Garden of Life in Ruritania Font
Definitions, Premisses, and Info in Trinculo Font
Special Note: Garden of Life uses a large number of specially purposed English words, often spelled slightly differently than regular, to make their specific meaning more apparent. We also use a large number of neologisms, specifically constructed for Temple use. All of this type of terminology is defined in several places on the website, here in the Garden of Life website Definitions pages, in the Articles of Organization glossary, and such. If you are viewing this page in a browser which doesn't support full current Unicode coding or if you haven't installed current free Unicode fonts, such as Code2000 version 1.171 at FontSpace or Alphabetical List of Unicode Fonts, many of the phonetic characters, diacritical marks, and symbols in these pages will not show up or will show up as boxes. Availability changes so you may have to do a search. It's a free font for personal use, so we can send you a copy if you can't find it. And the display probably won't be perfect anyway, but it's getting closer all the time. At the risk of belabouring the extremely obvious, this page is a work in progress, with quite a distance to go before it sleeps. All of these Attributions are from our perspective. We are not putting them forward as objective fact. We welcome all feedback at Defs@gardenoflifetemple.com, though we do not guarantee to process such feedback other than for ascertainable accuracy and usefulness. Thanks.
 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

T̅æᴌäñt̄ŏn̄ (nomenclature vulgaris: Libra) ― T̅æᴌäñt̄ŏn̄ is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the Astrological Sign on the Ecliptic in the Zodiac in reference from our local star system), referred to as "Libra" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Though this does not indicate where the Constellation from which it takes it's name is currently on the Ecliptic, since Signs in Tropical Astrology are determined in sections from where the Vernal Equinox occurs against the Ecliptic rather than by the Constellation's current position. These names may help to make the separation of the two concepts seem more intuitive. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

T̅êℓ'ᴌēōñ ― T̅êℓ'ᴌēōñ is a phonetically constructed word based on a Greek root word meaning Adult used within the context of the Temple to refer to full Adulthood prior to the peak years (a rough approximation may be about 18 years old). Though the timeline is certainly not fixed, about the eighteenth year or so the person is considered to have entered full Adulthood. Certainly more rights and responsibilities are acknowledged.

T̅êℓ'ᴌēōñ Passage ― Garden of Life considers Werks acknowledging and/or commemorating Passages from one stage of a lifecycle to the next as Pagan Sacraments. The timing of such Celebrations are not determined solely by physical ages but by the Individuals actual attainment of that stage. The T̅êℓ'ᴌēōñ passage and/or the ~18th Year Perfectioning - Full Adulthood Initiation.The Individual being intitiated would have had a fair amount of personal control over the Ēf̅ēв̄ Passage or ~15th year Perfectioning, including of course choosing to have it done at all; however with this T̅êℓ'ᴌēōñ Rite of Passage and/or Perfectioning, should they choose to have it Celebrated, they come into a situation where they are able to make all the decisions (within the constraints of what they are personally able to bring off, and/or achieve cooperation from others to do toward this Circle) as to "where", "when", and "how", choosing themes and selecting and/or creating forms and techniques to be used in the Celebration and Initiation. If it is done as a full adulthood Perfectioning, then the Individual is again dedicated to their Ultimate Potential Perfection, whatever that might be.

T̅êℓēōṡṭēŭç (nomenclature vulgaris: Pisces) ― T̅êℓēōṡṭēŭç is the name used in Garden of Life Astrological Terminology for the Astrological Sign on the Ecliptic in the Zodiac in reference from our local star system), referred to as "Pisces" in the Western mainstream vernacular. Though this does not indicate where the Constellation from which it takes it's name is currently on the Ecliptic, since Signs in Tropical Astrology are determined in sections from where the Vernal Equinox occurs against the Ecliptic rather than by the Constellation's current position. These names may help to make the separation of the two concepts seem more intuitive. Garden of Life uses either terms from the earlier Ægean languages or words constructed from root words in those languages for all components of the Cosmos, or at least for those of the local Universe; partially due to a feeling that the earlier terms represent a more exact and purer resonance with the named object, force, and/or field, than the Latinate term commonly used (theory of deterioration of quality in a copy of a copy of a copy, etc.); and partially because, though we sometimes use, within the Temple, terms for these components derived from Ægyptian culture, and in some cases Sanatana Dharma and Sanskrit, and/or other ancient sources, those seemed a bit "over the top" for daily use (but we never can tell). Also there was a desire to rebalance the Feminine and Masculine Energies in the naming of the Planets and other components of the local star system.

T̅'ʜ̇ēк̣ñōñ ― T̅'ʜ̇ēк̣ñōñ is a phonetically constructed word based on a Greek root word meaning Child used within the context of the Temple to refer to Sentients within the first few years of school age.

T̅'ʜ̇ēк̣ñōñ ― Garden of Life considers Werks acknowledging and/or commemorating Passages from one stage of a lifecycle to the next as Pagan Sacraments. The timing of such Celebrations are not determined solely by physical ages but by the Individuals actual attainment of that stage. T̅'ʜ̇ēк̣ñōñ passage and/or the ~6th Year Perfectioning - Social Initiation. The child is or has entered school, and/or began some sort of societal learning process. They are also generally beginning to have important interactions outside the immediate family and friends group. This is a good time to let them be active in the Circle. They are the spring virgins and may run around the circle laughing and yelling-clearing the circle. The child is again dedicated to their Ultimate Potential Perfection, whatever that might be. Then they may if they wish, begin an apprenticeship and receive training, by helping with any part of the Circle process that attracts their attention, hopefully under the guidance of one or more of the adult Officiants (preferably from among the ones that are most familiar with that part of the process). In addition to promoting their general social development, within the context of the consensus reality; in this way, the child is introduced to, and encouraged to utilize their new social skills within the social aspects of the Circle.

T̅'ƙṇ'ʀ̄äm̃'ñǫ ― T̅'ƙṇ'ʀ̄äm̃'ñǫ is a phonetically constructed name for the Body of Officiants who express their Talents, Gifts and Persuasions, and Trained Expressions through playing musical instruments, both in general and at Garden of Life Celebrations, Circles, and Werkings of all types. The T̅'ƙṇ'ʀ̄äm̃'ñǫ is composed of Officiants who either for a specific Werking, or as their preferred usual mode of Officiation play musical instruments within the context of the Werking, with the intent of enriching and deepening the experiential effects upon themselves and the other Celebrants. A special case, perhaps to the point of being a separate category are the Drummers, who reflect the HeartBeat of the EarthMother Drummers Officiate in Werkings through the act of drumming, which in and of itself heightens the level of interaction with the incorporeal forces, particularly the Earth energies.

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Θ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄ ― The Garden of Life from time to time plans Spiritual Excursions, to make available the Possibility of experiencing some of the non-local Wonders of Ḡāēä. For Example: The Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄ to Carlsbad Caverns or planned Visits to the Pacific Ocean, The Redwoods, The Grand Canyon or Yellowstone. The Garden of Life believes that an Individual personally experiencing the Glories of Nature, in such a manner as to allow Her/Him to absorb the Essence of the Experience Her/Himself, non-verbally, is of incalculable benefit. No attempts will be made at proselytization other than having literature available and having someone qualified to answer Individual's questions available. It is the person or persons originating the Idea for such events responsibility to contact the Calendrical Secretariate and see that such Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄ĭż entered on the Temple Calendar, in a timely manner with all relevant details, so that those wishing to attend may make plans.

A Holy Journey, especially taken in a group context of visiting the Special Places of the Earth, the Spectacular Phenomenon of the Mother's Body, sometimes to perform specific Workings, often just to absorb the Energy Currents. The Temple organizes such ventures primarily for the young, and those who have not seen the particular sites, but Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄ĭż are believed to be of benefit to all who go.

See also: HolyDay, Garden of Life Temple Celebrations, Celebratory Rites and Festivals of ḠĀĒÄ, Lunar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Solar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄, Sacramental Celebrations, and Informal Spiritual Celebrations

Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄ĭż ― Plural of Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄ĭ

Θ'h̅êæ'ǫя̇äṡĭñ ― A phonetically constructed title of position based on the Greek root meaning treasure.

Θ'h̅êæ'ǫя̇äṡĭñç ― Plural of Θ'h̅êæ'ǫя̇äṡĭñ.

Θ'h̅êæ'ǫя̇äṡĭñç Guild

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Þ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Ц ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ Щ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ ☾ T ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽ ☽

 

Table of Correspondences Project ― see: Rose Recension Correspondences Codex

Table Tilting, Table Tipping ― see Trapezadiairōmancy

Tachytelic ― Tachytelic, is the adverb form of the noun Tachytely, and both invoke the idea of a process, of or pertaining to evolution at a rate faster than the standard and/or expected rate, normally in reference to a specific group of plants or animals.

Tacteal Arts ― When the term Tacteal Arts is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to Tacteal Arts is a constructed phrase, parallel in manner of delineation to Visual (meaning capable of being input by the sight receptors, translated and transmuted by the Brain and processed by the part of the Mind and Consciousness that processes input from such receptors) Arts, except relating to the receptors and parts of the Brain, Mind and Consciousness that process input from receptors of the tactile frequencies.

See also: Art

Taglines ― Probably the chief difference, between what are normally considered as Apopthegms and/or Aphorisms and what are categorized as Taglines, is that Apopthegms and Aphorisms attempt to convey something meaningful about the Consensus Reality in a few well chosen words; and Taglines, (though some of them are quite well crafted), tend more to a humourous effect, often of the pratfall type.
See also: Taglines, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

Tai Chi ― A method by which external affairs are regulated (self-defense) while the chi (breath) is cultivated (yoga). To result in health and longevity, one must follow the Tao (Way), which means harmonizing with nature and the universe, both internal and external. Exercises that gently condition, stretch and realign your body to totally relax your physical/emotional/mental bodies for stress management and healing.

Taibhsear Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as such and holding the honouring of the Gods, Goddesses and Nature Spirits through: Ritual, Magick, healing, shamanic journey, study, divination, and environmental awareness as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Taibhsear Tradition is a living, growing tradition, highly individual in nature. The word Taibhsear is Scot's Gaelic for "vision seer". The word was chosen a word from Western tradition to describe a set of practices including, but not limited to: healing, journeying, and divination, rather than using the word "shaman". Since it claims no lineage descent from Gerald Gardner, the Taibhsear Tradition is not strictly a Wiccan Tradition, but there is more information available at the WiccanWeb wiki site for Taibhsear Tradition. Taibhsears believe that all aspects of God, Goddess and the Shining Ones are representations of the one great energy in the universe. The tradition was formalized in Puyallup Washington on Beltaine in 1999 by Maeve, Arianne, Brid and Manannan as a way for individuals following Shamanic, Faery and some solitary Witchcraft paths with an interest in Keltic lore to experience the benefits of group working and coven structure while still maintaining their unique practices and gifts. Although some of the tradition founders studied and worked in various paths and traditions for 15 years or more, Taibhsear's try not to take themselves too seriously. They like to joke about being "an ancient and unbroken line since 1999."

Tài Xuán Jīng ― When the term 太玄經 (Tài Xuán Jīng), Canon of the Supreme Mystery, or Book of Elemental Changes is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to divinations utilizing the newer system of Chinese Temple Oracles, which are sometimes utilized on their own, and sometimes as a furtherance of the interpretations of the Yi Jing. Tài Xuán Jīng uses three variables, or type of lines, and produces 81 tetragrams, in it's most often seen variety, for the interpretations. Yarrow Sticks or Stalksare ordinarily used to produce the figures, through a variety of traditional procedures, and other methods are recommended by certain Traditions. As Western understanding of the subtleties of the Asian languages has increased, better translations and interpretations of the Tài Xuán Jīng have become available for people studying it in the Western lands.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Taiqi ― When the term 太極圖 T'ai Chi T'u or Taiqi is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus and/or Focus it generally refers to an object either made in the shape of the traditional Taiqi or with it emblazoned upon it; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. The best English translation of T'ai Chi T'u: 'diagram of ultimate power' is a term which refers to a Chinese symbol for the concept of Yin and Yang (Taiji). It is the universal symbol of the religion known as Daoism and is also often used by non-Daoists to represent the concept of opposites existing in harmony. The Taijitu consists of a symmetrical pattern inside a circle. One common pattern has an S-shaped line that divides the circle into two equal parts of different colors. The pattern will have a large dot of the counter colour centered in the large portion of each comma like shape. The classic Daoist Taijitu, is black and white with a black dot upon the white background, and a white dot upon the black background.

Obviously the shape of the Taiqi lends itself easily to being made into a Paten, or incorporated into a larger design upon one; and as a symbol of Kosmic Wholeness it may also be utilized as a Pantacle with afair amount of ease.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Talisman ― When the term Talisman is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a Mægikally infused object, ordinarily small, often representational, that may be worn by an individual for a precise Mægikal purpose; specifically made items for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Talismans (I find Talismen a much more amuzing pluralization, regardless, it is wickedly improper English, . . . though whether that is a 'good thing' or a 'bad thing' is certainly up for debate) are thought to be designed for some one specific purpose and may be worn, carried, and/or left in different locales to perform such purpose, with or without the benefit of some wearer.

While the terms Amulet and Talisman are often used or misused interchangeably along with Charm and others, some Traditions consider a Talisman to be the opposite of a Amulet; in the sense of charge anyway. In this type of delineation, which seems fairly convincing, a Talisman is an object Mægikally infused to attract positive energy or a specific force, and in contrast, an Amulet is a Mægikally infused object which is to repel negative energy, or at least protect the wearer from some specific or general danger. In these systems, sometimes the term Charm is utilized as an umbrella designation for both Talismen and Amulets. A Talisman is never intended as a protection, for that you need an Amulet.

An object cleansed and infused with energy intended to attract a specific force or other positive energy such as to enhance health, increase wealth, to help in the achievement of a positive goal, or for any other positive purpose.

Today, the most common form of talisman is an object worn or carried on the body such as jewelry, a stone, a piece of glass or metal or other object. See also: Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Talking Boards ― When the term Talking Boards is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to any of the various types of Alpha or Syllabary Boards which have the separate characters of a language, usually along with some words and symbols from that culture as well. So that the characters, words or symbols may be selected by a pendulum, planchet, or other indicating device.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Talking Stick ― When the term Talking Stick is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus and/or Focus it generally refers to a staff created and decorated to be passed around a Circle in a Ritual Werking, which confers the right to speak to the group to each person as it gets to them; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Tangibles

Tantra ― Transformation using sexual energy symbolizing the male within the female. Within each of us when the male principle of consciousness (in the head) and the female principle of earth (in the body) are in loving union, enlightenment manifests light into matter, whole universe embodied within.

Tantric ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Tantric Buddhism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as such, and holding the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha, and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. [Tantrism and the Vehicle of the Thunderbolt] The final developments of Buddhism in India involve the growth of Tantric thought in both Buddhism and Hinduism. Vedism had always based itself on magic and ritualistic magic; in the fourth and fifth centuries BC, a new form of Hinduism, Tantrism, focused primarily on magic. As applied Buddhism, Tantrism focused on the use of the physical world. Some postulate that there is no monolithic Buddhism as such, but that there are Buddhisms such as Sinhala Buddhism or more precisely Sinhala Theravada Buddhism, Siam or Thai Buddhism, Myanmar or Amarapura Buddhism and so forth. The complete entry on Tantric Buddhism (also see: the complete entry on Buddhism.)

Taoism ― see- Daoism

Tapas (see also - Niyamas) - The Niyama that is called Tapas is categorized as detachment from bondage to anything (some practice austerity for this), obviously this is an oversimplification but a useful one for metaphysical study. The Niyamas are one of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the traditions of the Indus Valley. The Niyamas or observances (Do's) are also divided into five and complete the ethical precepts started with the Yama. The other four of the five Niyamas are:
          Saucha or purity - (internal and external cleanliness, at all levels)
          Santosha or contentment
          Swadhyaya or study of the sacred texts
          Ishwara Pranidhana which is living constant awareness of the Divine

Tarot ― When the term Tarot is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a special deck of cards and the use thereof for guidance and enlightenment. The use of Tarot includes but is not limited to that of a Divination System, or a range of Divination Systems. It also includes various types of Pathwerking, and Conscious Spiritual Evolutionary forms and techniques. The deck reveals wisdom through the interpretation of the various symbols, pictures and card layouts. The parameters for a Divination or Oracle Deck to be considered a Tarot Deck, are fairly broad but not all inclusive. A Tarot Deck needs to develop out of the traditional systems, and declare reasons for the deviations from the accepted formula; whereas Oracle Decks have no such restrictions.

See: Cartomancy, Archetypomancy

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Tasseography ― When the term Tasseography is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to observing and interpreting the arrangement of tea leaves in the bottom of a cup, after the Querent has finished the tea.

Derived from the French Tasse meaning cup and Greek Γραφή (Grafā), meaning representation by lines. The basic Greek word for cup, Κύλιξ (Kylix) has too many other connotations, and would change the whole meaning of the word if they had tried to use it for the first part of this construction.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Tathāgata ― Tathâgata (Devanagari: तथागत) in Pali and Sanskrit) is the name the Buddha of the scriptures uses when referring to himself. The term means, paradoxically, both one who has thus gone (Tathâ-gata) and one who has thus come (Tathâ-âgata). Hence, the Tathâgata is beyond all coming and going - beyond all transitory phenomena. He is one who has found the truth.

The historical Buddha is reported as referring to himself as the Tathâgata instead of using the pronouns me, I or myself. This serves to emphasize by implication that the teaching is uttered by one who has transcended the human condition, one beyond the otherwise endless cycle of rebirth, beyond all death and dying, beyond suffering.

The term also occurs as a synonym for arahant, identifying one who has attained the ultimate in the holy life. There is even a sense in which such a one is no longer human . . . "a tathâgata, a superman (uttama-puriso)"

A number of passages affirm that a tathâgata, or arahant, is "immeasurable", "inscrutable", "hard to fathom", and "not apprehended".:227 A tathâgata has abandoned that clinging to the skandhas (personality factors) that render citta (the mind) a bounded, measurable entity, and is instead "freed from being reckoned by" all or any of them, even in life. The aggregates of form, feeling, perception, mental formations, and cognizance that comprise personal identity have been seen to be dukkha (a burden), and an enlightened individual is one with "burden dropped". The Buddha explains "that for which a monk has a latent tendency, by that is he reckoned, what he does not have a latent tendency for, by that is he not reckoned. These tendencies are ways in which the mind becomes involved in and clings to conditioned phenomena. Without them, an enlightened person cannot be "reckoned" or "named"; he or she is beyond the range of other beings, and cannot be "found" by them, even by gods, or Mara. In one passage, Sariputta states that the mind of the Buddha cannot be "encompassed" even by him.

Nagarjuna expressed this understanding in the nirvana chapter of his Mulamadhyamakakarika: "It is not assumed that the Blessed One exists after death. Neither is it assumed that he does not exist, or both, or neither. It is not assumed that even a living Blessed One exists. Neither is it assumed that he does not exist, or both, or neither.

The five Celestial Buddha Tathâgatas, comprise one of the most important groups of Esoteric Buddhist deities described in the Yoga Tantras. Each deity is associated with a color, direction, gesture, and vehicle: Vairochana (white, zenith, dharmachakra mudra, lion), Akshobhya (blue, east, bhumisparsha mudra, elephant), Amitabha (red, west, dhyana mudra, peacock), Ratnasambhava (yellow, south, vajra mudra, horse), and Amoghasiddhi (green, north, abhaya mudra, Garuda). Each governs a family (kula) of deities that includes bodhisattvas, a human Buddha, and a goddess.1 Vairochana usually presides over the group of five.

Tau Cross ― When the term Tau Cross is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to an item or apparatus with an overall shape of a Tau Cross, i.e.: a capital T shape, or with a Tau Cross represented upon it; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Taurus (Western Tropical Astrology Sign) ― see: B̅ōs̄

Taxonomy ― Taxonomy is the practice and science of classification; The word finds its roots in the Greek Τάξις, (taxis) meaning 'order' or 'arrangement', and Νόμος, (nomos) meaning 'law' or 'science'. Taxonomy may use taxonomic units, known as taxa (singular taxon). Originally taxonomy was used only in reference to the classification of biological organisms (now sometimes known as alpha taxonomy), a particular classification of organisms, or minerals representing various forms of different simple elements and compounds. The term is also applied in a wider sense, where it may refer to a classification of things or concepts, ideas, processes and/or principles. The exploration of taxonomy is integral to any form of codification, including the codefication of systems of thought and metaphysics, and distillations from experiential spiritual events, such as may be performed by members of various Traditions. It is one of the basic mental tools used to build Tables of Correspondences, which are widely used among the various Traditions.

When the term Taxonomy is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to Taxonomic systems which are constructed with such elegance, accuracy, and utility, that they evidence a type of Beauty, or at least enter the range of the Beautiful.

See also: Linguistic Arts, Art

Teaching to Transfer ― Help students make connections that will help them broaden their understanding.

Technê ― Techne as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Τέχνη and is often translated as craftsmanship, craft, or art. It is the rational method involved in producing an object or accomplishing a goal or objective. Greek term for the art, craft, or skill involved in deliberately producing something [Ποιέω (poiêsis) to make, the process of Making], by contrast with those things that merely derive from nature [Φύσις (physis) a Greek theological, philosophical, and scientific term usually translated into English as Nature] or chance [Τύχη (tychê) by the favour of the gods, good fortune, luck, success]. The means of this method is through art. Techne resembles episteme in the implication of knowledge of principles, although techne differs in that its intent is making or doing, as opposed to 'disinterested understanding'. See more at the Wikipedia article.

See also: Τέχνη

TechnoGaianism ― TechnoGaianism (a portmanteau word combining "techno-" for technology and "Gaian" for Gaia philosophy) is a bright green environmentalist stance of active support for the research, development and use of emerging and future technologies to help restore Earth's environment. Technogaians argue that developing safe, clean, alternative technology should be an important goal of environmentalists.

TechnoMægik

Telein ― Telein as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Τελειν to make perfectly complete; to initiate, to perform a rite

See also: Τελειν

Telekinesis ― Ability to move objects with your mind and power.

TeleKinetics

Teleological Argument ― An attempt to prove the existence of god based upon an observation of the regularity or beauty of the universe. As employed by Cicero, Aquinas, and Paley, the argument maintains that many aspects of the natural world exhibit an orderly and purposive character that would be most naturally explained by reference to the intentional design of an intelligent creator. Hume pointed out that since we have no experience of universe-formation generally, supposed inferences to its cause are unwarranted. Moreover, Darwin's theory of natural selection offered an alternative, non-teleological account of biological adaptations. In addition, anyone who accepts this line of argument but acknowledges the presence of imperfection in the natural order is faced with the problem of evil. Nevertheless, reasoning of this sort remains a popular pastime among convinced theists.

Teleologism ― When used in reference to a point of view within the field of Ethical, Value and/or Behavioural Matters, this is a Point of View in which the prime parameter for effectuating a praxis is determined by the effectuation of those acts and decisions which proceed logically from the assumption that the operations of the Cosmos, to the extent which they are orderly, must indicate a prime mover, or some sort of deity and/or force that initiated these laws.

Teleology ― When used in reference to the field of Analytical Psychology teleological explanations seek an understanding in terms of purpose and end-goals, rather than a reduction to prior causes. Unlike Freud's psychoanalysis, Jung's analytical psychology frequently refers psychic functioning to such goals, as in the process of individuation.

Teleos ― Teleos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Τέλεος Teleos is the overall design or purpose directing nature toward Her fulfillment. Teleos is the pattern hidden within each human being that guides the individualizing process. Teleos is the archetypal paradigm that resonates within us as human beings, prompting us to aspire to realize our full potential. 1. which is complete – which contains all the requisite parts; 2. which is so good that nothing of the kind could be better; 3. which has attained its purpose.

See also: Τέλεος

Telepathy

Telephorica ― enhance the functioning of the mammalian brain and the nervous system

There are numerous systems of taxonomy of psycho-active substances, we are including terms from poet and ethnobotanist Dale Pendell's system here, as it seems to us to be the most comprehensive and consistent. His system is laid out in his remarkable non-linear trilogy: Pharmako/Poeia, Pharmako/Dynamis, and Pharmako/Gnosis. Noting that as he points out frequently, this is about a Poison Path, and there are numerous dangers to be had, especially for the unprepared and uninformed. But regardless he includes, as representative of this class: Tabernanthe iboga Amanita muscaria

Teleportation

Telesforia ― Telesforia as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Τελεσφορία performance of components of Sacred rites to bring initiation into the mysteries,

See also: Τελεσφορία

Telete ― Telete as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Τελετή (1) performance; (2) Sacred rite; (3) initiation in the mysteries, a festival accompanied by such rites, mystic rites at initiation, to take in hand the matter of initiation

See also: Τελετή

Television ― Television

See also: Performance Arts, Art

Télos ― Telos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Τέλος Telos meaning specifically 'Ends', 'Purposes', and/or 'Goals', and by extension relates to the ideas of purposefulness, and that persons, places, and things possess aims, purposes, and/or intentions. Τέλος implies an end or ends of overarching importance to which all things and events may be related. Τέλος (Telos) may be contrasted to Τέχνη (Techne), though they are by no means mutually exclusive. Modern Linguistics contains much discussion of whether it is possible/relevant/beneficial to use terminology when discussing ideas which do not include Teleological implications. Τέλος (Telos) may also be compared to Τέλεος (Teleos), which is a similiar but distinct concept. Greek term for the end, completion, purpose, or goal of any thing or activity. Hence, since Wolff, any explanation, theory, or argument that emphasizes purpose is said to be teleological.

See also: Τέλος

Temenos ― Temenos (from the Greek: Τέμενος ) refers to the boundaries, and implies the contained area of a Temple, or system of Temples, in which the sovereignty and inalienable jurisdiction of the governing force which operates it is absolute. In the earliest cases the authority is claimed by the Temple, and/or simply acknowledged by all concerned parties as pre-existing common knowledge and fact, and formally recognized by the secular authorities. In later cases, when a secular power wished to establish a new Temple, whomever it might be dedicated to, a specific piece of land would be marked off as not to be used for common public use, and consecrated to that specific use, before any of the buildings were even constructed. In those cases where the Temenos is congruent with an actual wall or edge of a raised platform, walled or not, the term may be applied to the wall or edge in addition to the conceptual boundary.

The term may be utilized to refer to large geographical areas, special topographical features, single Shrines, and even temporarily designated small areas affirmed as specific Sacred Space. Sometimes the term might be used of an area which was considered the domain of the Divine Forces, even when there was no Temple for human utilization upon it, such as certain mountain tops, springs, areas of the coast line, and so forth. The Greek phrase which applies to the entire valley of the Nile, Sacred from the Headwaters to all the mouths of the Delta is: Νείλοιο πῖον τέμενος Κρονίδα (Neiloio pion temenos Kronida). The term which indicates the Acropolis is ἱερὸν τέμενος από Παλλάς Άθήν. The δρόμος ὁδός από το Πυθία (dromos odos apo to Pythia), race-course of the Pythia, was referred to as possessing a temenos. A Temenos often was the agreed on boundaries of a particular Sacred Grove, dedicated to a specific Divine Force or Pantheon, with or without man-made structures included. In rarer cases the boundaries of some other natural topographical feature, volcanic mud-springs, grottoes, naturally occurring amphitheatres, and so forth.

In some cases the Temenos might be just the Inner Sanctum or Sanctums, or the actual edges of the Temple structure itself, in other cases extend to the courtyards and/or gardens attached, and in some cases out into the surrounding countryside. In some of the more complex Temples, subcategories might be implied, for instance a particular Officiant, or class of Officiants might have ultimate authority in one certain area of the Temple, and others in other areas, or in the remainder of the venue.

Temenos is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Τέμενος [plural Τεμένη (temene)] meaning something like dedicated Sacred Space, or area in which a Temple and/or Tradition holds jurisdiction. Deeper etymology includes the Greek verb Τέμνω (temnō), meaning "to cut"; and it's plural: Τεμένη, temene. What may be the earliest attested form of the word is written in Linear B syllabic script: 𐀳𐀕𐀜 te-me-no, and attributed to the Mycenaean Greeks.

The concept of Τέμενος arose in the Ægean cultures as a term indicating spaces set aside for Sacred praxis, often for Celebration of the Rites associated with various Deity forms. These Sacred Spaces range from special areas in the Natural World to buildings and Temple structures. What we know, or have documentation on, of the origins of the concept of Temenos arose in classical Mediterranean cultures as an area reserved for worship of the Gods. Some authors have used the term to apply to a sacred grove of trees, isolated from everyday living spaces, while other usage points to areas within ancient urban development that are parts of temples.

A large example of a Bronze Age Minoan temenos is at the Juktas Sanctuary of the palace of Knossos on ancient Crete in present day Greece, the temple having a massive northern Temenos. Another example is at Olympia, the Temenos of Zeus. There were many Temene of Apollo, as he was the patron god of settlers. Metaphorically, when discussing spiritual and religious English, Temenos has sometimes been used to refer to the area of influence of a particular Deity or Divine Force.

In the field of psychology, C.G. Jung relates the Temenos to the spellbinding or Mægik circle, which acts as a 'square space' or 'safe spot' where mental 'work' can take place. This Temenos may be constructed to resemble whatever the individual doing the work wishes, suggestions include among others a 'symmetrical rose garden with a fountain in the middle' (in which we can see, of course the 'squaring of the circle'). This created mental space is one in which an encounter with the unconscious may occur and where these unconscious contents can safely be brought into the light of consciousness. In this manner one can meet one's own Shadow, Anima, Wise Old Man (Senex) and finally the Self, names that Jung gave to archetypal personifications of (unpersonal) unconscious contents which seem to span all cultures, the inner space deep within us where soul-making may take place.

The name Temenos is taken from a Greek word meaning the sacred space surrounding a temple or an altar. Carl Jung used this same word to refer to the inner space deep within us where soul-making takes place.

See also: Τέμενος

Temple of Set ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Temple of Thelema ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Temple Ov Psychick Youth ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, Temple Ov Psychick Youth or ToPY is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as such. Members of the Temple Ov Psychick Youth hold the promotion of manifestating Magickal Currents and concepts, sans the process of mysticism or the worship of deities, and encourage the utilization of psychic and magickal aspects of the human brain linked with 'guiltless sexuality' in magickal praxis as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Temple Ov Psychick Youth was founded in 1981 by members of Psychic TV, Coil, Current 93, and a number of other individuals. The ever-evolving network is a loosely federated group of individuals operating as a unique blend of artistic collective, and practitioners of magick.

Temporal

Temurah ― A form of Gematria that creates anagrams through systematic letter substitutions. Gematria is a system of discovering truths and hidden meanings behind words, using numerical values for letters of the alphabet. Each letter corresponds to a number. The numerical values of words are totaled and interpreted in terms of other words with the same numerical value. Gematria dates back to the 8th century BC Babylon, and has been used by most mystics since that time including the Magi, Gnostics, and Qabalists. Notarikon is a form of Gematria in which the first and last letters of a word or phrase are put together to create a new word, or to turn a word into a phrase.. see also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions

Tephromancy and Tephroscopy ― When the term Tephromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by Ashes; especially from patterns formed in the ashes of burnt offerings left to the Gods. Some specific forms of Tephromancy involve using the ashes of the cremation of a deceased person, for divinations which directly relate to that person, and/or their activities when they were alive. Other terms which have been used for divination by ashes are: Abacomancy, Ceneromancy, Spodomancy, and Tephramancy; each of these may have slight specific differences in praxis, but all involve ashes.

The term Tephromancy (or Tephramancy) is derived from the Greek words: Τέφρα (Tefra) meaning ashes, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Teutonic ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Teutonic Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. A Pagan tradition that worships the Norse pantheon of deities and stresses conservative values of honor, honesty, courage and duty to one's family, kin and friends. In the 1970's a number of Norse Pagan groups sprang into existence almost simultaneously and independently of one another, in America, England an Iceland. Many adherents to Norse Paganism are attracted by the emphasis on blood ties and genetics, the warrior ethic and the Norse symbology. Norse Pagans recognize both branches of the Norse pantheon, the Aesir and the Vanir. A branch called Odhinnism worship only the Aesir. Festivals center on the seasonal equinoxes and solstices, and Norse holidays such as Ragnar's Day. Heavier emphasis is placed on skill mastery and shamanism than on magick and meditation. There are a few extreme right-wing Norse Pagan groups who believe they have founded a religion upon the Aryan race; and while some do include neo-Nazis, most Norse Pagans consider these people a fringe element not connected to their religion. Also known as Nordic Tradition or Norse Paganism. See also: Odhinnism. Teutonic-Revival of an older Nordic Tradition. Modern practice of this Northern Tradition is rapidly evolving. It explores the mythologies of Northern Europe and the mysteries of the runes. It is a way of life embracing values of loyalty, honor, courage and good fellowship. It emphasizes communing with the Divine as well as embracing the practice of magic for healing and spiritual development. This ancient Pagan religion was known as Asatru, an old Norse word that means Troth (loyalty) to the Gods. This tradition recognizes many familiar Gods and Goddesses. Thor is the Thunderer, the wielder of the divine Hammer Mjolnir. The thunder is the sound of his chariot, the rain his gift that allows the crops to prosper. Odin, the Allfather, is the God who gifted mankind with a divine nature. He is the One-eyed God, who traded his eye for wisdom, and hung on the world tree to learn the mysteries of magic and the runes. Odin receives slain warriors in his hall, where they prepare for the final battle of Ragnarok. Frey is a God of peace and plenty who is King of the Elves and brings fertility and prosperity to the land. But a religion without Goddesses is halfway to atheism. The most well known Goddess of this tradition is Freya, who wears the sacred necklace Brisingamen and rides in her cat drawn chariot. She is the Goddess of love and beauty, but she is also a fierce Goddess of battle and takes half the battle-slain to her. Frigg is Odin's wife, and she shares in his leadership of the Gods. She is the only other deity allowed to sit in Odin's Seat from which she can see all of the Nine Worlds, and is the patron of the household and of married women. Living alone in the icy wastes, Skadi is a Goddess of strong independence and a patron of hunting and of skiing. Other Gods and Goddesses are worshipped by this tradition include Tyr, Balder, Eir, Gefjion, and many others. "From ancient time the Teutons have been recognized as a group of people who speak the Germanic group of languages. Culturally, this included the English, Dutch, Icelandic, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish peoples. This is also known as the Nordic Tradition. A Teutonic Witch often finds inspiration in the traditional myths and legends, Gods and Goddesses of the areas where these dialects originated." Silver RavenWolf, and about 1000 websites.

Teutonic Witch ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Textile Arts ― When the term Arts is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to

See also: Art

Exists

Thanatopathia ― are those substances, natural and/or artificial, from plants, animals, and minerals, as well as elemental chemical processes, which enhance the functioning of the mammalian brain and the nervous system in a particular manner; in the field of Pharmakopea, Thanatopathia includes that which gives a taste of Death and specifically the effects and teachings of the good Deaths (over which Thanantos originally presided) without the actuality thereof

There are numerous systems of taxonomy of psycho-active substances, we are including terms from poet and ethnobotanist Dale Pendell's system here, as it seems to us to be the most comprehensive and consistent. His system is laid out in his remarkable non-linear trilogy: Pharmako/Poeia, Pharmako/Dynamis, and Pharmako/Gnosis. Noting that as he points out frequently, this is about a Poison Path, and there are numerous dangers to be had, especially for the unprepared and uninformed. But regardless he includes, as representative of this class: Nicotania tabacum Duboisia hopwoodii

Thanatos ― Thanatos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θάνατος (1) death; (2) fatal

See also: Θάνατος

Thaumaturgy ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, which is ordinarily characterized by much emphasis being placed on pursuit of MetaPhysical results by scientifically precise actions

The Abyss

The Anthroposophical Society ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding Rudolf Steiner, as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

The Bardo Thödol ― The བར་དོ་ཐོས་གྲོལ or Bardo Thödol is one of the Tibetan texts which is most often referred to in English as the "Tibetan Book of the Dead", (as inaccurate in its own way as the English references to the so-called "Egyptian Book of the Dead") any is usually used to mean a work that might more accurately be called: Liberation through Hearing in the Bardo, and/or the Profound Dharma of Self-Liberation through the Intention of the Peaceful and Wrathful Ones, there are of course other less-well known texts (less well-known at least in the West), which also are in this venue. When the term the Bardo Thödol is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a copy of this work. In any case it is a Werk which deals with descriptions and recommendations on handling oneself during the passage from one incarnation to another. see also: Bardo

The Beautiful

The Black Forest Clan ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding a blend of Pennsylvania Dutch and European Witchcraft teachings originally delineated in a formative group around Silver RavenWolf as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Black Forest Clan traces the birthpangs of its beginnings to gatherings around Silver RavenWolf's dining room table, where she and others gathered to study the mysteries and learn all they could about the Craft of the Wise. From there it has grown far beyond what any of those first few Witches could have imagined. The Black Forest Clan is linked, both by lineage and practice, to several other branches of Wiccan thought and philosophy, including the Caledonii Tradition of Druidic Wicca, Gardnerian, general Keltic Wicca, and German Witchcraft. Taken together, these meld smoothly into what is called "Euro-Witchcraft." BFC's initiatory line includes Gerald Gardner, Raymond Buckland, and Lord Serphant as well as Pow-Wow healing practitioners Gertie Guise and Preston Zerbe. The Black Forest Clan was established in South Central Pennsylvania, the home of Pennsylvania Dutch magickal traditions brought from Germany. Over time those early Pennsylvania Dutch settlers melded their magick with that of the Native Americans they encountered, and the result is what became known as Pow-Wow. The central energy lines of our Tradition's hearthstone, as well as the Initiation of its founders, include those German/Native American magickal healing practices which are over 200 years old. Black Forest Clan's original members were native to York, Cumberland, Perry and Dauphin Counties. The Black Forest Hearthstone, under the guidance of Silver RavenWolf and her husband MindWalker, was sanctioned in 1993 by Lord Serphant, head of the Serpent Stone Family, and by Lord Ariel Morgan. At the Puff Gathering in North Carolina in the summer of 1996, Lord Serphant transferred the eldering ceremony to Silver, forever cementing Black Forest's association with him. In 1998 Black Forest formed an alliance with the Divine Circle of the Sacred Grove, Druid Organization. As of the Spring of 2001, BFC has 24 groups across the US and Canada, including 23 covens and 1 collective. The Black Forest Clan, from its various states of growth, is 11 years old as of 2001. The Black Forest Clan is a dual Tradition. Part of its teachings are Keltic Witchcraft, and part are Germanic Witchcraft.

The Book of Changes ― see- Yi King or Yi Jing

The Book of Shadowing Forth by Day ― The Book of Shadowing Forth by Day is a much closer approximation of the actual title of the Ægyptian "Book of the Dead", and more closely reflects the Durative Ægyptian view of this work. When the term the Book of Shadowing Forth by Day is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a copy of one of the various recensions of the work that are available, that may be read from and/or placed on one of the Altars during a Werking. While original papyrus copies would be preferable, and might be more potent, in and of themselves, these are normally not obtainable. The most frequently utilized in most Traditions, in which they are used, are of course the E. A. Wallis Budge edition of The Egyptian Book of the Dead, (The Papyrus of Ani), Egyptian Text, Transliteration, and Translation, notable for its inclusion of transliterated Ægyptian Hieroglyphs which may be read from by English speaking individuals; the Raymond O. Faulkner edition of The Book of the Dead: Book of Going Forth by Day; and the beautiful lyrical Awakening Osiris: The Egyptian Book of the Dead by Normandi Ellis, being a partial translation of the work.

The Book of the Law ― The Book of the Law is a poetic spiritual text sacred to many Thelemic Traditions and many other Pagan Traditions [there have been attempts to coopt by various fringe Abramic Traditions (as difficult as that may be to understand or believe, but survival is one of the strongest instincts), but to little effect ] It was received by Aleister Crowley in three one hour Werkings in Cairo Egypt in 1904ev on April 8, 9 and 10 between Noon and One, Aleister was called to set up these sessions through the offices of Rose Kelly Crowley, his then wife and the First Scarlet Woman of the Tradition. When the term the Book of the Law is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to a copy of this work, to be authentic it is necessary for the copy to contain a copy of the holographic manuscript.

The Burning Times ― When referred to in the context of Western Civilization the term Burning Times references the period of Western Civilization during the Christian hegemony when the church fathers had obtained enough secular power to enable them to procure and manipulate the physical destruction of any and all of those who disagreed with them, both inside and outside of their Traditions, and the period of their utilization of this power. Once they had obtained this power there was no hesitation in their use of it, including but not limited to burning, hanging, drowning, beheading and/or torturing their victims to death. The Christian church coffers were much enlarged during the process because they made certain, by whatever means necessary that they were able to confiscate most of the real estate and personal property of their victims. The church authorities were sometimes forced to share some of the booty with paid witnesses and government functionaries although this was mitigated by the fact that the Christian church could arrange for those collaborating individuals to be accused (which at the time was equivalent to convicted) themselves and executed inturn thus resulting in even more money in the Christian church treasury. These atrocities occurred generally in the period of Western Civilization properly referred to historically as the Dark Ages [Note: the perpetrators would like us to call that time the Middle Ages or the Medieval Period or anything else less drastic than the Dark Ages; let's not.] and ended only along with the end of the Christian hegemony over Western Civilization with the triomphe of the European Renaissance and the Enlightenment. The Burning Times is often used to refer particularly to the time from the Spanish Inquisition through the last outburst of persecution and witch killings in the 1800s. The Christian Church, during this time endeavored to wipe out religious practices they didn't understand, didn't care for and/or which did not add wealth to their coffers; in some cases arranging splits with accusing citizens greedy of their neighbor's goods. The Burning Times is a term used by some Witches, Wiccans and other Pagans for the period of persecution centered in the Dark Ages. Burning is in fact incorrect in some ways, not being inclusive enough a term, as Witches were mostly burned only in Scotland, and on the continent of Europe, in England and the U. S., accused heretics and Witches were mostly hanged. The murderous persecutions began even before the 1100s. The last known capital sentence for witchcraft in the West took place in Scotland in the early 1800s. Figures vary on how many were killed during this hysteria, estimates range anywhere from under fifty thousand to more than nine million, and do not generally include suicides (suspicious or not) by family members and/or the accused. Frankly, the exact number of victims matters less than the apparent motivations and callousness with which the truth and any sense of fairness or even humanity was disregarded by the Christian Church authorities. Do you hear a whisper somewhere saying "By their works shall ye know them"? Well, now we know them. The Old Religion was not as decimated as one might have thought due to the fact that large numbers of the victims of the pogroms were simply old, in some cases senile, women whose "witcheries" consisted of owning and/or being in line to inherit property or properties that the Christian church fathers coveted, and many actual practitionors were too clever to be entrapped easily. [Is that too much? I never can tell.]

The Chaldean Oracles ― When the term Chaldean Oracles is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using the Mystery Poem which has come down to us as the Chaldean Oracles (Chaldaean Oracles in International English). These have been spuriously added to, and had the additions stripped away, in several iterations, and have survived as fragmentary texts from at least the 2nd century AD, and consist mainly of Hellenistic commentary on a single mystery-poem (which may have been compilations from several oracular sources, considering the random subject changes) that was believed to have originated in Chaldea (which may mean any combination of Babylonia, Sumeria, Assyria, or general Mesopotamia. Also often Zoroaster is mentioned as the author or one of the authors, which would make them more Persian). The overall thrust of the content appears to be as instruction for Initiates in the Mysteries, and methodologies of attaining Mystic Union. The original Mystery Poem did not survive intact, so far as is known, but it has been mostly, though not entirely reconstructed from quotations in other works. They appear to be a syncretic combination of Neoplatonic elements with others that were Persian or Babylonian in origin. Later Neoplatonists, such as Iamblichus and Proclus, rated them highly. The 4th-century Emperor Julian suggests in his Hymn to the Magna Mater that he was an initiate of the God of the Seven Rays, and was an adept of its teachings. When late Antiquity writers credit "the Chaldeans", they are probably referring to this tradition. Many suggest that when the term Chaldean was attached to things, it was to give credit to the Arameans of Syria, who originated the Aramaic language. The name Chaldea most likely came down to us through the Greek Language as a translation of Kaldū, which was an area South-East of Babylon and towards the Persian Gulf.

An analysis of the Chaldean Oracles demonstrates an inspiration for contemporary gnostic teachings: fiery emanations initiate from the transcendental First Paternal Intellect, from whom the Second Intellect, the Demiurge comprehends the cosmos as well as himself. Within the First Intellect, a female Power, designated Hecate, is, like Sophia, the mediating World-Soul. At the base of all lies created Matter, made by the Demiurgic Intellect. The matter farthest from the Highest God (First Father/ Intellect) was considered a dense shell from which the enlightened soul must emerge, shedding its bodily garments. A combination of ascetic conduct and correct ritual are recommended to free the soul from the confines of matter and limitations, and to defend it against the demonic powers lurking in some of the realms between Gods and mortals.

There is not really any way to present a simple synopsis of the Chaldean Oracles here, and it is necessary for those interested to do a fair amount of individual research before having any real grasp of what they are all about. However, there are numerous good essays on the content available on the internet, though many concentrate on the provenance. For instance the essay at the Hermetic Golden Dawn site by Soror I.D.D is quite interesting, and called: The Chaldean Oracles – Gnosis of Fire

The origins of the texts are unknown and mysterious. Some have claimed that the Chaldean Oracles, in the form in which they survive, were attributed to Julian the Theurgist, son of Julian the Chaldean, who served in the Roman army during Marcus Aurelius' campaign against the Quadi. Julian claimed to have saved the Roman camp from a severe drought by causing a rainstorm. At least four other religious groups also claimed credit for this rainstorm. The circumstances surrounding the writing of the Oracles are mysterious, the most likely explanation being that Julian uttered them after inducing a sort of trance akin to that of the archaic Oracles of Greece.

Whether or not they were composed by Julian or whether they are in any sense translations from supposed Chaldean originals, the oracles appear to be mainly a product of Hellenistic (and more precisely Alexandrian) syncretism as practiced in the cultural melting-pot that was Alexandria, and were credited with embodying many of the principal features of a "Chaldean philosophy". They were held in the greatest esteem throughout Late Antiquity, and by the later followers of Neoplatonism.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

The Church of Christ, Scientist ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Mary Baker Eddy discovered and established a Bible-based system of spiritual healing which she named Christian Science. It is fully explained in her book, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, a perennial bestseller in print for over 125 years, with over 10 million copies sold. The Church of Christ, Scientist, was established in 1879, four years after Science and Health was published. It consists of The Mother Church in Boston (The First Church of Christ, Scientist) and about 2,000 branch churches worldwide, in 79 countries.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS; the Mormons) ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. • There is the conflicting view of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS; the Mormons). Their founder, Joseph Smith (1805-1844), taught a theology of restorationism: He preached that the true Christian church died out in the early 2nd century CE, and did not survive in any form until he restored it as the LDS Church, early in the 19th century.

The Church of Satan ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Church of Satan is controversial form of Satanism founded by Anton LaVey in 1966, which split into several factions in 1975. Practitioners follow the Satanic Bible (written by LaVey) as scripture. The Church of Satan does not recognize the existence of Satan as an entity but uses the name as a symbol of the material world and the carnal nature of man. The Church of Satan renounces sacrifice and crime as conducive to meeting their spiritual goals. Anton Szandor LaVey, San Francisco, CA: Satanism, occult, incantations, festival days include Spring Equinox and Halloween. LaVey, author of the Satanic Bible, founded the church in 1966 and died in 1997 after which a struggle for leadership ensued between LaVey's daughters, Karla and Zeena, and his long-term live-in partner, Blanche Barton. Eventually, Barton became the Church of Stan High Priestess and she later appointed Peter H. Gilmore to be High Priest. As of early 2002, Peggy Nadramia joined Gilmore, her husband, in leadership with the Church of Satan with Nadramia serving as High Priestess. Barton is now serving in a lesser role as Magistra Templi Rex. The church has claimed as many 10,000 members. LaVey, a former lion tamer, organist, hypnotist, psychic, artist, and photographer. Like the vast majority of Satanists, he did not believe in a literal, personal devil, but turned to Satanic imagery to provoke a reaction and illustrate his disdain for Christianity.

The Church of Scientology ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. L. Ron Hubbard: Humans are immortal spiritual beings whose experience extends beyond a single lifetime (reincarnation), and whose capabilities are unlimited, though presently imprisoned by matter, energy, space, and time (MEST). Salvation is the recovery of spiritual freedom, ability, independence and serenity, including freedom from the endless cycle of birth and death (reincarnation), and full awareness and ability independent of the body, i.e., being "able to control matter, energy, space, and time." These god-like powers are achieved through auditing, a process whereby "engrams," (the mental recordings of past moments of pain and unconsciousness), and other barriers to such states are removed, abilities are regained, and greater awareness achieved. Auditing can last for years and may cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. Teachings are also advanced through affiliated business management companies such as Sterling Management Systems, the drug prevention program Narcanon, and in public schools though Way to Happiness. The writings and recorded spoken words of L. Ron Hubbard (contained in over 500,000 pages of writings and over 2,000 tape-recorded public lectures) constitute the scripture of the religion, his book Dianetics, the Modern Science of Mental Health being foundational. Scientology publishes several magazines including Advance, High Winds, and Source; also several newspapers and newsletters including The Auditor, Tech News, KSW News and the FSM Newsletter. Scientology has a history of alleged abuse and illegal activities, and is fighting legal battles in countries all over the world. Profile available. Research material available.

The Church of Seven Arrows ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. A Universal Life Church congregation with a shamanic component that was founded in 1975. See also: Shamanism. Wheatridge, CO: Native American spirituality, shamanism, paganism. Publishes Thunderbow II newsletter. * Church of Seven Arrows: This church has, over the years, trained a small number of practitioners in Flow-Processing, which is fast, inexpensive and highly effective. However it is difficult to locate these people and one must be physically present to run a session, just as with Dianetics. Studying three years with a Shaman through the Church of Seven Arrows led me to working with energy and understanding subtleties of healing, color, and elements necessary for holistic healing. Contact Reverend George Dew, U.L.C. for more information. George teaches small personalized groups skills that healers can especially benefit from such as: energy handling, personal power, self-protection when working with others, and other basic shamanism methods. Also available are flower remedies, publications, Native American wedding ceremonies and counseling services.

The Code of Hammurabi ― Not the earliest formulation of Law by statute to replace Law by whim, but one of the earliest that we have, obviously representing a much older Tradition than the one we are usually told that all moral codes sprang from.
A quote from the Translation by L. W. King, "Laws of justice which Hammurabi, the wise king, established. A righteous law, and pious statute did he teach the land. Hammurabi, the protecting king am I. I have not withdrawn myself from the men, whom Bel gave to me, the rule over whom Marduk gave to me, I was not negligent, but I made them a peaceful abiding-place. I expounded all great difficulties, I made the light shine upon them. With the mighty weapons which Zamama and Ishtar entrusted to me, with the keen vision with which Ea endowed me, with the wisdom that Marduk gave me, I have uprooted the enemy above and below (in north and south), subdued the earth, brought prosperity to the land, guaranteed security to the inhabitants in their homes; a disturber was not permitted. The great gods have called me, I am the salvation-bearing shepherd, whose staff is straight, the good shadow that is spread over my city; on my breast I cherish the inhabitants of the land of Sumer and Akkad; in my shelter I have let them repose in peace; in my deep wisdom have I enclosed them. That the strong might not injure the weak, in order to protect the widows and orphans, I have in Babylon the city where Anu and Bel raise high their head, in E-Sagil, the Temple, whose foundations stand firm as heaven and earth, in order to bespeak justice in the land, to settle all disputes, and heal all injuries, set up these my precious words, written upon my memorial stone, before the image of me, as king of righteousness." which is the recension we are using. see: The complete entry on The Code of Hammurabi

The Craft

The Dance of Seven Veils

The Cup of Djemscheed ― When the term the Cup of Djemscheed is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by a particular Persian artifact that when gazed into made it possible to see anything in the whole world, and everything, good, evil or neutral was revealed therein, then interpreting whatever impressions may form. Of course this is predicated on the assumption that you have the Cup or at least access to it. This Cup of Djemscheed is a divination cup, which has been the subject of many poems and tales from ancient Persia. It is believed to have been discovered while digging the foundations of Persepolis or more accurately: Pārsa, and was filled with the elixir of immortality when found. The Persians put great faith in these revelations; and attributed the prosperity of their empire to the possession of this famous cup. The Cup of Djemscheed is called in various Traditions the Cup of Jamshid, Jam-e Jahan nama, Jam-e Jahan Ara, Jam-e Giti nama, and Jam-e Kei-khosrow (refers to Kaei Husravah in the Avesta, and Sushravas in the Vedas), or Jaam-e Jam, in Persian: جام جم; and it is a cup of divination which, according to the Persian information, was long possessed by the rulers of what in ancient times was in the area now referred to as Greater Iran. Many authors ascribed the success of the Persian Empire to the possession of this artifact.



See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

The EightFold Path ― When used in the context of a Buddhist Spiritual and/or MetaPhysical Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, the term: The EightFold Path refers to these concepts:
Right views, intention, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, concentration.
          1. Right view is the true understanding of the four noble truths.
          2. Right aspiration is the true desire to free oneself from attachment, ignorance, and hatefulness.
              These two are referred to as prajña, or wisdom.
          3. Right speech involves abstaining from lying, gossiping, or hurtful talk.
          4. Right action involves abstaining from hurtful behaviors, such as killing, stealing, and careless sex.
          5. Right livelihood means making your living in such a way as to avoid dishonesty and hurting others, including animals.
              These three are refered to as shila, or morality.
          6. Right effort is a matter of exerting oneself in regards to the content of one's mind:
              Bad qualities should be abandoned and prevented from arising again;
              Good qualities should be enacted and nurtured.
          7. Right mindfulness is the focusing of one's attention on one's body, feelings, thoughts,
              and consciousness in such a way as to overcome craving, hatred, and ignorance.
          8. Right concentration is meditating in such a way as to progressively realize a true understanding of imperfection,
              impermanence, and non-separateness. The last three are known as samadhi, or meditation.

The Eyes of Anpu ― A division of Officiants, consisting of Priestesses, Priests and Matrices, involved in the transitional phases of an individual as they leave a particular life cycle and enter the levels between it and other possibilities. The primary function is one of Watching, but in a HyperReal sense, so as to embed the Truth of an Individual into the Durative.

The First Born ― When used in the context of a Spiritual and/or MetaPhysical Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, The First Born refers to a concept that Humanity was not the first sentient species to arise on this planet. Usually as a corollary there is a belief that the earlier Species, singular or plural, matured and left the planet for the wider reaches of the Cosmos, or had to leave for some other reason. There is generally a belief in a continued interaction of greater or lesser extent of the Species or members thereof, with Humanity, included in the belief.

The Four Noble Truths ― When used in the context of a Buddhist Spiritual and/or MetaPhysical Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, the term: The Four Noble Truths refers to these concepts:
              1. Life is suffering;
              2. Suffering is due to attachment;
              3. Attachment can be overcome;
              4. There is a path for accomplishing this.
Obviously this is oversimplified, but it is useful for beginning to understand the Tradition, a little more explanation expands into:
1. Suffering is perhaps the most common translation for the Sanskrit word duhkha, which can also be translated as imperfect, stressful, or filled with anguish. Contributing to the anguish is anitya -- the fact that all things are impermanent, including living things like ourselves. Furthermore, there is the concept of anatman -- literally, "no soul". Anatman means that all things are interconnected and interdependent, so that no thing -- including ourselves -- has a separate existence.
2. Attachment is a common translation for the word trishna, which literally means thirst and is also translated as desire, clinging, greed, craving, or lust. Because we and the world are imperfect, impermanent, and not separate, we are forever "clinging" to things, each other, and ourselves, in a mistaken effort at permanence. Besides trishna, there is dvesha, which means avoidance or hatred. Hatred is its own kind of clinging. And finally there is avidya, ignorance or the refusal to see. Not fully understanding the impermanence of things is what leads us to cling in the first place.
3. Perhaps the most misunderstood term in Buddhism is the one which refers to the overcoming of attachment: nirvana. It literally means "blowing out," but is often thought to refer to either a Buddhist heaven or complete nothingness. Actually, it refers to the letting go of clinging, hatred, and ignorance, and the full acceptance of imperfection, impermanence, and interconnectedness.
4. And then there is the path, called dharma. Buddha called it the middle way, which is understood as meaning the middle way between such competing philosophies as materialism and idealism, or hedonism and asceticism.
These concepts lead one to: The Eightfold Path
The literal translations of the texts containing these teachings has caused some confusion in the Western Civilization approaches to Buddhism especially about the inevitability of suffering, the sources of suffering, the elimination of suffering, the paths to the elimination of suffering. Even in the abstract, such as when suffering arises from a discrepancy between desire and actuality in the outside world. Sometimes the Western approach may seem to attempt to use technology to change the actualities of the world, whereas Buddhism is interpreted by some to say: change the desire, and in some cases by extinguishing the individual self. But this Western understanding of the Buddhist intention is oversimplified to the point of counterproductivity. (see also: the Western Emergent Buddhism entry)

The Fourth Way ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings of George Ivanoff Gurdjieff and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The aim of the teaching of George Ivanoff Gurdjieff, referred to as the fourth way or the work, is to build a 'soul,' that is, something in us that by itself can withstand the 'shock' of physical death and continue to exist for a definite period. Much preparation is necessary to meet this aim; many of ordinary life's distractions must be re-valued in light of this teaching. The fourth way, or way of the 'sly man,' includes practical elements of the three fundamental ways and therefore it is necessary to briefly touch upon them. The first way, that of the fakir, achieves enlightenment through mastery of sensation by various means of asceticism: lying on a bed of nails, standing on fingertips for months at a time, etc. This requires some fifty years of practice and is uncertain at best. The way of the monk, or religion, requires emotional suffering, and while it does not take as long as the fakir still demands about 25 years. The way of the yogi opens to enlightenment in 10 years or so through mastery of postures, or movement. Some people think yogis are intellectual; this is merely 'postures of thinking' which points to the inter-relatedness of the bodymind. Finally, the fourth way, or fourth philosophy as Jesus described it in the Dead Sea Scrolls, uses in a sly way the necessary parts of the other three. Instead of gaining full mastery of any one function, it uses the most minimal mastering of each 'center:' the instinctive, moving, and emotional. Having thus gained control over these 'parts' one is then ready to 'prepare the way,' that is, move toward an overall mastery of the bodymind by the purging of unnecessary elements. The fourth way, or 'work,' unlike the first three which demand isolation, must be carried out in the midst of 'ordinary' life and, properly manifested, can be fulfilled in two years. The progression of the fourth way (the 'way' is always and everywhere the same, only the method of approach differs) is defined by the level, or 'scale,' of organization of consciousness, which can be referred to as the 'five states of "I".' People who cannot find a 'way' are in multiplicity. They are composed of thousands of different "I's" which alternately take control of the bodymind, merely to be replaced by another "I" minutes, or more often seconds, later. For instance, one "I" promises to get up early, namely, the one that goes to bed. Then the "I" that wakes up in the morning, having no idea of the promise made, decides to sleep in. Similarly with food, sex, money, jobs, relationships; one "I" promises to 'do' something that another I must carry out and the latter is never told of the commitment. While the 'taste' of this truth is somewhat bitter, very little investigation is needed for you to quickly prove it to yourself. In the work this state of multiplicity is called 'sleep.' In someone who begins to seek there has been formed what is called 'magnetic center.' This can be thought of as a group of "I's" that have a common interest that lies beyond the realm of ordinary life. They have a sense of something more significant than the passing desires of smaller "I's" and seek to find answers to the troubling and ageless questions of humanity as well as the startling inconsistencies within themselves. It is this magnetic center that leads people to the work, in fact it may have led you to this article. As with all the states of consciousness from magnetic center onward, there are certain 'practical exercises' which will stabilize, or 'crystallize,' this group of "I's" that are seeking the truth. The work characterizes these five states as a stairway leading to 'the way' which begins at the top of this staircase. The second step is called deputy steward. For deputy steward to occur, a certain balance is necessary between the functions (mentioned above). This is achieved through the group of "I's" beginning to organize the 'machine.' As the functions, and the energy, or fuel, they use are studied there are shifts due merely to the observation itself. This could be allegorically compared to children jumping on the bed who stop when their father sticks his head in the door. And while the results will seem dramatic, this method of change has definite limits. Upon crystallizing deputy steward, through practical exercises, we become the 'balanced man' in whom the 'centers,' or functions, have assumed their proper roles and importance.

The Gifts and Persuasions ― When used in the context of a Spiritual and/or MetaPhysical Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, the Gifts and Persuasions refer to various talents and/or resonances within various systems of techniques. The systems here included are those which have a significant Spiritual component, such as: Nurturance, Healing, Empathics, Divination, Focalizing, Focusing, Catalyzing, and so forth. Individuals may have, obtain and/or train in these systems of techniques.

See also: Practitionor, , Officiant, Divinor

The Global Church of God ― see- Armstrongism

The Good ― When used in the context of Philosophy and MetaPhysical and Spiritual concepts, The Good, means different things to different people at different times. As far as is known the primary formal introduction of The Good as a philosophical parameter into philosophical discourse was Sokrates, or more exactly Plato's reports of Sokrates philosophy. Sokrates is reported to have said, "If one knows the good, one will always do the good. It follows, then, that anyone who does anything wrong doesn't really know what the good is." Which in part explains his purported statemens about 'knowing nothing but that he knows nothing' and his elenchus method of conveying his ideas to others, what has come to be called the Socratic method, that of edging people toward the truth by asking them questions, and answering their questions with other questions which slowly lead them to delineate the errors in their own previous thinking, but only indirectly guide what they replace those ideas with. Obviously, there are two primary vectors in the meaning of The Good, one of which may be called a 'value' good, and the other a 'natural' good. The 'value' good comes into play when we speak of 'A Good Man', 'A Good Woman', 'A Good People'. The 'natural' good is present when we talk of 'A Good Sunrise', 'A Good Melody', 'A Good Meal'. The interpretation of what The Good is, has given rise to a number of schools of philosophy. Is The Good, the most beneficial result for the most people? Is The Good to be determined from some abstract set of rules or another? Does The Good vary from situation to situation, or are specific behaviours always Good, or not Good? Even the physician's "First do no harm" concept is somewhat simpler to pin down.

The Great Conversation ― In modern parlace the Great Conversation refers primarily to the idea that civilization advances through the interplay of ideas both within generations, and intergenerationally through the media of written thought by authors commenting on and/or responding to previous concepts and thoughts put forth either by their contemporaries or predecessors. This concept was codified by Mortimer Adler when he said: "What binds the authors together in an intellectual community is the great conversation in which they are engaged. In the works that come later in the sequence of years, we find authors listening to what their predecessors have had to say about this idea or that, this topic or that. They not only harken to the thought of their predecessors, they also respond to it by commenting on it in a variety of ways." in The Great Conversation Revisited, in The Great Conversation: A Reader's Guide to Great Books of the Western World, as published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., Chicago, 1990. It is fairly easy to view civilization's progress through the screen of this paradigm, to see the whole procession towards more complete knowledge and understanding of ourselves and the Cosmos around us, through the interplay of ideas as represented by the various authors putting forward their own ideas and experiences, and/or reporting those of others, and then other authors commenting on and responding to these ideas and experiences. This is not to minimize the importance of, or ignore ideas and experiences which enter Humanity's consciousness through public speaking, planned or extemporaneous, especially since these tend to end up reported and entered into the public record in some more permanent manner or another. And of course broad spectrum access and distribution of any and all ideas through the agency of the modern internet has added a whole new level to the entire process. Also important to understanding these ideas, one finds references to this type of thought toward the purposes and advancement of civilization going back through the literary traditions and doubtless even into the oral traditions which preceded them. There is the reflection of several important Hermetic and Gnostic concepts embedded within the Great Conversation ideas. For instance the idea that the purpose of incarnating into a physical body (singular or multiple) is to 'compare notes' with other sentient entities, which is thought to be more comprehensive, perhaps simpler, and/or at least of a different nature within physically manifested lifecycles; and that this process furthers a more complete approach to the spiritual path towards Gnosos which is the threshold to enlightenment and transcendence. Also in many of the ancient Hermetic and Gnostic Traditions, there were variations on the idea that Eastern Civilization and Western Civilization, each held, and/or were working toward, half of the solution to the problems of Humanity's eventual destination, which would require integration of the two halves in order to be successfully applied. The propogation and utilization of these concepts predate the emergence of the Abramic traditions, though for clarity and disambiguation's sake, we should mention that the Catholic dogma concerning "The Great Conversation", has nothing to do with what is being discussed here (Though one would have thought, or perhaps more accurately hoped, that they would have used some Latin term for their idea).

The Great Rite ― When used in the context of MetaPhysical and Spiritual praxis, The Great Rite refers to a formal Celebration and Werking where sexual congress, whether actual or symbolic, is incorporated to increase and solidify the effectuation of the intent of such Werking. Though most often talked about in contemporary conversation in referrence to current Pagan praxis, such as in various NeoPagan Traditions, Witchcraft, and or Wicca, the Great Rite goes back into pre-history. The earlier examples are ordinarily referred to as ιερός γάμος, and ιερογαμία, or Hiero Gamos, and Hierogamy, meaning Divine Sexual Union. The earliest known example is that of the Sumerian city-states, where the king of the city-state annually renewed the covenant between the Divine Forces and Humanity by a public act involving sexual congress with the Goddess Inanna, through the vessel of Inanna's High Priestess in that city-state, Her Glory, the Inanna Gate (though if we had been able to circumvent the xTian burnings of the Great Library of Alexandria, and any other competitive histories they could get their hands on, perhaps we would have more specific information about earlier occurances). The survival and/or parallel development of the use of Sacred Sexuality in the Eastern Traditions (which are called Tantra in the West), and in the Alkhemical Werkings of Europe, are widely known and documented. All of the work with Sacred Sexuality may be in part a development of the primordial idea that there are two immense forces which operate in the Cosmos as we know it; one of which may be referred to as the 'Life-Death Axis', and that is keyed by the release of Life energies (Martyrdoms, Sacrifice, and such); and another from which it may be possible to obtain as much or even more energy from, which may be referred to as 'ErotoNuminous', and that is keyed by the sexual intercourse of one, two, or more participants while some or all of them are acting as vessels for the Divine Forces, either from within themselves, or from some exterior non-corporeal entity.

The Great Work ― The Great Work or The Great Werk, when used in a MetaPhysical and/or Spiritual context refers to the process of an individual becoming more than they are, or perhaps, making themselves into more than they were. All the attempts to achieve this may be grouped under that terminology. The old parable about "figuring out how to get the goose out of the bottle, without breaking the bottle" seems pertinent here.

The Great Year

see also:

The House of Netjer ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the restoration of the authentic ancient Egyptian religion, through the study of source texts and Egyptological research within the context of the Kemetic Orthodox Tradition as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The House of Netjer (known before 1993 as the House of Bast), is a Kemetic Orthodox temple, was founded in the late 1980s in Chicago, Illinois. http://www.kemet.org/

The I AM Movement ― A MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents as such, and holding the spiritual teachings of Guy and Edna Ballard, particularly in reference to a body of Teachers who have Ascended from Humanity to a more exhalted state of existance from which they assist and guide Humanity's continuing spiritual evolution as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The I AM Movement was founded by Guy and Edna Ballard in 1930. One of the identifying characteristics of the I AM Movement is the direction of praise and adoration on the 18th century French occultist, St. Germain. (current lineage activity see Church Universal and Triumphant) (see also: Occult, New Age, pantheism, Great White Brotherhood, the God within.) Publishes Voice of the I AM magazine. Ascended Master Teaching Foundation, Mt. Shasta, CA: Occult, part of the I AM movement, Great White Brotherhood, similar to Theosophy.
Ascended Masters: Sometimes called the Great White Brotherhood. Occult, New Age belief in alleged teachers or masters who live on an astral plane as non-physical entities beyond time and space. They can supposedly communicate spiritual truths to humans through channeling or other occult techniques. Membership includes Jesus, Buddha, St. Germain (see I AM movement), Ramtha (see J. Z. Knight), Mafu (see Penny Torres), Seth (see Jane Roberts), and others.
Ascended Masters School of Light, Toni Moltzan, Carrollton, TX: New Age, channeling, Ascended Masters including Jesus, universal consciousness.

The Illuminati ― The idea of the Illuminati, though not often publically assumed as a name or part of a name of an organization (see - the Ancient Illuminated Seers of Bavaria) for one of the rare exceptions), has assumed a life of its own in modern parlance. As Robert Anson Wilson went to great lengths to point out in his delightful and assiduous way, in the Illuminatus Trilogy and other Works, though Secret Societies do in fact exist, and have been embroiled in many pivotal events down through history, it makes little sense to think of them as an it, i.e.: as a monolithic block. There are doubtless numerous vectors, with a rotation of fruit-basket-turnover cooperation and competition during different phases, and a multitude of name changes along the way. Ergo: there is not one Illuminati, but more likely several (one would assume Five to be the most likely), which sometimes work together and sometimes work apart and/or against each other. Or, there is not a Good Illuminati and a Bad Illuminati, but a number of Illuminatis which have components and goals that various folk would consider, at various times to be variously Good, Bad and/or Neutral. And it is unlikely that any of the organizations stretch back unchanged into preHistory, though likely that there has been some overlap and derivation of one from another, as well as absorbtion of smaller and/or less powerful groups by larger and/or more powerful groups, though this might go in cycles, with a group changing alliances and such over periods of time. And while it may not be stictly true that: "The History of the World is the History of Warfare between Secret Societies", it probably is also not true that the History of the World has ever been free from the effects of the machinizations and conflicts of Secret Socities. When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the desirability and possibility of individual humans attaining enlightenment and transcendence while alive, during a particular lifetime as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. In actuality there are many secret and quazi-secret groups which hold these beliefs and may or may not publically claim the name Illuminati. [The following information is ~quoted (and partially paraphrased) from http://meta-religion.com/Secret_societies/Groups/Illuminati/illuminatie.htm, where it is cited as quoted from http://www.geocities.com/Area51/Cavern/6320/illumin.htm (which is no longer working as a website) but regardless is a good summary of what is meant in the concensus reality when someone mentions the Illuminati:] The Illuminati usually referred to in modern discussions are a group of secret controllers that until 1989 were apparently the most successful of them all. This Illuminati is the group that evolved directly from the "Ancient Illuminated Seers of Bavaria". The Illuminati in this form were founded by a man named Adam Weishaupt in 1775. This known chapter started in Ingolstadt, Bavaria.
The original Illuminati beliefs evolved from very diverse sources. A knightly order merged with Sufi ideas and concepts, during the Crusades, to create the "Knights Templar". The Knights Templar were later disbanded and largely exterminated by the French monarchy. The break-up of the Templar's resulted in the creation of many of the Masonic and other European secret societies. Some of the surviving Templar's learned the rituals and methods of an Egyptian hermetic order known as the "Illuminates of Ra". These Templar's took the name the "Illuminati". The Illuminati continued to evolve. They merged with a group of Tantric yoga practitioners gleaning mind/body meditation and exercises. The Illuminati absorbed the methods and concepts of the "Assassins", a Moslem cult, as well as various christian gnosis religions. This is the point at which Adam Weishaupt organized at least some of the threads of the Illuminati into the Ancient Illuminated Seers of Bavaria.
Adam Weishaupt and the Illuminati set out to recruit suitable membership for the expanding organization. They started by recruiting 33° masons to join the AISB. They then used these men to infiltrate the Masonic organizations to snag promising initiates. They then recruited among the upper middle class civil servants and politicians. They used the politicians and civil servants to infiltrate the government of Bavaria, and beyond. Once recruitment and infiltration were underway the Illuminati started to advance their goals.
The goals of the Illuminati are very misunderstood things. Everyone knows the first goal, world domination, but very few know the others. The goals are world domination, transcendental illumination, immortality, omnicognizance, and omnipotence. The Illuminati set about infiltration of all controlling influences of mankind and slowly bringing themselves absolute control. A side effect of this is the one world government that people are afraid of. Transcendental illumination is freeing your mind of all earthly shackles and limitations. The Illuminati seek to be illuminated and to combine this with astral projection and other psychic abilities. Immortality is never dying, and when you've ruled the world for half a century you don't necessarily want to give it up when you die. There are a number of methods of not dying the Illuminati strive for including mind/energy pattern permanence, alchemeic and magic potions, mind patterns saved on computer/robot, clone brain/mind replacement, cryogenics, and genetic alteration. Omnicognizance is being all knowing. Through illumination and massive psychic powers the Illuminati think they can become all-knowing, in the mean time they use constant surveillance. Omnipotence is being all-powerful, what better way to rule the world is there other than being gods? By combining magic and science in ways alchemists never thought of the Illuminati hope to become as gods.
The Illuminati are currently well on their way to achieving their goals. Members of the current "Supreme Illuminated Council" are all transcendentally illuminated. The Illuminati have a very high degree of control over the world's affairs. Some Illuminati Grand Masters are are thought to be Immortal within the same incarnation, though if true, this is very rare. However successful the Illuminati seem they are not completely successful with world domination or they would be visibly active. They are not successful with omnipotence or they would be our gods. They are not successful with omnicognizance or they wouldn't use surveillance.
The organization of the Illuminati is as follows. There are five members of the Supreme Illuminated Council and each of these is in charge of five more each. This thirty makes up the Illuminati Grand Council, in Adam Weishaupt's time it was thirty-one because he was in charge of the Supreme Illuminated Council. Beyond this you are not cleared to know.

The International Ethics ― The term International Ethics is typically used to indicate philosophically the ideal that is often called Internationalism. This may be represented by numerous schools of thought with vastly different goals and methods as well as attitudes towards the desirability of true Internationalism. And this depends of course, upon their evaluation of the doctrine that nations should cooperate because their common interests are more important than their differences. Internationalism is a political movement which advocates a greater economic and political cooperation among nations for the theoretical benefit of all. The dynamics of the philosophy have changed somewhat drastically as the slowly dawning notion of the necessity of Ecologically responsible cooperation among nations, if any of us are to survive, has come into more prominence. The roots of some of the main points of Internationalism from the time before and including the heights of the Golden Classical period of the civilized Ægean world, while still integral to the overall concepts of what may be construed as the multilogue about Internationalism as we now conceive it, have been somewhat superceded and entirely transfigured by our modern understandings of the actualities of a Global culture. Much of the current shaping of the different sides in the debate about Internationalism as a specific intellectual sentiment were shaped in the crucible of the idealistic and other currents that went into fomenting and processing the French revolution. As a definite and all-important activity, Internationalism constitutes the distinctive expression of the progressive contemporary world tendencies. We need to note that the increasing international intercourse, tensions, affairs and problems render it highly incumbent upon observers and the nations to create methodologies to achieve a common world-conscience, world-consciousness, and world-morality, as well as some sensible and non-tyranical way of applying it to actual occurances in the global community.
The reasons for low international morality are far more than what can be listed as,
              1. The recurring reign of the 'might makes right' praxis in international relations,
              2. The seeming inability of many to separate the beneficial effects of cultural pride and diversity,
                  from the divisive and destructive effects of blind die-hard nationalism,
              3. The absence of active units that could form world-conscience,
              4. A weak understanding and consideration of world public opinion on the part of governments,
              5. The political and cultural backwardness of some nations,
              6. The inadequacy of the techniques developed and used by the UNO for the settlement of acute international disputes.
In the cultural field, for a rapid raising of the cultural consciousness and psychological oneness among nations and mankind, it is high time that we grow increasingly sensitive to, and employ vigorously the many possible and available modes of setting into operation around the world, powerful moral factors that pave the way for, and ensure, high international morality.

The Land Ethic ― A thing is right when it tends to maintain the integrity, beauty and stability of the biotic community, and it is wrong when it tends otherwise. Proponents: Leopold (German)
Notes: Probably the first theory to explicitly consider humanity's moral duties to the environment. Leopold was writing at a time when modern biological terms like ecosystem had not yet been invented, so his term is the biotic community. He reacts against what he calls Man the Conqueror, for the many wars that humanity engages in with apparent glee, on the grounds that it has caused suffering of a preventable kind to the Earth as a whole as well as to humanity itself. To any being that has the will to live he assigns intrinsic value, which includes beings not able to experience pain such as plants and micro-organisms. So he proposes Man the Biotic Citizen as a better way of understanding humanity's place in the world. Criticisms: If the Land Ethic is understood as the criteria for judging all actions, then there are some things people can do that are not moral issues (i.e. not morally good nor morally bad), because they don't impact the environment as a whole, such as murder, theft, assault, business fraud, etc.

The Library of Alexandria ― Sure, there were many libraries at Alexandria, both before and after Alexandria became Alexandria (Goddess knows: they're building one now, and it may look like the old one, but given the views of the current controlling governmental agencies in that area, the breadth of information in the new one will doubtless be limited in the extreme). But when we speak of The Library of Alexandria, it is virtually universally understood that the one young Alexandros built is the one meant. Now, they didn't call Alexandros, the Great because he was so damn cute (tho he was damn cute), but because he was possibly the most brilliant strategist that humanity has thus far produced, and not only in the area of warfare. And his strategy in his Libraries (there was actually one in each of his five regional capitals) was to collect and preserve Humanity's Birthright: all possible information on all that happened since Humankind's emergence. He was successful, and it lasted until it was intentionally brought down, by those same folk that slaughtered Hypatia (I suppose it makes a sort of sense, since their ideas couldn't compete with hers) one of the most brilliant humans that the species has produced.

The Native American Church ― A MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents as such, and holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. from "a Brief History of the Native American Church by Jay Fikes from One Nation Under God Copyright (c) 1996 by Huston Smith Veneration of the small spineless cactus called peyote probably began immediately after the first hunter-gatherers discovered its remarkable effects. The Native American deification of the plant is estimated to be about 10,000 years old. Peyote cactus buttons uncovered in Shumla Cave in southern Texas have been radiocarbon dated to 5,000 B.C. The Huichol Indians of northwestern Mexico still use peyote sacramentally. Their peyote pilgrimage may have been in place by 200 A.D. Scholars consider it the oldest sacramental use of peyote in North America. Huichols revere Peyote as the heart, soul, and memory of their Creator, Deer-Person. Huichol healers and singers achieve such union with their Creator, as incarnated in Peyote, that Peyote speaks through them, as here: If you come to know me intimately, you shall be like me and feel like I do. Although you may not see me, I shall always be your elder brother. I am called the flower of Deer-Person. Have no fear, for I shall always be the flower of God.

Deer-Person, the supreme teacher of the Huichol, teaches songs, reveals himself to shamanic healers through his Peyote spirit, and punishes those who violate his moral precepts. "It is because of the wisdom of Deer-Person," we are told, "that shamans exist. That is how we Huichols are able to diagnose diseases with our visionary ability and soul, which are the eyes of Deer-Person. That is our method of curing." Huichol Peyote rituals have profound roots in the archaic hunter's view of the world. Huichols follow strict rules when they pilgrimage to collect the sacred plant in the high desert nearly 400 kilometers northeast of their homeland. They publicly confess their sexual transgressions and abstain from sex and salt. They testify that the Creator was destined to take the form of deer and Peyote. Because Peyote embodies the spirit, and is the heart of Deer-Person, they must hunt him with arrows. When they eat his heart, incarnated in the Peyote cactus, they eat it raw, honoring the precedent set by their elder brothers, the immortal wolves. To commemorate the wolves eating the deer raw, our Peyote hunters must do likewise when they eat his heart (Peyote). As the deer escaped from the ancestor-deities, he took the form of Peyote there in huiricuta (the holyland where Peyote is collected). Peyote grows in clusters which resemble the shape of a deer. That is why we shoot it with our arrows. Huichol religion parallels Christianity in that the Creator, out of compassion for his people, subjects himself to the limitations of this world. In Christianity he incarnates himself as a man who dies but is resurrected to save human beings; in Huichol belief he dies and is reborn in the Peyote plant to give his people wisdom. The Aztec are the cultural cousins of the Huichol, and their word peyotl or peyutl denotes the pericardium, the envelope or covering of the heart. This corresponds strictly to the Huichol belief that Peyote embodies the Creator's heart From the very beginning, immigrants to the New World have misunderstood the Native American adoration of peyote. In 1620, sixty years after the sacramental use of peyote was first reported by the Franciscan Friar Sahagun, the Spanish Inquisition denounced it as diabolic and made its use illegal. Inquisitional persecution of Mexican Indian Peyotists included torture and death. We have many early, brief descriptions of peyote use among natives of northwestern Mexico, and two Inquisition reports from Santa Fe, New Mexico, which document peyote's use in divination, showing that by 1630 it was already being used five hundred miles north of its natural habitat. Serious study of its use, however, did not begin until the 1890s, when James Mooney, an anthropologist from the Smithsonian Institution, researched Peyote meetings among the Kiowa in Oklahoma. From there he went on to study Peyote rituals on other reservations as well as its use by the Tarahumara in Mexico. In 1918, after testifying in favor of Native American Peyotists at Congressional hearings, Mooney advised Peyotists of various Oklahoma tribes to obtain a legal charter to protect their religious freedom. With Mooney's help and encouragement, the Native American Church was officially incorporated in 1918.

The exact route and time of diffusion of what is today the Native American Church of North America is unclear. All available evidence suggests that the Carrizo culture, which once occupied the area that extends from Laredo to the Gulf of Mexico in what is now Texas, was instrumental in developing Peyote meetings among Native Americans who resided there. Carrizo Peyote rituals that were observed in 1649 included all-night dancing around a fire, but with no tepee. The western neighbors of the Carrizo, the Lipan Apache, seemed to have transformed the Carrizo ceremony before teaching it to the Kiowa, Kiowa-Apache, and Comanche. Peyote was accepted as a remedy and inspiration by members of many Oklahoma tribes during an era of agonizing cultural disintegration, which reached a peak during the 1880s. By 1874, the Kiowa and Comanche, once proud warriors of the southern Plains, were confined to reservations in Oklahoma. The loss of liberty intrinsic to reservation life brought great pain and suffering to all Native Americans. Perhaps because it provided a powerful alternative to both ancient tribal religions and missionary-controlled versions of Christianity, the Peyote religion spread like wildfire. In the 1880s, two new religious movements were popular among Native Americans. One, the Ghost Dance, tried to renew the old ways. Following the Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890, the Ghost Dance practically disappeared. The other, the Peyote religion, allowed members to establish a new identity which combined aboriginal and Christian elements. Except for the secular pow-wow, Peyote meetings are now the most popular Native American gatherings.

The Peyote meeting is a genuinely intertribal institution. Reservations established in Indian territory, which subsequently became the State of Oklahoma, contained tribes that had formerly been scattered across the country. In the early 1880s, after the railroads reached Laredo, Texas, in the heart of the area where peyote is gathered, the stage was set for rapid communication between Oklahoma tribes and all other Native Americans. The railroads made it easier for Native Americans to obtain their sacrament and share their religious traditions. The most famous of all Oklahoma Peyotists was Quanah Parker, a Comanche, who helped bring Half Moon style Peyote meetings to members of the Delaware, Caddo, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Ponca, Oto, Pawnee, Osage, and other tribes. Half Moon meetings have remained freer of Christian infusions than have those of the Big Moon branch of the Church which a Caddo, John Wilson, pioneered in disseminating. By 1910, both of these styles of meetings had spread far beyond the Oklahoma reservations where they originated. As soon as Christian missionaries became aware of the sacramental use of peyote on their reservations they began to agitate against it. First in Oklahoma and later elsewhere, Indian agents joined the missionaries in lobbying to outlaw the substance. The Indians bravely defended their religious freedom in their respective states and in Congress. One of the most eloquent of these defenders was Albert Hensley, a Winnebago educated at the Carlisle Indian School. By 1908, Hensley and the Winnebago had come to regard Peyote as both a Holy Medicine and a Christian sacrament. "To us it is a portion of the body of Christ," Hensley said, "even as the communion bread is believed to be a portion of Christ's body by other Christian denominations. Christ spoke of a Comforter who was to come. It never came to Indians until it was sent by God in the form of this Holy Medicine." Descriptions of still-existing Peyote rituals that are essentially free of Christian admixtures - those of the Tepehuan, Cora, Huichol, and Tarahumara tribes in Mexico, for example - hint of pre-Columbian origins of contemporary Church meetings, for anthropologists can point to aboriginal counterparts for virtually all of the sacred artifacts that the Native American Church uses. Sacramental smoking of tobacco wrapped in corn husks, the staff of authority, feather fans, gourd rattles, incense, a central fireplace, and emphasis on the four cardinal directions all have their parallels in Mexican Peyote rituals that continue today. Some features of Mexican Peyote rituals, however - outdoor dancing and elaborate ritual pilgrimages to collect peyote are examples - have disappeared or were diluted as Peyote meetings moved north into the Plains. Christian doctrine has gradually redefined the meaning of many ancient sacred artifacts. To cite a single instance , in Big Moon (also called Cross Fire) meetings where Christian infusions are most in evidence, sacred tobacco is no longer used as a catalyst for prayer; the Bible has replaced it. Despite such differences, the Cross Fire still shares a common ceremonial core with the Half Moon rituals. Today the Native American Church of North America has eighty chapters and members belonging to some seventy Native American Nations. In the continental United States, every state west of the Mississippi has at least one chapter. The steady proliferation of its membership among diverse North American tribes has made it Native America's largest religious organization. Its total membership is estimated to be around 250,000. Singing occupies about sixty percent of the Church's devotional ritual. Each of about twenty-five worshipers has ample opportunity to sing to the accompaniment of a gourd rattle and small drum that is pounded rapidly. Singing is often in the local Native American language, but English phrases like "Jesus only" and "He's the Savior" are likely to erupt. Worshipers sing, drum, pray, meditate, and consume peyote during all-night meetings. Most meetings are held for healing, baptism, funerals, and birthdays. Peyote is regarded as a gift from God. It counters the craving for alcohol and is not eaten to induce visions. It heals and teaches righteousness. It is eaten, or consumed as a tea, according to a formal ritual. Reverently, it is passed clockwise around the circle of church members a number of times in the course of all-night prayer vigils. The Church has no professional, paid clergy. Members are free to interpret Bible passages according to their own understanding. Morality is basically Christian and stresses the need to abstain from alcohol and be faithful to one's spouse. Other prominent values include truthfulness, fulfilling one's family obligations, economic self-sufficiency, praying for the sick, and praying for peace.

The Old Religion ― ( see La Vecchia Religione) When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

The Oracle of Apollo at Delphi ― When the phrase Oracle of Apollo at Delphi is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to those things relating to that specific Oracle from the time that it changed from Gaea to Apollon, until the Oracle closed down. Important surviving information from the content of the oracular statements which have survived, are worthy of study.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

The Oracle of Gaea at Delphi ― When the phrase Oracle of Gaea at Delphi is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to those things relating to the Oracle at Delphi, through generations of Pythonesses, from its founding until the patronage transferred to Apollon. Less information has survived as it was from an earlier era.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

The Precession of Equinoxes

see also:

The Preliminary Discipline ― When the term Preliminary Discipline is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to all those preparations made by Practitionors for Werkings and the manner in which they pursue them; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

The Raelian Religion ― A MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by it's members and/or adherents as such, and holding the teachings of Claude Vorilhon (later Rael) as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Raelian Religion was founded in 1973 by French journalist Vorilhon, who claims to have communication with god-like extraterrestrials known as the Elohim. Publications include Apocalypse (a quarterly magazine), The Book Which Tells the Truth, and Sensual Meditation. The Raelians in their own words may be accessed at http://www.rael.org. According to the Raelians, humanity's true creators or "parents" came from another planet. These beings are the "Elohim" and they are mentioned in the first book of the Bible, Genesis. The Raelians also assert that the word "Elohim" has been historically mistranslated and misunderstood to mean "God," a single entity. "Elohim," according to Rael, should be translated "those who come from the sky" and properly refers to more than one entity. Furthermore, according to Rael, the "Elohim explained that our concept of an immaterial God is incorrect…". Raelians claim that "Genesis is a written account of how people from another planet created all life on earth. The messages dictated to Rael explain how the Elohim used their mastery of genetics to scientifically create life from inert chemicals using DNA". Consequently, "life on Earth is not the result of random evolution, nor the work of a supernatural 'God.' It is a deliberate creation, using DNA, by a scientifically advanced people who made human beings literally in their image". The Raelian Movement claims that it "recognizes most other religions because it was...the Elohim, who started them. It was they who initiated the prophets, whose role was to progressively educate and guide humanity," with the result that "each prophet brought a revelation or message adapted to the culture and level of understanding of humanity at the time". The Raelian Movement states that "All the great prophets, including Buddha, Moses, Jesus, and Mohammed were messengers of the extra-terrestrials". Rael is also believed to be part of this progressive revelation, being regarded as "the messenger of our times...". According to Rael, "there is no soul which flies out of the body after death". He claims that the "human being is a 'piece' of the universe...", that the "Elohim teach that our consciousness is a function of all the reactions within us and all those outside us" and that "we are simply atoms, part of the earth, part of our galaxy, of the huge atom, all in motion..." According to Rael, the path to paradise depends upon "questioning all our beliefs and all that we take for granted" and becoming aware of "how all our education, upbringing and present environment condition all our attitudes, reactions and tastes. All this 'programming' is in our subconscious, but by becoming aware of it, we can remove the thorns of our fears, the blocks of our inhibitions" and "awaken the countless brain circuits of which have atrophied throughout years of misuse.…" Thus we can "broaden our tastes and ways of thinking so that we see the world in a new and richer light" (section "Awakening Seminars," at Rael Org). It is also taught that through Sensual Meditation, among other things, one can "question the Judeo-Christian inhibitions of guilt and the mysticism of Eastern traditions" and also "reprogram ourselves into what we really wish to be". The Raelian Movement believes that individuals bear responsibility for their choices and that how one responds to the message of Rael will effect whether they will continue to experience life after death through cloning. Raelians believe that "each person is watched by a computer which notes and will take score of his actions at the end of his life, but people who know about the messages which Claude Rael transmitted, will be recreated from the cells...". According to a chapter titled, "The Reward," from one of Rael's books, "those who will be entitled to scientific reincarnation on the planet of the Elohim will live eternally in a world where food will be brought to them without them having to make the slightest effort and where marvelously beautiful female and male partners scientifically created for this purpose, will be there only to satisfy their pleasures, and they will live there eternally, seeking only to fulfill themselves doing what they please" (Sun-Sentinel, p. E1).

Organizational Structure: There are six levels of responsibility within the movement. The sixth level, the highest, is occupied by Rael, Claude Vorilhon, the "Guide of Guides."
Unique Terms: Elohim, Harmony, Awaken, Cosmic Orgasm

Raelians believe that "On the 13th of December 1973, French journalist Claude Vorilhon (now called Rael) was contacted by a visitor from an other planet, and asked to establish an embassy to welcome these people back to Earth. The extra-terrestrial was about four feet in height, had long black hair, almond shaped eyes, olive skin and exuded harmony and humor. He told Rael that 'we were the ones who made all life on earth, you mistook us for Gods, we were at the origin of your main religions. Now that you are mature enough to understand this, we would like to enter official contact through an embassy'". In the days following, Vorilhon-Rael (Rael being the name given to him by the space visitor) allegedly "received commentaries on the most significant parts of the Bible" (Jacques Vallee, Messengers of Deception: UFO Contacts and Cults, p. 143). These teachings by the extra-terrestrial and notes taken by Rael were later published in his book, The Messages Given to Me by Extra-Terrestrials . It is also claimed that Rael was visited a second time two years after his first visitation, again in France. However, this time the space visitors took Rael aboard their space ship to the planet where they lived. Faithful to his commission, Rael has established a movement to spread the message of the Elohim and to build an embassy to welcome the extra-terrestrials back to earth. The message in large part explains who the Elohim are and how life on Earth came to be. Also, it is important for the embassy to be built in order for the Elohim to return to earth and share their scientific expertise. It has been revealed that the Elohim "will only come when we build their embassy, such is their love and respect for us"

Despite the bizarre message of Rael, the Raelian Religion, from its beginning in 1973, has found a large following since he first had the alleged extra-terrestrial encounters. His movement within the last year has claimed 35,000 followers in 85 countries (New York Times, August 12, 1997, p. A6) and his book, The Message Given to Me By Extra-Terrestrials, has been translated into over 22 languages (PRNewswire, May 21, 1997). The movement has not only been fueled by books that Rael has authored, but also by various seminars around the world which have helped to promote the movement. "Awakening Seminars" have introduced many to the "Sensual Meditation" techniques that presumably "our parents from space taught Rael". The stated effect and purpose of these techniques is to "decondition oneself, uninhibit oneself and appreciate the present in a much deeper way, enjoying every sensation with a maximum of pleasure and love without the paralysis of societies [sic] guilt".
Ostensibly, these techniques are related to what has been reported as the main tenants of the movement: "masturbation, communal orgasm, sexual freedom and pleasure…" (Reuters New Service, August 6, 1997). Along with the Raelian Religion's growth, controversy over the movement's ideas and practices has grown as well. As early as "the late 1970's, when he [Rael] published a book advocating rule by what he called geniocracy, the French government conducted a series of raids on Raelian homes, prompting Rael to leave the country" (The Gazette [Montreal], July 22, 1991, p. A4). Apparently, Rael's published opinion regarding "geniocracy," by which he understands "government by the intelligent, with intelligence determined by… scientific tests" (Ibid.), aroused suspicions of French authorities about ulterior political objectives of the Raelian Religion.
There have also been continual concerns about the official symbol of the Raelian Religion, the symbol of the Star of David with the Swastika symbol inside it. The Raelians have explained that its symbolic value is quite different from that of Nazism, representing infinity. However, to many in the "post Nazi western culture it represents something else" (John Hughes, Sun-Sentinel [Miami], December 20, 1989, p. E1).
Over the years, the Raelian Religion has specifically tried to convert Jews and establish the Elohim embassy in Jerusalem. Since the "Raelians believe that the ancient Israelites had a special covenant with Earth's creator" and since they "believe that the destruction of the world is near," the Raelians also believe that "the state of Israel must grant Raelians land in Jerusalem on which to build an embassy to welcome the aliens" (Gazette, p. A4). However, given that the Swastika has been so offensive to Jews specifically, and that Jews have claim to their own special relationship with the Creator, these stated goals of the Raelian Religion have also drawn fire.
The Raelian Religion has not been unaware or unconcerned about public relations problems. In 1991, "Rael decided to change the symbol of the Raelian Religion and replace the swastika with a galaxy...". This was done, not only "out of respect for victims of the Nazi holocaust," but also for a very practical reason - to "facilitate the building of the Embassy in Israel…" (Ibid.).
Perhaps feeling the pressure of controversy and scrutiny, the Raelian Religion in 1992 joined forces and became publicly associated with other reputed cults in establishing the International Federation of Religious and Philosophical Minorities (abbreviated as "Firephim" in French). Firephim became a consortium of minority religions organized to fight "religious persecution." Besides the Raelians, participant organizations included such controversial movements as the Church of Scientology, the Unification Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Satanists, among others (Wellspring Messenger, July/August 1994, p. 2).
The Raelian Religion's active association with other controversial organizations was underscored in the past year when Rael himself "expressly requested that over 500 Raelians participate" in Germany in a demonstration for religious freedom "organized by the Church of Scientology" (Business Wire, Oct. 24, 1997), an organization which is closely monitored and held under suspicion by the German government. Meanwhile, other government authorities in Switzerland have been said to be "closely monitoring the [Raelian] movement," fearing that "the risk of collective suicide exists" (Reuters).

The Religious Society of Friends ― (sometimes called Quakers) When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Most faith groups have specific beliefs that their membership is expected to follow. Sometimes, as in the case of the Roman Catholic church, these requirements are numerous. The Religious Society of Friends is near the opposite end of the religious spectrum. They rely heavily upon spiritual searching by individual members, individual congregations and meetings (regional assemblies). This makes the Quakers difficult to describe in a short essay.

We attempt here to portray mainstream Quaker practice. Some Quaker meetings at the liberal and evangelical ends of the spectrum differ significantly from what is covered below.

History The movement was founded by in England George Fox (1624-1691), a nonconformist religious reformer. At the age of 19, he left home on a four-year search, seeking answers to questions that had troubled him since his childhood. He sought guidance from a variety of the country's spiritual leaders. He gradually became disillusioned with those leaders and with the existing Christian denominations. At the age of 23, he heard a voice, saying "there is one, even Christ Jesus, who can speak to thy condition". He felt a direct call from God to become an itinerant preacher and promote the concept of the Inward Light, or Inner Voice. He believed that an element of God's spirit is implanted within every person's soul. He called this "the seed of Christ", or "the seed of Light". Thus, everyone has an innate inner capacity to comprehend the Word of God & express opinions on spiritual matters. The term comes from John 1:9 in the Christian Scriptures: "The true Light, that lighteth every man that cometh into the world." Logical consequences of this belief were:
              • that every man and woman has direct access to God; no priestly class or "steeple houses" (churches) are needed
              • that every person - male or female, slave or free is of equal worth
              • that there is no need in one's religious life for elaborate ceremonies, rituals, gowns, creeds, dogma, or other "empty forms."
              • Following the inward light would lead to spiritual development and towards individual perfection.
Fox taught his followers to worship in silence. At their meetings, people would speak only when they felt moved by the Holy Spirit. He promoted simple living, and the prohibition of alcohol. He spoke against holidays, sports, theater, wigs, jewelry, etc. They thought of themselves as friends of Jesus and referred to themselves as "Friends of Truth" (from John 15:15). Later, they became known simply as "Friends".

The Roma ― (Also Known as Gypsies, Rom, Rroma, Romani, Rroma) When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. The Roma first migrated from Hindustan to Eastern Europe circa 1000, for reasons that have been lost to history. Some authorities believe that there may have been additional migrations at a later date. During the 14th and 15th centuries, they drifted into Western Europe. Some emigrated from Europe to the US and Canada in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Following World War II, and lately the fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, there has been an additional westward migration. Most Roma settle down in a single location. Only about 5% of European Romanies are believed to be nomads. There are three language groups within the Roma:
              • the Domari in the Middle East and Eastern Europe,
              • the Lomarvren in Central Europe,
              • the Romani of Western Europe.

Centuries in the past, the Roma were some of the last Goddess-worshipers in Europe. Their Goddess, Kali, was viewed as a trinity. Her symbol was a triangle. A male Horned God also played a prominent role. The similarities between ancient Roma belief and that of Wicca are obvious. There is today no single Roma culture. Nor is there general agreement on who should qualify to be called a Roma. Romani groups around the world hold different traditions, customs and beliefs. Groups that have settled in one location generally adsorb some of the gajikan' (non-Roma) local culture. Some Roma have converted the religions of their host countries, typically Christianity (Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Protestantism), and Islam. Their formal religious affiliation is often supplemented by Roma traditional beliefs:
              • the existence of Del (God)
              • the existence of beng (Satan)
              • the existence of bibaxt (bad luck) and of mul' (supernatural spirits or ghosts).
              • the power of good luck charms, amulets and talismans
              • the power of curses
              • the power of healing rituals
              • Marim' is a state of impurity brought on a person by the violation of a purity taboo. It also means a "sentence of expulsion imposed for violation of purity rules or any behavior disruptive to the Roma community." Some Roma consider the part of a woman's body below the waist to be dirty or polluted, because it is associated with menstruation. 8 In many tribes, women wear long skirts, the bottoms of which must not touch a man other than her husband.
              • A pregnant woman is considered unclean. She must not give birth in the family home because it would then become impure. Sometimes knots are ritually untied as the birth approaches. This is believed to assure that the umbilical cord will not be tangled. After birth, anything that the new mother touches is later destroyed. This quarantine continues at least until the baptism of the baby.
              • Newborns are baptized, usually in running water, when they are a few weeks old. Often, the infant is massaged with oil; this is believed to make it strong.
              • A Roma typically has three names. The first is known only by the mother; it is given at the time of birth. Its purpose is to confuse evil spirits by keeping the real name of the child from them. The second name is conferred at the time of baptism, and is the commonly used name within the tribe. A third, different name may be given when the child is re-baptized in a Christian church. It has little importance, except when dealing with non-Roma.
              • In the past, people were typically married between the ages of 9 to 14. This tradition has changed in many tribes due to the influence of the surrounding culture. Pre-marital sex is strongly forbidden. Marriages to outsiders are heavily discouraged. The wedding ceremony is usually simple. In some tribes, the bride and groom join hands in front of the chief or an elder and promise to be true to each other. In ancient times, they used be married by jumping over a broomstick in the presence of their families.
              • When a person dies, relatives and friends gather around and ask for forgiveness for any bad deeds that they have done to that person. They are concerned that if such grievances are not settled, then the dead person might come back as an evil spirit and cause trouble. In the past, the widow might commit suicide when her husband died so that she could accompany him during the afterlife. Sometimes, the deceased's nostrils are plugged with wax so that evil spirits cannot enter and occupy the body. Clothing, tools, eating utensils, jewelry, and money may be placed in the coffin in order to help the deceased in the next world. The deceased's possessions are burned, broken or sold to non-Roma.
              • They believe that a person can be reincarnated as another human or animal. Alternately, they might appear as a mul' or "living dead", seeking revenge on anyone who harmed him during his life on earth.
              • Many Roma rules of behavior relate to the use of water. They normally wash in running water, as in a shower. Baths are not used. Women's and men's clothes are washed separately, because of the impurities of a woman's body. Clothes of a pregnant or menstruating woman are washed furthest downstream from the camp, to avoid contamination.               • Women must not expose their legs. They wear long, multi-colored skirts.
              • Out of respect for the importance of the horse in assuring Roma mobility, the eating of horsemeat is prohibited in some tribes.
              • Many Roma women, called drabardi practice fortune telling. But fortunes are only read for non-Romas.
              • Other women are drabarni or drabengi and practice natural healing techniques

The Secret Force ― - see

The Standing Stones Tradition ― The Wiccan tradition founded by Scott Cunningham for solitary practitioners.

The Sybilline Gift

The Theosophical Society ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the teachings of Helena Petrovna Blavatsky as used in the Formulation of said society and/or interpolations thereon, particularly those having to do with the direct attainment of knowledge of the Divine as a result of spiritual ecstacy, intuition and/or a special relationship with disincarnate beings as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm.
Founded in New York City on November 17, 1875 by H. P. Blavatsky, Colonel H. S. Olcott, William Q. Judge, and several others. The original "Preamble and By-laws" state its objectives as "to collect and diffuse a knowledge of the laws which govern the universe." Over time its objects have been somewhat enlarged to: 1) to diffuse among men a knowledge of the laws inherent in the universe; 2) to promulgate the knowledge of the essential unity of all that is, and to demonstrate that this unity is fundamental in nature; 3) to form an active brotherhood of humanity, without distinction of race, creed, sex, caste, or color; 4) to study ancient and modern religion, science, and philosophy; and 5) to investigate the innate human powers.
The Theosophical Societies at present existing in the world are parts of a spiritual and intellectual movement which, known or unknown, has been active in all ages. Indeed, this movement took its rise in the earliest origins of self-conscious humanity. At times this movement has disappeared from sight, during "periods of spiritual barrenness," as Plato expressed it, yet its work continues, although not always recognized and known. The aims and purposes of the Society are religious, philosophical, and scientific, as well as distinctly humanitarian or philanthropic: it aims to restore to mankind its ancient heritage of wisdom -- knowledge of the truths of being -- and to inculcate in human hearts and minds the great worth and intrinsic beauty of its lofty ethical code. The Theosophical Society is nonpolitical and nonsectarian. It has members belonging to different races who may or may not be likewise members of other religious or philosophical bodies. It has no creed or dogmas in the modern sense, and its members are essentially searchers and lovers of truth.
Blavatsky announced from almost the very beginning of her public work that she had been commissioned by the Mahatmas M and KH to form a nucleus of a universal brotherhood of mankind, and the formation of the Theosophical Society was the first fruit of her labors to this end. The dissemination of the teachings of the wisdom-religion now called theosophy was the main purpose of the Society. Writing to A. P. Sinnett, KH said: "The chief object of the T. S. is not so much to gratify individual aspirations as to serve our fellow men" (ML 7-8); and M wrote: "The sun of Theosophy must shine for all, not for a part. There is more of this movement than you have yet had an inking of, and the work of the T. S. is linked in with similar work that is secretly going on in all parts of the world" (ML 271).

The Unification Church ― Sun Myung Moon, New York, NY: Full name, Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity. Jesus brought only spiritual salvation; another "savior" is needed to fulfill Jesus' mission. Moon is that Messiah (or Christ) and "Lord of the Second Advent." This group has over 200 front organizations. Moon's Divine Principle is scripture. See Serpent Seed. Profile available.

The United Church of God ― see-

The Unity School of Christianity ― Charles and Myrtle Fillmore, Lee's Summit, MO New Age. God is the invisible, intangible something called Life. The Father is Principle, Jesus was the most complete manifestation of the One Mind, and the Holy Spirit is the activity of the God-Mind in the consciousness of man. Denies the reality of evil, pain, sickness and death. Profile available.

The Urantia Movement ― teachings of the Urantia Book written in 1955, this 2,097 page book reflects a 19th century psychically inspired gospel. Allegedly, Earth's true name is Urantia, and it is part of the universe of Nebadon (itself part of the larger universe of Orvonton) ruled by a committee. The Nebadon commission of twelve, acting under the direction of Mantutia Melchizedek, supposedly delivered portions of the book to earth. Several organizations view the book as scripture.

The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society ― Charles Taze Russell, Brooklyn, NY Satan is the originator of the idea of the Trinity. The Father is the supreme God whose real name is Jehovah. Jesus is a created being known originally as Michael the Archangel; he is "a god," not Jehovah. Jesus only rose spiritually, not bodily, from the dead. The Holy Spirit is the impersonal active force of God. Only the anointed class (or little flock) numbering 144,000 will go to heaven, while faithful "other sheep" will live eternally on a paradise earth; the lost will cease to exist (annihilationism). Publishes the Watchtower and Awake! magazines, the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (their own version of the Bible), as well as numerous books. Originally called International Bible Students, followers today are called Jehovah's Witnesses. Research material available. Profile available.

The Wiccan Rede ― (the Long Recension)

Bide the Wiccan Laws we [or ye] must, in Perfect Love and Perfect Trust.
Live and let live, fairly take and fairly give.
Cast the Circle thrice about, to keep all evil spirits out.
To bind the spell every time, let the spell be spake in rhyme.
Soft of eye and light of touch - speak little, listen much.
Deosil go by the waxing moon, sing and dance the Wiccan Rune.
Widdershins go when Moon doth wane, werewolf howls by dred wolfsbane
When the Lady's moon is new, kiss the hand to Her, two times two.
When the moon rides at Her peak, then your heart's desire to seek.
Heed the North wind's mighty gale, lock the door and drop the sail.
When the wind blows from the East, Expect the new and set the feast.
When the wind comes from the South, Love will kiss thee on the mouth.
When the West wind blows o'er thee, departed spirits restless be
Nine woods in the Cauldron go - burn them quick an burn them slow.
Elder be the Lady's tree, burn it not or cursed ye'll be.
When the Wheel begins to turn, Let the Beltane fires brightly burn.
When the Wheel has turned to Yule, light the Log and let Pan rule.
Heed ye Flower, Bush and Tree, by the Lady, blessed be.
Where the rippling waters go, Cast a stone and truth you'll know
When ye truly have a need, hearken not to others' greed.
With the fool no season spend, or be counted as his friend.
Merry meet and merry part, bright the cheeks, warm the heart.
Mind the Threefold Law you should - three times bad and three times good.
When misfortune is enow, Wear the Blue Star on thy brow.
True in Love ever be, less thy lover's false to thee.
Eight words the Wiccan Rede fulfill: An ye harm none, do what ye will.

Probably the most authoritative version of the Rede of the Wiccae or what is known as the Wiccan Rede is from Lady Gwen Thompson (1928-1986), a hereditary Witch from New Haven, Connecticut. The New England Covens of Traditionalist Witches (NECTW) was founded by Lady Gwen Thompson. Gwen's impact on the development of the Craft today is undeniable. She is most widely known as the source of The Wiccan Rede. Most Wiccans are familiar with the Rede, yet its origin is often shrouded in confusion. The Wiccan Rede first appeared in print in 1975 in Green Egg, (Vol. viii, No. 69) in an article by Gwen Thompson entitled "Wiccan-Pagan Potpourri." She attributed her Tradition's version of the Rede to her paternal grandmother, Adriana Porter, "who was well into her 90's when she crossed over into the Summerlands in 1946.", thus perhaps representing a crossover of information from Hereditary WitchCraft into Wicca.

The Word-Faith Movement ― A movement based in large part on the teachings of E. W. Kenyon (1867-1948) that became a distinct movement under the teaching and leadership of Kenneth Hagin, a Pentecostal faith-healing evangelist. God himself is said to have created the world and to do all that he does by speaking words of faith. Man's creation in God's image is commonly understood to mean that human beings are "little gods" capable of speaking creative words of faith. The fall of Adam into sin is interpreted as having transformed Adam (and all unredeemed people) into Satan's nature and as having transferred Adam's godhood or dominion on earth to Satan. Jesus is believed to have become man in order to restore human beings to godhood as renewed "incarnations" of God. He is said to have done this by dying spiritually as well as physically on the cross, suffering in hell, and then while in hell becoming the first person to be "born again," before finally being raised from the dead. Those who believe in Jesus are supposedly empowered to speak words of faith again, especially in order to obtain bodily health and financial prosperity (both of which are supposedly guaranteed as present possessions in the Atonement). . In contrast, traditional Christian theology teaches that God and God alone can bring about whatever he chooses; that man was created to reflect God's character and to implement his will, not to be little gods; that man is fallen but not Satanic in nature; that God is still in control of this world; that Jesus Christ alone is God incarnate; that Jesus died physically, not spiritually, to redeem us; that Jesus therefore was not born again; and that health and prosperity are promised to believers in the future resurrection. In the meantime God heals and prospers people providentially and miraculously when and as he sees fit. Most of the followers of the Word-Faith teachers are Pentecostals and other evangelical Christians. Profile available.

The Worldwide Church of God ― see: Armstrongism

The'eanodos ― see: Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄

Theatre ― When the term Theatre is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to the performance and presentation of any selection from A Body of Work which is designed for and capable of Dramatic Performance for an Audience. Only those Works are included which keep in mind the implications of the Greek root words for Theatre, which loosely translate as the means, instrument or place to view Spectacles, Wonders or Miracles.

See also: Performing Arts, Art

Thelema ― Thelema as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θέλημα the desire to do something, will

See also: Θέλημα

Thelema ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the teachings of Aleister Crowley and interpolations thereupon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Thelema-Combines methods and traditions of both East and West: the Wisdom of Asia's yoga and of Europe's Hermetic Qabalah. In 1904, the British poet, magician, and philosopher, Aleister Crowley, received the channeled dictation of a book called Liber Legis, or The Book of the Law. The old grade ceremonies of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn have been recrafted to conform to Thelemic symbols and principles, but remain true to the original patterns called the "Cipher Manuscript Formulae." There are marked differences between Temple of Thelema and the original Golden Dawn order. In the fashion of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (a British Hermetic and Qabalistic fellowship founded in 1887), the work is divided into a series of degrees, or steps, based on a Qabalistic diagram called the Tree of Life. More practical instruction has been added in the early degrees, incorporating much that has been learned in the last century concerning self-exploration, the attaining of self-knowledge, and the internal processes of transformation or regeneration. Operating on a "Three Ray" model of balanced development of Wisdom, Love, and Power, based upon practical methods that include intellectual training, meditation, and magical ritual at every stage of progress. Integrating these three forms is a Unifying quality that is the essence of self-knowledge. The initiation rituals and other ceremonies are frequently described by members as having a tremendous beauty and strength. The regular group ceremonial celebrations, and the ongoing group healing work that is performed, are central to the training method. Members of this tradition have mystical and magickal lessons to perform both at home and in a group with other members. Most of their ceremonial work is performed in a private group setting, open only to initiated members. However, a few functions are open to the general public during the course of each year. The Law of Thelema was revealed to the world by a præterhuman Intelligence calling himself Aiwass in Cairo, Egypt in March and April, 1904 e.v. Aiwass appeared first to Rose Edith Kelly nee Crowley, in an altered state of consciousness (ASC), and subsequently to the British poet and magical adept, Aleister Crowley (born in Leamington, England on October 12, 1875 e.v.). Aiwass proceeded to demonstrate his objective existence independently of the psyches of both Crowley and Rose, by leading them to the stele of Ankh-af-na-khonsu, a Theban Egyptian priest of the 8th century BCE, in the Boulak Museum, where they had never been. He then dictated a sacred text to Crowley called the Book of the Law. For five years thereafter Crowley resisted the Law of Thelema and the mission of Thelemic prophet laid upon him by Aiwass, regarding the Cairo Werking, as it is called, as an "astral vision" (i.e., a purely imaginative - but not "imaginary" - experience). However, Crowley's subsequent attainment of the grade of Master of the Temple in the Supreme College of the Great White Brotherhood resulted in his acceptance of the Law of Thelema and of his own prophetic role as described in the Book of the Law. Crowley proclaimed himself as the prophet of a new eon for humanity for the first time in his long mystical poem, Aha! (1909), which has been compared in beauty and profundity to the Bhagavad-Gita. Thereafter he signed his correspondence and formal instructions with the two main slogans of the Book of the Law, 'Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law' and 'Love is the law, love under will.' Crowley founded a magical society, the A. ..A. .., took over the leadership of another, the O.T.O., and wrote a series of formal instructions promulgating the Law of Thelema, as well as teaching Scientific Illuminism and Mægik. Many of these formal instructions were published during his lifetime in his Equinox periodical and elsewhere. Crowley believes that the Law of Thelema resolves all spiritual quandaries, harmonizes science and religion, and supersedes all historical dispensations, establishing a new cultural epoch for humanity, which he calls the New Aeon of Horus, the Crowned and Conquering Child. According to Crowley, the New Aeon will endure for at least several hundred years, possibly for as long as two thousand years.

Thelemic Codex ― When the term Thelemic Codex is used in MetaPhysical and Spiritual context and/or in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to the works, in various media, but mostly in literary format which are utilized within the Thelemic Current, whether integral or peripheral. The Thelemic Current being defined as that generated by the reception and recording of The Book of the Law, by Aleister Crowley and Rose Edith Kelly Crowley in Cairo in April of 1904, and all the branches from that Tree. The Thelemic Codex includes but is not limited to, all the MetaPhysical writings of Aleister Crowley, Charles Stansfield Jones, Jack Parsons, Marjorie Cameron, Phyllis Seckler, and many others. Though opinions vary, it probably also includes some of the films of Kenneth Anger.

Thelemic Kaaba ― When the term Thelemic Kaaba is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers in a metaphorical sense, to any of the central holy objects of Thelema, on the physical plane and/or non-physical planes, that a particular Thelemic Tradition may specify for special Honours, most often the Stelé of Revealing or replicas thereof, or Boleskine house, where it may have once resided [who can say whether or not, in certainty, the original, putatively in the Cairo Musem (whatever it's name may be currently), was ever switched out for a replica, and the original taken somewhere else?]; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Along with the concept of Kiblah (or Qibla) meaning the in the direction toward such artifact from wherever one might be elsewhere in Space.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Thelemic Kaaba ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, Thelemic Kaaba is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the Thelemic concepts as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm, but who remain outside the more traditional Thelemic organizations.

Thelemic Mægik ― A form of Ceremonial Mægik developed by Aleister Crowley. Ceremonial Mægik is Mægik that includes calling upon the aid of beneficent and neutral spirits and is based upon a blend of doctrines of Plato and other Greek philosophers, Oriental mysticism, Judaism and Christianity. Theosophical

Thelemic Mægik ― A form of Ceremonial Mægik developed by Aleister Crowley. Ceremonial Mægik is Mægik that calls upon the aid of beneficent spirits and is based upon a blend of doctrines of Plato and other Greek philosophers, Oriental mysticism, Judaism and Christianity. Theosophical ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Theletes ― Theletes as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θελητής one who wills, a wizard, magician

See also: Θελητής

Theodicy ― Theodicy is a widely used but not uncontested term for the discussion of the paradoxical nature of the deity constructs of religions which postulate one or more deities which are simultaneously Omnibenevolent-Omnipotent-Omniscient. Theodicy (/èiːˈɒdɪsi/ from Greek theos - "god" + dike - "justice") is a theological and philosophical study which attempts to prove God's intrinsic or foundational nature of omnibenevolence (all-loving), omniscience (all-knowing), and omnipotence (all-powerful). The term Theodicy is typically tossed around in discussions concerned with the God concept of the Abramic religions including Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, due to the relevant assertions of their respective holy texts. The fundamental dilemma of theodicy is the problem of evil: its continuing existence and God's apparent inability or unwillingness to eradicate it. The most common theodician argument may be a rationalization that maintains that the Abramic conceptualization of "God" could possess the three 'omni' qualities at the same time, is variations on the idea that evil does not in fact exist per se, and that even what seems to us to be uttermost evil will somehow result in good as "God" has supposedly foreseen and ensured. Some sources use the term as meaning an explanation or justification of God's behavior in general.

Theoi ― Theoi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities

See also: Θεοί

Theoi Agoraioi ― Theoi Agoraioi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Ἀγοραῖοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to the Agora (of the marketplace and place of people's assembly) Zeus, as the God of kings and princes, presided over the the assembly, alongside Athena, as Goddess of wise counsel, Dike (Justice), Themis (Custom) and Calliope (Eloquence). The Gods of the marketplace, on the other hand, were led by Hermes, the God of commerce, along with Hephaestus and Athena, the patron Gods of artisans : weavers, potters, metalworkers, sculptors, etc. Apollo was another God of the marketplace.

See also: Θεοί Ἀγοραῖοί

Theoi Daitioi ― Theoi Daitioi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Δαίτηοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to Feasts and Banquets. Dionysus, the God of wine, and Hestia, Goddess of feasting, presided over these. They were accompanied by festive Gods such as Aphrodite, Goddess of pleasure, and the Charites, Goddesses of joy, dancing and other amusements. The Theoi Mousikoi, or Gods of music, also accompanied the feast.

See also: Θεοί Δαίτηοί

Theoi Gamelioi ― Theoi Gamelioi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Γάμελιοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to Marriage. The first of these were Zeus, Hera, and Aphrodite, but others included Hymenaios (Wedding Song), the Erotes (Loves), Peitho (Persuasion), the Charites (Graces), Eunomia (Good Order), Harmonia (Harmony) and Hebe (Youth).

See also: Θεοί Γάμελιοί

Theoi Georgikoi ― Theoi Georgikoi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Γεώργικόί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to Agriculture. Olympian Demeter was their leader, but for the most part these were non-Olympian chthonic Gods. See the Gods of Agriculture page for more information.

See also: Θεοί Γεώργικόί

Theoi Gymnastikoi ― Theoi Gymnastikoi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Γυμναστικόί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to the Gymnasium (in all of its eductional purview), Athletics and the Games. The first of these were Hermes, Heracles and the Dioscuri. Nike (Victory) and Agon (Contest) were minor daemones of the Games. Eros, as the God of comradeship, was also frequently worshipped in the gymnasia.

See also: Θεοί Γυμναστικόί

Theoi Halioi ― Theoi Halioi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Ἁλιοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to the Sea. The Theoi Halioi are led by Olympian Poseidon. Several of the other Olympian Gods had minor maritime roles including Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite and the Dioscuri who presided over embarkations, harbours, safe voyage, and salvation from storms. Most of this class of Deity, however, were non-Olympian marine divinities.

See also: Θεοί Ἁλιοί

Theoi Iatrokoi ― Theoi Iatrokoi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Ἰατρικοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to Health, Medicine, and Healing. These belonged to the train of Apollo and included his son the medicine-god Asclepius, and his family : Epione (Soothing), Hygeia (Good Health), Panaceia (Curative), Aegle (Radiance), Iaso (Healing), Aceso (Cure) and Telesphorus (Accomplisher).

See also: Θεοί Ἰατρικοί

Theoi Khthonioi ― Theoi Khthonioi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Χθόνιοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to Earth and the regions under the surface of the Earth.

See also: Θεοί Χθόνιοί

Theoi Ktesioi ― Theoi Ktesioi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Κτήσιοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to Hearth, House, and Home. They were led by Hestia, the Goddess of the hearth, along with Zeus in his role as protector of the home (Ktesius) and of the family courtyard (Hikesius). Hecate and Hermes were also important household Gods who protected the gates and entranceways.

See also: Θεοί Κτήσιοί

Theoi Mantikoi ― Theoi Mantikoi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Μάντεκοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to Oracles, Divination, and Prophecy. Many of the Oracles and Pythonesses originally delivered communictions from Gaea, later the majority of them were taken over by the Traditions associated with Apollo, who became then, the God of oracles and seers, and Zeus, the God of fate. Other oracular Gods included the Titanesses Phoeibe (at Delphi) Themis (at Delphi and Dodona), Dione (at Dodona) and Mnemosyne (at Lebadeia). The God Hermes presided over certain primitive forms of diviniation including the casting of stones, coin-throwing oracles, and astrology. Lastly Pan and the Nymphs inspired the rustic prophets.

See also: Θεοί Μάντεκοί

Theoi Mousikoi ― Theoi Mousikoi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Μουσικοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to Music, Dance and Education and Training in the Arts. They are led by Mnemosyne, her sisters the Elder Mousai [Melete (Practice), Aiode (Song), and Mneme (Memory, possibly the same as Mnemosyne, or perhaps their purviews were different vectors of Memory)], and her daughters the nine Younger Mousai (normally named as: Kleio, Euterpe, Thaleia, Melpomene, Terpsikhore, Erato, Polyhymnia, Ourania, and Kalliope.). Later the Olympian twins Apollo and Artemis, joined this grouping, the former presiding over music and poetry, and the latter over the choirs and dances. Other important musical Gods included the the dancing Charites or Graces, and the musical demi-gods Hymenaeus and Linos. Dionysus, Hermes and Aphrodite were also Gods of music and the arts.

See also: Θεοί Μουσικοί

Theoi Nomioi ― Theoi Nomioi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Νομίοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to the Countryside, Pastures, and Wild Forests. Chief among the Theoi Nomioi are the Olympians: Artemis (Lady of the Beasts and Hunting), Hermes (for Lord of the Herds) and Dionysus (Master of Wild Vegetation and the Vine). The rest of the rustic Gods were mostly non-Olympian divinities. Gaea, The primeval Goddess of the earth. Her body was the earth itself. Gaea's realm was shared by Demeter (the fertile plains) and Rhea (the mountain wilds). The great mother of the Gods, Rhea, queen of the mountain wilds. She drove a chariot drawn by lions accompanied by a band of spear-clashing Korybantes. The Phrygian Kybele and Attis. The Arcadian God of shepherds and flocks, great Pan. Men travelling through the lonely places of the wilds were struck with irrational panic by the God. Pan was depicted as a goat-legged, horned God. Hephaistos (the God of Smything, Metalworking, and Wrighting) occasionally consorted with the the Theoi Nomioi, a friend of the Dionysos. The Theoi Nomioi also includes the Nymphai; the Epimelides; the Hekaterides; the Okeanides; the Potamoi; the Satyroi; the Seilenoi; the Panes; the Phaunoi; the Dryades; the Hamadryades; the Nysiades; the Oreiades; the Epimelides; the Naiades; the Kentauroi; the Korybantes; the Kouretes; the Kabeiroi; the Bakkhantes, Mainades, or Bassarides; the Nesoi; the Ourea; the Daktyloi; the Pheres Lamian; the Palikoi; the Tityroi; the Meliai; the Kerkopes; as well as Ariadne, Britomartis, Methe, Zagreus, Kheiron, Aigipan, Aix, Ampelos, Anytos, Aristaios, Autonoe, Kadmilos, Kedalion, Khariklo, Komos , Konisalos, Korymbos, Ekho, Hekaerge, Hekateros, Loxo, Melisseos, Nysos, Orthannes, Oxylos, Phales, Phaunos, Priapos, Pyrrhikhos, Seilenos, Sokos, Telete, Thriai, Thyone, Thysa, Tykhon, and Oupis.

See also: Θεοί Νομίοί

Theoi Olympioi ― Theoi Olympioi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Ὀλυμπίοί and is an Ægean designation for the primary Olympian Deities, in most systems limited to twelve. Thus they were also referred to as the Δωδεκάθεον (Dodekatheon), however the twelve was a fluid ordering, and changed both over time and in different recordings of the system. There was a large retinue of other Deities associated closely with the Olympians and considered to have Mount Olympos as their centre of power.

See also: Θεοί Ὀλυμπίοί

Theoi Ouranioi ― Theoi Ouranioi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Οὐράνιοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to the Sky, Celestial Spheres, or Heavens

See also: Θεοί Οὐράνιοί

Theoi Polemikoi ― Theoi Polemikoi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Πολεμικοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to War. These were led by Ares and Athena, and included Gods such as Enyo, Eris (Strife), Nike (Victory), Deimos (Terror) and Phobos (Fear). Zeus, as the God of fate, and Apollo, as God of archery, also had wartime functions.

See also: Θεοί Πολεμικοί

Theoi Polikoi ― Theoi Polikoi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Πολικοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to the Polis (city).

See also: Θεοί Πολικοί

Theoi Protogenoi ― Theoi Protogenoi is an Anglicized term drawn from the actual Greek Θεοί Πρωτογενοι (Prôtogenoi), meaning First-Born.

See also: Πρωτογενοι and Θεοί Τιτᾶνες

Theoi Thesmioi ― Theoi Thesmioi is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεοί Θέσμιοί and is an Ægean designation for Deities whose primary purview is related to Law and Custom. The Theoi Thesmioi were lead by Themis (Custom), Zeus in his form as Zeus Nomius (of the Laws) and Demeter Thesmophorus (the Law Bringer). This sphere included the Horae, specifically Dike (Justice), Eunomia (Good Order), and Irene (Peace), daughters of Themis, Athena, and Apollo.

See also: Θεοί Θέσμιοί

Theoi Titanes ― Theoi Titanes is an Anglicized term drawn from the actual Greek Θεοί Τιτᾶνες. Referring to the earliest Deities in the Ægean systems as "the Titans" (or variations thereof) is late terminology, these Deities were originally and more properly designated as Πρωτογενοι (Prôtogenoi), meaning First-Born.

See also: Θεοί Τιτᾶνες and Πρωτογενοι

Theogonos ― Theogonos is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεόγονος meaning born of the Gods, Divine

See also: Θεόγονος

Theologio ― Theologio is an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεολογέω indicating study, discourse, and theorizing about the Divine Forces and Cosmology.

See also: Θεολογέω

Theomancer see Divinor

Theomancy and Theoscopy ― When the term Theomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination, divination by direct inspiration, at the hands of, or by the wills of the Gods. It might be through Divine Oracle, but at any rate must imply some implicit and/or explicit communication with one or more Deity Forms. This might be effectuated by some sort of vocal communication which might be heard only by the Divinor and/or the Oracle, or which might be heard by all present; though it also might be a type of knowing which appears directly in the mind of the Divinor and/or Oracle.

Theomancy is derived directly from the Greek (Theomanteia), and further from the Greek words: Θεοί (Theoi) meaning Gods, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Theomorphic ― Having the Form or Likeness of a God. See theo- and -morphic. see also: ,

Theoria ― Theoria as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεωρία Contemplation

See also: Θεωρία

Theoros ― Theoros as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θεωρός possibly derived from the earlier Θεᾱ-ϝορός (plural Θεωροί (Theoroi) indicating Sacred envoys and/or consecrated Officiants in the ambassadorial sense.

See also: Θεωρός

Theosophy ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding the teachings of Helena Petrovna Blavatsky and interpolations thereupon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. It was adopted in 1875 by H. P. Blavatsky and others associated with her at the founding of the Theosophical Society as the name for the modern form of the archaic wisdom-religion which she promulgated. This wisdom-religion "was ever one and being the last word of possible human knowledge, was, therefore, carefully preserved. It preceded by long ages the Alexandrian Theosophists, reached the modern, and will survive every other religion and philosophy" (Key 7-8).

"The Secret Doctrine is the accumulated Wisdom of the Ages, and its cosmogony alone is the most stupendous and elaborate system: e.g., even in the exotericism of the Puranas. But such is the mysterious power of Occult symbolism, that the facts which have actually occupied countless generations of initiated seers and prophets to marshal, to set down and explain; in the bewildering series of evolutionary progress, are all recorded on a few pages of geometrical sign and glyphs. The flashing gaze of those seers has penetrated into the very kernel of matter, and recorded the soul of things there, where an ordinary profane, however learned, would have perceived but the external work of form. But modern science believes not in the 'soul of things,' and hence will reject the whole system of ancient cosmogony. It is useless to say that the system in question is no fancy of one or several isolated individuals. That it is the uninterrupted record covering thousands of generations of Seers whose respective experiences were made to test and to verify the traditions passed orally by one early race to another, of the teachings of higher and exalted beings, who watched over the childhood of Humanity. That for long ages, the 'Wise Men' of the Fifth Race, of the stock saved and rescued from the last cataclysm and shifting of continents, had passed their lives in learning, not teaching. How did they do so? It is answered: by checking, testing, and verifying in every department of nature the traditions of old by the independent visions of great adepts; i.e., men who have developed and perfected their physical, mental, psychic, and spiritual organizations to the utmost possible degree. No vision of one adept was accepted till it was checked and confirmed by the visions -- so obtained as to stand as independent evidence -- of other adepts, and by centuries of experiences" (SD 1:272-3).

G. de Purucker wrote: "There has existed in the world for almost innumerable ages, a completely coherent and fully comprehensive system of religious philosophy, or of philosophical, scientific religion, which from time to time has been given out to man when the world needed a fuller revealing of spiritual truth than it then at such time had. Further, this wonderful system has been for all those past ages in the safe guardianship of the relatively perfected men . . . [the mahatmas]; and, still further, the present Theosophical Movement is, in our age, one of such fuller revelations or renewals of that wonderful System" (ET 33-4).

One of the mahatmas referring to the guardianship of the divine wisdom, wrote: "For countless generations hath the adept builded a fane of imperishable rocks, a giant's Tower of Infinite Thought, wherein the Titan dwelt, and will yet, if need be, dwell alone, emerging from it but at the end of every cycle, to invite the elect of mankind to co-operate with him and help in his turn enlighten superstitious man. And we will go on in that periodical work of ours; we will not allow ourselves to be baffled in our philanthropic attempts until that day when the foundations of a new continent of thought are so firmly built that no amount of opposition and ignorant malice guided by the Brethren of the Shadow will be found to prevail" (ML 51).

Theosophy ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, in a general or nonspecific manner, Theosophy is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Any philosophy that teaches the achievement of knowledge of God (s) by spiritual ecstasy, direct intuition, or a special relationship to the deities. [from Greek theosophia from theos god, divinity + sophia wisdom] Divine wisdom, the knowledge of things divine; often described as attainable by direct experience, by becoming conscious of the essential, divine part of our nature, self-identification with the inner god, leading to communion with other similar divine beings. Theosophy actually is the "substratum and basis of all the world-religions and philosophies, taught and practiced by a few elect ever since man became a thinking being". Also called by such names as the secret doctrine and the esoteric tradition, its teachings have been preserved, checked and rechecked with every new generation of its guardians and adepts. The word became familiar to Greeks in the 3rd century with Ammonius Saccas and the Alexandrian NeoPlatonists or Theurgists, who taught of divine emanations, whereby the entire universe as well as humans and all other beings are shown to be descendants of the highest gods. Theosophist is also applied to mystics in later times such as Eckhart, Boehme, and Paracelsus.

Therapeutic Touch ― Derived from the laying on of hands, Therapeutic Touch uses the hands to direct human energies to help heal. Based on the Universal Life Flow of Energy that sustains all living organisms. Developed by Delores Krieger.

Therapist ― May mean anyone treating someone for emotional difficulties, or a physical therapist, occupational therapist etc. A consumer would want to know their other credentials.

Theravada Buddhism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as such, and holding the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha, and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. "Theravada" is a Pali term meaning "Teachings of the Elders." Prevalent in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia, this vehicle adheres closely to the original sutras (discourses) and vinaya (disciplinary rules) taught by the historical Buddha. Some postulate that there is no monolithic Buddhism as such, but that there are Buddhisms such as Sinhala Buddhism or more precisely Sinhala Theravada Buddhism, Siam or Thai Buddhism, Myanmar or Amarapura Buddhism and so forth. The complete entry on Theravada Buddhism (also see: the complete entry on Buddhism.)

Therianthropic ― Combining Animal and Human Form. As in a centaur or satyr. Greek therianthropos = beast-man from therion = beast and anthropos = man. see also: ,

Theriomancy and Therioscopy ― When the term Theriomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination involving wild Beasts, often by noting the movements of Animals, such as in migrations and otherwise.

The term Theriomancy is derived from the Greek words: Θήρειο (Therio) meaning beast or animal and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Theriomorphic ― Having Animal Form. From the Greek theriomorphos = having the form of a beast from therion = beast and morphe = form. See -morph. see also: ,

Theroid ― Beastlike, Having the Form of a Wild Animal. From the Greek therion = wild animal and the suffix -oid. See -oid. see also: ,

Thesauros ― Thesauros as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θησαυρός (plural Τρησαυροί (Tresauroi) treasury, vault, repository, place of safe keeping for valuables, applicable across physical, mental, and spiritual realms.

See also: Θησαυρός

Theurgy, Theurgic Mægik ― [Greek, theourgia, "working things pertaining to the gods") see Ceremonial Mægik] When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, which is ordinarily characterized by much emphasis being placed on pursuit of MetaPhysical results by methods including acceptance or inculcation of assistance from divine and/or supernatural sources The modern traditions based on the teachings of the Theosophical Society which combined Western magickal systems and mysticism with Buddhist and Hindu teachings. pursuit of Mægikal results by methods including acceptance or inculcation of assistance from disincarnate entities

Thiasos ― Thiasos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θίασος [plural Θίασοί (thiasoi)] refers to any religious group or association dedicated to a specific Deity or in some cases an entire Panthoen. Thiasos is a term used freqently in Temple names in modern Hellenismos, a grouping of numerous Traditions, mostly of a reconstructionist type, such as Thiasos Apollon, Thiasos Athena, or Thiasos Dionysos. In Classical through to Modern times, often noted were the ecstatic retinues of Dionysos, often pictured as inebriated (spiritually and physically) revelers.

See also: Θίασος

Thought

Thought Forms ― When the term Thought Forms is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Threnody ― A Poem or Song of Lamentation. From the Greek roots threnos = dirge, lament and odê. See ode. see also: ,

Threshold ― When the term Threshold is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to the lower component, which would actually be stepped over of a physical and/or astral doorway, along with the implication of a point of beginning or entering a new phase or environment; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. There are other nuances indicated such as the thought-form of something which embodies the concept of the smallest magnitude at which a sensory stimulus can reliably evoke a sensation.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Threneros ― Threneros as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θρενἔρως meaning (Romantic and Sexual Love characterized by an inability to get along out of bed)

See also: Θρενἔρως, and Love

Threskia - Hellenik Thelemic Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Thrioboly ― When the term Thrioboly is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using pebbles Thrioboly divination using pebbles, which are thrown to the ground and then studied as to landing positionings and relationships.

The term Thrioboly is derived from the Greek word: Θριοβόλος (Thriobolos) meaning the throwing of pebbles into a divining-urn to obtain a result.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Throne ― When the term Throne is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to some sort of embellished seat, usually a raised seat; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. High-Seat, Tripod

specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Thrysi ― When the term Thrysos is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to a staff tipped with a pine cone and sometimes entwined with ivy or vine leaves, which Dionysus, the satyrs, etc. were represented as carrying ; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Plural Thrysi

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Thumomancy and Thumoscopy ― When the term Thumomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by means of one's own soul.

The term Thumomancy is derived from the Greek words: Θυμός (Thumos) meaning soul, anima, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Thymos ― Thymos as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Θυμός (1) spiritedness; (2) ambition; (3) will to power

See also: Θυμός

Tibetan ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds indigenous, mainly shamanic teachings originating in Tibet, before Bon and before Buddhism and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Tibetan Bon ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Bon An ancient spiritual tradition, considered by scholars to be of Zoroastrian or Kashmiri Buddhist origin, which was widespread in Tibet, particularly in the western region of Zhangzhung prior to the official introduction and establishment of Buddhism. Although its literature appears to distinguish it from both the indigenous beliefs of Tibet and the Buddhist traditions, it has over the last several hundred years assimilated many of the teachings of the Buddha Shakyamuni and developed a neo-Buddhist theoretical foundation. The Bon tradition is particularly strong in the Shand region of Tsang, in Kongpo, Khyungpo, and the Ngawa region of Amdo.(Excerpted from A Handbook of Tibetan Culture)

Tibetan Buddhism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents as such, and holding the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha, and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Nyingma especially is a Tradition based on a lineage of teachings and traditions introduced during the reigns of the Buddhist Kings of the Yarlong Dynasty in the eighth and ninth century by Padmasambhava, Shantarakshita, Vilalamitra, and others. The Gelug 'Way of Virtue' Tradition is a lineage that combines the teachings and practices of the Nyingma, Kagyu and Sakya Traditions with the Sutra and Tantra systems of Indian Buddhism and the intellectual heritage of Nagarjuna and Asanga. It was founded by Gyalwa Tsongkhapa (1357-1419) Tsongkhapa's disciple, Gyalwa Gedun Drupa was the first of the fourteen successive rebirths of the Dalai Lama . The present Dalai Lama is Tenzin Gyatso, known to his followers as Vajradhara Vagindra Sumati Shasana Dhara Samudra Shri Bhadra. Some postulate that there is no monolithic Buddhism as such, but that there are Buddhisms such as Sinhala Buddhism or more precisely Sinhala Theravada Buddhism, Siam or Thai Buddhism, Myanmar or Amarapura Buddhism and so forth. The complete entry on Tibetan Buddhism (also see: the complete entry on Buddhism.)

Time ― Various Theories of Time: The thesis of temporal becoming, wherein events are held to «pass,» «flow,» or «shift» from the future to the present, and then recede into the past, has been systematically dismantled and renounced by many philosophers. Bertrand Russell (1915) and his followers have argued that the notion of temporal becoming has no objective counterpart and, consequently, that it is psychological or illusory. Relativity's Time; Instead of allowing for the transient division of time into the past and future by the shifting Now of experienced time, the theory of relativity conceives of events as simply being and sustaining relations of earlier and later, but not as 'coming into being': we conscious organisms then 'come across' them by 'entering' into their absolute future, as it were. And upon experiencing their immediate effects, we regard them as 'taking place' or 'coming into being. Events do not approach «us» on the becomingless view. Rather, as indicated, it is consciousness which «comes across» (i.e., comes into awareness of) events. Grünbaum (1963) has argued that Hermann Weyl's well-known statement that consciousness «crawls» upward along an individual's world-line was metaphorical. Accordingly, to explain the ambiguous relationship between consciousness and the four-dimensional manifold, he formulated a theory in which there is a parallelism between physical and mental events. Having appreciated the relationship between time and causality in the special theory of relativity, a number of contemporary philosophers, including Reichenbach (1956) and Grünbaum (1963), advanced causal theories of time. Multiple criticisms have been leveled against the causal theory of time. Foot note 5_22 The most pernicious objection to the theory is that it is circular. In the Humean regularity theory of causation, as well as in the complete necessary and sufficient theory of causation, causal asymmetry is derived from an underlying, primitive temporal relation. The causal theory of time and its variations are based on the antithetical position. Hence, they are, or at least appear to be, incompatible with the prevailing belief that the sole difference between a cause and its effect is one of temporal precedence. The Causal Attainment Theory of Temporal Passage Hybrid The CAT-TP diverges from the causal theory of time insofar as it is not based on the supposition that temporal order is reducible to causal order. Therefore, the charge of circularity is inapplicable to the proposed theory. Source of preceding paragraph http://www.sorites.org/Issue_10/item06.htm, SORITES, ISSN 1135-1349, Issue #10. May 1999. Pp. 60-73. The Causal Attainment Theory of Temporal Passage, Copyright © by SORITES and Brooke Alan Trisel

See also: ,

Tmeses ― Tmesis is a linguistic phenomenon in which a word or set phrase is separated into two parts, often with other words occurring between them, usually for emphatic, and/or humourous effect. In theory, some would say that Tmesis is only an accurate description of words that are compound words originally, and are divided between the original root words that were compounded, however in practice the process is used with many words that are not compounded, though normally the division is at a syllable or morpheme boundary. If divided at a syllable boundary which is not a division between roots which may have gone into forming a compound word, it may be more exact to call it Dystmemsis. Some consider the simple breaking of a word into two parts without adding additional words, phrases or syllables between to also be Tmesis, such as "In Between" and "In Sane" for emphasis or meter.
See also: Tmeses, Garden of Life WordPlay Index, and Word Play in Definitions

To Hen ― To Hen as an Anglicized term from the actual Greek Το Ηεν is an NeoPlatonic concept meaning an incomprehensible original source, and Divine essence, as explicated by the Hellenistic thinker Plotinus.

See also: Το Ηεν

Tokseumaētronomancy and Tokseumaētronoscopy ― When the term Tokseumaētronomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by observation of the patternings of what is commonly called the 'Treasure Trail' on young men, in a sagittal-abdominally haired subject. Sometimes the term Sagittalomancy is used due to Sagittal being the Latin term for arrow.

The term Tokseumaētronomancy is derived from the Greek words: Τόξευμα (Tokseuma) meaning arrow, Ἦτρον (Ētron) meaning abdomen, the part below the navel, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Tomb ― When the term Tomb is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to an artifact constructed to have some resonance with the concept of a regular tomb, but to be used in Ritual context, generally of a Passion Play type; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Toning ― Using the human voice to make healing sounds of any nature. These sounds open up our body to become more ourself.

Topiary ― When the term Topiary is used in the context of the various categories of Art, it normally refers to

See also: Tacteal Arts, Art

Topomancy and Toposcopy ― When the term Topomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using landforms.

The term Topomancy is derived from the Greek words: Τόπος (Topos) meaning place, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Torc ― When the term Torc is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus and/or Focus it generally refers to Neck Rings, which ride higher than typical necklaces, usually open at the front, often made of twisted strands of metal with larger ends, sometimes spheres, or animal heads, or deity symbols; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a large, usually rigid, neck ring typically made from strands of metal twisted together. The great majority are open-ended at the front, although many seem designed for near-permanent wear and would have been difficult to remove. Smaller torcs worn around the wrist are called bracelets instead. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian, Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. The Celtic torc disappears in the Migration Period, but during the Viking Age, torc-style metal necklaces came back into fashion.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Totem ― A being, animal, plant, mineral, item or any other object archetype which is used as an emblem, ordinarily representing a tribal-level association of Individuals.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Tradição Ibérica ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Tradition ― When used in reference to a Spiritual Path, a Tradition is a specific religion that falls in a larger religious category (e.g.: Alexandrian as a subset of Wicca as a subset of Pagan).

Tradition ― (In context of culture or anthropological)

Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour ― A specific religion that falls in a larger religious category (e.g.: Greek Orthodox as a subset of Catholic as a subset of Christian or Alexandrian as a subset of Wicca as a subset of Pagan).

Traditional Prytani ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Traditional Witchcraft ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Hereditary and/or Traditional Witchcraft, which may be considered to include (via the Initiations of the founders in Hereditary or Traditional Lineages) the Gardnerian and Alexandrian Wicca Traditions and their branches and offshoots via Gerald Gardner and/or Alex Sanders; A Witchcraft tradition that claims initiatory or hereditary descent through a familial or other line; Any Witchcraft Tradition that follows a specific body of rites and practices collectively as distinguished from solitary eclectic Witchcraft or Wicca practitioners.

Traditions of Spirituality ― Traditions of Spirituality, or simply Traditions, when used in MetaPhysical and Spiritual context, generally refers to lineages, normally self-identified by specific names, or sometimes umbrella categories. These Traditions may or may not include one or more Mægikal Currents, either as a basic part of the Tradition's essence or as an optional part of the praxis.

Trance ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation of Experiential Spiritual Methodology, which is ordinarily characterized by much emphasis being placed on entering altered states of consciousness, whether spontaneous or induced by a particular practice

Trance ― When the term Trance is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to the type of altered state of consciousness which is entered into by one or possibly more of the Officiants and Pratitionors at any given Werking, in which they are less aware of the arena of normal waking consciousness and its concerns, and more aware of interaction with levels of consciousness and reality, exterior to the normal waking world. whether spontaneous or induced by a particular practice; specifically induced or spontaneously attained for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

Forms & Techniques, see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Transataumancy and Transatauscopy ― When the term Transataumancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by things accidentally seen or heard.

The etymology of the term Transataumancy is difficult to track down. The the -mancy suffix of the term Transataumancy is derived, as always, from the Greek word Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination. Of course there is trans- an extremely common English prefix meaning "across, beyond, to go beyond," which may explain the first component of the word, from Latin trans-, from prep. trans "across, over, beyond," probably originally prp. of a verb *trare-, meaning "to cross". through c.1300, metathesis of O.E. þurh, from W.Gmc. *thurkh (cf. O.S. thuru, Old Frisian thruch, M.Du. dore, Du. door, O.H.G. thuruh, Ger. durch, Goth. þairh "through"), from PIE root *tere- "through" (cf. Skt. tirah, Avestan taro "through, beyond," L. trans "beyond," O.Ir. tre, Welsh tra "through"). Which leaves the 'atau' or 'satau' part unexplained. There are many Greek words and roots of interest to the concept of accidental discovery and chance which could be utilized to construct words for this type of divination though most are quite different from the Transatau part of this term. Some examples include: Ἐπίπτωμα (Epiptoma) meaning accident; Συγκυρία (Sygkuria) meaning chance; Τυχαῖος (Tuksaios) meaning accidental, chance; Τυχόντως (Tuksontōs) adverb from aorist tense participle ofΤυγχάνω (Tugksanō) meaning by chance; and Σύμβαμα (Symbama) meaning a chance, casualty. Of interest as well are the words Τρανής (Tranēs) and Τετραίνω (Tetrainō) meaning piercing: metaphor for clear, distinct.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Transcendence ― see: Illumination

Transcendent Function ― When used in reference to the field of Analytical Psychology an archetypal process which mediates opposites and enables a transition from one attitude or condition to another. It is activated whenever consciousness Is engaged in the tension of opposites. Symbols carry such opposites and thus the transcendent function arises in the attempt to understand the elusive meaning on images and symbols. The function has a healing effect by bridging consciousness and the unconscious and by allowing an individual to move beyond one-sidedness.

Transcendental Meditation ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds teachings originating in and/or interpolations thereon as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Transcendentalism ― When referred to as a MetaPhysical Orientation towards the Divine, Transcendentalism is the belief that humanity can transcend the immediate reports of the generally recognized senses and experience direct knowledge and understanding of ultimate Truth, Beauty, and Reality.

Transcendentalism (as an Enlightenment Spiritual Tradition) ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds that the spark of divinity lies within man; that everything in the world is a microcosm of existence; that the individual soul is identical to the world soul, or Over-Soul as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. It originated in a type of Idealism and flowered in the American Renaissance. Although a broadly based movement the Transcendentalists stood at the heart of The American Renaissance-- the flowering of our nation's thought in literature, poetry, painting, sculpture, architecture, and music in the period roughly designated from 1835-1880. Concentrated in Boston and Concord, MA, the home of many of the literary members such as Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Margaret Fuller, the Alcotts, Theodore Parker, Jones Very, George Ripley, the Peabody Sisters, and the Channings, Transcendentalism was far broader than a geographical phenomenon or a select club membership--though Ripley and Emerson had founded the Transcendental Club in 1836. Rather it was a faith shared by such diverse minds and such diverse places as those of Walt Whitman in Brooklyn or Emily Dickinson in Amherst or the Hudson River School of painters in New York; it was a visionary bent, a way of, as the English Romantic poet William Wordsworth had once described his mission, "of seeing into the life of things" that permeated the best of American thought and art throughout much of the 19th century. Even those artists of the American Renaissance who would find difficulty with the optimism of the Transcendentalists--Hawthorne and Melville among them--would be forced to focus on and respond to the existential issues the movement raised.
American Transcendentalism
The American Renaissance & Transcendentalism "We will walk on our own feet; we will work with our own hands; we will speak our own minds . . . A nation of men will for the first time exist, because each believes himself inspired by the Divine Soul which also inspires all men." With this fiery challenge Ralph Waldo Emerson concluded his 1837 Harvard Phi Beta Kappa Address, The American Scholar. As his words were received with great enthusiasm, Emerson argued not only for a new American culture, freed from European bondage, but also for a rebirth of an intellectual and artistic life that was inextricably bound up with the life of the spirit. Before long, Emerson and his circle of writers, reformers, and artists would christen those ideals that governed the spirit "Transcendentalism." The term Transcendentalism was derived from the philosopher Kant, who called "all knowledge transcendental which is concerned not with objects but with our mode of knowing objects." The roots of the American philosophy ran deep into German and English Romanticism. From German philosophers such as Fichte and Herder, it received its mystic impulse; from Goethe, Novalis, Jean-Paul, Heine, and the other great German Romantic poets it acquired its imagistic language and themes. Acquaintance with German thought, by and large, filtered through English translations--Coleridge and Carlyle's among the best--and acquaintance with these and the work of other English Romantics such as Blake, Wordsworth, Shelley, Keats, and Byron enriched the Americans' perspectives as well. In his 1841 address delivered at Boston's Masonic Temple , which was later reprinted in THE DIAL, Emerson attempted to define the philosophy in simple terms as "What is popularly called Transcendentalism among us, is Idealism; Idealism as it appears in 1842." In reality it was far more complex collection of beliefs: that the spark of divinity lies within man; that everything in the world is a microcosm of existence; that the individual soul is identical to the world soul, or Over-Soul, as Emerson called it. This belief in the Inner Light led to an emphasis on the authority of the Self--to Walt Whitman's I , to the Emersonian doctrine of Self-Reliance, to Thoreau's civil disobedience, and to the Utopian communities at Brook Farm and Fruitlands. By meditation, by communing with nature, through work and art, man could transcend his senses and attain an understanding of beauty and goodness and truth. Transcendentalism dominated the thinking of the American Renaissance, and its resonances reverberated through American life well into the 20th century Transformative. html://www.pbs.org/wnet/ihas/icon/transcend.html http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/transcendentalism/ideas/moderndef.html

Transference ― When used in reference to the field of Analytical Psychology the projection onto the analyst of feelings and ideas which are derived from introjected figures or objects in the patient's past, commonly parental figures. The patient repeats and re-enacts the past relationship with the analyst. The transference may be a positive one (falling in love) or a negative one (hostility and hatred) By analyzing the transference, unconscious patterns become conscious to the patient. Counter-transference occurs when the analyst projects his or her own unconscious contents onto the patient.

TransHumanism ― Transhumanism may be defined as "the intellectual and cultural movement that affirms the possibility and desirability of fundamentally improving the human condition through applied reason, especially by using technology to eliminate aging and greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities" - Nick Bostrum, 1999. A posthuman would no longer be a human being, having been so significantly altered as to no longer represent the human species. Underlying this worldview is a core belief that the human species in its current form does not represent the end of our development, but rather its beginning. Transhumans, short for "transitional humans," are "the earliest manifestation of new evolutionary beings, on their way to becoming posthumans" - FM-2030. Transhumanism is sometimes seen as a form of transformational activism influenced by posthumanist ideals.

There are numerous vectors within Transhumanism, including the idea of uploading one's consciousness into silicone base such as computers and networks, the replacing biological bodies with whole or partial artificial bodies, androids, robots, cyborgs

Transhumanism, often abbreviated as H+ or h+, is an international intellectual and cultural movement that affirms the possibility and desirability of fundamentally transforming the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to eliminate aging and to greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities. Transhumanist thinkers study the potential benefits and dangers of emerging technologies that could overcome fundamental human limitations, as well as study the ethical matters involved in developing and using such technologies. They predict that human beings may eventually be able to transform themselves into beings with such greatly expanded abilities as to merit the label "posthuman". Transhumanism is therefore viewed as a subset of philosophical "posthumanism".

TransPagan

TransPagan Forum

TransPagan Issues

Transpersonal Chakra ― see: ĀtmaPrabodha

Transpluto (Local Star System Component) ― see: Êя̇ĭs̄

TransTheism ― Transtheism Transtheism is a term referring to a system of thought or religious philosophy which is neither theistic, nor atheistic. Contrasting to Agnosticism, TransTheism partakes more of the 'Outside-the-Box' nature. In the Quintonomy of 'Yes-No-Maybe-Both-Neither', it stays on the tricycle side of the list, incorporating some of Maybe, Both, and Neither.

Zimmer applies the term to the theological system of Jainism, which is theistic in the limited sense that the gods exist, but become immaterial as they are transcended by moksha (that is, a system which is not non-theistic, but in which the gods are not the highest spiritual instance). Zimmer (1953, p. 182) uses the term to describe the position of the Tîrthaṅkara (Sanskrit: तीर्थंकर "ford-Maker") is a human being who achieves moksa ("liberation, enlightenment") through asceticism and who then becomes a role-model and teacher for those seeking spiritual guidance.having passed "beyond the godly governors of the natural order". The term has more recently also been applied to Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta and the Bhakti movement. In a similar manner it may be discussed in terms of Ægyptian Traditions where the Netjeru are acknowledged but in the context of the overarching concept of Ma'at.

Transvection ― In reference to the set of Gifts and Persuasions: Transvection means to be carried over or through the Astral, through the agencies of some other person, entity, or force; in contrast to Astral Projection through one's own agency.

in Wikipedia: Transvection is the supernatural act of levitating, floating or more specifically flying through the air. While levitation and Mægikal flight can equate to acts of stage magic or astral projection through the use of psychoactive entheogens, transvection usually refers to the experience of bodily movement in defiance of gravitational laws.


Witches in medieval Europe were frequently depicted flying up chimneys and in the air by means of broomsticks, various wild animals, or even during acts of sexual intercourse; however the consensus of modern Neo-Pagans is that these images remotely alluded to the practice of entheogen use, either for folk shamanic purposes surviving from the stone age, or perhaps even as a form of recreational drug use.

Flying saints and Hindu and Buddhist mystical Practitionors known as Siddhis and Iddhis are known for acts of spontaneous levitation, reported during times of intense or particular religious or meditative devotion. Though this is not to be confused with Indian street performers, famous for climbing ropes that go nowhere and other kinds of stage magic adapted to street performance.

In the 1986 film The Boy Who Could Fly, the main character is an orphaned, autistic transvective.

Trapezadiairōmancy and Trapezadiairōscopy ― When the terms Trapezadiairomancy, Table Tipping and/or Table Tilting and so forth are used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to using table tilting, tipping, raising, or lifting. divinations which involve people sitting with their fingers loosely touching the top of the table, while putting the questions or statements to the spirits, or a particular noncorporeal entity, and getting answers by the tables risings and movements.This was a very large component in the early Spiritualism movements, in their séances and other communications with shades and spirits of the dead.

The term Trapezadiairōmancy is derived from the Greek words: Τράπεζα (Trapeza) meaning table, four footed, typically a dining table, Διαίρω (Diairō) meaning to raise up, lift up, separate, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

TriadTheism ― A MetaPhysical Orientation toward the Divine, that holds that there are three Divine Entities

Triangle ― When the term Triangle is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to an object of basic Trianglular configuration specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same, normally performing the function of a Paten, Talisman, and/or Sigil, in such.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Tribal

Tribal Interweaving Altars ― When the term Tribal Interweaving Altars is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci it generally refers to stands, tables, and/or cabinetry upon which assortments of Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci having to do with the concepts which provide the basic structure of the given Traditions Tribal Bonds, may be placed; specifically constructed for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Altars may be portable or permanent, and may range from simple table like structures to elaborate cabinetry

see also: Altar, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Tribal Interweaving Priestess

Tribal Society

Tribalism ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds the concept of the Tribe as a primary component of Spiritual connectivity as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Triboelectricity ― an Electrical Charge from the Friction of Two Surfaces. Greek root tribo, meaning to rub, and electricity, Latin electrum Greek elektron, both meaning amber.

See also: ,

Tribology ― The Study of Friction or Lubrication. From the Greek root tribo, meaning to rub, and the suffix -ology. See -ology.

See also: ,

Trident ― When the term Trident is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus and/or Focus it generally refers to ; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Trigamy ― Having Three Married Partners. Like bigamy, formed by the addition of the prefix tri = three to the Greek root gamos = marriage, however normally it refers to a single marriage of three, that all know about each other (unlike bigamy).

See also: ,

Trigônomancy and Trigônoscopy ― When the term Trigônomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using triangles.

The term Trigônomancy is derived from the Greek words: Τρίγωνος (Trigonos) three-cornered, triangular; possibly also Τρίγωνον (Trigonon) meaning a small triangular harp occasionally used by the ancient Greeks and probably derived from Assyria or Egypt, a musical instrument of triangular form, with strings of equal thickness but unequal lengths: and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Triplicity Altars ― When the term Triplicity Altars is used in reference to Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci it generally refers to stands, tables, and/or cabinetry upon which assortments of Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci may be placed; specifically constructed for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Altars may be portable or permanent, and may range from simple table like structures to elaborate cabinetry

see also: Altar, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Tripod ― When the term Tripod [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 17] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to some type of three-legged stand, often utilized as a Fire Altar, but also sometimes as a Werking area for some other general or precise ritual use; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Trochomancy and Trochoscopy ― When the term Trochomancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by studying wheel tracks. The term Trochomancy is derived from the Greek words: Τροχιά (Troksia) meaning wheel-track, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Tropical Astrology ― When the term Tropical Astrology is used in reference to a type of Divination, it generally refers to the type of Astrology where the placement of the signs is determined by always starting Aries at the moment of the Vernal Equinox and then usually dividing the ecliptic at each 30 degrees around the circle. The casting of these types of Horoscopes, the interpretation of the various placements and combinations thereof. Tropical Astrology has been primarily used in the West for a long time, there are many popular systems of Houses which are used besides the "equal house" versions, some types being more accurate for the latitudes further from the equator than others.

If you wish you can check out our 'in progress' current revision of the Garden of Life Astrology Key, which we hope to complete some day. Some closely related topics here in this section of the website are: Astrology, Asian Astrology, Jyotish Astrology, Sidereal Astrology, Horoscopes,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Troubadour and Trouveres Tradition ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents which holds Celebrations of the Divine Feminine usually through poetry and/or song as a primary or critical parameter of their Spiritual Paradigm. Troubadours and Trouveres were lyric poets or poet-musicians of France in the 12th and 13th centuries. It is customary to describe as troubadours those poets who worked in the south of France and wrote in Provencal, the langue d'oc, whereas the trouveres worked in the north of France and wrote in French, the langue d'oil. In a time when overt Goddess worship was strictly forbidden, the language of courtly love and the standards of chivalry enabled a deprived and subjugated people the chance to express a deeply rooted side of them within a permissible social context. Eleanor of Aquitaine was central to the development of the Tradition. The complete entry on the Troubadour and Trouveres Tradition

Truth ― [Greek: ἀλᾱθής; Lat. veritas; Ger. Wahrheit] The conformity of a proposition to the way things are. Precise analysis of the nature of truth is the subject of the correspondence, coherence, pragmatic, redundancy, and semantic theories of truth. Eternal truth needs a human language that alters with the spirit of the times. C. G. Jung

Truth, Love and NonViolence

Tu quo que ― (the "so do you" logical fallacy)

Tuphramancy and Tuphrascopy ― When the term Tuphramancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination by ashes after exposure to the wind.

The term Tuphramancy is derived from the Greek words: Τέφρα (Tephra) meaning ashes, pungent dust, or in some cases a certain type of snuff, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Twilight of the Place ― When the term Twilight of the Place [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences, key number 29] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool and/or Focus it generally refers to specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Tychê (Greek: Τύχη) ― Greek term for fortune, luck, or chance, as opposed to the necessity [Greek: ἀνάγκη] of logical or causal connections

Typhonian Ordo Templi Orientis ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding Aleister Crowley's reinterpretation of the teachings of an ancient mystery school and secret society known as Ordo Templi Orientis and interpolations by Kenneth Grant thereupon as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm.

Tyromancy and Tyroscopy ― When the term Tyromancy is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination using cheese, sometimes divination drawn from the patterns and designs formed by the coagulation of cheese. The shape of the cheese, the number and shape of holes, if any; and the shapes of any mold that might grow on the cheese, and/or the amount of time it took to cure from one stage to the other.

The term Tyromancy is derived from the Greek words: Τυρός (Tyros) meaning cheese, and Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination,

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.


Return to the Garden of Life Definitions, Premisses and Info Index

Definitions, Premisses, and Info Index by Sound and Letter

Capital A with ring aboveÅ   Capital A with macronĀ   Capital A with breveĂ   Capital A with diaeresisÄ   Capital A with circumflex   Capital A with dot aboveȦ   Capital A with inverted breveȂ   Capital A with tildeà   Capital A with ogonekĄ   Capital AE ligatureÆ   Capital AE ligature with tildeÆ̃   Capital Glottal Stop   Capital Palatoalveolar Click   Regular English AA   Script Capital L   Capital L with macron above   Capital L with dot below   Capital L with stroke, Dark L Ł   Regular English LL   Capital WHω   Capital W with macron above   Capital W with dot below   Regular English WW   Capital Slide H with reverse solidusℋ⃥   Capital H with macron above   Capital H with dot below   Aspirate   Slight Pause   Very Slight Pause   Regular English HH   Capital S with macron above   Capital S with dot above   Capital SH sign   Capital SKΣ   Regular English SS   Hard and Deep Capital DД   High and Light Capital D   Regular English DD   Capital O with ring above   Capital O with macronŌ   Capital O with breveŎ   Capital O with diaeresisÖ   Capital O with solidusØ   Capital OE ligatureŒ   Capital O with Cyrillic Round OmegaѺ   Capital OI   Capital O with ogonekǪ   Capital O with double oo top   Regular English OO   Capital EZJHʑ   Capital Z with macron below   Capital Z with dot aboveŻ   Regular English ZZ   Capital K with macron aboveК̅   Capital K with dot below К̣   Capital Hard KHχ   Capital KHƙ   Regular English KK   Capital V with macron above   Capital V with dot below   Regular English VV   Capital G with macron   Capital G with dot aboveĠ   Capital GNΓ   Capital GRЖ   Capital GWCapital GW   Capital Uvular Voiced ImplosiveϘ   Regular English GG   Capital rolled R with macronЯ̅   Capital rolled R with dot aboveЯ̇   Capital R with macron above   Capital R with dot above   Capital R with ogonek   Regular English RR   Capital C with cedillaÇ   Capital CHЧ   Regular English CC   Capital N with macron above   Capital N with dot below   Capital N with tildeÑ   Capital NGŋ   Capital NG with macron aboveŋ̅   Regular English NN   Capital Y with macron above Ȳ   Capital Y with dot above   Capital Y with yaw aboveЎ   Regular English YY   Capital J with macron aboveЈ̅   Capital J with dot belowЈ̣   Regular English JJ   Capital U with a ring aboveŮ   Capital U with macronŪ   Capital U with breveŬ   Capital U with circumflex aboveÛ   Capital U with diaeresisÜ   Regular English UU   Capital F with macron above   Capital F with dot above   Regular English FF   Capital Q with macron above   Capital Q with dot above   Regular English QQ   Capital B with macron   Capital B with dot below   Trilled BTrilled B   Regular English BB   Capital M with macron   Capital M with dot below   Capital M with tilde   Capital MBCapital MB   Capital MG   Regular English MM   Capital X with macron above   Capital X with dot above   Regular English XX   Capital I with macronĪ   Capital I with breveĬ   Regular English II   Capital T with macron above   Capital T with dot below   Capital TH voicedΘ   Capital TH voicelessÞ   Capital TSЦ   Capital TSCHЩ   Regular English TT   Capital E with macronĒ   Capital E with breveĔ   Capital E with circumflexÊ   Capital schwa Ə   Regular English EE   Capital P with macron above   Capital P with dot above   Capital pTCapital pT   Regular English PP

Greek Words   Ægyptian Words   Sumerian Words   Sanskrit Words

Return to the "Who We Are" Index

Go to the Garden of Life Formalization/Founding Document Index
Go to Garden of Life "Who We Are" area
Garden of Life Ṇ't̄ā and Foci Information
Garden of Life Table of Correspondences Project
Go to TransPagan Consensus Survey Intro Page
Return to the Garden of Life Temple Main Page
Return to the Garden of Life Portal