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Special Note: Garden of Life uses a large number of specially purposed English words, often spelled slightly differently than regular, to make their specific meaning more apparent. We also use a large number of neologisms, specifically constructed for Temple use. All of this type of terminology is defined in several places on the website, here in the Garden of Life website Definitions pages, in the Articles of Organization glossary, and such. If you are viewing this page in a browser which doesn't support full current Unicode coding or if you haven't installed current free Unicode fonts, such as Code2000 version 1.171 at FontSpace or Alphabetical List of Unicode Fonts, many of the phonetic characters, diacritical marks, and symbols in these pages will not show up or will show up as boxes. Availability changes so you may have to do a search. It's a free font for personal use, so we can send you a copy if you can't find it. And the display probably won't be perfect anyway, but it's getting closer all the time. At the risk of belabouring the extremely obvious, this page is a work in progress, with quite a distance to go before it sleeps. All of these Attributions are from our perspective. We are not putting them forward as objective fact. We welcome all feedback at Defs@gardenoflifetemple.com, though we do not guarantee to process such feedback other than for ascertainable accuracy and usefulness. Thanks.
 

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Y Tylwyth Teg ― When used in reference to a MetaPhysical Orientation as to Tradition, Culture or Preferred Flavour, is primarily defined, usually selfdefined by its members and/or adherents holding Celebration of the Mysteries of the Welsh Pantheon and the Sidhe, historical lineage and religious equality as primary or critical parameters of their Spiritual Paradigm. Y Tylwyth Teg is the American branch of Dynion Mwyn, a Welsh tradition named for the faery folk.

Yamas (One of the Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga from the Traditions of the Indus Valley) ― The Yamas or restraints (Don'ts) are divided into five moral injunctions, aimed at destroying the lower nature. They should all be practiced and developed by the letter but also more importantly in the spirit. They should all be practiced in word, thought and deed.
          Ahimsa or non-violence
          Satyam or non-lying
          Brahmacharya or non-excess in all things (control of all senses).
          Asteya or non-stealing
          Aparigraha or non-covetousness

Yantras ― When the term Yantra is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to any geometric diagram, as an object, or represented on an object, designed according to certain time-tested parameters, especially used as an aid to meditation in Tantric praxis; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same. Much more information may be found in the Wikipedia entry on Yantras.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Yarrow Sticks ― : Yarrow Sticks are used in a number of the methods as a randomizing agent for obtaining lines in Yi Jing Hexagrams. Hexagrams may be generated by the manipulation of yarrow stalks. Many traditions have precise strictures on the manner in which the Yarrow Stalks are to be harvested in the first place. For example the following directions are from the ten wings of the I Ching.

One takes fifty yarrow stalks, of which only forty-nine are used. These forty-nine are first divided into two heaps (at random), then a stalk from the right-hand heap is inserted between the ring finger and the little finger of the left hand. The left heap is counted through by fours, and the remainder (four or less) is inserted between the ring finger and the middle finger. The same thing is done with the right heap, and the remainder inserted between the forefinger and the middle finger. This constitutes one change.

Now one is holding in one's hand either five or nine stalks in all. The two remaining heaps are put together, and the same process is repeated twice. These second and third times, one obtains either four or eight stalks. The five stalks of the first counting and the four of each of the succeeding countings are regarded as a unit having the numerical value three; the nine stalks of the first counting and the eight of the succeeding countings have the numerical value two.

When three successive changes produce the sum 3+3+3=9, this makes the old yang, i.e., a firm line that moves. The sum 2+2+2=6 makes old yin, a yielding line that moves. Seven is the young yang, and eight the young yin; they are not taken into account as individual lines.

Occasionally you will see Divination Systems which depend only on the Yarrow Stalks themselves and do not generate hexagrams, but these are completely different systems, though they may have some interpretations similar to those of the Book of Changes.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Year of the Lady DatingYear of the Lady Dating is a System of Dating used in Garden of Life in which the Year changes on the Vernal Equinox and for reference 21 December 1973 would fall in The Year of the Lady 11339.

Year Names

Yi Jing 易 經 (ee-ching, yi-jing, i-ching) ― When the term 已經 Yi Jing (Book of Changes, Classic of Changes) is used in reference to a type of divination, it generally refers to divination utilizing procedures for obtaining figures then interpreting from the Dao De Jing, which is an Ancient Chinese Holy text. There is a fair amount of controversy, but it appears that the Yi Jing was formulated in the Chinese culture sometime in the range of 3000bce to 2000bce. The text of the Yi Jing is a set of oracular statements represented by 64 sets of six lines each called hexagrams (卦 guà). Each hexagram is a figure composed of six stacked horizontal lines (爻 yáo), each line is either Yang (an unbroken, or solid line), or Yin (broken, an open line with a gap in the center). With six such lines stacked from bottom to top there are 64 possible combinations, and thus 64 hexagrams represented. Some Traditions add the further refinement of moving versus non-moving lines, which can occur in any of the six lines of any of the hexagrams, and are not limited to one per hexagram, thus vastly increasing the possible interpretations. The hexagram diagram is composed of two three-line arrangements called trigrams (卦 guà). There are 23, hence 8, possible trigrams. Yi Jing is an ancient method of divination dating back at least 3,000 years, but more likely further than that. Coins are tossed six times to cast a hexagram of broken (yin) and unbroken (yang) lines. A reader interprets the pattern and advises you on how best to proceed, giving you philosophical counsel on what you may still need to consider or reconsider to secure a favorable outcome. The meaning of the Name: I-Ching?
The character 'I', pronounced as [ ee, yí ] in Chinese, it means:
     1. To Change
     2. To Trade
     3. Easy
The character 'Ching' , pronounced as [ jing ] in Chinese, it means:
     1. Classic
     2. Holy or Sacred text
     3. Book
易 (), while as a verb it implies 'to change' or 'to exchange/substitute one thing for another'.
經 (ji-ng) here means 'classic (text)', derived from its original meaning of 'regularity' or 'persistency', implying that the text describes the 'Ultimate Way' which will not change throughout the flow of time. This same character was later appropriated to translate the Sanskrit word सूत्र 'su-tra' ('a thread on which jewels are strung') into Chinese in reference to Buddhist scripture. In this sense the two concepts, in as much as they mean 'treatise,' 'great teaching,' or 'canonical scripture,' are equivalent.
The simple and most accepted definition of 'I-Ching' is: "A Book of Changes"
In fact, this book has defined all possible movements or changes in our entire universe by the combination of 8 x 8 = 64 hexagram symbols!
History of Yi Jing:
Around 6,700 years ago, in north-west China, a man named Fu-Hsi and his wife Nü-Wa led a group of highlanders and started the civilisation of China. It was the pastoral age, where people are settling down and farming the animals.
It could be myth, Fu-Hsi's wife Nü-Wa is usually thought to be the creator of Chinese people! There was one time, when two other 'Gods' were fighting, one God knocked sky so hard that the sky was broken, people suffered because of the heat from the Sun. Nü-Wa quickly found '5 coloured stones', after purifying them by extreme fire, she then used those stones to fix the broken sky. I don't know why everytime I remember this story, I kept thinking we have ozone layer broken . . . but who will fix our sky now? :)
Nü-Wa's appearance was quite odd, she had normal upper part of human body, but lower part was same as a snake. It's kind of similar in many different cultures, they had similar myth with snake body God. If you are interested, you may want to reference Fingerprints of The Gods this book by Graham Hancock.
Now, back to Fu-Hsi's tribe, as life became less harsh compared with old nomadic age, he invented basic measurement tools and simple mathematics for building houses; also a music instruments that has 50 strings which played like a harp! When he looked at sky, he realized 'happy time do pass by quickly', so he invented calenders.
Today, the most precious invention Fu-Hsi left to us is Pa-Kua, the foundation of Yi Jing.

See also: A general Divinatory System list with short definitions, Divination, Divinatory Systems, -mancy suffix, Μαντεία (Manteia), meaning divination, -scopy suffix, Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci, and Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Yin and Yang ― Taoist concept, used in the New Age movement, holding that the universe consists of two opposite energy forces (positive/negative; male/female, etc.). Both are necessary and both must be harmonized for proper function. This Yin and Yang also flow through the human body so that a balance is required to maintain health. Many New Age holistic health techniques, such as acupuncture, are based on attempts to balance this alleged energy or chi. When all is balanced, the Yin and Yang harmonize and the body works properly.

Yoga (from the traditions of the Indus Valley) ― An ancient practice for bringing body and mind into harmony using meditation, physical postures, breathing and exercise. There are four main paths of Yoga - Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Jnana Yoga and Raja Yoga. Each is suited to a different temperament or approach to life. A balanced Yogic Sadhana (spiritual discipline) includes Asanas (Beneficent Positioning and Exercise of the Body), Pranayama (Focused Beneficial Breathing Techniques), Savasana (Efficacious and Beneficial Relaxation), (Proper Diet) and (Proper Consciousness), stimulated by Vedanta (Positive Thinking) and Dhyana (Meditation). The paths lead ultimately to the same destination - to Attainment of Unification within the Divine Forces - and the lessons of each of them need to be integrated if true wisdom is to be attained. They are usually categorized as: Karma Yoga, Union with the Path of Action, Ethics, Roots; Bhakti Yoga, Union with the Path of Divine Love, Devotion, Stem; Raja Yoga, Union with the Path of Physical and Mental Control, Meditation, Flowers; and Jnana Yoga, Union with the Path of Knowledge or Wisdom, Enlightenment, Fruit.

Generally speaking, Yoga is not considered to be Mægick per se., by those who are really familiar with it. But in verity, it is the necessary training of the body and the mind to allow for certain types of illumination of the soul and the person to take place. Simply put, the goal is the control of the mind —to increase concentration and to be able to enter different states of consciousness. When developing his basic yogic program, Crowley borrowed heavily from many other yogis, such as Patanjali and Yajnavalkya.

Yoga, as Crowley interprets it, involves several key components. The first is Asana, which is the assumption (after eventual success) of any easy, steady and comfortable posture so as to maintain a good physique which complements the high level of enlightenment that meditation is accompanied with. Next is Pranayama, which is the control of breath, yogi's believe that the number of breaths a human takes are counted before one is even born and thus, by controlling the intake one may also be able to control the life. This may be however be considered to be a sophistry as it is merely a philosophical interpretation of the actual facts. Mantram, the use of mantras enables the subject to use the knowledge of the Vedas " Atharva Veda" in this context adequately. Yama and Niyama are the adopted moral or behavioral codes (of the adept's choosing) that will be least likely to excite the mind. Pratyahara is the stilling of the thoughts so that the mind becomes quiet. Dharana is the beginning of concentration, usually on a single shape, like a triangle, which eventually leads to Dhyana, the loss of distinction between object and subject, which can be described as the annihilation of the ego (or sense of a separate self). The final stage is Samâdhi—Union with the All, it is considered to be the utmost level of awareness that one could possibly achieve, according to Hindu mythology, one of their main three deities, Shiva, had mastered this and thus was bestowed upon with stupendous power and control.

Yoni ― When the term Yoni [in Aleister Crowley's 777 Tables of Correspondences considered as the Outer Robe of Concealment, key number 3] is used in reference to a Mægikal Implement, Sacred Object, Ceremonial Tool, Ritual Apparatus, and/or Focus it generally refers to anything shaped, abstractly or realistically, like a human woman's genitals; specifically made for general or particular Mægikal Werking, and/or consecrated to the same.

see also: Mægikal Implements, Sacred Objects, Ceremonial Tools, Ritual Apparati, and/or Foci , Τέλεσμα (Telesma) which is an Ægean 'umbrella' term indicating: any object consecrated for future utility, through specific religious, mægikal, and/or spiritual Werking, and/or through its own intrinsic nature.

Yule ― The name used within a wide variety of Pagan Traditions to indicate a HolyDay usually, though not universally Celebrated on December 19th - 23rd in the Northern Hemisphere. This is the Winter Solstice, it marks the start of the New Year in Norse and Roman times. Norse for "wheel." as it is a symbol that the year has turned. Other names are MidWinter, and MidWinter's Eve.

See also: HolyDay, Garden of Life Temple Celebrations, Celebratory Rites and Festivals of ḠĀĒÄ, Lunar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Solar Celebratory Rites and Festivals, Θê'ēäñäд'äs̄, Sacramental Celebrations, and Informal Spiritual Celebrations


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Definitions, Premisses, and Info Index by Sound and Letter

Capital A with ring aboveÅ   Capital A with macronĀ   Capital A with breveĂ   Capital A with diaeresisÄ   Capital A with circumflex   Capital A with dot aboveȦ   Capital A with inverted breveȂ   Capital A with tildeà   Capital A with ogonekĄ   Capital AE ligatureÆ   Capital AE ligature with tildeÆ̃   Capital Glottal Stop   Capital Palatoalveolar Click   Regular English AA   Script Capital L   Capital L with macron above   Capital L with dot below   Capital L with stroke, Dark L Ł   Regular English LL   Capital WHω   Capital W with macron above   Capital W with dot below   Regular English WW   Capital Slide H with reverse solidusℋ⃥   Capital H with macron above   Capital H with dot below   Aspirate   Slight Pause   Very Slight Pause   Regular English HH   Capital S with macron above   Capital S with dot above   Capital SH sign   Capital SKΣ   Regular English SS   Hard and Deep Capital DД   High and Light Capital D   Regular English DD   Capital O with ring above   Capital O with macronŌ   Capital O with breveŎ   Capital O with diaeresisÖ   Capital O with solidusØ   Capital OE ligatureŒ   Capital O with Cyrillic Round OmegaѺ   Capital OI   Capital O with ogonekǪ   Capital O with double oo top   Regular English OO   Capital EZJHʑ   Capital Z with macron below   Capital Z with dot aboveŻ   Regular English ZZ   Capital K with macron aboveК̅   Capital K with dot below К̣   Capital Hard KHχ   Capital KHƙ   Regular English KK   Capital V with macron above   Capital V with dot below   Regular English VV   Capital G with macron   Capital G with dot aboveĠ   Capital GNΓ   Capital GRЖ   Capital GWCapital GW   Capital Uvular Voiced ImplosiveϘ   Regular English GG   Capital rolled R with macronЯ̅   Capital rolled R with dot aboveЯ̇   Capital R with macron above   Capital R with dot above   Capital R with ogonek   Regular English RR   Capital C with cedillaÇ   Capital CHЧ   Regular English CC   Capital N with macron above   Capital N with dot below   Capital N with tildeÑ   Capital NGŋ   Capital NG with macron aboveŋ̅   Regular English NN   Capital Y with macron above Ȳ   Capital Y with dot above   Capital Y with yaw aboveЎ   Regular English YY   Capital J with macron aboveЈ̅   Capital J with dot belowЈ̣   Regular English JJ   Capital U with a ring aboveŮ   Capital U with macronŪ   Capital U with breveŬ   Capital U with circumflex aboveÛ   Capital U with diaeresisÜ   Regular English UU   Capital F with macron above   Capital F with dot above   Regular English FF   Capital Q with macron above   Capital Q with dot above   Regular English QQ   Capital B with macron   Capital B with dot below   Trilled BTrilled B   Regular English BB   Capital M with macron   Capital M with dot below   Capital M with tilde   Capital MBCapital MB   Capital MG   Regular English MM   Capital X with macron above   Capital X with dot above   Regular English XX   Capital I with macronĪ   Capital I with breveĬ   Regular English II   Capital T with macron above   Capital T with dot below   Capital TH voicedΘ   Capital TH voicelessÞ   Capital TSЦ   Capital TSCHЩ   Regular English TT   Capital E with macronĒ   Capital E with breveĔ   Capital E with circumflexÊ   Capital schwa Ə   Regular English EE   Capital P with macron above   Capital P with dot above   Capital pTCapital pT   Regular English PP

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