in 2001. Still, this is a very significant increase from 227,000 in 1990. Statistics Canada estimates that there are about 157,015 practitionors of Sanatana Dharma in Canada.
Sanatana Dharma is generally regarded as the world's oldest organized religion. Religions which recognize the existence of multiple deities have traditionally been among the world's most religiously tolerant. Sanatana Dharma remains arguably one of the most tolerant of such religions. Among the most important of all Sanatana Dharma sacred texts are the Vedas: the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda. Rig Veda (a.k.a. Rigveda) is the oldest, having been composed about 1500 BCE and written down about 600 BCE. They contain hymns, incantations, and rituals from ancient India. Another group of primary texts are the Upanishadas. They are "a continuation of the Vedic philosophy, and were written between 800 and 400 B.C. They elaborate on how the soul (Atman) can be united with the ultimate truth (Brahman) through contemplation and mediation, as well as the doctrine of Karma-- the cumulative effects of a persons' actions." The Mahabharata, were written 540 to 300 BCE, and have been attributed to the sage Vyasa. They record "the legends of the Bharatas, one of the Aryan tribal groups." The Bhagavad Gita is the sixth book of the Mahabharata. It is a poem describing a conversation between a warrior Arjuna and the God Krishna. It is an ancient text that has become central to Sanatana Dharma and other belief systems. Another important text is the Ramayana. It is "a moving love story with moral and spiritual themes." It is dated to the first century CE and has been attributed to the poet Valmiki. Other texts include the Brahmanas, the Sutras, and the Aranyakas.

Categorizing the religion of Sanatana Dharma is somewhat confusing:
Sanatana Dharma has commonly been viewed in the west as a polytheistic religion - one which worships multiple deities: gods and goddesses. Some have viewed it as a monotheistic religion, because it recognizes only one supreme God: the panentheistic principle of Brahman, that all reality is a unity. The entire universe is seen as one divine entity who is simultaneously at one with the universe and who transcends it as well. Some view Sanatana Dharma as in a sense, Trinitarian because Brahman is simultaneously visualized as a triad:
Brahma, the Creator who is continuing to create new realities,
Vishnu, (Krishna) the Preserver, who preserves these new creations (Whenever dharma (eternal order, righteousness, religion, law and duty) is threatened, Vishnu travels from heaven to earth in one of ten incarnations.)
and
Shiva, the Destroyer, who is at times compassionate, erotic and/or destructive.
Others would say, Sanatana Dharma is a henotheistic religion (a religion which recognizes a single deity, but which recognizes other gods and goddesses as facets or manifestations or aspects of that supreme God).
Most urban practitionors of Sanatana Dharma follow one of two major divisions within Sanatana Dharma: Vaishnavaism: which generally regards Vishnu as the ultimate deity Shivaism: which generally regards Shiva as the ultimate deity.
Many rural practitionors of Sanatana Dharma worship their own village goddess or an earth goddess. She is believed to rule over fertility and disease -- and thus over life and death. The priesthood is less important in rural Sanatana Dharma: non-Brahmins and non-priests often carry out ritual and prayer there.
Practitionors of Sanatana Dharma believe in the Transmigration of the Soul. This is the transfer of one's soul after death into another body. This produces a continuing cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth through their many lifetimes. It is called samsara. Karma is the accumulated sum of ones good and bad deeds. Karma determines how you will live your next life. Through pure acts, thoughts and devotion, one can be reborn at a higher level. Eventually, one can escape samsara and achieve enlightenment. Bad deeds can cause a person to be reborn as a lower level, or even as an animal. The unequal distribution of wealth, prestige, suffering are thus seen as natural consequences for one's previous acts, both in this life and in previous lives.
Practitionors of Sanatana Dharma organize their lives around certain activities or "purusharthas." These are called the "four aims of Sanatana Dharma," or "the doctrine of the fourfold end of life." They are:
The three goals of the "pravritti," those who are in the world, are:
Dharma: righteousness in their religious life. This is the most important of the three.
Artha: success in their economic life; material prosperity.
Kama: gratification of the senses; pleasure; sensual, sexual, and mental enjoyment.

The main goal for the "nivritti," those who renounce the world. is:
Moksa: Liberation from "samsara," this is considered the supreme end of mankind.

Meditation is often practiced, with Yoga being the most common. Other activities include daily devotions, public rituals, and puja, a ceremonial dinner for a God.
Sanatana Dharma has a deserved reputation of being highly tolerant of other religions. Practitionors of Sanatana Dharma have a saying: "Ekam Sataha Vipraha Bahudha Vadanti," which may be translated: "The truth is One, but different Sages call it by Different Names"
Paraphrased from http://www.geocities.com/RodeoDrive/1415/indexd.html
Statistically, there are over 700 million practitionors of Sanatana Dharma, mainly in Bharat (India), and Nepal. Hinduism is correctly referred to as Sanatana Dharma, the eternal faith. Sanatana Dharma is not strictly a religion. It is based on the practice of Dharma, the code of life. A detailed explanation of Sanatana Dharma texts are found in Veda page and the links pointed to from there. Since Sanatana Dharma has no founder, anyone who practices Dharma can call himself a practitionor of Sanatana Dharma. He can question the authority of any scripture, or even the existence of the Divine.

While religion means to bind, Dharma means to hold. What man holds on to is his inner law, which leads from ignorance to Truth. Though reading of the scriptures (shastras) would not directly lead you to self-realization, the teachings of the seers provide a basis and a path for spirituality. Despite being the oldest religion, the truth realized by the seers prove that the Truth and path provided by Sanatana Dharma is beyond time.

Sanatana Dharma Scriptures are broadly classified into Shruti (meaning 'heard'), Smriti (meaning 'remembered') and nyaya (meaning 'logic') based on its origin not on the mode of transmission. Therefore, shruti means something which were heard (directly from the Gods) by the sages while smriti refers to what was written down and remembered. shruti is considered more authoritative than smriti because the former is believed to have been obtained directly from God by the spiritual experiences of vedic seers and has no interpretations. Vedas constitute the shruti while the rest including Itihaasa-s (epics), PuraaNa-s (moral stories), and Agamas (emanated scriptures) are known as smriti while Vedanta-sutras (vedanta aphorisms) are classified as Nyaya. smriti and Nyaya always agrees with shruti.

The oldest and foremost among them are the Vedas. The vedas are called shruti and stems from the inner spiritual experience of the ancient seers. Practitionors of Sanatana Dharma believe that Vedas are timeless and eternal. There are four vedas, namely Rig, Sama, Yajur, and Atharva veda. Each veda consists of sections namely Samhita (containing the hymns) and Brahmana ( significance of the hymns), Aranyakas (interpretations), and Vedanta (upanishhads, which are metaphysical dialogs). A good write-up on vedas is the Veda intro.
The vedangas and upavedas are texts which augment the Vedas. There are six vedangas namely Siksa, Jyotisha, Kalpa, Nirukti, Candas, and Vyakarana. Jyotisha (astrology) is the most famous among them. Kalpa explains the rituals and explain a path based on the other five. There are five upavedas namely Artha, Dhanur, Sthapatya, Gandharva, and Ayur-veda. Ayurveda which deals with health, medicine is probably the most popular of the upavedas.

Agamas are rules for the ritual, rites and the worship of Gods. There are five of them based for the worship of Ganesha, Shakti, Surya, Shiva, and Vishnu.

One can argue that the vedas show three clear paths. Karma-kanda is the path using the vedangas, Upasana-kanda is the path using Aagamas while Jnana-kanda involves the path of Upanishads to realize the Brahman.
Upanishads are called Vedanta, because they expound on the spiritual essence of Vedas and they are found at the end of the vedas. However, one should note that Upanishads are texts, while Vedanta is a philosophy. While there are numerous upanishhads (1180 to be exact), 108 of them are considered genuine (given by the list in Muktika Upanishad). Eleven of them namely Isha, kena, kaTha, prashna, muNDaka, mANDUkya, taittirIya, aitareya, chAndogya, shvetAshvatara, bR^ihad-AraNyaka, are considered the most significant or "major" upanishhads since they have been commented upon by the major acharyas (teachers) of various traditions. Upanishhads means 'to sit down near' because they were explained to the students sitting near the feet of their teacher. Sri Aurobindo's introduction to Upanishhads can be found in Upanishad intro. There is also a detailed introduction at Upanishhads introduction. There are some upanishhads on the net, and the ones I have found on the net (translated in English) are mundaka, katha, kena, Isha. The transliterations of various upanishads including the above ones in ITRANS format are available at UPANISHADS. A number of minor upanishads including the translation can be found at Minor Upanishads.

Vedanta, the basis of Sanatana Dharma, asserts that Brahman, the 'impersonal' God and the universal soul, is the Absolute Truth. Brahman has multiple roles to play: the creator, the maintainer, and the destroyer all in one. (This can be viewed as the origin of the trinity Gods namely Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, respectively). Vedanta states that the individual human soul(jiva-atman) originates and merges with the Brahman. There are three different philosophies on this concept. Advaita (non-duality) implies that there is an identity of Brahman and Jivaatman while Dvaita (duality) differs from Advaita and maintains an ultimate diversity between Brahman and Jiva-atman. Visistadvaita (qualified non-duality) maintains a crucial differentiation as well as a fundamental identity. The advaita, viSishTAdvaita, dvaita, philosophies were expounded by Sri Adi SHANKARA, Sri Ramanuja and Sri Madhva, respectively. Other systems which aren't quite popular as the above ones are dvaitadvaita (dual-non-dual doctrine), suddhadvaita (pure non-dualism), and acinntyaa bhedabheda (oneness and difference) were expounded by Nimbarka, Vallabha and Vidyabhusana. All the above philosophers have written commentaries on the prasthana-traya (triple canon) of the vedanta, which are the upanishads, brahma sutra and bhagvad gita.

There are six systems of Indian philosophy (ShhaDarshana). They are Jaimini's Purva Mimansa, Patanjali's yoga, Gautama's Nyaya, Kanada's Vaisheshika, Vyasa's Uttar Mimansa, and Kapila's Sankhya. All the six systems are written in aphorisms (sutras). Though each sutra is just a few lines, huge commentaries have been written on each of them.
Besides all the philosophy which expound on the cosmic attributes of the Divine, there are epics (Itihaasa-s) and stories (Puranas) written which bring into light the human attributes of the Divine.

Sanatana Dharma, as interpreted by the Master Vivekananda ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the commentaries and original writings of Vivekananda as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Sanctification ― Sanctification may be an Act and/or Process usually performed among Officiants to Cleanse their Total Fields of Being and Becoming (Physical, Mental, Spiritual and any other components) from anything which might detract from functioning at peak capacity. For information about this within the Garden of Life Tradition see information on the Sacrament: Negative Confession. In Garden of Life that Sacrament is often used for the purpose of Sanctification.

Sand Mandalas ― When the term Sand Mandalas is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to ; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sand Mandala Construction

Sandals ― When the term Sandals [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 9] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to an open type of footwear, consisting of a sole held to the wearer's foot by straps passing over the instep and, in some cases, around the ankle, in some rare types the straps may continue almost to the knee; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. When it is not possible to participate in Circles and other Werkings in barefoot form, Sandals are often the preferred alternative among the remaining choices.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Santaría ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. SANTARIA (Spanish, santo: "saint"): A religion centering on the worship of the ancient African Gods who have been assimilated as Catholic saints. Similar in practice to Voudon, all worshippers of Santaria could be called Santeros but the term Santeros usually refers to the priests or priestesses. The highest order of priest is a babalawo, who has the power to heal the sick, punish the unjust and to divine the future through the Table of If'. Also known as Umbanda. UMBANDA: A religion centering on the worship of the ancient African Gods who have been assimilated as Catholic saints. Similar in practice to Voudon, all worshippers of Santaria could be called Santeros but the term Santeros usually refers to the priests or priestesses. The highest order of priest is a babalawo, who has the power to heal the sick, punish the unjust and to divine the future through the Table of If'. Also known as Santaria.

Santosha (see also - Niyamas) - The Niyama that is called Santosha is categorized as contentment, obviously this is an oversimplification but a useful one for metaphysical study. The Niyamas are one of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the traditions of the Indus Valley. The Niyamas or observances (Do's) are also divided into five and complete the ethical precepts started with the Yama. The other four of the five Niyamas are:
Saucha or purity - (internal and external cleanliness, at all levels)
Tapas or detachment from bondage to anything, some practice austerity for this
Swadhyaya or study of the sacred texts
Ishwara Pranidhana which is living constant awareness of the Divine

Sapience ― (usually uncountable; plural sapiences) The property of being sapient, the property of possessing or being able to possess wisdom. Etymology: From Old French sapience, borrowed from Latin sapientia.

Sarcastrophe ― Sarcastrophe, n. An embarrassing and catastrophic event occurring when an individual attempts and fails to use humorous sarcasm [blend of sarcasm and catastrophe]. Context and source: "Todd's failed attempt at humorous sarcasm resulted in a sarcastrophe at dinner." (Internet)

Saroon ― in the context of the Vonnegutian Bokononist Religion is "to acquiesce to the seeming demands of [one's] vin-dit."

Satanic Witch ― Inaccurate, since Witches do not acknowledge "Satan" (due to the fact that "Satan" is a part of the Christian Cosmology and its Abramic roots, and thus Satanism, is accurately described as the diabolist counterpoint of Christianity). The term Satanic Witch, when used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, would have to be primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as one that holds teachings originating in Christianity about Satan and so forth and/or interpolations thereon and a choice of allegiance to the forces thus represented, then intermingled this with various Witchcraft teachings as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. Witches, Wiccans and Pagans do not acknowledge Satan because 'Satan' is a purely Christian phenomenon. Many Wiccans say "There is no such thing as a real Satanic Witch", but perhaps only such thing as a Satanist who says they are a Witch, primarily to annoy and/or antagonize the Christians. Most of the Satanists who identify themselves as Witches are quite aware of the differences. There are Satanists who practice many varieties of magick These Satanists are obviously not Pagan. These Satanists are not practitioners of Witchcraft. These Satanists are not practitioners of Wicca. These Satanists are often confused with what is properly called Gothic Witchcraft and/or Gothic Wicca, which uses some of the same symbols and motifs, but to entirely different ends. Satanism [see entry under Satanism (as the diabolist counterpoint to Christianity) and the entry under Diabolism] as the diabolist counterpoint of Christianity is a quite convoluted structure unto itself. To add to already abundant confusion the term Satanism is also applied to various preChristian Traditions, either accidently due to mistranslations of various names and terms used in those traditions, or intentionally as propaganda efforts by various Christian sources [see entry under Satanism (when referring to preChristian Traditions or Traditions derived from such )].

Satanism (as the diabolist counterpoint to Christianity) ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in Christianity about Satan and so forth and/or interpolations thereon, a choice of allegiance to the forces there described as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. The term Satanism in this context is used to cover many different and mutually exclusive Traditions which have in common only a basic agreement with the Abramic Cosmology and allegiance to what mainstream Abramics would see as the side which champions "Evil". Some of these Satanists worship the archetypal Christian concept of the Anti-Christ, others worship Evil or what is perceived by the mainstream culture as Evil for its own sake, still others believe that by increasing the amount of Evil in the world they are actually bringing on the end times and God's triumph more quickly and thus that they are actually doing Good by doing Evil, and so it goes, on and on and on. This form of Satanism is not any kind of Pagan religion, and is accurately called simply Satanism. Some Satanists call themselves Wiccans, Witches and/or Pagans. Pagan, Wiccan and/or Witchcraft practitioners are not Satanists, and cannot be unless they accept the Abramic Cosmology as accurate, those definitions of what Evil is as accurate, and intentionally choose the side of Evil, which would not be possible without the most severe form of becoming foresworn to any Pagan. For more detail on what is called Satanism, the University Of Virginia's Religious Freedoms site has a comprehensive and balanced study.

Satanism (when referring to preChristian Traditions or Traditions derived from such ) ― Again inaccurate, since "Satan" is completely a creature of the Christian Cosmology, there would obviously be no place for him in any preChristian Tradition. Often the term is applied due to only the most superficial similarities between these preChristian Traditions and what is accurately called Satanism. The term Satanism, when used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour that evolved before the Christian achievement of hegemony in Western Civilization, would have to be, however inaccurately, primarily defined, usually by those not its members and/or adherents as one which holds teachings, names and/or symbols that on a cursory examination seem to be similar to concepts, names and/or symbols related to the Abramic concept of Evil as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. The term Satanism is applied to various preChristian Traditions, either accidently due to mistranslations of various names and terms used in those traditions, or intentionally as propaganda efforts by various Christian sources. When the term Satanism is applied to these preChristian Traditions there are usually quite drastic differences between them and it. To give one example: some adherents of what they selfdefine as Satanism feel that Satan is a translation of a name of the Egyptian Neter Set, who as a deity (there were actually three source deities for what was syncretized into what modern culture calls Set, but that's another story) originally had attributes included raw power and strength, the supremacy of ego and extreme self-confidence. These Satanists however, do not believe in the literal existence of that deity, or that of the Christian devil, and do not worship either being. They see themselves as their own God force and their ethical practice is that of eye for an eye, etc., thus they do not practice what mainstream society would consider evil only a form of Egoism or Egotism. If you'd like to learn more, the University Of Virginia's Religious Freedoms site has a comprehensive and balanced study on Satanism.

Satori

Saturation Experience

Saturn (Local Star System Component) ― see: Īäк̣'к̄ōṡК̅я̄ōñōs̄

Satyam ― The Yama that is called Satyam is categorized as non-lying, obviously this is an oversimplification but a useful one for metaphysical study. The Yamas are one of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the traditions of the Indus Valley. The Yamas or restraints (Don'ts) are divided into five moral injunctions, aimed at destroying the lower nature. They should all be practiced and developed by the letter but also more importantly in the spirit. They should all be practiced in word, thought and deed. The other four of the five Yamas are:
          Ahimsa or non-violence
          Brahmacharya or non-excess in all things (control of all senses).
          Asteya or non-stealing
          Aparigraha or non-covetousness

Saucha (see also - Niyamas) - The Niyama that is called Saucha is categorized as purity - (internal and external cleanliness, at all levels), obviously this is an oversimplification but a useful one for metaphysical study. The Niyamas are one of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the traditions of the Indus Valley. The Niyamas or observances (Do's) are also divided into five and complete the ethical precepts started with the Yama. The other four of the five Niyamas are:
          Santosha or contentment
          Tapas or detachment from bondage to anything, some practice austerity for this
          Swadhyaya or study of the sacred texts
          Ishwara Pranidhana which is living constant awareness of the Divine

Scapulimancy and Scapuliscopy ― When the term Scapulimancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using an animal's shoulder blade. Most frequently using the patterns, cracks and/or fissures on the burned shoulder blade of a bovine or caprid animal, though in some methods the shoulder blade remains unburned.

The term Scapulimancy is derived from the Latin word Scapula meaning shoulder blade, and the Greek word Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Scarpomancy and Scarposcopy ― When the term Scarpomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination about a person by examining their shoes.

The term Scarpomancy is derived from the Italian word Scarpa meaning shoe, and the Greek Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Scatomancy and Scatoscopy ― When the term Scatomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by studying excrement.

The term Scatomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σκώρ (Skor), genitive Σκατός (Skatos) meaning excrement, feces, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sceptre ― When the term Sceptre [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 4 and 21] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to an ornamental staff or rhod usually carried on ceremonial occasions as a symbol of a particular type of authority or sovereignty; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Schematomancy and Schematoscopy ― When the term Schematomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using the overall human form considered as a whole.

The term Schematomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σχῆμα (Skhema) meaning form, figure, shape, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Schizophrenia ― When used in reference to the field of Analytical Psychology originally named dementia praecox, It was thought to be a disorder of body chemistry. it is characterized by a splitting apart of thoughts, feelings and actions. Jung acknowledged a physiological component in the illness but considered that its primary origin was psychological - the domination of personality by a split-off complex. When Kurt Vonnegut, in his rhetorical way, announced Schizophrenia as the "Disease of the Future", he meant no disrespect to those who suffer from the disease, but was pointing out that we were (or already had) created a society in which the easiest way to maintain one's sanity was to indulge in complete compartmentalization of oneself.

Science ― Science may be thought of as a vast range of Fields of Study of or relating to the observation and classification of facts relating to the physical world and its phenomena, primarily concerned with the precise quantitative formulation of verifiable general laws, chiefly by induction and hypothesis. Science consists of many Branches of systematized accumulated knowledge pertaining to areas of the knowable that may be obtained and tested through the use of the Scientific Method. Science is particularly involved in the discovery of General Truths and the Operations of General Laws, and the accumulation of Comprehensive and Profound Knowledge which may be systematized and made available to the public for utilization in Life, Work and/or the Search for Truth.

There is of course much talk about the exact nature of the Scientific Method. As practiced by what we like to refer to as capital S Scientists (or real Scientists), it involves the putting forward of a question about how some physically measurable process works, or may work, and/or a hypothesis, with or without corollaries, that projects how the specific process might work. From there they proceed to a series of experiments to confirm or deny if the given ideas pan out. These experiments are repeated a number of times and only continued if the same result is returned in multiple instances. The critical point is that, to have any validity, they must be repeatable experiments, which can be repeated by other Scientists or teams of Scientists, under controlled conditions, and validated or invalidated, as a part of what is often called Peer-Review. After a reasonable duration of these experiments coming out in a consistent manner, the hypothesis may be considered proved or disproved, with the understanding that the determination may change at any future time.

Another critical component of the whole process, is that actual Scientists are able to detach themselves from emotional entanglements with whether their particular hypotheses turn out to be true or false, and/or are later proven to be false after initially seeming to be true. Obviously the idea of the observer affecting the reality comes into play here. The oft mentioned Observer Effect which refers to changes and effects that the act of observation will make on the phenomenon being observed (and which is often confused or conflated with the Heisenberg Uncertainty principle, with which it has some resonance). This implies that if a scientist (definitely a lower case s scientist, as in not a real Scientist), performs an experiment, or series of experiment, with the hope, or burning passion of proving it true or false to fit with his (or her) ironclad preconceived concepts of how reality "should be", it has a statistically good chance of affecting the outcome of said experiments, thus rendering them virtually useless.

It is of course easier to start from plausible (or at least plausible sounding) conclusions and work backwards, but this is not Science. In Science, conclusions are arrived at, by careful step-by-step analysis.

While Science has often been in conflict with the so-called Abramic religions, the situation is quite different with some of the World's other religions (large and small), some of which have quite the high regard for sanity. For instance in Tibetan Buddhism, Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama has clearly stated: "If science proves some belief of Buddhism wrong, then Buddhism will have to change. In my view, science and Buddhism share a search for the truth and for understanding reality. By learning from science about aspects of reality where its understanding may be more advanced, I believe that Buddhism enriches its own worldview."

Science of Mind ― What Is the Science of Mind' Written by Ernest Shurtleff Holmes United Church of Religious Science. The Science of Mind that is taught in these lessons is an outgrowth of the spiritual faith which people have had throughout the ages. Before science was conceived the Presence of God was felt. Before ever mental actions or reactions were analyzed history was filled with instances of men and women who had experienced God. The Science of Mind is comparatively new, but the mental experience of the invisible universe is as old as the history of man. It is new in that for the first time in history we have put together all findings that contribute to the establishment of man's relationship with the universe, to the end that he may be able to apply his spiritual understanding to the everyday problems of human life. This science necessarily starts with the proposition that we are living in a spiritual universe whose sole government is one of harmony, and that the use of right ideas is the enforcement of its law. The Science of Mind is built on the theory that there is One Infinite Mind which of necessity includes all that is, whether it be the intelligence in man, the life in the animal, or the invisible Presence which is God. In it we learn to have a spiritual sense of things. This spiritual sense of things is what is meant by the Consciousness of Christ. To be able to discern the spiritual idea back of its physical symbol is to use the mind that Jesus used. The Science of Mind is intensely practical because it teaches us how to use the Mind Principle for definite purposes, such as helping those who are sick, impoverished, or unhappy. Each one of us should learn to become a practitioner of this science, a demonstrator of its Principle, a conscious user of its Power. Power already exists, but the existence of Power is of no particular value to us until we use it. We must not only be conscious of Power, but we must be actively conscious of it. This is one of the first lessons we learn in the Science of Mind. This science is more than mental; it is also spiritual, since we live in a spiritual universe. The Science of Mind declares the Truth about this spiritual universe and it also declares the Truth about false belief, considering everything that is opposed to good as an accumulation of human thought, the collective negative suggestion of the race. Wrong conditions are resolved into false beliefs, and through the use of right ideas a transformation of thought takes place. We learn to build our ideas upon an affirmative rather than a negative factor. To state the Truth and deny or disregard that which in belief is opposed to it, is to prove that the Principle of the Science of Mind is actual. The ever-increasing thousands of persons who are daily proving this Principle add to our conviction that we are dealing with the most intense reality the human mind has ever conceived. As you will learn later, the practice of this science is the application of a definite technique, the law of right thought, of true spiritual understanding. Ernest Holmes founded the International Religious Science movement and wrote The Science of Mind and numerous other books on metaphysics. He also founded the international monthly periodical, Science of Mind magazine, which has been in continuous monthly publication since 1927 and has influenced millions of people. His Science of Mind teaching, which has been recognized by persons such as Jean Houston as one of the leading viewpoints in modern metaphysics, is a spiritual philosophy that people throughout the world have come to know as a positive, supportive approach to life.

Scientology ― see- The Church of Scientology

Sciomancy and Scioscopy ― When the term Sciomancy is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to divinations utilizing Shadows. Now this may consist of divinations using actual specific or general Shadows, or Shades in the sense of Consulting the Shades of the Dead.

The term Sciomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σκιά (Skia) meaning shadow, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Scissors ― When the term Scissors is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a type of hand-operated cutting instruments, consisting of a pair of metal blades pivoted so that the sharpened edges slide against each other when the handles (bows) opposite to the pivot are closed; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Scissors are used for cutting various thin materials, such as paper, cardboard, metal foil, thin plastic, cloth, rope, and wire. Scissors can also be used to cut hair and food. Scissors and shears are functionally equivalent, but larger implements tend to be called shears.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

-scopy ― Methods of reading and or interpretation of omens and divinations usually end with the suffix -scopy. This English suffix type is derived from the Greek verb Σκοπέιν (Skopein), which means 'to look', or 'to examine', possibly 'to aim'; or Σκοπέω (Skopos) to behold, contemplate; and/or Σκοπεῖα (Skopeīa) meaning instruments of observation. The suffixes -scopy and -mancy, along with -gnomy are often used interchangeably, however the specific meanings are distinct, and if one wishes to be precise, the terms are there. If nowhere else, in the archaic Greek language, Goddess knows, the architects of the Greek Language certainly wanted to allow for as close to infinite precision as possible. In general the -mancy suffix indicates the 'casting' part of a Divination, however the initial determination is made of the components of the pattern from which the Divination will be made. And the -scopy suffix refers to the Divinors looking, seeing, interpreting, and rendering the results of the Divination. Another way of delineating these first two terms is to apply -mancy to those forms of divination which require human praxis to create that which is divined from (such as in Tarot, Astrology, and Yi King); and to apply -scopy to those forms of divination which consist of observing natural spontaneous events (flights of birds, shapes of clouds, rumblings of volcanos). While the -gnomy suffix may be utilized to delineate the study of the specific process, and a possession of knowledge of it's efficacious application as well.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Scorpio (Western Tropical Astrology Sign) ― see: Āēt̄ōç

Scotican Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Scotican Wicca is a Wiccan tradition founded by Striix that is a mix of Wicca, Peti-Wita, Kitchen Witchery, and Ceremonial Magic.

Scourge ― When the term Scourge [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 5] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to ; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Scrying or Skrying ― When the term Scrying is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by gazing into a reflective surface, usually transparent or translucent. There are many types of Scrying: Crystal Ball, Fire, Bowl of Ink, Mirror, Black Mirror, Pool of Water, and many others. Scrying may be considered to be a form of meditation involving clearing the mind and focusing upon some usually still, and normally reflective surface and waiting for visions to come, such as Crystal Ball Scrying, Crystal Scrying, Fire Scrying, Smoke Scrying, Mirror Scrying, Ink Scrying, Star Field Scrying, and so forth. The most critical parameter for each Scryor may be to find the Focus which resonates with their energies the most effectively, whether already practicing or attempting to begin. It is true that each of the different Foci will colour or flavour the possible images and symbols which may be seen, some more than others, and this should always be taken in to account, both when choosing the type of Divination which may be most appropriate to the Question, and as the Reading is occurring.

Whichever type of Skrying is selected, typically the Skryor will enter into some Altered State of Consciousness, prior to, or in the beginning phases of the divination. Then various deepening techniques are usually practiced, so that they go to an more complete Alpha state where they may receive the clearest transmissions. Some deepening procedures are as simple as counting up or down from a specific number, visualizing spinning Tatwas. perhaps in 'Flashing Colours', and calling out the images and symbols as they appear.

Often a series of images and symbols are seen rather than an apparent, simple answer, necessitating intense interpretation of the results, in accordance to the Question, in order to clarify the divination for the Querent. The images and symbols seen may be Archetypal, or Personal, or some mixture of the two. Many Traditions have developed enormous databases of probable meanings for different images and symbols in this or that context; some Traditions may expect the Scryor and/or Interpretor to commit most or all of these to memory, in other cases, looking up meanings may be allowed or encouraged. Of course, as overall Human Consciousness evolves, the meanings attached to specific images and symbols also evolve and deepen, so the recorded meanings do require adjustment.

The word Skrying or Scrying comes from the old English word Descry meaning 'to see" or "to observe", possibly meaning "to make out dimly" or "to reveal", (further descended from the Old French descrier meaning 'publish, proclaim', perhaps confused with obsolete descry meaning 'describe') ; thus, Scrying or Skrying is most accurately accorded to those types of Divination Systems which rely on the sense of Sight, and involve Gazing.

see: Black Mirror Scrying, Cloud Scrying, Crystal Ball Scrying, Crystal Scrying, Fire Scrying, Ink Scrying, Mirror Scrying, Oil Scrying, Pool Scrying, Prenestine Lots, Shell Scrying, Smoke Scrying, Star Field Scrying, The Cup of Djemscheed, andWater Scrying

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sculpture ― When the term Sculpture is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to The art of making two- or three-dimensional representative or abstract forms, esp. by carving stone or wood or by casting metal or plaster.

See also: Tacteal Arts, Art

Scythian ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Séance ― When the term Séance is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to an attempt to communicate with non-corporeal entities, most often noted in the context of attempts to communicate with the recently deceased. In normal English conversation the word is used specifically for a gathering of people to receive messages from spirits or to listen to a spirit medium discourse with or relay messages from spirits; many people, including skeptics and non-believers, treat it as a form of entertainment. In modern English usage, participants need not be seated (though they often are) while engaged in a Séance.

The word Séance comes from the French word for seat, session, or sitting, from the Old French Seoir, meaning to sit. In French, the word's meaning is quite general: one may, for example, speak of "une séance de cinéma" (a movie session).

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Seax-Wica ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Seax-Wica is a Wiccan tradition founded by Raymond Buckland in 1973, based on Saxon culture. It does not pretend to be either a continuation or a re-creation of the original Saxon religion. Main features of the tradition are the fact that it has open rituals, it has a democratic organization that precludes ego trips and power plays by coven leaders, there can be Coven or Solitary practice and there is the reality of Self-initiation in lieu of Coven Initiation, if desired. Seax-Wicca is found throughout the United States and in many countries around the world. Seax-Wica-Seax (or Saxon) Wica was started by Raymond Buckland, who was originally a leader in promoting the Gardnerian Tradition, as an alternative to the existing Covens. Unlike most traditions, which consider the Coven group to be the normal unit of division (all ceremonies and /or Rituals equal group Rites), the Seax version has provision for solitary witches. Another thing that sets this particular tradition apart is its non-reliance upon being properly initiated into the Wiccan community. Many of the other traditions require that new members be brought to existing covens to be ceremonially initiated into that tradition, and that only after years of study within the group is one ready to start a new coven. The Seax tradition, allows for self-initiation, and automatic setup of a Coven. The rituals are on a solar cycle, although Moon rites are encouraged. However, unlike many traditions, it is not only the God that is celebrated during the Sabbats, but both deities, and the same holds true for the Moon Esbats as well. Both God and Goddess are honored at each rite or ritual held in their honor. There is no ritual sacrifice of the God, no supremacy of the Goddess and the Priestess. There is also a transition time from the Lord to the Lady and vice-versa. In the Seax-Wica tradition, Samhain is the time of the start of the New Year, and it is also the time when the Lord is more influential than the Lady. The Lord is supposed to lead the Wiccans through the night of winter into the spring. At Beltane the Lady takes over from the Lord and leads the Wiccans through the summer and fall, when the Earth is alive and growing. Note that one is not supreme to the other, but rather it is a division of who has more guidance over the world during their times. Like every good parent, if necessary the Lady will respond if called upon during the winter and the Lord will act if called upon during the Summer.

Sebkh·t Netjer Nek·chem Shäpsī'sē ― Sebkh·t Netjer Nek·chem Shäpsī'sē are Officiants who as the name suggests, manifest and become a Holy Vessel or conduit for the Divine Forces and then through sexual interaction with a partner or partners further become a Gate through which this Divine Force may commune, reciprocate and participate with individuals and/or an entire grouping, social and/or religious.

See also: Practitionor, Celebrant, Officiant, The Gifts and Persuasions, Divinor

Secret Fire ― When the term Secret Fire is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to an inner Spiritual Fire within the Practitionor, which allows them to function at a level beyond the normal human levels. In a sense it is Illumination or Enlightenment, but more precisely it is the beginning of that process, and that which allows the process to achieve the end result.

Secret Fire is also sometimes called Invisible Fire, Whist Fire, Serpent Fire, Cunning Fire. And it may have many other special names within the Traditions which speak of it, among their Forms and Techniques. A primary concept in the Traditional Craft of the British Isles, Cunning Fire is difficult to define. On one level, accessed Cunning Fire enables man to act like the gods for it provides the special ability of man to create language, literature, music, technology, and to change the world for better or worse, and thus change fate. On another level, it is the awakened awareness within the Mægikal Practitionor, of an inner awareness that the spirit of the gods (energy) exists naturally in all of Nature, including man. In a more profound sense, it is the achieving of heightened spiritual union, of intimate divine healing, of supreme creative awareness, and the very communion with the divine, with the consciousness of the universe. This enables the ability to access this very energy source at will and to use it as needed.

To the initiated or those that achieve realization, or enlightenment, it is manifest in humans as spiritual light, which is said to allow the enlightened to see through the darkness of human ignorance.

W. B. Yeats used the term Fire in the Head to refer to Cunning Fire in his poetry. Note that this British traditionalist concept of Mægik is not accepted by Wicca or Neo-Pagans, because their Mægikal system has been influenced by non-British sources.

specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Secret Force ― When the term Secret Force [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 26] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to ; specifically developed for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Secret Society/Societies ― "The History of the World, is the history of the Warfare between Secret Societies." -Ismael Reed. the origins of modern organizations like the Freemasons, and occult orders like the Ordo Templi Orientis and the Illuminati. Particular facets of rituals, structure and membership admissibility criteria are traced back to gnostic and Pagan schools of learning in the eastern Mediterranean in the early years of the Christian era. Their migration into present times is followed, with due consideration being given to the propensity of secret societies to sow false trails. Here's a quote from an old issue of Paranoia Magazine: "The history of the world is the history of warfare between secret societies." Pretty accurate, huh! When you boil it all down, it doesn't make sense to struggle towards revealing the truth because it would be exactly the same thing as tearing away at the fabric that keeps us all civilized. Instinctively, a man's first concern is his own survival. By instinct, we are a defense-based species. [http://www.conspiracyarchive.com/Archive/Secret_Societies.htm It has been said that "The history of the world is the history of the warfare between Secret Societies" (Robert(s) Shea & Anton Wilson purportedly quoting one Ishmael Reed on the flyleaf of their tri-lateral masterpiece 'Illuminatus!'); it has also been said, attributably by Socrates, that "The Gods give us paranoia so that we may occasionally glimpse something of the truth". My experience is that one is rarely closer to a subjective appreciation of the axiom that "There can be no ultimate truth" than when attempting to research the origins of Secret Societies. The reality today is that these organizations can range from a handful of people performing magic rituals in a bricked-up railway arch, to an annual get-together of the cream of the worlds financiers and statespersons mapping out the economic and political destiny of the planet. The first of these groups style themselves the Bilderberg Conference, named after the block of council flats where they first met; the second group are a shadowy intercontinental organization known as the Illuminates of Thanateros. This is precisely the sort of misinformation which a serious researcher has to contend with. If the misinformation is recent, the inconsistencies are easy to spot, but, after fifty, a hundred or a thousand years, it is more difficult. It is unusual to find objective material about Secret Societies. Most researchers are either endeavouring to demonstrate that a particular group (or groups) is (are) no more than an innocuous charitable benevolent club who like to maintain a level of anonymity to cloak their good works, or, on the other hand, to demonstrate that the same group(s) are responsible for every bloody revolution and heinous conspiratorial plot which has ever been perpetrated. Both objectives can be well served by producing evidence that the existence of the Secret Society or Societies in question can be traced back into antiquity. In order to try and introduce an element of objectivity into this exercise, I propose to isolate certain essential features which can be found across a spectrum of secret and/or secretive societies today. I shall then to attempt to trace manifestations of those features in various historical groups and/or orders in as far as reasonably reliable information appears to exist in the historical record. from A paper by Frater Choronzon first presented on Monday 22nd October 1990 to Philos-O-Forum at Bullfrog's Café Bar, Greenwich] see also - Illuminati

Securing The Lineage ― Securing the Lineage may mean any number of things in a variety of contexts. In a Macro instance, from the point of view of Humanity, all of the efforts towards protecting, and reclaiming the positive environment of Ḡāēä, towards sustainability, and Green Energy, might be seen as at least an attempt to provide for the possibility of some lineage for Humanity. Geneticists might refer to similar process in securing bloodlines or preserving the species, while ethnicists and anthropologists, perhaps think of preserving the integrity of tribes. There is beauty in the diversity of cultural forms and manifestations, in art, raiment, and such. Can this be preserved and strengthened without simply giving people something else to fight over? Time will tell.

However, since this is primarily a MetaPhysical glossary, or perhaps a Spiritual, MetaPhysical, and/or Mægikal glossary, our overriding interest is in exploring the meanings of the term in that context, more precisely perhaps the manner in which different Traditions (that we have studied, and/or have some interest in) have approached this idea, and how it has affected them. More precisely, those actions which occur after a Tradition has been originated, and the founder, central figure, or figures have gone on, or left the focal point of the Tradition in some way or another, and there is a need for others to step up and take responsibility for continuing the Tradition. There exists a whole panoply of examples, good, bad, and mediocre, ancient through modern. (see complete entry on Securing the Lineage)

Sedna (Local Star System Component) ― see: S̅ĕдñä

Seed Blessing ― When the term Seed Blessing is used to designate one of the Garden of Life principal Celebrations, it refers to one of five Celebrations which constitute the Celebrations of the Rites and Festivals of ḠĀĒÄ, based on our interpretation of the Vegetative Cycle. One of the Great Celebrations on the Garden of Life Temple Calendar, Seed Blessing Memorializes and Honours the planting period of the vegetative cycle when the Earth receives the Seeds of the next Growing Season. The Key Concept is the Sanctity of Inception and Reception, or Adding Energy and Activity to Plans to Manifest on the Plane of Matter which Accepts the Addition. It is an Ideal time for Beginnings, Initiations and Perfectionings for Persons, Places, Objects, Ideas and Plans. Parallel to many Tradition's M̃âя̄'я̇ēäñ or LadyDay, the time and place of Garden of Life's Celebration of this Ḡāēäñ HolyDay will be determined by the Council of Elder Officiants as a Celebration of the Peak Seeding Period of the Growing Season [Currently for the Northern Hemisphere of Ḡāēä (the procedures for the Southern Hemisphere of Ḡāēä will be determined at such time as there are Garden of Life members planning Celebrations in the Southern Hemisphere. However the seasons are pretty straightforwardly switched out.)]; Seed Blessing will fall around the time of the Vernal Equinox, usually before.

See also: HolyDay, Garden of Life Temple Celebrations, Celebratory Rites and Festivals of ḠĀĒÄ, Lunar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Solar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄, Sacramental Celebrations, and Informal Spiritual Celebrations

Seer A Seer when considered in an Practitionor context, is an Practitionor who is able to perceive things by other means than through the normal five senses, and uses this talent in Werkings, whether solitary or in a group setting. When a Seer is referred to as an Officiant in the context of a Circle or some sort of Ritual Werking, the Seer's ability may be an integral part of the purpose and intent of the Werking.

See also: Practitionor, , The Gifts and Persuasions, Officiant, Divinor

Sekhem ― In an Ægyptian Paradigm the Sekhem has independent existence but also functions as a component of a sentient Being during a particular incarnation and/or series of incarnations. When discussed in reference to a particular Individual within a specific incarnation the Sekhem may be considered as the Quintessence of that which makes the Individual distinctly themselves. It acts as a template through which the forces of the Cosmos (especially the dimension of Consciousness) project to effectuate a given Individual in all of their lifecycles and thus is the great Tying Together, often represented by certain knots as well as by the Sekhem Wand. The Sekhem of a Being is that which ties the Individual together through all their series of lives, and enables an identity between the Entity in the current lifetime with the earlier (and later) projections of that particular Sekhem. The Sekhem wand was often used to depict the concept that the Individual is acting from their Eternal Quintessence rather than from current considerations. To remain in existence an Entity needs a source of access to it's Quintessence. In some variations of the Teachings this access to one's Quintessence was provided either by Being buried in a sacred place, by Being given regular sacrifices or by Being admitted to the Kingdom of Reeds (often considered as Being empowered by the Pyramids). If considered within a Sanatana Dharma Chakric context, the Sekhem might be considered to work in the arena of the Pre and/or Post Chakric Field or what is often called in the West, the Ground of Being. A more complete listing of the various component parts in this particular system of reconstituted Ægyptian Parts of the Entity.

Sekhem Wand ― When the term Sekhem Wand is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a ; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Selēnomancy and Selēnoscopy ― When the term Selēnomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by observation and studying the patterns, motions, and cycles of the Moon.

The term Selēnomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σελήνη (Selēne) meaning the Moon, primarily associated with the Full Moon, but also used to refer to the Moon in all Her phases, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Self ― What is normally thought of as the Self in most Western Traditions may be an image of the unity of the personality as a whole, a central ordering principle, the conscious, subconscious, superconscious, and any other parts of a sentient in a given incarnation. It may not be contemporaneous with the Ultimate Potential Perfection of the particular entity, but it contains all the vectors which will eventually merge into that. "The self is not only the Centre but also the whole circumference which embraces both conscious and unconscious; it is the centre of this totality, just as the ego is the centre of the conscious mind".

SelfOrganization

SelfOrganizing System

Semiotics ― When considered within the constellation of Linguistic disciplines Semiotics is the study of the nature of language

Semo Sancus ― Semo Sancus In ancient Roman religion, Sancus (also known as Sangus or Semo Sancus) was the god of trust (fides), honesty, and oaths. His cult is one of the most ancient of Romans, probably derived from Umbrian influences. The details of the cult of Fisus Sancius at Iguvium and those of Fides at Rome[47], such as the use of the mandraculum, a piece of linen fabric covering the right hand of the officiant, and of the urfeta (orbita) or orbes ahenei, sort of small bronze disc brought in the right hand by the offerant at Iguvium and also deposed in the temple of Semo Sancus in 329 B.C. after an affair of treason[48]confirm the parallelism.

Semordnilaps ― A popular motivational saying goes, "Desserts is stressed spelled backwards." This is an example of a reversible word, which when read from the right yields another word. All of this week's words exhibit this quality. Just like reversible clothing that changes pattern when worn inside out, reversible words result in other usable words. A special case of reversible words is palindromes, which spell the same when reversed. So palindromes are a subset of reversible words which in turn are a subset of anagrams. Another name for reversible words is semordnilap, a self-referential word coined by reversing the word palindromes. Some words coined in this manner have actually entered the dictionary. Here are two examples: YOB (a rowdy youth), coined by reversing BOY, and MHO (former unit of conductance), coined by reversing OHM, the unit of electrical resistance.

SENDING (when considered as a Sacrament) ― Garden of Life considers Sending Energy a Pagan Sacrament. In a preliminary description Sending Energy may be an Act and/or Process performed by all Celebrants for the effect of directing and propelling the Built up Physical, Mental and Spiritual Energies at one or more specific Stated Goals. At a Celebratory Werking this process is ordinarily led by one or more Officiants, proficient in Werking with the Emanating Energies. For example: when a Priest takes up a Bow after a Building Dance and fires an Arrow (in a Symbolically ascertained Direction) to Direct and Propel the Energy to the Stated Goals of the Celebratory Werking, while making silent or verbal Affirmations along with various Symbolic Gestures Sacred to a Tradition. Declaration, Signalization, Piloting, Canalization, Affirmation, Breath, Quieting of the Senses, and Visualization are some of the Forms this Sending Energy may take.
Below please find the wording that Garden of Life uses in it's Articles of Organization to delineate this Sacrament:
An Act, Acts, a Process, Processes and/or Series of Acts and/or Processes performed by all Celebrants for the effect of directing and propelling the Built up Physical, Mental and Spiritual Energies at one or more specific Stated Goals. At a Celebratory Werking this process is ordinarily led by one or more Officiants, proficient in Werking with the Emanating Energies (often characterized as Masculine); such as when a Priest takes up a Bow after a Building Dance and fires an Arrow (in a Symbolically ascertained Direction) to Direct and Propel the Energy to the Stated Goals of the Celebratory Werking, while making silent or verbal Affirmations along with various Symbolic Gestures, which have become Sacred to our Tradition. Some of the Forms this Sending may take are Declaration, Signalization, Piloting, Canalization, Affirmation, Breath, Quieting of the Senses, and Visualization.

Sensators/Sensitors ― A constructed word used in the context of Garden of Life to differentiate Sensators as persons sensitive to the MetaPhysical Energy Currents from the more usual type of sensitives more sensitive to physical plane sensate stimuli.

Senses ― Humans have more than five senses. Although definitions vary, the actual number ranges from 9 to more than 20. In addition to sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing, which were the senses identified by Aristotle, humans can sense balance and acceleration (equilibrioception), pain (nociception), body and limb position (proprioception or kinesthetic sense), and relative temperature (thermoception).[106] Other senses sometimes identified are the sense of time, itching, pressure, hunger, thirst, fullness of the stomach, need to urinate, need to defecate, and blood carbon dioxide levels.
"How many senses does a human being have?". Discovery Health. Discovery Communications Inc.. http://health.howstuffworks.com/mental-health/human-nature/perception/question242.htm. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
"Biology: Human Senses". CliffNotes. Wiley Publishing, Inc. http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/Human-Senses.topicArticleId-8741,articleId-8725.html. Retrieved 5 January 2011.

Sensorium ― The term sensorium (plural: sensoria) refers to the sum of an organism's perception, the "seat of sensation" where it experiences and interprets the environments within which it lives. The term originally enters English from the Late Latin in the mid-17th century, from the stem sens- (see: sense). In earlier use it referred, in a broader sense, to the brain as the mind's organ (Oxford English Dictionary 1989). In medical, psychological, and physiological discourse it has come to refer to the total character of the unique and changing sensory environments perceived by individuals. These include the sensation, perception, and interpretation of information about the world around us by using faculties of the mind such as senses, phenomenal and psychological perception, cognition and intelligence. In the 20th-century the sensorium became a key part of the theories of Marshall McLuhan, Edmund Carpenter and Walter J. Ong (Carpenter and McLuhan 1960; Ong 1991). McLuhan, like his mentor Harold Innis, believed that media were biased according to time and space. He paid particular attention to what he called the sensorium, or the effects of media on our senses, positing that media affect us by manipulating the ratio of our senses. For example, the alphabet stresses the sense of sight, which in turn causes us to think in linear, objective terms: the medium of the alphabet thus has the effect of reshaping the way in which we, collectively and individually, perceive and understand our environment.

Sentience ― Sentience and Sentients. Sentience is the ability to feel, perceive or be conscious, or to have subjective experiences. Eighteenth century philosophers used the concept to distinguish the ability to think ("reason") from the ability to feel ("sentience"). In modern western philosophy, sentience is the ability to have sensations or experiences (described by some thinkers as "qualia"). For Eastern philosophy, sentience is a metaphysical quality of all things that requires respect and care. The concept is central to the philosophy of animal rights, because sentience is necessary for the ability to suffer, which entails certain rights. In science fiction, non-human characters described as "sentient" typically have similar abilities, qualities and rights as human beings. Sentience may be thought of as the state of basic and/or undifferentiated consciousness; preliminary to but including the potential for reception and processing of sensation, perception, ideation, awareness of the quality of the experiential Unstructured available consciousness, includes the potential for the achievement of a state of conscious perception and the processing thereof. Self-Awareness and perception of one's existence and of varying degrees of the Consensus Reality (Objective Reality), including the part of the Psyche which is Self-Aware as it processes all the input of sensations, perceptions, thought, ideas, emotion, volition, attitudes, feelings and the interpolation thereon available to it.

In the philosophy of consciousness, "sentience" can refer to the ability of any entity to have subjective perceptual experiences, or "qualia". This is distinct from other aspects of the mind and consciousness, such as creativity, intelligence, sapience, self-awareness, and intentionality (the ability to have thoughts that mean something or are "about" something). Sentience is a minimalistic way of defining "consciousness", which is otherwise commonly used to collectively describe sentience plus other characteristics of the mind.

Some philosophers, notably Colin McGinn, believe that sentience will never be understood, a position known as "new mysterianism". They do not deny that most other aspects of consciousness are subject to scientific investigation but they argue that subjective experiences will never be explained; i.e., sentience is the only aspect of consciousness that can't be explained. Other philosophers (such as Daniel Dennett) disagree, arguing that all aspects of consciousness will eventually yield to scientific investigation.

In science fiction, an alien, android, robot, hologram, or computer who is described as sentient is usually treated as a fully human character, with similar rights, qualities, and capabilities as any other character. Foremost among these properties is human level intelligence (see above), but sentient characters also typically display desire, will, consciousness, ethics, personality, insight, and many other human qualities. Sentience is being used in this context to describe an essential human property that brings all these other qualities with it. The words "sapience", "self-awareness", and "consciousness" are used in similar ways in science fiction.

Idea of Mind Body Dicotomy - Spirit Mind Body Trichotomy - "Greek Language Problem" Dualism/Monism Chinese Room Thought Experiment "The Mind's I"

In biological psychology, extended consciousness is an animal's autobiographical self-perception. Extended consciousness is said to arise in the brain of animals with substantial capacity for memory and reason. It does not necessarily require language. The perception of a historic and future self arises from a stream of information from the immediate environment and from neural structures related to memory. Nâmarûpa is a dvandva compound in Sanskrit and Pali meaning "name (nâma) and form (rûpa)".

The term nâmarûpa is used in Sanatana Dharma thought, nâma describing the spiritual or essential properties of an object or being, and rûpa the physical presence that it manifests. These terms are used similarly to the way that 'essence' and 'accidence' are used in Catholic theology to describe transubstantiation. The distinction between nâma and rûpa in Sanatana Dharma thought explains the ability of spiritual powers to manifest through inadequate or inanimate vessels - as observed in possession and oracular phenomena, as well as in the presence of the divine in images that are worshiped through pûja.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Being (i.e. be+-ing, by synecdoche), is an English word used for conceptualizing subjective and objective aspects of reality, including those fundamental to the self —related to and somewhat interchangeable with terms like "existence" and "living". In its objective usage —as in "a being," or " human being" —it refers to a discrete life form that has properties of mind (i.e. experience and character, cf. sentience), which are deemed to constitute a more complex and evolved state than simple organisms (i.e. that have only "life functions").

Sentient Entity Component Systems

Sentients ― The nuances of difference between Sentient, Sapient, and Sophant are important, though not widely agreed upon.

Serpent Fire ― also called Cunning Fire, Secret Fire, Invisible Fire, Whist Fire, Serpent Fire see Secret Fire

Servants of the Light Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Sesquipedalia ― Sesquipedalia long; characterized by the use of long words. Example: "Plus he has a weakness for what we can mischievously call sesquipedalian excess: Look out for such terms as 'epiphenomenal,' 'diegetic' and 'proprioceptive.'" - Jabari Asim, Washington Post, November 19, 2000 Sesquipedalian pleases in part because it is what it describes: a long word for long words. The Latin sesquipedalis translates as "foot-and-a-half long." That's the way the Roman lyric poet Horace used it when he advised young poets to use common speech instead of sesquipedalia verba ("words a-foot-and-a-half long"). This concept is similar to the modern term "20-dollar word."

Sesquipedaliaphilia ― Sesquipedaliaphilia is the Blessed State of being enraptured in the Love of the utilization of long and complex words, sometimes approaching Neologistic frenzy. And it is a kalokagathíc thing to behold. Can one'st have too much of a good thing? I really don't think so.

Sesquipedaliatrous ― Sesquipedaliatrous is descriptive of a person who displays the utilization of long and complex words in writing or speech.

Seven Pillars of Hellenismos ― Seven Pillars of Hellenismos (as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Ἑλλήνισμος) term given to the seven obligations incumbent of every practitioner of Hellenismos. These obligations are Ethike Arete (habitual excellence), Eusebia (piety), Hagneia (purity), Nomos Arkhaios (ancient tradition), Sophia (wisdom), Sophrosyne (soundness of mind/control of self), and Xenia (hospitality/reciprocity).

See also: Ἑλλήνισμος

1734 Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the teachings, writings (published and personal), and the inspiration of Robert Cochraneas a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. 1734 is not an anagram, however, it IS a riddle. It does not give the true name of the Goddess as there are many names of the Goddess, all True. Within the 1734 tradition there are a number of riddles. When all are answered, and not until then, a diligent student will understand this tradition. There are many paths to the Gods and Goddesses. 1734 is one distinct path and not for everyone. There are many things about 1734 that are different: The placement of the elements; The firm dedication that the Clan is one's spiritual family; the necessary shamanic essence; and Not believing in the Goddess, but knowing Her as an every day part of your life.

Sha'Ka'e ― In an Ægyptian Paradigm the Sha'Ka'e has independent existence but also functions as a component of a sentient Being during a particular incarnation and/or series of incarnations. When discussed in reference to a particular Individual within a specific incarnation the Sha'Ka'e may be considered as the source of Passion, both Sexual and of any other type, works closely with The Ka and the Mar'rer of an Entity, but is it's own distinct intelligence. The Entity's æstheticism, or appreciation of Beauty in any form in which they are able to discern it, as well as their Creative Force lives in their Sha'Ka'e. If considered within a Sanatana Dharma Chakric context, the Sha'Ka'e might be considered to work in the arena of the Svadisthâna Chakra or what is often called in the West, the Sexual Chakra. A more complete listing of the various component parts in this particular system of reconstituted Ægyptian Parts of the Entity.

Shadow ― When used in reference to the field of Analytical Psychology the inferior, uncivilized and animal qualities repressed by the Ego form a Shadow which stands in compensatory relationship to the "light" of the Ego. The Shadow is "the thing a person has no wish to be". It is of the same sex as the individual and can appear in dreams and fantasies or it can be projected.

Shaking Down of the Hair ― When the term Shaking Down of the Hair is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a range of behaviours, codefied in a number of Traditions, where the Priestesses loosen and shake their long hair down in front of their faces, sometimes incorporated into Dance, sometimes just spontaneous movement. This was sometimes used to raise or send certain specific types of energy in Werkings. It is associated with various types of trance work. In the Scythian Tradition, the hair was usually in long pony tails, in most others it was loose. The Ægyptians had a hieroglyph of it, as well as a specific word for the action, indicative of how important and widespread the activity must have been.

see also: Forms & Techniques, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Shamanic Practitionor ― An Officiant who acts as a liaison between the consensus reality and other levels of reality. Generally utilizing the methodology of entering into an altered state and entering other levels of reality through various out of body methods.

See also: Practitionor, Celebrant, Officiant, The Gifts and Persuasions, Divinor

Shamanic Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Shamanic Witchcraft ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Shamanism ― A MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology intervention on the behalf of others in the spiritual planes, with intent of results in normal reality. Shamanic methodology is ordinarily characterized by a Practitionor entering into other Reality States to assist a specific Individual or group often with Spiritual concerns but with Physical, Mental and other concerns also. Shamanism is an ancient technique of spiritual empowerment basic to all humans in every culture stretching back to humanity's origins. Healing techniques are probably the most widespread usage of Shamanic talents and they are practiced world-wide. These Shamanic workings often include contacting teachers and guides in the shamanic realms as personal power allies and/or retrieving teachers and guides for others.

Shamanism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Shamanism is the oldest system of healing and magick in the world, probably as old as mankind itself. Shamanism is the art of functioning comfortably in two realities; the ordinary reality of the everyday, waking world, and the non-ordinary reality of the shamanic state of consciousness attained through an ecstatic trance. The primary purpose of shamanism is the healing of body and mind, but it is also used for divination and to ensure prosperity for communities. Shamanism is found in some form in every culture in the world. Shamanism-Shamanism has no dogma and very few rules because it is about doing, experiencing, and knowing. It is, perhaps, a difficult path because it requires you to walk under the direction of your heart and higher mind. It's goal is a merging of the physical aspect that you call yourself, and the part of you which is Spirit, and the classes are held here, upon this Earth School. In learning the techniques of Shamanism, you learn to participate in realms of experience which differ from physical reality, these realms are sometimes called Non-ordinary Reality, but they are very real. To the evolving conscious spirit reality has many levels and only a small portion of the Greater Reality is revealed to the physical senses. So one would strive to open the inner eyes and other senses so that more and more of the Greater Reality is experienced and learned from. There are only two basic tenets in Shamanism. The first is to recognize that everything that exists is divine. And the second is to recognize that everything that exists is connected. The tools that are used to learn these two tenets are the Shamanic Journey and Consciousness Expansion. These two tools are all one needs to begin to explore the many dimensions and levels of reality that surround us at all times. Shamanism requires one to find our way back to a simpler, and more open and honest relationships with ourselves, each other, and the universe. Shamanism is often called the path of the Great Alone because much of the work is done alone. As you learn, you come to the realization that you, as an individual have the ability and potential to become your own prophet and that each of us is capable of receiving spiritual revelation directly from the highest sources. This is done by getting back to the basics of common human nature, our ancestry, and by learning to directly connect with the plants, animals, and the planet itself. This is done by very simple means; you practice daily to expand your awareness so that it includes these other beings in your normal thought process; this is most usually done with Journeys, communion with the All, and vision quests and daily practice. Shamanism doesn't use many tools because its basic precept is that our bodies, minds, and hearts ARE the only tools we have need of.

She/He ― A solution that works for us to the problems posed by English's lack of a general neutral pronoun that can mean either She or He and not confuse the singular/plural noun verb matching required between subject verb and object in sentences.

She is Glorious Veil ― When the term She is Glorious Veil is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to the BlueGreen Veil of Physical Manifestation.

see also: Veil, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Shebæ'an ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Shell Scrying or Skrying ― When the term Shell Scrying is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by gazing into an unfocussed field, defined by a Shell, or group of Shells, and/or to the inside of them, then interpreting whatever impressions may form. The shells involved are most frequently Giant Clam Shells, Scallop Shells, Conch Shells, Triton Shells, and Nautilus Shells, though certainly the divination systems are not limited to these, the most important thing is to utilize Shells that the Scryor has a resonance with.

The word Skrying or Scrying comes from the old English word Descry meaning 'to see" or "to observe", possibly meaning "to make out dimly" or "to reveal", (further descended from the Old French descrier meaning 'publish, proclaim', perhaps confused with obsolete descry meaning 'describe') ; thus, Scrying or Skrying is most accurately accorded to those types of Divination Systems which rely on the sense of Sight, and involve Gazing. However, it has lately sometimes been applied to a type of Sea Shell Divination, relying on Listening to the sounds produced when one places certain types of Shells over one's ears. This would doubtless be better named as a separate type of Ostrakodermomancy. Regardless, these sounds, of which the physical component is due to an echoing and amplifying of the sounds made by blood flowing through the vessels within one's ear, for certain persons, may resolve into conversations, mostly on random subjects, but with practice and training the Noviate Shell Skryor may learn to be able to ask questions and steer the conversation to the areas that interest them, in relation to the particular divination.

see: Scrying

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Shell Scrying or Skrying ― When the term Shell Scrying is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by gazing into an unfocussed field, defined by a Shell, or group of Shells, and/or to the inside of them, then interpreting whatever impressions may form. The shells involved are most frequently Giant Clam Shells, Scallop Shells, Conch Shells, Triton Shells, and Nautilus Shells, though certainly the divination systems are not limited to these, the most important thing is to utilize Shells that the Scryor has a resonance with.

The word Skrying or Scrying comes from the old English word Descry meaning 'to see" or "to observe", possibly meaning "to make out dimly" or "to reveal", (further descended from the Old French descrier meaning 'publish, proclaim', perhaps confused with obsolete descry meaning 'describe') ; thus, Scrying or Skrying is most accurately accorded to those types of Divination Systems which rely on the sense of Sight, and involve Gazing. However, it has lately sometimes been applied to a type of Sea Shell Divination, relying on Listening to the sounds produced when one places certain types of Shells over one's ears. This would doubtless be better named as a separate type of Ostrakodermomancy. Regardless, these sounds, of which the physical component is due to an echoing and amplifying of the sounds made by blood flowing through the vessels within one's ear, for certain persons, may resolve into conversations, mostly on random subjects, but with practice and training the Noviate Shell Skryor may learn to be able to ask questions and steer the conversation to the areas that interest them, in relation to the particular divination.

see: Scrying

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

ShenuAr or Circle Rocks ― When the term ShenuAr is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools and/or Foci it generally refers to Rocks which are placed around the Circle at specific points, specifically collected for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Often Traditions use the same Rocks for the same positions at all their Circles, or Circles of a specific sort. They are similar to Altars in that way, sometimes they are used to mark Directions, North, South, East, West, and or conceptual points such as Seven Chakra positions.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Shield ― When the term Shield is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus and/or Focus it generally refers to a broad piece of armor made of rigid material and strapped to the arm or carried in the hand for protection against hurled or thrusted weapons.; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Shield of the North

Shield of the South

Shinto ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Shinto is an ancient Japanese religion. Starting about 500 BCE (or earlier) it was originally "an amorphous mix of nature worship, fertility cults, divination techniques, hero worship, and shamanism." Identifying early Shinto teachings which are originally Japanese is not easy because of the pervasive influence of Buddhism and Chinese culture. The most obvious 'doctrine' of Shinto is that deities (Kami) inhabit particular sacred places in Japan. Some sacred sites are extremely ancient and clearly predate Buddhist influence, though the practice of constructing shrine buildings, many of which are similar to Buddhist temples, on or near the sacred sites may have come later. Founding legends (engi) explaining the origin of sacred places may be of local origin or reflect Chinese Buddhist or other sources.

Descriptions of the age of the gods and the divine descent of the imperial clan found in early works such as the Nihongi and Kojiki, though influenced by Chinese ideas may be counted as local Japanese doctrines. Their original purpose was to legitimize imperial rule and they have contributed substantially to modern Shinto thought since their rediscovery by kokugaku scholars in the 18th century. It has been suggested that the Shinto idea of Yomi as the gloomy land of the dead derives from pre-Buddhist Japanese tombs (kofun). On the other hand some apparently indigenous Japanese beliefs (e.g. in the importance of shamanic women) have not prospered in Shinto.
History According to kokugaku (National Learning) scholars and 19th century Shinto's own mythology about its origins, Shinto is the pure indigenous religion of the Japanese people who in turn constitute a unique and separate race descended with their emperor from the gods. Modern archaeological evidence however shows the influence of various population movements across Japan and several different layers of culture and civilization out of which Japanese religion and society as we know it emerged. Some ancient artefacts and symbols found in Japan have parallels in China, the Mediterranean and pre-Columbian America. If by Shinto we mean spontaneous reverence for sacred places, then some form of Shinto has probably existed as long as there have been people in Japan. However, by this definition 'Shinto' is a universal phenomenon of nature-worship not confined to Japan.
Symbols The shimenawa, a decorative rope of rice straw hung with strips of cloth or paper is often suspended under a torii at the portal of a shrine. It indicates the presence of the Kami and probably predates Chinese influence. Shimenawa are found in many styles and sizes, ranging from thin strands of twisted rice straw to huge tapering hawsers. The simple and austere architecture of the Ise shrine, built in the shinmei ('sacred brightness') style also represents a pre-Chinese form of construction used for shrines and other buildings. Its name was derived from the Chinese words "shin tao" ("The Way of the Gods") in the 8th Century CE. At that time:
              • The Yamato dynasty consolidated its rule over most of Japan.
              • Divine origins were ascribed to the imperial family.
              • Shinto established itself as an official religion of Japan, along with Buddhism. The complete separation of Japanese religion from politics did not occur until just after World War II. The Emperor was forced by the American army to renounce his divinity at that time. Unlike most other religions, Shinto has no real founder, no written scriptures, no body of religious law, and only a very loosely organized priesthood.

Shinto beliefs:
              • Shinto creation stories tell of the history and lives of the "Kami" (deities). Among them was a divine couple, Izanagi-no-mikoto and Izanami-no-mikoto, who gave birth to the Japanese islands. Their children became the deities of the various Japanese clans. Amaterasu Omikami (Sun Goddess) was one of their daughters. She is the ancestress of the Imperial Family and is regarded as the chief deity. Her shrine is at Ise. Her descendants unified the country. Her brother, Susano came down from heaven and roamed throughout the earth. He is famous for killing a great evil serpent.
              • The Kami are the Shinto deities. The word "Kami" is generally translated "god" or "gods." However, the Kami bear little resemblance to the gods of monotheistic religions. There are no concepts that compare to the Christian beliefs in the wrath of God, his omnipotence and omnipresence, or the separation of God from humanity due to sin. There are numerous other deities who are conceptualized in many forms:
              • Those related to natural objects and creatures, from "food to rivers to rocks."
              • Guardian Kami of particular areas and clans
              • Exceptional people, including all but the last of the emperors.
              • Abstract creative forces


The earliest known shrines are those of Ise and Izumo; the former, because of its role as a centre of pilgrimage and its primacy under State Shinto has been rebuilt at prescribed 20-year intervals throughout Japanese history. The building at Ise is therefore never more than 20 years old, though the style is believed to preserve the appearance of the earliest form of the shrine. Today there are nearly 100,000 recognise shrines in Japan, as well as many times more independent and small wayside shrines. Major historical shrines such as those dedicated to Hachiman, Inari, Munakata, Tenjin and Hie (Sanno) have over many centuries given rise to thousands of dependent branch shrines scattered throughout Japan. The old imperial capital, Kyoto, boasts several thousand shrines including the well-known Gion, Kamo and Fushimi Inari shrines, and every town and village in Japan has its own shrines and associated local festivals (matsuri).

Some well-known shrines such as the Nikko Toshogu were built to enshrine historic figures; in the case of Nikko the first Tokugawa shogun, Ieyasu. Shrines traditionally developed their teachings and rituals in association with Buddhist temples but after the Meiji restoration of 1868 they were differentiated from Buddhism, nearly half disappeared in 'shrine mergers' and a number of new government-sponsored shrines were built. These included shrines to the war dead (the Yasukuni jinja in Tokyo and associated 'nation-protecting' shrines in each prefecture) shrines dedicated to members of the imperial line, (e.g. the Meiji jingu dedicated to the Meiji emperor and empress) and shrines to great political or military heroes such as General Nogi.
Symbols The Ise shrine is generally regarded as in the purest and most 'Japanese' style of Shinto shrine building. However, equally symbolic of Shinto are the many ornate and complex shrines whose construction styles reflect Chinese influence. Pre-Buddhist Shinto was aniconic, and most Shinto symbolism including representations of the Kami (often as bodhisattvas) has been Buddhist-influenced in some way. There are many symbolic elements in shrine rituals and festivals (matsuri). Food offerings which are typically raw, salty or alcoholic when dedicated to Kami, in contrast to the sweet vegetarian offerings made to Buddhas, affirm the bounty of nature and of the Kami. Zig-zag strips of cloth or paper (shide, heihaku) symbolize offerings of cloth made to the shrine, by the emperor or others. The shrine itself is a symbolic sacred space; the honden or central building enshrining the symbol of the Kami (which may be an item such as a mirror but is often wrapped, unseen and even unknown) is protected by fences, bridges, torii (portals) hung with shimenawa (straw ropes), gates and a hand-washing stand for the ritual purification of shrine visitors.

Shrine Altars ― When the term Shrine Altars is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci it generally refers to stands, tables, and/or cabinetry upon which assortments of Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci may be placed, and which are constructed as Shrines for particular Divine Forces and/or Concepts; specifically constructed for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Altars may be portable or permanent, and may range from simple table like structures to elaborate cabinetry. In some Traditions such as the Ægyptian, the shrine had a particular form with doors which could close the cabinet surrounding the statue, and was usually on a sled, either an actual functional sled, or decoration with characteristics of a sled, as well as a specific top structure that was formalized as a hieroglyph as well.

see also: Altar, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Shugurra Crown ― When the term Shugurra Crown is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to the steppe crown of the ancient Sumerian Tradition; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. The design was from sets of cattle horns placed around the head with the tips up-pointing in the center. There could be different numbers of tiers of horn sets, with 4 tiers being the most frequently represented. And the horns could be real horns or replicas made from precious metals. There were resonances with the concept of the Crown Chakra, in the realm of symbology.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sibyl see Divinor The Sibyls were women in ancient Greece and Rome who lived in caves and were renowned for their gift of prophecy. It is thought that there were ten Sibyls in all. The most respected of these lived at Cumae near Naples and guarded the temple of Apollo. Ancient Greek: Κύμη (Kymē) or Κύμαι (Kymai) or Κύμα (Kyma) is an ancient Greek settlement lying to the northwest of Naples in the Italian region of Campania. Cumae was the first Greek colony on the mainland of Italy (Magna Graecia), and the seat of the Cumaean Sibyl. The settlement, in a location that was already occupied, is believed to have been founded in the 8th century BC by Euboean Greeks, originally from the cities of Eretria and Chalcis in Euboea, who were already established at Pithecusae (modern Ischia); they were led by the paired Oecists (colonizers) Megasthenes of Chalcis and Hippocles of Cyme. The Greeks were planted upon the earlier dwellings of indigenous, Iron-Age peoples whom they supplanted; a memory of them was preserved as cave-dwellers named Cimmerians, among whom there was already an oracular tradition. The Cimmerians or Kimmerians (Greek: Κιμμέριοι, Kimmerioi) were ancient equestrian nomads of Indo-European origin. It was the Cumaean alphabet that was adopted in Italy, first by the Etruscans (800 - 100 BC) and then by the Romans (300 - 100 BC), thus becoming the Latin alphabet, the world's most widely used phonemic script. The Cumaean alphabet was also used throughout the Greek island of Euboea. Others lived and prophesied at Persia, Libya, Delphi, Samos, Cimmeria, Erythrae, Tibur, Marpessa and Phrygia.

See also: Practitionor, Celebrant, Officiant, The Gifts and Persuasions, Divinor

Sibylline Gift ― (see- The Sybilline Gift). see also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions

Sibylline Utterance ― When the term Sibylline Utterance is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to Utterances of a prophetic nature which were or are delivered by Priestesses of the Etruscan Traditions. The original Sibylline Books were closely-guarded oracular scrolls written by prophetic Priestesses (the Sibylls) in the Etruscan and early Roman Era as far back as the 6th Century bce, at the least. These books were destroyed, partially in a fire in 83 bce, and finally burned by (xTian inspired) order of the Roman General Flavius Stilicho (365-408 C.E.). If any copies or originals were saved by devotees (or sane persons), they have not as of yet been re-revealed to the World. There is very little knowledge of the actual contents of the original Sibylline Books. These are not to be confused with the much later forged Sibylline Books (or Pseudo-Sibylline books) which are widely available and mostly gibberish.

The term Sibylline comes from Sibyl which is derived from the Greek word Σίβυλλα (Sibylla) meaning Prophetess, Oracle.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sickle ― When the term Sickle [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 32] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a curved hook shaped blade with a handle, archaically used as a harvesting implement specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sidereal Astrology ― When the term Sidereal Astrology is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to a group of systems of Astrology which divides the ecliptic into a number of Signs, usually named after the Constellations on the ecliptic, and which defines the signs based on the fixed stars, in addition to the orientation of the Earth relative to the Sun and other members of our solar system, as well as the stars of the celestial sphere. Most Asian Astrological Systems use a Sidereal basis, and some modern Western Astrologers have started using Sidereal systems or combining some elements from them with the Tropical systems they normally use. Many Sidereal Astrologers use equal houses, and stick with twelve signs, but a small number of Sidereal Astrologers do not take the astrological signs as an equal division of the ecliptic, but define their signs based on the actual width of the individual Constellations, and some have started using additional Signs, based on Constellations which are on the ecliptic such as Ophiuchus and/or Cetus.

If you wish, you can check out our 'in progress' current revision of the Garden of Life Astrology Key, which we hope to complete some day. Some closely related topics here in this section of the website are: Astrology, Asian Astrology, Jyotish Astrology, Tropical Astrology, Horoscopes,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Siderealomancy and Siderealoscopy ― When the term Siderealomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using stars with particular attention to constellations and nebulae, and the circuit of the Sun as a temporal referent.

The term Siderealomancy is derived from the words: the French Sidereal meaning of the stars, and the Greek Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sideromancy and Sideroscopy ― When the term Sideromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using iron and straws, performed by heating an iron object to red hot, upon which is laid an odd number of straws, and then observations are made of what Figures, Bendings, Sparkings, and so forth they make in burning.

The term Sideromancy is derived from the Greek words: Σίδηρος (Sidaros) meaning iron, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sigil ― When the term Sigil is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a symbol created with a specific Mægikal intent; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Sigils are generally inscribed on a small piece of metal, wax or other suitable surface. They may also be drawn on some sort of paper, papyrus, or parchment surface. Sigils may be a single specific symbol, especially those which have a long history of connection with some specific entity or force. A sigil is usually made up of a complex combination of several specific symbols or geometric figures, each with a specific meaning or intent.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Signs ― In the context of Divination, the term Signs tends to be used to indicate sights or incidents which are indicative of some coming phenomenon. Signs are usually divided into two main types, often called prophetic signs and control signs, with the prophetic signs being those in which the person is restricted to the role of observer (however confining that may or may not turn out to be, Quantumly speaking, per Heisenberg, Bohr, et alia.) and the control signs being those which some action or thought of the individual initiates the action of the sign.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sigôsumbolomancy ― A type of divination using the casting or drawing of stones with a particular type of symbolic marking on them such as Runes, symbols of an ancient Nordic and/or Keltic alphabet. Particularily appropriate since sumbolon in Greek is: to tally, i.e. each of two halves or corresponding pieces of an astragalos or other object, which two xenoi, or any two contracting parties, broke between them, each party keeping one piece, in order to have proof of the identity of the presenter of the other.. see also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions

Sikhism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. No consensus exists on the origins of this religion.
              • Historians and specialists in Eastern religions generally believe that Sikhism is a syncretistic religion, related to the Bhakti movement within Sanatana Dharma and the Sufi branch of Islam, to which many independent beliefs and practices were added.
              • Many Sikhs disagree; they believe that their religion is a direct revealed from God - a religion that was not derived from either Sanatana Dharma or Islam. Sikhism does contain many unique postulates and principles that are quite different from both Sanatana Dharma and Islam. Joseph D. Cunningham (1812-1851), the author of "A History of the Sikhs" (1848), observed: "It has been usual to regard the Sikhs as essentially Hindu... yet in religious faith and worldly aspiration, they are wholly different from other Indians, and they are bound together by an objective unknown elsewhere."

Sikh History: The name of the religion means learner. It is often mispronounced 'seek' It should be pronounced 'se-ikh', with the final 'kh' sound like the 'kh' in Mikhail Gorbachev. Its founder was Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, (1469-1538) who was born in the Punjab area of what is now Pakistan. At Sultanpur, he received a vision to preach the way to enlightenment and God. He is responsible for the saying "There is no Hindu, there is no Muslim" which has since become one of the pillars of Sikhism. Guru Nanak and Panth (his followers) later built the first Sikh temple at Katarpur. A succession of nine Gurus (regarded as reincarnations of Guru Nanak) led the movement during the period from Guru Nanak's death until 1708. At that time, the functions of the Guru passed to the Panth and to the holy text, considered the 11th Guru. Beliefs include:
              • Goal: The goal of Sikhs is to build a close, loving relationship with God.
              • Deity: Sikhs believe in a single, Formless God, with many names, who can be known through meditation. This concept is similar to Islam whose followers believe in a single God who has 99 names. They do not deny the existence of the countless Sanatana Dharma deities. They consider God as having made many lesser gods and to be superior to them.
              • Worship: Only the one God can be worshipped; lesser gods are not worshipped.
              • Reincarnation: They believe in samsara (the repetitive cycle of birth, life and death), karma (the accumulated sum of one's good and bad deeds, and reincarnation the belief of a rebirth following death. These beliefs are similar to Sanatana Dharma.
              • Caste system: Sikhs have rejected the caste system of the Hindu religion. They believe that everyone has equal status in the eyes of God. This is a very important principle that permeates all Sikh belief and behavior.
              • Code of Conduct: During the 18th century, there were a number of attempts to prepare an accurate portrayal of Sikh customs. None received the support of most Sikhs. Sikh scholars and theologians started in 1931 to prepare the Reht Maryada - the Sikh code of conduct and conventions. It is "the only version authorized by the Akal Takht, the seat of supreme temporal authority for Sikhs. It's implementation has successfully achieved a high level of uniformity in the religious and social practices of Sikhism" 4 throughout the world. It contains 27 articles. Article 1 defines who is a Sikh: "Any human being who faithfully believes in (i) One Immortal Being, (ii) Ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak Dev to Guru Gobind Singh, (iii) The Guru Granth Sahib, (iv) The utterances and teachings of the ten Gurus and (v) the baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru, and who does not owe allegiance to any other religion, is a Sikh."
              • There are a number of traditions within Sikhism. Thousands of Sikhs, both in India and worldwide, follow living gurus who have lineages traceable back to Guru Gobind Singh. In Canada and elsewhere, major strains are becoming evident between liberal and conservative wings of the religion, as some Sikhs accommodate to the surrounding culture.

Silva Mind Control

Singing

see also: Sound as a Mægikal Implement, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sinookas ― in the context of the Vonnegutian Bokononist Religion are "the tendrils of [one's] life".

Sin-Wat ― in the context of the Vonnegutian Bokononist Religion is "a man who wants all of somebody's love. That's very bad."

Sistra (Shesheta) ― When the term Sistra (Shesheta) is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus and/or Focus it generally refers to a percussion instrument consisting of a framework (usually metal) attached to a handle with rods placed through holes in the frame which make a whisking sound or a jangling as they slide back and forth; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Sistra are primarily known from ancient Ægypt, but they are also known from Sumeria, and the different civilizations of the Ægean. The sounds that they make, which can vary widely depending on the construction, are thought to help in achieving and deepening various altered states of consciousness, especially in the context of a ritual or some other Werking. Some specific types of Sistra added small bells to the cross rods which further adjusted the sound. Sistra are often seen in the Ankh shape with wires or rods threaded through the frame, on the wires or rods are bells or clatters of some type. When shook they produce a tinkling to rattling sound.

see also: Sound as a Mægikal Implement, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Situational Ethicist ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Sivananda ― (in reference to the field of Yoga) A system taught by Swami Vishnu-Devananda, who synthesized ancient wisdom into five basic principles for physical, mental and spiritual health and self-realization: Proper Exercise, Proper Breathing, Proper Relaxation, Proper Diet , Positive Thinking and Meditation.

Skatharomancy and Skatharoscopy ― When the term Skatharomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination utilizing beetle tracks. In some forms, the beetle tracks should be found in nature, perhaps in a particular type environment, in other forms Scarab Beetles, and other impressive types may be kept, and possibly trained from making tracks as needed for readings.

The term Skatharomancy is derived from the Greek words: (Skatharōn) meaning spot and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Skopein ― When the term Skopein is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to Methods of reading such omens usually end with the suffix -scopy. Skopein is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Σκοπέιν. Methods of reading such omens often with the suffix -scopy.

The term Skopein is derived from the Greek words: the Greek verb Σκοπέιν (Skopein), which means to look

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Skyfeonomancy and Skyfeonoscopy ― When the term Skyfeonomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using human skulls. In some traditions the skulls used are from honoured ancestors, while in others the skulls may be of unknown provenance.

The term Skyfeonomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σκυφίον (Skyfeon) meaning skull, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Slavic ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Sling ― When the term Sling is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a looped strap in which a stone is whirled and then let fly; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Slings are also known as Σφενδόνη (Sphendonai). In basic Elemental correspondence, Slings seem to resonate most closely with Air.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

SMI2LE ― SMI2LE is an anagram constructed by Timothy Leary which stands for: Space Migration, Exponential Intelligence Increase, Life Extension.

Smoke Scrying or Skrying ― When the term Smoke Scrying is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by gazing into Smoke and observing the patterns, movement, and textures of the Smoke, and/or an imagined plane with the Smoke, then interpreting whatever impressions may form. A specific form of Smoke Scrying is LibanomancyLibanomancy, which deals only with smoke from incense. There are also subcategories dealing with the differences in Smoke from a fire set by lightning or volcanic effects, as differentiated from Smoke from fires set by people.

The word Skrying or Scrying comes from the old English word Descry meaning 'to see" or "to observe", possibly meaning "to make out dimly" or "to reveal", (further descended from the Old French descrier meaning 'publish, proclaim', perhaps confused with obsolete descry meaning 'describe') ; thus, Scrying or Skrying is most accurately accorded to those types of Divination Systems which rely on the sense of Sight, and involve Gazing.

see: Scrying

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Societism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a course of action is determined by choosing that which is

Society Ordo Templi Orientis ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding Aleister Crowley's reinterpretation of the teachings of an ancient mystery school and secret society known as Ordo Templi Orientis and interpolations by Marcelo Motta thereupon as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm.

SocioPaganism (see- CiviloPaganism)

Socratic and PreSocratic Philosophical Currents ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Socratic Love ― Socratic Love (Mentor-Student/Fellow Students Feelings and Romantic Relationships)

Söhu ― In an Ægyptian Paradigm the Söhu has independent existence but also functions as a component of a sentient Being during a particular incarnation and/or series of incarnations. When discussed in reference to a particular Individual within a specific incarnation the Söhu may be considered as the entropic double, some would call it the Astral Body, the corpus of existence in the paraphysical world. This is the aspect needed to exist and move through the Tuat. The Söhu is the most basic of the non-corporeal bodies attached to a particular Individual, and the one which lends itself to the most spontaneous utilization by the Entity, i.e.: without training or conscious direction. It is often the first of the components to be accessed in what is called Astral Traveling, Dreaming and various types of Trance Work. If considered within a Sanatana Dharma Chakric context, the Söhu might be considered to work in the arena of the Mûlâdhara Chakra or what is often called in the West, the Root Chakra. A more complete listing of the various component parts in this particular system of reconstituted Ægyptian Parts of the Entity.

Sol (Local Star System Component) ― see: H̅ēℓ' ℓ ēōs̄

Solar Celebratory Rites and Festivals
          Vernal Equinox
          Midsummer's Eve and Summer Solstice
          Autumnal Equinox
          Midwinter's Eve and Winter Solstice
          Solar Cycles, Phenomena, and Eclipses

Solar Cycles, Phenomena, and Eclipses ― Solar Cycles, Phenomena, and Eclipses occur and are noted in various Astronomical and Astrological ways among a variety of Traditions, secular and religious. When Garden of Life uses the term Vernal Equinox it typically refers to the Celebration of the event, however it might be determined, utilizing the forms and techniques which have become Sacred to our Tradition. Many of these we share in common with the wider Pagan community, ancient and modern; and may be Celebrated in numerous manners from simple personal acknowledgement, to a regular Werking Circle, all points in between and beyond.

See also: HolyDay, Garden of Life Temple Celebrations, Celebratory Rites and Festivals of ḠĀĒÄ, Lunar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Solar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄, Sacramental Celebrations, and Informal Spiritual Celebrations

Solar Plexus Chakra ― see: Manipûra

Solar Water ― When the term Solar Water is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus and/or Focus it generally refers to Water that is collected and exposed to large amounts of Natural Sunlight, while being protected from other exposures; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Solipsism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that postulates that everything is subjective, within one's mind, including the Divine.

Solitary ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. SOLITARY: Any religious path that does not require the assembly of a congregation for worship. Many Pagan traditions have Solitary path alternatives for those who live in isolated communities, those who want to protect their privacy and/or those who prefer to practice ritual alone. Solitary Witch-Practices alone. The difference, between a solitary and one who chooses a Coven, based on my opinion and the following facts: A coven does allow for the raising of more power (the collective efforts being greater than a single one). But it also allows for the increase in conflicts and disputes between the members. Such disputes can, and frequently do, limit the effect of the coven and, inhibit the abilities of the members. A coven makes for a more festive celebration during Rituals, but unless great care is taken, the celebration finds itself drifting away from the meaning of the festival. Some covens place hidden pressure on the individual to appease his/her peers. Although most all members of a coven will refute this, deep within their being, they are all aware of times when their actions were affected by their desire to please other members. Solitary witches suffer from none of this. No peer pressure, no disputes with a group, and a more focused celebration of the Sabbats and festivals. But being solitary, does include a sense of isolation, a lack of like minds with which to communicate. Inevitably though the solitary immerses him/herself deeper into the craft, attempting to find solace in Nature, within the Goddess herself. History illustrates that the majority of known practitioners were solitary. Completely in tune with the forces of Nature, but out of step with the mainstream of society.

See also: Practitionor, Celebrant, Officiant, The Gifts and Persuasions, Divinor

Solitary Witchcraft ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Somatomancy and Somatoscopy ― When the term Somatomancy is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to divination systems which utilize the human form overall, with all its parts and systems, and as a supercategory for the categories of Divinations which concentrate on a particular part or system of a human body, no longer filled with the life energies. The term Soma is actually used most properly to indicate the dead body or corpse of an individual; and many of these types of divinations are utilized primarily or solely on living persons, so a more appropriate term might be desired for those. One which might suffice would be Demasomancy, since the Greek word Δέμας (Demas) is applied specifically to the living body. Demasomancy is a much rarer term, so it is not used improperly very often, when the term should be Somatomancy. When the term Demasomancy is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to divination processes which utilize the living human form overall This is a more appropriate term for the types of divinations which utilize observation of any and all of the parts of a human body while it is living. Somatomancy is often used as a blanket term covering all these divinations on bodies, or parts of bodies, living or dead, but this term actually refers more specifically to corpses or dead bodies, so Demasomancy serves as a good term to differentiate between the two.

The term Somatomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σῶμα (Sōma) meaning corpse, carcass, body, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

While the term Somatomancy could refer to the divinations based on any animal's bodies, it normally is considered to refer only to those that are based on the different parts and parcels of the human body, in particular dead human bodies. Some of the most well know types of Somatomancy or Demasomancy (depending upon the status of the individuals examined, as to living or dead) are Dactylomancy, Knetheaomancy, Kolposamancy, Metopomancy, Odontomancy, Onychomancy, Ossomancy, Otomancy, Phallomancy, Phrenology, Prosoponomancy, Pygosomancy, Schematomancy, Skyfeonomancy,Sternomancy, and Tokseumaetronomancy.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Somesthetic ― som·es·thet·ic definition or chiefly British som·aes·thet·ic Pronunciation: /-es-ˈthet-ik/ Function: adj of, relating to, or concerned with bodily sensations. For example the Somesthetic image of the body is created by the brain from sensory inputs of touch, pressure, cold, heat, position of the limbs, pleasure, and pain — n sensory perception of bodily feelings like touch, pain, position of the limbs, etc

Soothsayer see Divinor The etymology of soothsayer includes: appearance in English in the mid 1300s ce, with a meaning"one who speaks truth"; and later 1300s ce meaning "fortune-teller". Old English includes examples like soðsagu meaning the "act of speaking the truth," seðan "declare (the truth)". Some have speculated a further connection, though not specifically a derivation, to the Old Norse term Seiðr which designates a type of Oracular Mægik, practiced in the indigenous Scandinavian cultures stretching back at least to the Late Scandinavian Iron Age. The origins of the term and the practice are largely unknown, though there is little doubt of the antiquity.

Sophrosynê – The Classical Pagan Attitude ― Sophrosyne as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Σωφροσύνη philosophical term etymologically meaning healthy-mindedness and from there self-control or moderation guided by knowledge and balance. Greeks upheld the ideal of sophrosyne, which means prudence and moderation but ultimately its complex meaning, so important to the ancients, is very difficult to convey in English. It is perhaps best expressed by the two most famous sayings of the oracle at Delphi: "Nothing in excess" and "Know thyself." The term suggests a life-long happiness obtained when one's philosophical needs are satisfied, resembling the idea of enlightenment through harmonious living. It is a nearly lost Classical ideal, but is enjoying some revival today with its emphasis on individuals to live within the proportions of reason and nature, this being achieved through practical wisdom and self knowledge. Parallels abound in eastern thought, in Sanatana Dharma, Buddhism and Taoism. (1) control of self, (2) temperance, restraint; (3) moderation. Something akin to temperance, gentleness. The right spirit that in any trouble thinks and is patient. That saves and not destroys. It is reflected in the quotation: "May I be no man's enemy, and may I be the friend of that which is Eternal and Abides. may I never quarrel with those nearest me, and if I do, may I be reconciled quickly. May I never devise evil against any man; if any devise evil against me, may I escape uninjured and without the need of hurting him. May I love, seek and attain only that which is Good. May I wish for all men's happiness and envy none. May I never rejoice in the ill-fortune of one who has wronged me... When I have done or said what is wrong, may I never wait for the rebuke of others, but always rebuke myself until I make amends.... May I win no victory that harms either me or my opponent....May i reconcile friends who are wroth with one another. May I, to the extent of my power, give all needful help to my friends and to all who are in want. May I never fail a friend in danger. When visiting those in grief, may I be able by gentle and healing words to soften their pain.... May I respect myself. May I always keep tame that which rages within me.... May I accustom myself to be gentle, and Never be angry with people because of circumstances. May I never discuss who is wicked and what wicked things they have done, but know Good men and follow in their footsteps."

See also: Σωφροσύνη

Sortilège ― When the term Sortilège is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to an extremely broad grouping of divination systems in which the methodology includes the selection of an item or items from a predetermined collection or set of items. The idea of selection or choosing, parts from a set, whether consciously by drawing (blind drawing or open-eyed drawing), or randomly by casting, is critical to the concept. Most often connected with those divination systems which operate by casting or drawing of lots or something similar, made from a wide variety of materials, which may within each type of set be alike or different, and may be marked with numbers, letters and/or symbols. For the purposes of our taxonomy, we only include those Divination Systems under the umbrella of Sortilège, in which the chief characteristic of the divinations is the actual choosing, random or by intent, of one or more units out of a specifically designated set of items which are assembled in a group to make such selection possible, however accomplished. Divination does not need to be the sole purpose to which the sets are put, often the items are used in simple games, and/or gambling which have nothing to do with divination. The most common materials of these sets, are pebbles (whether plain, or with glyphs painted or engraved on them), lots, dice, dominoes, cabochons, and markers (small pieces of paper, parchment, papyrus and such that have symbols, language characters, and/or whole phrases or sections of text inscribed on them); though certainly small common items (sticks, stalks, arrows, jacks, marbles, and such) may be gathered and cast with the meaning coming from the patterns and arrangements created, rather than from language clues.

There probably is some connection to the Ægean method of voting by putting a light or dark stone in a vase, which are then poured out and counted to determine the result, varied to inscribing names or choices on the stones, when more than a "Yes-or-No" choice is required. Sortilège describes the initial phase of many types of Divination Systems, even when it is not the major component of the system. Sortition is defined as making a chance decision by using lots (straws. or pebbles, etc.) that are thrown or drawn

The term Sortilège in English comes from Old French Sortilège, further from the Medieval Latin word Sortilegium, from Latin Sortilegus meaning sorcerer, or diviner, which originated in the words Sors meaning sort, and Legere meaning choose.

Universally amongst taxonomies, Sortilège belongs to the super-subcategory of Impetrativa, but from there, things are less agreeable. Some taxonomies include any divination system which includes any casting or drawing, even if only in the initial phases. Some include all the vast Bubliomancy array, whether utilizing specific books or randomly selected tomes, though none seem to include the Spoken Word varietals. For our purposes, it seems that the Bubliomancies might require a sub-category of their own, as may the Tarot, and other Divination Oracles of the deck of cards type, and of course the Yi King.

Some of the most well know types, which all agree fit the definition of Sortilège are: Astragalomancy (sheep bones, vertebrae, knucklebones, dice), Belomancy (arrows), Cleromancy (dice), Pessomancy (pebbles, beans), Prenestine Lots, Psephomancy (pebbles, lots, markers), Symbolpsefomancy(symbol marked stones), and Xylomancy (sticks)

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sortor ― A constructed word used in the context of Garden of Life to differentiate Sortors as persons with the gift of being able to Sort the MetaPhysical Energy Currents within themselves or other Celebrants; from the more usual type of sorter, who is involved in sorting more physical plane objects or data.

See also: Practitionor, Celebrant, Officiant, The Gifts and Persuasions, Divinor

Soul

Soul Image (anima, animus) ― When used in reference to the field of Analytical Psychology an archetypal, inner image, ordinarily of the opposite sex, the anima in a man and the animus in a woman. It appears in dreams and fantasies and is projected onto individuals of the opposite sex, most frequently in the experience of "failing in love". The Soul-image has a compensatory relationship to the Persona. It functions as a guide to the soul and offers creative possibilities for the individuation process.

Sound as Mægikal Implement ― Sound as Mægikal Implement ― When the phrase Sound as Mægikal Implement is used in reference to a Mægikal Implements, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Components, and/or Foci it generally refers to the utilization of a wide variety of possible sound producing sources, basically anything which makes a sound that the ear might hear, which might be utilized in a Werking of any kind. Starting with Human Voices, and continuing through various Musical Instruments, and including Natural Environmental Sounds (such as Bird Song, Insect and Small Animal Noises, Wind through Trees or Reeds, and various Water Sounds). All of these forms may be added to Werkings in a variety of traditional and non-Traditional manners. Chanting, Singing, and Drumming certainly have been part of Circles across a wide spectrum of Traditions, current and stretching back into the mists of time. Hearing being the part of the Sensorium that is connected with the suite of Vorti, in the Garden of Life Tarot, has much resonance with Werkings, and is often utilized in triggering the culmination of phases, as well as the transitions between phases of various Werkings, especially Circles. The below links give some of the obvious members of this particular set of Tools in most Metaphysical Toolkits.

Some examples of Sound utilized as Magical Implements are: Heka, Rainsticks, Rattles, Sistra (Shesheta), BullRoarers, Shield Clashing, Chanting, Singing, Rhythmic Breathings, Music & Musical Instruments, Inspired Spontaneous Utterance, Responsives (Formulaic and Open), Glossolalia, Xenoglossia, Barbarous Tongues, Readings, Clapping, Stamping of Feet, Ritual Incorporation of Natural Environmental Sounds

see: Rainsticks, Rattles, Sistrum (Shesheta), BullRoarers, Clashing Shields, Chanting, Singing, Rhythmic Breathings, Music & Musical Instruments, Inspired Spontaneous Utterance, Responsives (Formulaic and Open), Glossolalia, Xenoglossia, Barbarous Tongues, Readings, Clapping, Stamping of Feet, Incorporation of Natural Environmental Sounds

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Southern Hemisphere of Ḡāēä

Spasmatomancy and Spasmatoscopy ― When the term Spasmatomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by twitching or convulsions of the body or the observation of such in others.

The term Spasmatomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σπασμός (Spasmos) meaning convulsion, spasm, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Spatial Arts ― When the term Spatial Arts is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to

See also: Art

Spatilomancy and Spatiloscopy ― When the term Spatilomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using animal excrement; sometimes it is extended to include skin and bone bits such as might be the waste products from butchering. It seems to be a rather poorly chosen term, since Σπατίλη (Spatilē) has a specific meaning of thin excrement, so unless the divination is being performed from animals with health problems which are suffering bouts of Διάρροια (Diarrhoea or Diarrhea), it seems an odd choice. Though one does suppose it differentiates the process from regular Scatomancy, which is derived using more general Σκῶρ (Skōr) and/or Σκατός (Skatos) maning dung, ordure. Another likely candidate might be Korpomancy Κόπρος (Korpos) meaning dung, ordure, manure,

The term Spatilomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σπατίλη (Spatilē) meaning of thin excrement, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Spear ― When the term Spear [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 5] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a bladed rhod of some sort specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. This is interesting Elementally, since being bladed and a rhod, it partakes of both the Air and Fire Elements, both of the Masculine Elements, which lends it to very specific utilization.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Specific Werking Officiants ― As posted on the Category Component Characteristics page for Types of Officiants in the Rose Recension Correspondences Codex, and elsewhere on the Garden of Life website: there is a broad range of Officiant vocations available within general Pagan context and specifically within particular Traditions. And certainly there is great overlap possible among the different types of Officiants. Upon occasion, some Traditions may find it desirable and efficacious to train and encourage some Officiants to specialize in particular types of Officiation. Often these Officiant roles may only pertain to specific types of Werkings, such as varieties of Initiation Werkings, arrays of Rite of Passage Werkings, different types of Officiant Ordinations, Joining Recognition ceremonies, and so forth.

Sphere ― When the term Sphere is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to any spherical object utilized as an expansion of the concept of Paten or Pantacle, expanded from two-dimensions to three-dimensions, still used to represent the Earth element in Werkings.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Spheromancy and Spheroscopy ― When the term Spheromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using a sphere, in some cases a crystal ball.

The term Spheromancy is derived from the Greek words: Σφαιρa (Sfaira) meaning globe, ball, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sphexomancy and Sphexoscopy ― When the term Sphexomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by means of wasps.

The term Sphexomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σφήξ (Sfeks) meaning wasps, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Spirit

Spirit Dolls

Spirit Mind Body Trichotomy

Spiritism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the possibility and desirability of communication with the dead, as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Spiritual Evolution Classification List

Spiritual Experiences

Spiritual/Mægikal Ethics

Spiritual, MetaPhysical, and/or Mægikal Context ― What do Spiritual, MetaPhysical, and Mægikal Mean? ― When the terms Spiritual, MetaPhysical, and/or Mægikal, individually, or especially when the entire phrase is utilized, the reference is most often to that desire for, and the actions upon this desire, towards the development of Consciousness, and the seeking of connections between inner consciousness and the seemingly outer consensus reality. Spiritual, MetaPhysical, and/or Mægikal are three of the terms which represent types of approach to achieving these goals, of development, expansion, coalescence, and such. The importance of having this single entry where all three are discussed, has to do with their commonalities, but has much more to do with the ways in which they differentiate. [And of course it gives us an easy place to link to when discussing things which involve these ideas] The terms Spiritual, MetaPhysical, and/or Mægikal really should not be used interchangeably, as they are much more valuable when delineating the specific nuances which they indicate. These three terms, and fields of terminology they generate, along with others, are often utilized when discussing the experiences and praxis of these explorations and seekings. Certainly they are not the only terms ever so utilized, but their use seems to be quite widespread when reference to this arena of experience is intended.

Delineated Meanings  - It may help to consider these pertinent though oversimplified delineations of the broad meanings of the three terms. Humans experience growth of consciousness through mixtures of these contexts:     Spiritual: Accessed primarily through Emotional and/or Kinesthetic (through feelings) methods.
    Metaphysical: Accessed primarily through Analytical, Intellectual, and/or Philosophical (though thinking) methods.
    Mægikal: Accessed primarily through Procedural, and Experiential (through facilitative actions) methods. (see complete entry on Spiritual, MetaPhysical, and/or Mægikal)

Spiritual, Religious and/or Philosophical Questions

Spiritualism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Spirituality

Spodomancy and Spodoscopy ― When the term Spodomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by means of ashes. by examining cinders, soot, or ashes, not exclusively from a ritual sacrifice. Spodomancy has been practiced by numerous cultures, ancient and modern, across the globe. While many practitioners (particularly in Europe) have performed the ritual as part of a formal system of paranormal, religious, or ceremonial magic, many have done so as part of mere folkloric practice or superstition. Much more information may be found in the Wikipedia entry on Spodomancy

The term Spodomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σποδός (Spodós) and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Spoken Word ― Spoken Word includes public readings, exhortations and any other verbal use of language other than Poetry.

See also: Performance Arts, Art

Spoken Word ― When the term Spoken Word is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to vocalizations specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

See also: Ritual Arts, Art

see also: Sound as a Mægikal Implement, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sponde ― Sponde as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Σπονδή drink offering; libation

See also: Σπονδή, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Spondophoroi ― Spondophoroi as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Σπονδοφοροί meaning libation bearers

See also: Σπονδοφοροί

Spoonerism ― A Spoonerism is an error in speech or deliberate play on words in which corresponding consonants, vowels, or morphemes are switched (see metathesis). Spoonerisms were named after the Reverend William Archibald Spooner (1844 – 1930), Warden of New College, Oxford, who was notoriously prone to this tendency. They may also be known as Marrowskies, after a Polish count who suffered from the same impediment.
See also: Garden of Life WordPlay Index

Staff ― When the term Staff is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a walking stick type wand, a type of rhod, long enough and stout enough to be used to support one's weight while walking, whether it is actually used for that or not; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Stamping of Feet ― When the term is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci it generally refers to ; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Sound as a Mægikal Implement, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Standard ― When the term Standard is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a two or three dimensional object mounted on a pole, made for carrying in procession representing a particular group, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Standing Stones Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding teachings about some or all of the world's megalithic structures, as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Stang ― When the term Stang is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to The staff and stang are wooden poles favored by some Crafters for use in place of a wand or dagger in ritual and Mægikal workings. A staff has simple blunt ends. Traditionally, a stang is a staff with a forked top. If the stang does not have a natural fork in the branches, then antlers may be attached. Ash is the favored tree for the collecting of a stang or staff. It can be of any length, some prefer a short stang or staff of a few feet, while others prefer shoulder-length. Of course, it is a matter of personal preference. Like a wand, it is best if the staff or stang is harvested by yourself. It is very good if you can sense the spirit in your staff. This is an important connection. This will help in bonding with it. To be fully effective, it should be as if the staff becomes part of you.

specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Star Field Scrying or Skrying ― When the term Star Field Scrying is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by gazing , then interpreting whatever impressions may form.

The word Skrying or Scrying comes from the old English word Descry meaning 'to see" or "to observe", possibly meaning "to make out dimly" or "to reveal", (further descended from the Old French descrier meaning 'publish, proclaim', perhaps confused with obsolete descry meaning 'describe') ; thus, Scrying or Skrying is most accurately accorded to those types of Divination Systems which rely on the sense of Sight, and involve Gazing.

see: Scrying

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Stareomancy and Stareoscopy ― When the term Stareomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, Stareomancy most logically would be applied, according to its supposed etymological derivation, to divinations utilizing dough (particularly when made from Spelt), in balls or not. This might be inclusive of the Tibetan Bön Dough-Ball Divination, in some types called Mo Divinations, such as used by the Dalai Lama.

The term Stareomancy (and basic variations) is often misapplied to divinations utilizing the Classical Western theories of the Elements, whether four or five elements are included, which seems an unlikely fit since the Greek terms most closely related to the meaning of would be Rhizomatamancy, or Stoikheionomancy.

The term Stareomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σταῖς (Stais) meaning flour produced from the grain Spelt mixed and made into dough, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

State ― a stratified society more complex than a chiefdom, including political power sanctioned by legitimate force and social integration through concepts of nationality, ideology, or religion; usually defined by territorial boundaries. States societies are typically highly stratified by class and have hierarchies of settlement types.

Stazôanthomancy and Stazôanthoscopy ― When the term Stazôanthomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by dropping flowers or petals from flowers into water, in one special case dropping commingled lotus and papyrus petals.

The term Stazôanthomancy is derived from the Greek words: Στάζω (Stazô) meaning drop, let fall; Ἄνθος (Anthos) meaning flower; and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

Interestingly, if there is a desire to have a separate term for dropping petals in contrast to whole flowers, the English word Petal appears to have come pretty directly from Greek, though it was not applied as directly to Flower Petals as it is in English. Greek Πέταλον (Pétalon) meaning a thin plate, leaf, noun use of neuter of Πέταλος (Pétalos) meaning spread out, akin to Πεταννύναι (Petannýnai) meaning to be open. Interestingly, the Greek word Πετάννυμι (Petannymi) has the meaning of flying, bringing in intriguing undercurrents of nuance, and perhaps hearkens back to those elusive [and ever controversial] speculative Proto-Indo-European roots, such as *peth₂- meaning "to fly".

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Stellar Water ― When the term Stellar Water is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus and/or Focus it generally refers to ; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sterkomancy and Sterkoscopy ― When the term Sterkomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by studying seeds in excrement, often by seeds found in bird excrement.

The term Sterkomancy is derived from the words: the Latin root Stercus meaning dung, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sternomancy and Sternoscopy ― When the term Sternomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using observation and interpretation of a line from the breast to the belly in people, perhaps to include the examination and palpitation of the area of the body over the sternum. The size and shape of the sternum bone are taken into consideration, when that was part of the process. Sternomancy may also include speaking through the chest (possibly related to activities that became the modern entertainment form of Ventriloquism).

If applied to animals, particularly birds, Sternomancy may include as well as the way in which the bone burns when placed into a fire. The old holiday custom of the breaking of a chicken's or turkey's wishbone by two persons, so that the one who gets the longer piece gets their wish, is actually a remnant of this type of divination.

The term Sternomancy is derived from the Greek words: Στέρνον (Sternon) meaning the human breast or chest area of the body, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Stichomancy and Stichoscopy ― When the term Stichomancy is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to lines or passages from a book chosen at random, with the book also being chosen at random. Particularly when the book in question is a book of poetry, or some other type of literature which is written in stanzas or verse.

The term Stichomancy is derived from the Greek words: Στιχη (Stikse) meaning of verses, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Stigmergy ― Stigmergy is a mechanism of indirect coordination between agents or actions. The principle is that the trace left in the environment by an action stimulates the performance of a next action, by the same or a different agent. In that way, subsequent actions tend to reinforce and build on each other, leading to the spontaneous emergence of coherent, apparently systematic activity. Stigmergy is a form of self-organization. It produces complex, seemingly intelligent structures, without need for any planning, control, or even direct communication between the agents. As such it supports efficient collaboration between extremely simple agents, who lack any memory, intelligence or even awareness of each other. see Wikipedia article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stigmergy

Stizomancy and Stizoscopy ― When the term Stizomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using tattoos, the tattoos may be on the body of the Divinor, the Querent, or a third party selected for various reasons according to the specifications of the particular tradition.

The term Stizomancy is derived from the Greek words: Στίζω (Stizō) meaning tattoo, or mark made with sharp object, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Stödhur ― Stödhur or Stödha, are Ritual postures patterned after the shape of the Runes, which Officiants and/or Celebrants in Werkings may assume, in order to further strengthen the concept and intent of a particular part of the Werking. The idea for these particular stances originated in Nordic Ritual currents.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Stoicheia ― Stoicheia as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Στοιχεῖα elements

See also: Στοιχεῖα

Stoikheionomancy and Stoikheionoscopy ― When the term Stoikheionomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it typically refers to divinations which use one or more of the four or five elements of the Classical Western Elemental Systems. Plato characterizes the elements as being pre-Socratic in origin from a list created by the Sicilian philosopher Empedocles (ca. 450 BC). Empedocles called these the four "roots" Ῥιζὤματα (Rhizōmata). Plato seems to have been the first to use the term "element Στοιχεῖον (Stoikheion)" in reference to air, fire, earth, and water. And the ancient Greek word most often utilized to refer to the Classical Western concept of the Elements would be Στοιχεῖον (Stoikheion). Since this word was applied to the smallest possible division of different types of objects and systems, it is easy to see how it got applied to the idea of universal fundamental elements which make up everything.

Another caveat may be to remember that neither Stoikheionomancy or Rhizomatamancy are direct point-by-point correspondences to the category of Elemental Divination Systems, or for each other; though both of them, and the Sumerian, Anatolian, and Ægyptian concepts which predate and influenced the development of all these concepts, are obviously quite interrelated.

An interesting side note is that the Five Elements most often associated with the Greek systems, are sometimes correlated with the five platonic solids; which brings up many possibilities in the mechanics, forms, and techniques involved in Stoikheionomancy Divinations.

The term Stoikheionomancy is derived from the Greek words: Στοιχεῖον (Stoikheion) with the original meaning of the smallest division of something, perhaps a device such as a sun-dial, perhaps a letter in relation to an alphabet or a syllable in relation to a word. Further related to Στοιχέω (Stoikheo) meaning to be drawn up into a line, or to line up; with consideration also given to the word Στοιχειακός (Stoikheiakos) meaning connected with the elements; and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Stolisomancy and Stolisoscopy ― When the term Stolisomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by observing how one dresses oneself, or by extension fashion in general. Whether these divinations occur while observing the Paris and/or Milan, Fall and/or Spring, runway shows would naturally depend on the Traditions and the Divinor. Though in fact, there would have to be a certain reliance on some sort of conscious or unconscious precognition of what will titillate, and encourage the adoption of looks, in the desired audience, on the part of the designers.

The term Stolisomancy is derived from the Greek words: Στολίς (Stolis) meaning garment, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Stonehenge ― Circular cluster of upright stones called menhirs (long stones) located in Salisbury Plain about 80 miles west of London, England. Various theories of its origins include the belief that ancient Druids built the site as a temple or that it was created by extraterrestrials (cf. UFOs). Some New Age followers, neo-pagans, and others believe that the site has mystical powers or energy.

Stones ― When the term Stones is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools and/or Foci it generally refers to Rocks which will be used to represent certain correspondences (normally of the Earth type orientation) in a given Werking specifically collected for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. A specific application of this concept is the ShenuAr Rocks which are placed around Circles sometimes they are used to mark Directions, North, South, East, West, and or conceptual points such as Seven Chakra positions.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Storgos ― Storgos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Στέργεως meaning Natural Everyday Love and Affection between joined partners, normally without the extreme highs and lows one might experience with Ἔρως.

See also: Στέργεως, and Love

StoryTelling ― An interesting view of a modern manifestation of this ancient technique is found at: The Responsible Game Master http://www.trhickman.com/Ethics/Ethic3.html In the beginning of time, the first entertainment form was the storyteller. As the family or clan sat around the fire at night, the storyteller would weave magic and history for his audience. He kept the ancestry for his people and their deeds and stories and beliefs from generation to generation. Time passed and the clans became civilizations. With such progress came the theater and the tragedies of ancient Greece. Now a story was told by a chorus of people rather than by a single narrator. Places were build for such presentations and many people came from far away to experience them. Traveling storytellers soon moved across the land. They would bring stories from places that people had not heard of and news from countries far away. These Bards could sing the songs of many countries and entertain with wonderful stories gathered from everywhere on the road they took. Print changed that. Plays could be sent far abroad to be seen by people wherever the sea lanes crossed their path. For that matter, you could read the play without every producing it. Books were easier to carry than a Bard. Technology soon took a hand. Movies brought the shadows of plays to places that rarely experience anything but local theatricals. Tales were soon told by radio. You could enjoy all the wonder and history right their in your living room. Radio with pictures soon came along and now we can watch it in living color. Yet with all these technological advances, something was left behind. The thrill of the storyteller got lost in the translation. The personal experience was somehow missing. Then, in the 1970's, a new entertainment form emerged. Fantasy role playing began to revive the social art of storytelling. Now, the referee of such a game, or dungeonmaster, is the modern bard. With him lies the ability to bring a group of people together and, with their help, weave a tale that is wonderful and exciting.

StoryTelling Tradition Wicca

Strange Loops

Strega ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Strega is a Italian Witchcraft, founded or revitalized in the mid 14th century which utilizes the teachings of Aradia, the Holy Strega, and is based upon the pre-Etruscan Italian belief system. Stregheria is a worship of the "Source of All Things", through the personification of the Goddess and God. Also known as La Vecchia Religione (the Old Religion). Strega Witchcraft-Italian witchcraft. The tradition began in the mid-14th Century with the teachings of Aradia, the Holy Strega. This was based upon a much earlier system of beliefs, dating back to the pre-Etruscan Italians. It is a worship of the "Source of All Things", through the personification of the Goddess and God. There are many things that are similar between Stregheria & Wicca. Strega uses nature in all of its teachings. Nature is considered the "Great Teacher". There is a deep history based upon Aradia's Teachings, as well as a prophecy given to us in the Mythos, which speaks of the coming "Age of Daughter", when reason will rule. The Stregan view of the afterlife is that you return to the Realm of Luna as the moon waxes, and return to Earth as the moon wanes. When you are ready, you pass through the Sun to be made into your new bodies for your return to the Stars. Strega use the term Grigori, who are the Watchers, and Guardians over their rites. And the Grimas, who keep the traditions pure and continuing. The Lare are the spirits of their ancestors, whom they worship and call upon for help and aid. Family and tradition are of utmost importance, and this is what gives this Tradition its strength and power. According to Tuscan legend, Aradia was the daughter of Diana and Lucifer (whose name means the "light bearer"). After dwelling in heaven for apart of her life, Aradia's mother sent her down to earth to teach the arts of magick to all Witches of the human race. When her purpose was completed, she was called back to the heavens and bestowed with the power to grant the desires of worthy witches who invoked her. According to Charles Leland's Aradia: The Gospel of the Witches, a Witch must enter a field at midnight bearing water, wine, a talisman, and a small red bag that is filled with salt and at all times held in the hand. Before asking a favor from Aradia, the Witch must bless herself with the water and wine, and then recite her loyalty to the goddess. It is said that Aradia can grant a Witch the abilities to heal the sick, communicate with the dead, foresee the future, and bless friends. Many Wiccans and Neo-Pagans consider Aradia to be a lunar deity like her mother Diana and invoke her at full moon Esbats and other rituals. The word "Stregheria" in Italian means "Witchcraft". Also, in Italian there are a few ways to say the word "Witch", they are: "Strega" which means a female Witch and "Stregone" means a male Witch. [Stregharia] "Stregheria is the Craft of the Italian Witches. It's an ancient system, steeped with history that dates back to the 14th century. We are the descendants of an ancient people who used moonlore, nature, symbolisms, and Spirits (Faery) to work their magick. Stregheria resembles Wicca in that both systems are Goddess based. Both Stregheria and many Wiccan traditions accept the duality of both a female and male God. In Stregheria the Goddess is known as Tana and the God as Tanus. Diane and Dianus represent the Moon goddess and god respectively. Many of the Goddesses and Gods are known by different names in different traditions. Stregheria and Wicca celebrate many of the same rites or Festivals even though the names are not the same and sometimes they occur on a slightly different date. The Watchers called Grigori, are called to guard the ritual circle and to witness the ritual. Strega also recognizes a third person, Aradia. She came to be known as the Holy Strega, a spiritual teacher and wise woman. The message of Aradia, called the Covenant, offered her followers the path to freedom and personal empowerment. Aradia also taught that the traditional powers of a witch would belong to any who adhered to the way of the Old Religion. Aradia called these Gifts and Beliefs. The Charge of Aradia is the message she left her followers. (Aradia was credited with being the teacher and the founder of the Triad Clans of Italy. There are many Streghe in Italy who are not of the Triad Clans and do not follow the teachings of Aradia.)

Stregharia ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Students International Meditation Society ― A branch of Transcendental Meditation.

Stupa ― When the term Stupa or Chorten is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools and/or Foci it generally refers to a structure which follows a certain pattern, stacking the five elemental representational shapes in a particular order specifically designed for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Stupas originated in the Sanatana Dharma Traditions and later were added to some Buddhist Traditions especially the Tibetan Tantric ones. Ordinarily the Square represents the Element of Earth, the Circle (Sphere or Dome) represents Air, the Triangle (Spire) repesents Fire, the Crescent represents Water, and the Oval represents Quintessence. These all being expanded into three dimensions in various ways, and sometimes other shapes are included in the overall design.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Stuppa ― in the context of the Vonnegutian Bokononist Religion is "a fogbound child".

SubConscious

SubConsciousness

Subliminal Messages ― Words or messages communicated at a level below the conscious mind's ability to perceive. Allegedly, messages can enter directly into the subconscious mind, thus by-passing the rational/logical center of the individual's brain.

SubSaharan ― [A somewhat artificial grouping, (but perhaps helpful as a convenience in grouping for survey purposes) These cultures did have things in common but were quite distinct in fact even within small geographical areas] It is possible to refer to a regional grouping of MetaPhysical Orientations as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, especially if strong traditions that are specific to the region are important to those groups. SubSaharan refers in particular to those Traditions and/or whose strong identifying characteristics were developed in place in Africa south of the Sahara regardless of whether later exported or not.

Subud ― A MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents as such, and holding the teachings of Bapak Mohammad Subuh Sumohadiwidjojo and interpolations thereupon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Founded by Bapak Mohammad Subuh Sumohadiwidjojo [1901-1987], in Java, Indonesia, Subud has spread worldwide. Subud stands for three words, Susila, Budhi, and Dharma. The three words taken together mean, "to follow the Will of God with the help of the Divine Power that works both within us and without, by the way of surrendering oneself to the Will of Almighty God" (Internet; http://www.subud.org/english/english.Btalk.html). This surrendering of oneself occurs primarily in a spiritual exercise known as the latihan (sometimes, latihan kejiwaan), a trance like state that can produce anything from ecstatic movement and utterance to profound calm. Disengagement of the "passions, desires, and thinking" is essential for entrance into the latihan. "Only by surrendering himself completely to God, not making use of his mind, his heart or his desire, is it possible for man to come into contact with the Power of God" (Ibid.). Thus all the higher critical faculties that set man apart from beast must be suspended. Whatever the experience thus induced, it is simply to be surrendered to and "received." From a Christian point of view this is a perfect recipe for demonic possession. Regular practice of the latihan enables one to discern one's true self, which apparently turns out to be God. "So this Divine Power, which works in us during the exercise, will bring to each person what is already in himself. Therefore, Bapak says that it is God Who will lead you toward Himself and what really happens in the latihan is that you will be introduced to your real inner self-to the real 'I'. You must not be afraid and you must not be worried because whatever comes to you in your latihan is only what is in you, and it comes from your inner self. It is the real you that arises in the latihan,…" (Ibid.).

Sufi

Sufi Order of the Sons of the Green Light ― New York, NY: See Sufism.

Sufism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds the seeking of ultimate religious experience through mystic trances or altered states of consciousness, often induced through twirling dances (the "whirling dervish") as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Sufism is often considered to be the Islamic magickal system and/or Mystical sect, whether sanctioned by the Islamic Orthodoxies or not. It seems possible to likely that Sufism as we know it may represent a survival of a particular current or perhaps currents of Persian Mystery Tradition, who may have secured their survival by donning a veneer of Islamic belief to prevent themselves from being slaughtered during various early jihads against 'non-believers'. In any case, rather than focusing on the Five Pillars of Islam, Sufis seek ultimate religious experience. Although the Qur'an is considered scripture, many practitioners have more in common with the New Age movement than with classic forms of Islam.

Sugkretismos ― Sugkretismos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Συγκρητισμός union or to unify, federation of Cretan communities, particularily referring to the period toward the end of the High Civilization of Crete, where the different communities put aside their internal differences to attempt to fend off the new invaders, Sea People.

See also: Συγκρητισμός

Sumerian ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Sumerian Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Sunaegaepaeos ― Sunaegaepaeos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Συναγαπάως meaning (Polyamorous Love, Love among more than two Lovers within the same context)

See also: Συναγαπάως, and Love

Suneidesis ― Suneidesis as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Συνείδησις self-consciousness: conscience,

See also: Συνείδησις

Suneliusis ― Suneliusis as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Συνέλευσις a coming together, meeting, co-operation

See also: Συνέλευσις

Sunepaesthesis ― Sunepaesthesis as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Συνεπαίσθησις consciousness, apperception,

See also: Συνεπαίσθησις

Sunieme ― Sunieme as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Συνίημι quick comprehension, mother-wit, intelligence, snap, sagacity,

See also: Συνίημι

SuperConscious

SuperConsciousness ― the highest state of our soul/spirit.

Surrealism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that postulates the Imagination as the Divine.

SurvivalPaganism ― similar in some ways to MesoPaganism, but includes Traditions which had to submerge themselves in a dominant culture or manage to completely hide from it, either by actually removing themselves to increasingly remote regions, or hiding the nature of their beliefs under some cover within the culture for the sake of physical survival for their adherents. Some SurvivalPagans adopted the external practices and symbols of another more accepted religion which would cover, or overlay the basic concepts of the Tradition. Since words and labels do have power, these covering or overlying symbols have often affected the original concepts to a greater or lesser degree, which explains the similarities to MesoPaganism. Examples of this type of SurvivalPagan Traditions might include some of the various Afro-Diasporic traditions (i.e.: some forms of Voudon, Santaria, etc.); Culdee, Grail, Cathar, Albigensian Christianity; some of the Archaic IndigenoPagan Traditions, some that we know survived and some which are only suspected of surviving. We know that some Family Traditional (Hereditary) Pagan Traditions and Witchcrafts survived. It is certainly possible that other Traditions thought to be wiped out by the Abramic purges, may still reappear. for example if a group of Priestesses were to appear with Bridget's Cauldron (fire still going) in the town square of Kildare.

Susan B. Anthony Coven Dianic Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the teachings and lineages of Z Budapest, and her Susan B. Anthony Coven as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm

Svadisthâna ― the Svadisthâna or Genital Chakra ―
      which relates to: Passion, Emotional Balance, Creativity, Sexuality, Æsthetics, Freedom, and Personal Expression
          and governs: Sexual Organs, Bladder, Bowel, and Lower Intestine
              with this Colour correspondence: Oranges, RedOranges


Swadhyaya (see also - Niyamas) - The Niyama that is called Swadhyaya is categorized as study of the sacred texts, obviously this is an oversimplification but a useful one for metaphysical study. The Niyamas are one of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the traditions of the Indus Valley. The Niyamas or observances (Do's) are also divided into five and complete the ethical precepts started with the Yama. The other four of the five Niyamas are:
          Saucha or purity - (internal and external cleanliness, at all levels)
          Santosha or contentment
          Tapas or detachment from bondage to anything, some practice austerity for this
          Ishwara Pranidhana which is living constant awareness of the Divine

SWAN SONG (when considered as a Sacrament) ― Garden of Life considers Swan Song a Pagan Sacrament. In a preliminary description Swan Song may be an Act and/or Process performed by and for a Celebrant, which ordinarily consists of a pre-enactment of the Celebrant's desired Memorial Service which is intended to be held after the death of Her/His current physical body. Such Act may be scheduled at the Celebrant's desire, however, it should not be held until there is a reasonable expectation that She/He is near the end of Her/His current incarnation cycle. It should ordinarily be done only once for each Celebrant, and should be as accurate a portrayal as possible.
Below please find the wording that Garden of Life uses in it's Articles of Organization to delineate this Sacrament:
An Act, Acts and/or Process or Series of Acts performed by and for a Celebrant, which ordinarily consists of a pre-enactment of the Celebrant's desired Memorial Service which may be held after the death of Her/His current physical body. Such Act may be scheduled at the Celebrant's desire, however, it should not be held until there is a reasonable expectation that She/He is near the end of Her/His current incarnation cycle. It should ordinarily be done only once for each Celebrant, and should be as accurate a portrayal as possible.

Swastika ― see- Fylfat or Fylfot Cross

Swedenborgianism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the teachings of Emanuel Swedenborg and interpolations thereupon, as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Emanuel Swedenborg (help·info) (born Emanuel Swedberg; January 29, 1688 - March 29, 1772 in Stockholm) was a Swedish scientist, philosopher. The New Church and the Church of New Jerusalem are alternate names for Swedenborgianism. This group, which has been around since the late 1700s, is well outside of orthodox Christianity in its beliefs.

Swedenborgianism bases its teachings on the writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. His training was in science, but sometime around 1750 he had a vision in which he believed God came to him and declared him to be God's personal messenger of new revelation. Further encounters with God and other beings in the spiritual realm he traveled to were the basis for his many writings.

These writings include teachings such as: God has many names, depending on the beliefs/religion of the individual; the Holy Spirit is not God; the Trinity does not exist; Jesus Christ's death did not atone for our sin; salvation comes by practicing what you believe, whatever religion it might be; the afterlife is spiritual, but dependent on how well you lived in your physical body.

One of his ideas that is considered most crucial for the understanding of his theology is his notion of correspondences. But in fact, he first presented the theory of correspondences in 1744, before his crisis, in the first volume of Regnum Animale dealing with the human soul. The basis of his correspondence theory is that there is a relationship between the natural ("physical"), the spiritual, and the divine worlds. The foundations of this theory can be traced to Neoplatonism and the philosopher Plotinus in particular. With the aid of this scenario, Swedenborg now interpreted the Bible in a different light, claiming that even the most apparently trivial sentences could hold a profound spiritual meaning. Swedish writer Martin Lamm, who wrote a biography of Swedenborg in 1915, dedicates a chapter to the correspondence theories, p.85-109

Swedenborg proposed many scientific ideas, both before his crisis and after. In his youth, he wanted to present a new idea every day, as he wrote to his brother-in-law Erik Benzelius in 1718. Around 1730, he had changed his mind, and instead believed that higher knowledge is not something that can be acquired, but that it is based on intuition. After his crisis in 1745, he instead considered himself receiving scientific knowledge in a spontaneous manner from angels. From 1745, when he considered himself to have entered a spiritual state, he tended to phrase his "experiences" in empirical terms, claiming to report accurately things he had experienced on his spiritual journeys.

See also:

Sword ― When the term Sword [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 5 and 27] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a practitionor's Ceremonial Sword used to represent the component of Intellect and Knowledge in Werkings and to help focus or direct the flow of the Energy created, specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. In most Traditions the Sword is considered to correspond to the Elemental Air Energies.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Sybilline Gift ― see- (see- The Sybilline Gift). see also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions Often the bogus later written christianized verses are presented under the title Sybilline with the obvious spelling problems, also often called PseudoSibylline.

Sycomancy and Sycoscopy ― When the term Sycomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using figs and/or fig leaves. In one form of Sycomancy, questions or propositions were written on fig leaves. If the leaf dried quickly after the writing, it was an negative omen, but it was a good sign if the leaf dried slowly.

The term Sycomancy is derived from the Greek words: Σῦκον (Sykon) meaning fig, fruit of the Συκῆ (Sykā) meaning fig tree, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

SygGnosos ― SygGnosos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Σύγγνωσις Consciousness

See also: Σύγγνωσις

SygGnostic Arts ― When the term SygGnostic Arts is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to

See also: Art

Syllepsis ― Syllepsis, also known as semantic zeugma, is a particular type of zeugma in which the clauses are not parallel either in meaning or in grammar. The governing word may change meaning with respect to the other words it modifies. This creates a semantic incongruity that is often humorous. Alternatively, a syllepsis may contain a governing word or phrase that does not agree grammatically with one or more of its distributed terms. This is an intentional construction in which rules of grammar are bent for stylistic effect. It appears to be a question of appropriateness, and Goddess knows, we love inappropriate things. However the difference in the definitions of Syllepsis and Zeugma, has to do with how appropriate the application of the one word is to the two. Syllepsis is defined as a Rhetorical Device in which one word, or possibly phrase, is used toward two objects, as in the sample phrase: "She went to that place where angels fear to tread, and shopping." [Where "went" is the one word, and "that place where angels fear to tread" and "shopping" are the two concepts].
See also: Syllepsis, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Sylvan Wicca ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Symbolic Gestures

Symbolon ― Symbolon as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Σύμβολον a sign or token by which one infers a thing

See also: Σύμβολον

Symbolpsefomancy and Symbolpsefoscopy ― When the term Symbolpsefomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using the casting or drawing of stones with a particular type of symbolic markings on them. Rune sets are the most frequently seen sets of divination stones, but any set of symbols, of public or private renown may be utilized. Runes being the common term for the symbolic alphabets of ancient Germanic, Nordic, and/or Keltic cultures.

The term Symbolpsefomancy is derived from the Greek words: , Σύμβολον (Symbolon) meaning token, sign, tally, a mark or sign to conclude from; Ψῆφος (Psefos) meaning oval pebbles used in a game such as draughts, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Symposium ― A gathering with the purpose of a Free Exchange of Ideas in convivial surroundings.

Symposion ― Symposion as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Σύμπόσιον a dinner or drinking party focused on the discussion of philosophy

See also: Σύμπόσιον

Synchromystics ― an enjoyably kooky sub-sect of conspiracy theorists who seem to spend most of their time on the lookout for occult and mythical phenomena in popular culture.

Synchronicity

Synchronometric

Syncretism ― Syncretism indicates a process of the amalgamation or attempted amalgamation of different religions, cultures, schools of thought and/or components thereof. Syncretism has many beneficial effects in coming to understand Traditions one may be newly exposed to. However, when it turns to conflating different Deity forms and concepts from different Traditions and acting as if they are the same, it becomes problematic, both because of the severe inaccuracies, and the fact that so much of the nuances of the original thinking involved gets tossed to the side. This merging of two or more originally different inflectual forms or fusion of differing systems of belief, as in philosophy or religion, especially when success is partial or the result is heterogeneous (in the sense of developing system consisting of multiple items having a large number of structural variations, still acknowledging the separate identity of each component). The popularity of syncretism (in the sense of joining together and hybridization) in Greco-Roman cultures, of multiple religions, philosophies and worldviews, was one of the more benevolent applications of this process. It is one thing to analyze the similarities between Isis and Inanna, or Dionysos and Baldur, for the sake of study and learning about the ideas in general. Conflating them, and pretending that they "are" the same thing, is quite a different thing, and in our view too much is lost in the process. It's mixing the levels, and equivalent to declaring that since Blueberry Ice Cream, and Pistachio Almond Ice Cream, and Fudge Brownie Nut Ice Cream are all Ice Cream (which at that level is an accurate statement), then Pistachio Almond Ice Cream "is" Blueberry Ice Cream "is" Fudge Brownie Nut Ice Cream. Which misses all the points of the discussion and is just silly. When used in modern parlance in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology Syncretism includes compilation, assemblage and assertion of identity of multiple Traditions and/or components thereof (ordinarily the reference is to Spiritual Traditions, but the word has other applications as well). Within the Pagan context (both traditionally in an anthropological sense and in the contemporary Pagan community), Syncretism is ordinarily characterized by much emphasis being placed on the creation and/or recognition of Traditions which are rooted in a combination of Pagan Traditions, that may not be related in any direct manner, merging into a new Tradition which includes the assertion that the original Traditions may have been using different names for the same realities. This concept has comparisons to Eclecticism but is actually quite different. Eclecticism being more of an additive process rather than one of conflation.

The derivation of the term Syncretism has numerous interesting theories as to its etymology. The word is a compound of the Greek frequent prefix: Σύν (syn) meaning 'together' and a second element of uncertain origin. The second element, if not the whole term seems to at least in part draw on the Greek word Συγκρητισμός (Synkretismos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek) meaning in part, a 'union of communities', referencing the ideas of the "Cretan federation", and thus by implication uniting into a common front by two ordinarily opposed groups against a common foe based on the Cretans who reconciled their differences and came together in alliance when faced with external dangers. Rather than directly referring to Crete, it could be connected with Κρητισμός (Kretismos) which indicates the idea of 'lying' in general, and further from Κρητίζω (Kretizo) meaning 'to play the Cretan', or simply 'to lie like a Cretan'; due to the reputation that developed in the later Ægean cultures about the behaviours of the Cretan peoples, perhaps during the period where the Cretans held complete Ἡγεμονία [(Hegemonia) meaning hegemony] over the region which ended somewhere in the 1500bce to 1200bce era. The Greek language contains a selection of specific words which translate as "lie like a Cretan", with the inference that lying was one of their primary cultural markers, indeed mendacity, was the general reputation of Cretans in reports from antiquity. A third, fourth, and fifth possible source for the second part of the word could be connected to Κεράννυμι (kerannumi) meaning 'to mix' or 'to prepare by mixing'; or Κέρασμα (Kerasma): meaning 'mixture'; or Κρᾶσις (krasis) meaning 'mixture' as well on the analogy of accretion or concrete; such as is seen in the Ancient Greek word Ἰδιοσυγκρασία (idiosynkrasía) meaning 'a peculiar temperament' or perhaps a 'mixed type of temperament'?

The High Cretan civilization had fallen long before the various Ægean strains combined to form what modern civilization refers to as Classical Greek culture, and only had a small overlap with the Mycenaean culture which may have served as a bridge between the two. So it is difficult to know what the general moral fiber of the Cretans during their heyday might have been, since the freshest memories at that time in the cultures we depend on for reporting on these issues would have developed from their dealings with the Cretans when they were under extreme duress, and desperation at the collapse of their civilization, whatever combination of natural disaster and armed invasions may have ultimately been responsible. The Greek thinkers and writers that we are more familiar with had quite mixed opinions of the Cretan culture. On the one hand they were somewhat in awe of them and used the term Ἐτεόκρητες (Eteokretes) meaning 'true Cretans, of the old stock', and there were legends, including some admiration, of how the separate Cretan communities had banded together when under attack and at least partially successfully fought off the ever enigmatic 'Sea People' at the beginnings of the end of their high civilization. And on the other hand there were still a lot of cultural resentments from the period when the Cretans had been in a sort of position of unassailable control over the region and doubtless had given the mainlanders cause for some alarm and resentment.

The strong connection of the term Syncretism, with the root words indicating 'lying' or 'to lie', should perhaps be a warning to us to regard any Syncretic efforts with a fair amount of caution, and indeed many ideas put forth as Syncretic do ring quite hollow.

Syncretism - conflation. Consider if you will, the oft conjectured meeting in Ægypt, long before the uniting of South and North, for the purpose of delineating the set of Netjeru to be considered and their relative fields of influence and attributes. But while you are considering, keep in mind the superficial nature of Ægyptian "syncretism". Superficial in this sense: an ancient Ægypt might speak of Amoun-Ra, Ptah-Seker, or Ast-Heka-HetHeru (especially in the later days of the culture), but neither the Temple Practitionors nor the folk in the fields were confused about their identities, Amoun was not Ra, nor Ast, HetHeru, their identities remained pure and distinct.

The term 'Syncretism' can be applied in perhaps two ways when discussing religion. It applies to the process whereby religions gradually adopt ideas from the religions of neighbouring peoples or of the conquered or the conquerors. The second sense, which applies to this question, is best understood by looking at the ancient Egyptian religion, a prime example.

In ancient Egypt, a Deity could often be combined with another Deity to demonstrate a certain power. This was not entirely a simplistic idea, but is best understood as such for present purposes. Two examples are:

In very oversimplified ways, Ra was the Sun God, and Horus was the God embodying power over the civilization, and was associated with the horizon. They were often combined to become Ra-Horakhty, 'the sun god, the Horus of the horizon', though all three continued to be considered individually.

Ra was also combined with Amun, 'the hidden one', to become Amun-Ra, 'lord of the sky, power of the land', though again, Ra, Amoun, and Amoun-Ra all continued to be considered separately.

From Plutarch's book, On Brotherly Love: "Then this further matter must be borne in mind and guarded against when differences arise among brothers: we must be careful especially at such times to associate familiarly with our brothers' friends, but avoid and shun all intimacy with their enemies, imitating in this point, at least, the practice of Cretans, who, though they often quarreled with and warred against each other, made up their differences and united when outside enemies attacked; and this it was which they called "syncretism"." [it has been suggested that this practice may have been overtly or covertly encouraged by the Cretan leadership, in order to insure that, when and if an attack came from outside Crete, that the people would be capable and prepared to fight.]

For some there are, fluid as water, who, seeping through those who relax their hold and disagree, overthrow affinities and friendships, hating indeed both sides, but attacking the one which yields more readily because of its weakness. For while it is true that when a man is in love his young and guileless friends share his love, it is also true that the most ill-disposed of enemies make a show of sharing the indignation and wrath of one who is angered and at variance with his brother.

As, then, Aesop's hen said to the cat who inquired, with pretended solicitude, of the sick bird "How are you?" "Very well, if you keep away"; so one would say to the sort of person who brings up the subject of the quarrel and makes inquiries and tries to dig up some secrets, "But I shall have no trouble with my brother if neither I nor he pay attention to slanderers."

But as it is — I do not know the reason — although when we suffer from sore eyes, we think it proper to turn our gaze to colours and objects which do not beat against or offend the sight, yet when we are in the midst of fault-finding and bursts of anger and suspicion toward our brothers, we enjoy the company of those who cause the disturbance and we take on from them a false colouring, when it would be wise to run away from our enemies and ill-wishers and avoid their notice, and to associate and spend our days almost entirely with relatives and intimates and friends of our brothers, visiting their wives also and frankly telling them our reasons for complaint.

And yet there is a saying that brothers walking together should not let a stone come between them, and some people are troubled if a dog runs between brothers, and are afraid of many such signs, not one of which ever ruptured the concord of brothers; yet they do not perceive what they are doing when they allow snarling and slanderous men to come between them and cause them to stumble. [Plutarch, On Brotherly Love]

In the anthology Syncretism in Religion: A Reader, several of the contributors (Anita Maria Leopold, Michael Pye, Kurt Rudolph, Charles Stewart, and Luther H. Martin) discuss the origins and evolution of the word syncretism and it's meanings over time and in different contexts.

See also: Asyncretism, Συγκρητισμός

Synecdochi ― Synecdoche is a linguistics term for a habit that is ubiquitous in common speech. Synecdoche is a type of figure of speech where at least one of the following apply; it may be where a term denoting a part of something is used to refer to the whole thing (Pars pro toto); a term denoting a thing (a "whole") is used to refer to part of it (Totum pro parte); a term denoting a specific class of thing is used to refer to a larger, more general class; a term denoting a general class of thing is used to refer to a smaller, more specific class; a term denoting a material is used to refer to an object composed of that material. The English word comes from the Greek συνεκδοχή (synekdoche), meaning "simultaneous understanding", which comes from the prepositions συν (syn-) meaning "with, together", and εκ (ek-) meaning "out of, from", and the verb δέχεσθαι (dechesthai) meaning "to accept", "to take on a share of". Originally meaning accepting a part as responsible for the whole, or vice versa. εκδέχομαι (Ek-decomai) also means "take" in the sense of "understand" (opposite of "mistake"). The "doche" is also akin to Latin doc-ere "to teach" found in words like "doc-ent," "doc-tor," and "dog-ma."
See also: Synecdochi, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Synesis ― Synesis as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Σύνεσις (1) unification; (2) understanding, a coming together,

See also: Σύνεσις

Synesthesia ― (also spelled synæsthesia or synaesthesia, plural synesthesiae or synaesthesiae) is a word stemming from the Ancient Greek Σύν (syn), meaning 'together', and Αἴσθησις (aisthesis), meaning 'sensation' is sometimes a neurologically-based condition in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway. In other cases it may be a psychic talent or gift, and of course one may predisposition a person for the other. People who report such experiences are sometimes called Synesthetes.

See also: ΣύνΑἴσθησια

Syngrafentosrinosomancy and Syngrafentosrinososcopy ― When the term Syngrafentosrinosomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination from writings, symbols, and marks which appear spontaneously, as if from the inside, on human skin.

The term Syngrafentosrinosomancy is derived from the Greek words: , Συγγραφή (Syngrafē) meaning a writing, Ἐντός(Entos) meaning inside, within, Ῥινός (Rinos) meaning human skin, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Synthema ― Synthema as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Σύνθημα password

See also: Σύνθημα

Systems ― Systems and theories about Systems have a long and penetrating presence in Humanity's off and on flirtation with the Great Conversation. The basic idea is that some groupings of things may be considered as a Whole compounded of distinct discernable Parts which work together in some way or the other, or contribute to some process or processes. In the field of Art, sometimes it is used to refer to compositions or a particular manner of composition, attributable to an Artist or type of Art. The basic idea of Systems is that it is possible and educational to research sets of items, defining groups of them as Systems and discussing and codifying their interactions and intra-actions, or lack thereof. There are numerous types of systems, in modern systems theory one way of sorting them is into 'Open', 'Closed', and 'Isolated' Systems. Another way is into 'Mechanistic', 'Animate', 'Sociological', and 'Ecological'. There are so many different vectors or axi along which Systems may be placed, both overall and relating to any certain type of System. Of course another designation, widely bandied about is Self-Organizing Systems. One interesting way of looking at Systems is delineated in Dale Pendell's wonderful essay, included in PharmakoPoeia, called 'Phenomenological Taxonomy of Psychotropes', but having broad application to all types of Systems; he discusses Wild Systems and Formal Systems. With Formal Systems being those type where all the elements or components may be known and defined, and Wild Systems are the ones where it is not possible to pin down all the elements or components, or where they are constantly subject to change. For instance all codifying systems, such as taxonomies are intrinsically Formal Systems, and all organic systems are intrinsically Wild Systems, yet the most common utilization of taxonomy is in the codification of organic systems. His famous quote: "Any attempt to force a wild system into the confines of a formal system is inescapably arbitrary. Wild systems and formal systems inhabit separate dimensions. And while there is a fuzy, hazy-edged intersection of the two planes, the intersection remains metaphorical." seems to cut to the heart of the matter.

See also: Σύστημα

Systems and Systemology


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Capital A with ring aboveÅ   Capital A with macronĀ   Capital A with breveĂ   Capital A with diaeresisÄ   Capital A with circumflex   Capital A with dot aboveȦ   Capital A with inverted breveȂ   Capital A with tildeà   Capital A with ogonekĄ   Capital AE ligatureÆ   Capital AE ligature with tildeÆ̃   Capital Glottal Stop   Capital Palatoalveolar Click   Regular English AA   Script Capital L   Capital L with macron above   Capital L with dot below   Capital L with stroke, Dark L Ł   Regular English LL   Capital WHω   Capital W with macron above   Capital W with dot below   Regular English WW   Capital Slide H with reverse solidusℋ⃥   Capital H with macron above   Capital H with dot below   Aspirate   Slight Pause   Very Slight Pause   Regular English HH   Capital S with macron above   Capital S with dot above   Capital SH sign   Capital SKΣ   Regular English SS   Hard and Deep Capital DД   High and Light Capital D   Regular English DD   Capital O with ring above   Capital O with macronŌ   Capital O with breveŎ   Capital O with diaeresisÖ   Capital O with solidusØ   Capital OE ligatureŒ   Capital O with Cyrillic Round OmegaѺ   Capital OI   Capital O with ogonekǪ   Capital O with double oo top   Regular English OO   Capital EZJHʑ   Capital Z with macron below   Capital Z with dot aboveŻ   Regular English ZZ   Capital K with macron aboveК̅   Capital K with dot below К̣   Capital Hard KHχ   Capital KHƙ   Regular English KK   Capital V with macron above   Capital V with dot below   Regular English VV   Capital G with macron   Capital G with dot aboveĠ   Capital GNΓ   Capital GRЖ   Capital GWCapital GW   Capital Uvular Voiced ImplosiveϘ   Regular English GG   Capital rolled R with macronЯ̅   Capital rolled R with dot aboveЯ̇   Capital R with macron above   Capital R with dot above   Capital R with ogonek   Regular English RR   Capital C with cedillaÇ   Capital CHЧ   Regular English CC   Capital N with macron above   Capital N with dot below   Capital N with tildeÑ   Capital NGŋ   Capital NG with macron aboveŋ̅   Regular English NN   Capital Y with macron above Ȳ   Capital Y with dot above   Capital Y with yaw aboveЎ   Regular English YY   Capital J with macron aboveЈ̅   Capital J with dot belowЈ̣   Regular English JJ   Capital U with a ring aboveŮ   Capital U with macronŪ   Capital U with breveŬ   Capital U with circumflex aboveÛ   Capital U with diaeresisÜ   Regular English UU   Capital F with macron above   Capital F with dot above   Regular English FF   Capital Q with macron above   Capital Q with dot above   Regular English QQ   Capital B with macron   Capital B with dot below   Trilled BTrilled B   Regular English BB   Capital M with macron   Capital M with dot below   Capital M with tilde   Capital MBCapital MB   Capital MG   Regular English MM   Capital X with macron above   Capital X with dot above   Regular English XX   Capital I with macronĪ   Capital I with breveĬ   Regular English II   Capital T with macron above   Capital T with dot below   Capital TH voicedΘ   Capital TH voicelessÞ   Capital TSЦ   Capital TSCHЩ   Regular English TT   Capital E with macronĒ   Capital E with breveĔ   Capital E with circumflexÊ   Capital schwa Ə   Regular English EE   Capital P with macron above   Capital P with dot above   Capital pTCapital pT   Regular English PP

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